new voi

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A new use for the cmavo voi, as proposed by la selpa'i

cmavo: voi (NU)

Proposed Definition

Prenex predicate abstraction. x1 is such that the contained bridi holds true of it. Contains a {ke'a} whose antecedent is the x1 of the voi-abstraction. Allows for many kinds of argument-fronting and mid-sentence prenexes.

See Also:

  • {zo'u}



lo mumdei ku po'o voi mi penmi lo pampe'o ca ke'a
Fridays are the only time I meet my loved one.
ba'e ma voi do klama ke'a
WHERE IS IT that you are going? (wh-fronting)
la .pam. cu melbi gi'e voi so'i da nelci ke'a
Pam is beautiful and is liked by many. (lit. "is such that many like her") (mid-sentence prenex)
la. pit. cu stati gi'e voi so'i da manci lo nu ke'a dansu
Pete is talented and many are amazed by his dancing (mid-sentence prenex with nested pronoun)
mi kecti lo voi ke'a jinvi lo du'u ke'a to'e melbi
I feel sorry for those who think that they aren't beautiful.


  • ko'a voi ke'a broda == ko'a broda
  • su'o da zo'u da broda == su'o da voi ke'a broda
  • ko'a voi ko'e broda preposition ke'a == ko'e broda preposition ko'a
  • ko'a goi fo'a broda fo'a == ko'a voi ke'a broda ke'a


The proposed voi has a wide range of applications, from fluid prenexes to jai-like argument fronting (but without needing fai) and is helpful when a bridi contains complex scope interactions. It allows one to easily express complex reflexives, and overall increases Lojban's flexibilty at the word order level. As voi is like a mid-sentence prenex, it also enables the use of quasi-prenexes after bridi-tail connectives (see examples above).