move NAI to CAI

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Written by la xorxes:

The usual objection to the proposal of allowing NAI after any word is "but that would require defining the effect of nai on every single word", as if that was an impossible task. To address that objection, I present here how NAI could interact with each one of Lojban's 124 grammatical word classes. Some of them are already allowed by the grammar. Most of them are obvious. Those that are not obvious are at least plausible, in my opinion.

Legend:

  • Now? - part of the Standard grammar from CLL 1.0.

NAI and magic words

Selmaho Now? Proposed effect
BAhE NAI Yes emphatic/nonce NAI
FAhO NAI Yes NAI is absorbed by FAhO before it can be processed
LOhU NAI Yes NAI is quoted as any word
SA NAI Yes NAI replaces the words erased by SA
SI NAI Yes NAI replaces the word erased by SI
SU NAI Yes NAI at the beginning of text
ZEI NAI Yes NAI is joined into a lujvo with word preceding ZEI; any-word ZEI any-word NAI = na'e any-word ZEI any-word
ZO NAI Yes NAI is quoted by ZO; ZO any-word NAI = na'e bo ZO any-word
ZOI NAI Yes NAI is used as delimiter word; ZOI any-word ... any-word NAI = na'e bo ZOI any-word ... any-word

NAI and sumti

Selmaho Now? Proposed effect
BE NAI No BE NAI term = BE term NAI
BEI NAI No BEI NAI term = BEI term NAI
FA NAI No FA na'e bo, FA NAI KU = FA KU
KOhA NAI No na'e bo KOhA
KU NAI No na'e bo LA/LE, NA KU NAI = NA NAI KU, tag KU NAI = tag NAI KU, FA KU NAI = FA KU
LA NAI No na'e bo LA
LAhE NAI No na'e bo LAhE
LE NAI No na'e bo LE
LEhU NAI No na'e bo LOhU
LI NAI No na'e bo LI
LIhU NAI No na'e bo LU
LOhO NAI No na'e bo LI
LUhU NAI No na'e bo LAhE/NAhE BO

NAI and selbri

Selmaho Now? Proposed effect
BEhO NAI No tanru-unit-2 linkargs NAI = na'e tanru-unit-2 linkargs
BRIVLA NAI No na'e BRIVLA
GOhA NAI No na'e GOhA
ME NAI No na'e ME
MEhU NAI No na'e ME
MOI NAI No na'e ... MOI
NUhA NAI No na'e NUhA

NAI and sentences

Selmaho Now? Proposed effect
CEhE NAI No CEhE NA KU CEhE
CU NAI No CU NA
GEhU NAI No NOI ke'a NA broda
GOI NAI No NOI ke'a NA broda
I NAI No negates the following sentence
KEI NAI No NU subsentence KEI NAI = NU NA KU ZOhU subsentence KEI
KUhO NAI No NOI subsentence KUhO NAI = NOI NA KU ZOhU subsentence KUhO
LU NAI Yes NAI at beginning of text
NA NAI No ja'a nai = na, na nai = ja'a
NOI NAI No NOI NA KU ZOhU
NU NAI Yes NU NA KU ZOhU
NUhI NAI No NUhI NAI ... NUhU = NUhI naku NUhI ... NUhU NUhU
NUhU NAI No terms NUhU NAI = na ku terms NUhU
TUhE NAI No NAI at the beginning of text
TUhU NAI No TUhE text TUhU NAI = TUhE NAI text TUHU
VAU NAI No terms VAU NAI = naku terms VAU
VUhO NAI No VUhO NAI relative-clauses = VUhO relative-clause NAI ZIhE relative-clause NAI ...
ZIhE NAI No ZIhE NAI relative-clause = ZIhE relative-clause NAI
ZOhU NAI No ZOhU NA KU ZOhU

NAI and connectives

Selmaho Now? Proposed effect
A NAI Yes negates second argument of A
BIhI NAI Yes as now
GA NAI Yes negates first argument of GA
GI NAI Yes negates following argument of connective
GIhA NAI Yes negates second argument of GIhA
GUhA NAI Yes negates first argument of GUhA
JA NAI Yes negates second argument of JA
JOI NAI Yes as now
PEhE NAI No preceding NA KU for logical connectives, other-than for non-logical

NAI and tags

Selmaho Now? Proposed effect
BAI NAI Yes fi'o NA broda, where BAI = fi'o broda
CAhA NAI No fi'o NA broda, where CAhA = fi'o broda
CUhE NAI No fi'o NA broda, where CUhE = fi'o broda
FAhA NAI Yes fi'o NA broda, where FAhA = fi'o broda
FEhE NAI No time aspects
FEhU NAI No FIhO selbri FEhU NAI = FIhO NA selbri FEhU
FIhO NAI No FIhO NAI selbri FEhU = FIhO NA selbri FEhU
KI NAI No fi'o NA broda, where KI = fi'o broda
MOhI NAI No non-motion
PU NAI Yes fi'o NA broda, where PU = fi'o broda
ROI NAI Yes number ROI NAI = fi'o NA broda, where number ROI = fi'o broda
TAhE NAI Yes fi'o NA broda, where TAhE = fi'o broda
VA NAI No fi'o NA broda, where VA = fi'o broda
VEhA NAI No fi'o NA broda, where VEhA = fi'o broda
VIhA NAI No fi'o NA broda, where VIhA = fi'o broda
ZAhO NAI Yes fi'o NA broda, where ZAhO = fi'o broda
ZEhA NAI No fi'o NA broda, where ZEhA = fi'o broda
ZI NAI No fi'o NA broda, where ZI = fi'o broda

NAI and indicators and free modifiers

Selmaho Now? Proposed effect
CAI NAI Yes as now
COI NAI Yes as now
DAhO NAI No recover pro-assign
DOhU NAI No unvocative marker; not speaking to you ...
DOI NAI No unvocative marker; not speaking to you ...
FUhE NAI No negate composite indicator
FUhO NAI No negate composite indicator
NAI NAI No ja'ai nai = nai, nai nai = ja'ai
SEhU NAI No SEI NAI / SOI NAI
SEI NAI No SEI na ku
SOI NAI No non-reciprocity
TO NAI Yes NAI at the beginning of text
TOI NAI No TO text TOI NAI = TO NAI text TOI
UI NAI Yes opposite UI
XI NAI No superscript
Y NAI Yes NAI

NAI and numbers and lerfu-strings

Selmaho Now? Proposed effect
BOI NAI No other than (number BOI)/(lerfu-string BOI)
BU NAI No other than (... BU)
BY NAI No other than BY
FOI NAI No other than (TEI lerfu-string FOI)
LAU NAI No cancel letteral shift
MAI NAI No ( number lerfu-string) MAI NAI = other than (number lerfu-string) MAI
PA NAI No other than PA
TEI NAI No other than (TEI lerfu-string FOI)

NAI and mex

Selmaho Now? Proposed effect
BIhE NAI No other than (operator)
FUhA NAI No other than (FUhA rp-expression)
JOhI NAI No na'e bo JOhI
KUhE NAI No other than (PEhO ... KUhE)
MAhO NAI No na'e MAhO
MOhE NAI No na'e bo MOhE
NAhU NAI No na'e NAhU
NIhE NAI No na'e bo NIhE
PEhO NAI No other than (PEhO ... KUhE)
TEhU NAI No na'e/na'ebo ... TEhU
VEhO NAI No other than (VEI mex VEhO)
VEI NAI No other than (VEI mex VEhO)
VUhU NAI No na'e VUhU

NAI and the rest

Selmaho Now? Proposed effect
BO NAI No negates what follows in accordance with rules for that structure
CEI NAI No (other than selbri) assign
CMENE NAI No incorporated to the name
CO NAI No no tanru inversion
GAhO NAI No ke'inai = ga'o, ga'onai = ke'i
JAI NAI No no modal conversion
KE NAI No negates bracketed structure in accordance with rules for that structure
KEhE NAI No negates bracketed structure in accordance with rules for that structure
NAhE NAI No na'e nai = je'a, je'a nai = na'e, no'e nai = other than neutral point, to'e nai = je'a (as a polar extreme)
NIhO NAI No ni'onai = no'i, no'inai = ni'o
RAhO NAI No pro-assign non-update
SE NAI No no conversion