lojban by Choice/LojbanPod newbie lesson A0023

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Going to the Market


Introduction

We are going shopping! This time for fresh apples. Yummy! The keywords are: verde – green and roja – red (for feminine nouns).


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Audio Lesson


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Dialogue

lo nanmu: Buenas tardes. ¿Me da un kilo de manzana? noicon
lo ninmu: ¿Manzana verde o roja? noicon
lo nanmu: Verde, por favor. noicon
lo ninmu: ¿Algo más? noicon
lo nanmu: No, es todo. Gracias. noicon
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Dialogue with Translation

lo nanmu: Buenas tardes. ¿Me da un kilo de manzana? noicon
good afternoons (to) me (you) give a kilo of apples
man: Good afternoon. Will you give me a kilo of apples?
lo ninmu: ¿Manzana verde o roja? noicon
apple green or red
woman: Green apples or red ones?
lo nanmu: Verde, por favor. noicon
green please
man: Green, please.
lo ninmu: ¿Algo más? noicon
something more
woman: Anything else?
lo nanmu: No, es todo. Gracias. noicon
no (it) is all thanks
man: No, that's all. Thanks.
el kilo – the kilo
la manzana verde – the green apple
la manzana roja – the red apple

Vocabulary for Dialogue

el hombre noun (masculine) the man
la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
bueno/buena adjective (m./f.) good
buenos/buenas adjective (plural, m./f.) good
la tarde noun (feminine) the afternoon
las tardes noun (plural, feminine) the afternoons
buenas tardes phrase good afternoon
me indirect object pronoun (to) me
dar verb (infinitive) to give
(usted) da verb (present tense) you give (formal, singular)
(usted) me da phrase you give to me (formal, singular)
un/una article (m./f.) a
el kilo noun (masculine) the kilo
de preposition of
la manzana noun (feminine) the apple
verde adjective (m./f.) green
rojo/roja adjective (m./f.) red
por favor phrase please
algo pronoun something
más adverb more
no adverb no
ser verb (infinitive) to be
(él/ella) es verb (present tense) he/she(/it) is
todo pronoun all
gracias phrase thanks
el tianguis – the Mexican market

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

el día noun (masculine) the day
los días noun (plural, masculine) the days
buenos días phrase good morning
(tú) das verb (present tense) you give (informal, singular)
(tú) me das phrase you give to me (informal, singular)
el tianguis noun (masculine) the Mexican market
nada adverb nothing
nada más phrase nothing else
hasta luego phrase see you later
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More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

me indirect object pronoun (to) me
te (to) you (informal, singular)
le (to) him/her(/it)
le (to) you (formal, singular)
nos (to) us
os (to) you (informal, plural)
les (to) them
les (to) you (formal, plural)
 
dar infinitive to give
(yo) doy present tense I give
(tú) das you give (informal, singular)
(él/ella) da he/she(/it) gives
(usted) da you give (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) damos we give (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) dais you give (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) dan they give (m./f.)
(ustedes) dan you give (formal, plural)
 
ser infinitive to be
(yo) soy present tense I am
(tú) eres you are (informal, singular)
(él/ella) es he/she(/it) is
(usted) es you are (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) somos we are (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) sois you are (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) son they are (m./f.)
(ustedes) son you are (formal, plural)
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Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Translate from Lojban to English. Click each bar to check your answer. If possible, read the Lojban sentences aloud.

Buenas tardes. ¿Me da un kilo de manzana?

Good afternoon. Will you give me a kilo of apples?

¿Manzana verde o roja?

Green apples or red ones?

Verde, por favor.

Green, please.

¿Algo más?

Anything else?

No, es todo. Gracias.

No, that's all. Thanks.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Lojban. Remember to say the Lojban sentences aloud.

Good afternoon. Will you give me a kilo of apples?

Buenas tardes. ¿Me da un kilo de manzana?

Green apples or red ones?

¿Manzana verde o roja?

Green, please.

Verde, por favor.

Anything else?

¿Algo más?

No, that's all. Thanks.

No, es todo. Gracias.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Lojban.

Good afternoon.

Buenas tardes.

Good afternoon. Will you give me a kilo of apples, please?

Buenas tardes. ¿Me da un kilo de manzana, por favor?

Green apples?

¿Manzana verde?

No, a kilo of red apples, please.

No, un kilo de manzana roja, por favor.

Anything else?

¿Algo más?

One kilo more.

Un kilo más.

Is that all?

¿Es todo?

No. Will you give me a kilo of green apples?

No. ¿Me da un kilo de manzana verde?

Anything else?

¿Algo más?

No, that's all. Thanks.

No, es todo. Gracias.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

Good afternoon. Will you give me a kilo of apples? (informal)

Buenas tardes. ¿Me das un kilo de manzana?

Green apples or red ones?

¿Manzana verde o roja?

Green, please.

Verde, por favor.

Anything else?

¿Algo más?

No, that's all. Thanks.

No, es todo. Gracias.


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