Difference between revisions of "User:Gleki/Particle ⟨le⟩ for anaphora, cataphora, exophora"
m (Gleki moved page "le" as an anaphorical particle to '''le''' as an anaphorical particle over a redirect without leaving a redirect)
Revision as of 16:05, 18 October 2014
Initially proposed by la gleki:
Examples. broda wrapped into a sumti
|la .alis. cu viska lo ninmu .e lo nakla i le fetsi cu melbi|
Here le fetsi refers to lo ninmu since it was the last sumti such that lo ninmu ca'a fetsi
|la .alis. cu viska lo nakla i le fetsi cu melbi|
Here le fetsi refers to la .alis. if the context (other parts of text) shows that la .alis. ca'a fetsi
Examples. broda as a bare selbri
|la djan cu cusku zo coi la meris .i le cusku cu gleki|
le cusku refers to la djan since the last selbri cusku has been used for describing him.
|la djan cu cusku zo coi la meris .i le bacru cu gleki|
Would bacru refer to cusku? Clearly, this is an edge case since the most common usage of le would be le fetsi for she and similar.
Example. "The Reality is a text" concept.
When a cat enters a room the Reality "says":
|ni'o lo mlatu cu nerkla lo kumfa|
New paragraph: a cat entered a room.
Then a Lojbanist can comment on this situation by starting to use le immediately:
|le mlatu ca zvati ti|
The cat is here.
The Reality can be represented as a text in a special way:
- ca, bu'u and fau correspond to no'a xi ro or dei in text form.
- pu corresponds to di'u or go'i in text form.
- This proposal is more in line with the actual past usage of le.
- It relies purely on discourse which is easy to track and parse.
- Note that le works not only anaphorically but also cataphorically due to "starting from x1 of no'a xi ro" part of the definition
- In the current version exophorics is not thought out.
- le fetsi = she
- le nakni = he
- le za'umei = they
- le prenu = ze/'ey
- le dacti = it
- bi'unai deals with already given information but doesn't count sumti back
- ri does count sumti back but not semantically.
- di'u doesn't deal with sumti