lojban by Choice/LojbanPod newbie lesson A0037

From Lojban
Jump to: navigation, search


The Baby Is Sleeping


Introduction

Sh! Don't make that much noise when reading this! And don't miss Liliana and JP talking about babys, prohibitive commands, and kids in general. And don't forget to listen for the keyword: ruido – the noise.


Gnome-mime-application-x-ogg.png Gnome-mime-audio-x-mp3.png

Audio Lesson


Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

lo nanmu: ¡Sh! ¡No hagas ruido! noicon
lo ninmu: ¿Por qué? noicon
lo nanmu: El bebé está dormido. noicon
lo ninmu: ¡No te preocupes! noicon
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

lo nanmu: ¡Sh! ¡No hagas ruido! noicon
sh not (you) make noise
man: Sh! Don't make noise!
lo ninmu: ¿Por qué? noicon
why
woman: Why?
lo nanmu: El bebé está dormido. noicon
the baby is sleeping
man: The baby is sleeping.
lo ninmu: ¡No te preocupes! noicon
no yourself worry
woman: Don't worry.
el bebé/la bebé – the baby
dormido/dormida – asleep

Vocabulary for Dialogue

el hombre noun (masculine) the man
la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
no adverb not
hacer verb (infinitive) to make
¡(tú) no hagas! verb (negative imperative) (you) don't make! (informal, singular)
el ruido noun (masculine) the noise
¿por qué? adverb why?
el bebé/la bebé noun (m./f.) the baby
estar verb (infinitive) to be
(él/ella) está verb (present tense) he/she(/it) is
dormir verb (infinitive) to sleep
dormido/dormida adjective (m./f.) asleep
se reflexive pronoun oneself
preocuparse verb (infinitive) to worry (oneself)
te reflexive pronoun yourself
¡(tú) no te preocupes! verb (negative imperative) (you) don't worry (yourself)!
los chicos – the kids
el escuincle/la escuincla – the skinny dog

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

el silencio noun (masculine) the silence
suave adjective (m./f.) soft
el niño/la niña noun (m./f.) the child
los niños/las niñas noun (plural, m./f.) the children
el chico/la chica noun (m./f.) the boy/the girl
los chicos/las chicas noun (plural, m./f.) the kids/the girls
el pequeño/la pequeña noun (m./f.) the little one
los pequeños/las pequeñas noun (plural, m./f.) the little ones
el mocoso/la mocosa noun (m./f.) the snotty one
los mocosos/las mocosas noun (plural, m./f.) the snotty ones
el chilpayate/la chilpayata noun (m./f.) the little child (Mexican)
el escuincle/la escuincla noun (m./f.) the skinny dog (Aztec)
los/las escuincles noun (plural, m./f.) the skinny dogs (Aztec)
¿dónde? adverb where?
(ellos/ellas) están verb (present tense) they are
¿Dónde están los escuincles? phrase Where are the little dogs?
hasta luego phrase see you later
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

hacer infinitive to make
¡(tú) no hagas! negative imperative (you) don't make! (informal, singular)
¡(usted) no haga! (you) don't make! (formal, singular)
¡(nosotros/-as) no hagamos! (let's) don't make! (m./f.)
¡(vosotros/-as) no hagáis! (you) don't make! (informal, plural)
¡(ustedes) no hagan! (you) don't make! (formal, plural)
 
estar infinitive to be
(yo) estoy present tense I am
(tú) estás you are (informal, singular)
(él/ella) está he/she(/it) is
(usted) está you are (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) estamos we are (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) estáis you are (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) están they are (m./f.)
(ustedes) están you are (formal, plural)
 
me reflexive pronoun myself
te yourself (informal, singular)
se himself/herself(/itself)
se yourself (formal, singular)
nos ourselves, each other
os yourselves, each other (informal, plural)
se themselves, each other
se yourselves, each other (formal, plural)
 
preocuparse infinitive to worry (oneself)
¡(tú) no te preocupes! negative imperative (you) don't worry (yourself)! (informal, singular)
¡(usted) no se preocupe! (you) don't worry! (formal, singular)
¡(nosotros/-as) no nos preocupemos! (let's) don't worry! (m./f.)
¡(vosotros/-as) no os preocupéis! (you) don't worry! (informal, plural)
¡(ustedes) no se preocupen! (you) don't worry! (formal, plural)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Translate from Lojban to English. Click each bar to check your answer. If possible, read the Lojban sentences aloud.

¡Sh! ¡No hagas ruido!

Sh! Don't make noise!

¿Por qué?

Why?

El bebé está dormido.

The baby is sleeping.

¡No te preocupes!

Don't worry.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Lojban. Remember to say the Lojban sentences aloud.

Sh! Don't make noise!

¡Sh! ¡No hagas ruido!

Why?

¿Por qué?

The baby is sleeping.

El bebé está dormido.

Don't worry.

¡No te preocupes!

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Lojban.

Is the baby asleep?

¿El bebé está dormido?

No, it's not asleep.

No, no está dormido.

Why not?

¿Por qué no?

Because of (= por) the noise.

¡Por el ruido!

Don't make noise!

¡No hagas ruido!

Don't worry! The baby is asleep.

¡No te preocupes! El bebé está dormido.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

Sh! Don't make noise! (formal)

¡Sh! ¡No haga ruido!

Why?

¿Por qué?

The babys are sleeping.

Los bebés están dormidos.

Don't worry. (formal)

¡No se preocupe!


← previous: lesson A0035 ↑ current: lesson A0037 ↑↑ index: LojbanPod lessons next: lesson A0041 →