lojban by Choice/LojbanPod newbie lesson A0131

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I Miss Them


Introduction

In this lesson, JP and Liliana teach us how to ask what's wrong, how to express homesickness, how to give an advice, and how to approve of an idea. Well, not all possibilities but enough to get us started. The keyword is extraño – I miss.


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Audio Lesson


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Dialogue

lo nanmu: ¿Qué te pasa? noicon
lo ninmu: Extraño a mi familia. noicon
lo nanmu: ¡Llámalos! noicon
lo ninmu: Buena idea. noicon
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Dialogue with Translation

lo nanmu: ¿Qué te pasa? noicon
what (to) you (it) happens
man: What's happening to you?
lo ninmu: Extraño a mi familia. noicon
(I) miss to my family
woman: I miss my family.
lo nanmu: ¡Llámalos! noicon
call them
man: Call them!
lo ninmu: Buena idea. noicon
good idea
woman: Good idea.
la familia – the family
llamar – to call

Vocabulary for Dialogue

el hombre noun (masculine) the man
la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
¿qué? interrogative pronoun what?, how?
te indirect object pronoun (to) you (informal, singular)
pasar verb (infinitive) to happen
(él/ella) pasa verb (present tense) he/she(/it) happens
extrañar verb (infinitive) to miss
(yo) extraño verb (present tense) I miss
a preposition to
mi possessive adjective my
la familia noun (feminine) the family
llamar verb (infinitive) to call
¡(tú) llama! verb (imperative) (you) call! (informal, singular)
los direct object pronoun them
¡(tú) llámalos! phrase (you) call them! (informal, singular)
bueno/buena adjective (m./f.) good
la idea noun (feminine) the idea
la comida – the food

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

la comida noun (feminine) the food
(yo) extraño la comida phrase I miss the food
el país noun (masculine) the country
(yo) extraño mi país phrase I'm homesick
(yo) extraño Méjico/México phrase I miss Mexico
enfermo/enferma adjective (m./f.) sick
de preposition of
la casa noun (feminine) the house
estar verb (infinitive) to be
(yo) estoy homesick phrase I'm homesick
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More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

me indirect object pronoun (to) me
te (to) you (informal, singular)
le (to) him/her(/it)
le (to) you (formal, singular)
nos (to) us
os (to) you (informal, plural)
les (to) them
les (to) you (formal, plural)
 
pasar infinitive to happen
(yo) paso present tense I happen
(tú) pasas you happen (informal, singular)
(él/ella) pasa he/she(/it) happens
(usted) pasa you happen (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) pasamos we happen (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) pasáis you happen (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) pasan they happen (m./f.)
(ustedes) pasan you happen (formal, plural)
 
extrañar infinitive to miss
(yo) extraño present tense I miss
(tú) extrañas you miss (informal, singular)
(él/ella) extraña he/she(/it) misses
(usted) extraña you miss (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) extrañamos we miss (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) extrañáis you miss (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) extrañan they miss (m./f.)
(ustedes) extrañan you miss (formal, plural)
 
mi possessive adjective my
mis poss. adjective (plural) my
tu possessive adjective your (informal, singular)
tus poss. adjective (plural) your (informal, singular)
su possessive adjective his/her(/its)/their
sus poss. adjective (plural) his/her(/its)/their
su possessive adjective your (formal)
sus poss. adjective (plural) your (formal)
nuestro/nuestra poss. adjective (m./f.) our
nuestros/nuestras poss. adj. (plural, m./f.) our
vuestro/vuestra poss. adjective (m./f.) your (informal, plural)
vuestros/vuestras poss. adj. (plural, m./f.) your (informal, plural)
 
llamar infinitive to call
¡(tú) llama! imperative (you) call! (informal, singular)
¡(usted) llame! (you) call! (formal, singular)
¡(nosotros/-as) llamemos! (let's) call! (m./f.)
¡(vosotros/-as) llamad! (you) call! (informal, plural, m./f.)
¡(ustedes) llamen! (you) call! (formal, plural)
 
me direct object pronoun me
te you (informal, singular)
lo/la him/her(/it)
lo/la you (formal, singular, m./f.)
nos us
os you (informal, plural)
los/las them (m./f.)
los/las you (formal, plural, m./f.)
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Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Translate from Lojban to English. Click each bar to check your answer. If possible, read the Lojban sentences aloud.

¿Qué te pasa?

What's happening to you?

Extraño a mi familia.

I miss my family.

¡Llámalos!

Call them!

Buena idea.

Good idea.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Lojban. Remember to say the Lojban sentences aloud.

What's happening to you?

¿Qué te pasa?

I miss my family.

Extraño a mi familia.

Call them!

¡Llámalos!

Good idea.

Buena idea.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Lojban.

What's happening to you?

¿Qué te pasa?

Well (= good) ...

Bueno ...

What?

¿Qué?

I miss my country and (= y) the food.

Extraño mi país y la comida.

Well ...

Bueno ...

¡And I miss my family!

¡Y extraño a mi familia!

Call them!

¡Llámalos!

Good idea.

Buena idea.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

What's happening to you? (formal)

¿Qué le pasa?

I miss my family.

Extraño a mi familia.

Call them! (formal)

¡Llámelos!

Good idea.

Buena idea.


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