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a [conjunction for nouns]and/or

i ei mi tavla la alis a la kevinI need to speak to Alice or Kevin (or to both of them).
Comment: means at least one of the two (of nouns connected using a).
Related words: ja, a, e, ji, o, u

a bu [pronoun]a (letter)

Comment: prefixed with me'o is a quotation of the letter. When used alone refers to the last noun with the verb starting with this letter like a bu is for the last la alis used.

a'a [interjection] — attention, a'a cu'i — inattentiveness, a'a nai — avoiding

i a'a ko ca'o skicuI'm listening, go on talking!
i a'a cu'i ko denpa lo nu mi jai gau mulno fai tiEh, just a second, let me finish this.
i do tavla da a'a naiLa, la, la, I'm not listening what you are talking about.
Related words: jundi, rivbi

a'e [interjection] — alertness, a'e naiI'm tired

i a'e ba vlile tcimaIt's going to be a storm.
i a'e nai mi ba klama lo ckanaYaaaawn, I'm going to bed.
Related words: sanji, cikna, tatpi

a'i [interjection]Oomph! (effort, endeavor), a'i cu'i — no special effort, a'i nai — repose

i a'i mi ca'o ralteI'm trying to hold it!
i a'i cu'i la'e ti friliAh, this is easy.
i a'i nai cikre tuNah, why bother fixing it.
Related words: snada, fliba, gunka, nandu, troci

a'o [interjection] — hope, a'o naiGah! (despair)

i a'o pluka be do nicteGood night to you!
i a'o vamji fa lo nu zukteI hope, it's worth doing it.
i a'o nai mi co'u ponse daGah, I lost all my property.
Related words: pacna

a'oi [vocative]Ahoy! (greeting in a piratic manner)

i a'oi la kevin ma nuzbaAhoy, Kevin! What's up?
Related words: coi, co'oi

a'u [interjection]Hmm... I wonder ... (interest), a'u cu'iHo-hum (disinterest), a'u naiEww! Yuck! (repulsion)

i a'u ro jbopre cu stati prenuInteresting, all Lojbanists are smart people.
i a'u ma krinuHm, what is the reason?
i a'u cu'i do ne ka'ai pa nanla cu se zdaniIt's none of my business that you live with a boy.
i a'u nai do co'i speni lo fangeYou married a stranger, it's none of my business, I'd avoid this topic.
i a'u nai iu nai panci fa lo kalci i ai nai mi citka tiYuck, that smells like shit! I'm not going to eat this.
Related words: lo se cinri

ai [interjection]I'm gonna ... (intent), ai cu'i — indecision, ai nai — unintentionally, accidentally

i ai mi vitke doI'm going to visit you.
i a'i cu'i mi klama lo zarciI'm indecisive to whether I should go to a shop.
i ai nai mi pu darxi doI didn't mean to hit you.
Related words: te mukti, zukte, cuxna

aidjix1(entity) intends to do x2(property of x1)

lo se aidji — intended action.
i mi aidji lo ka klama la niponI am going to go to Japan.
Related words: lo te mukti

aktix1(entity) is running service x2(property of x1)

lo akti — active, in action, working, in operation. lo se akti — active operation.
i gau ko ta to'e aktiTurn that off.
i gau ko ta aktiTurn it on.
i mi ba jai gau akti fai le minjiI will get the machine running.
i le zarci ca aktiThe shop is open.
i le minji ca akti lo ka cupra lo purmoThe machine is now in operation producing flour.
Related words: zukcfu, spofu

ankax1(entity) is a thigh, hip of x2(entity)

i le verba pu jai gau spofu lo anka be lo no'aThe child broke his thigh.
Related words: tornozelo

ankabutax1(entity) is a spider of species x2(taxon)

lo ankabuta — spider.
i xu do terpa tu'a lo ankabutaAre you afraid of spiders?
Related words: insekto, cinki, danlu

artex1(entity) is a piece of artwork

lo arte — piece of artwork.
i le vi arte pu jai rinka so'i nu darluThere've been a lot of debates caused by this artwork.
Related words: larcu, finti, pixra

arxokunax1(entity) is a raccoon of species x2(taxon)

lo arxokuna — raccoon.
i pa arxokuna cu zvati le mi kumfa co nu jukpaThere's a raccoon in my kitchen.
Related words: danlu, mabru

asnax1(property of x2) is a posture, stance, asana of body x2(entity)

lo asna — posture (of body), body position, stance (of body), asana.
i ra co'a se asna pa ckape ne'a le barda fenraHe took a dangerous pose near the abyss.
Related words: morna

au [interjection]Wish ... (desire), au cu'imeh (indifference), au naiNuh-uh! (disinclination, reluctance)

i au e'o tcatiI'd like some tea, please.
i au cu'i do jai gau bredi fai lo cidjaYou prepare the food or not ... I don't have any preferences.
i au nai do clivaI don't want you to leave.
i au mi stali bu'u lo zdani gi'e nai kansa le nakniI'd rather stay at home than come with him.
Related words: djica

ba [preposition of tense]after ... (in time), adverb: in future (expresses future tense)

i mi ba bevriI will bring it.
i lo snuti ba fasnuAccidents will happen.
i mi pu na kufra ba lo nu le festi cu cinba miI felt uncomfortable after she kissed me.

ba'a [interjection]I expect, ba'a cu'iI experience, ba'a naiI remember

i ba'a lo mamta be mi ca zvati le zdaniI expect my mother to be at home now.
i ba'a le pendo be mi pu jingaI expect my friend to have won.
i ba'a cu'i lo se klani be lo sovda cu lacri lo tcika be lo nu lo jipci co'a co'eIn my experience, the number of eggs depends on when a hen starts.
i ba'a nai do na nelci lo laldo prenuAs I remember, you don't like old people.
Comment: ba'a might refer to past events, which you simply don't have information about yet. ba'a marks not yet known, ba'a cu'i marks knowledge being acquired at the moment of speaking, ba'a nai marks already acquired knowledge.
Related words: lifri, vedli, kanpe

ba'e [left interjection] — puts an emphasis on the following construct

i mi djuno le du'u ma kau darxi ba'e la alisI know who hit ALICE (not someone else).
i vajni ba'e miIt's important to ME.
Related words: ba'e, za'e

ba'o [preposition of aspect]in the aftermath (retrospective aspect)

i mi ba'o citka pa pliseI have eaten an apple.
i mi'o ba'o tavlaWe are done talking.
i mi ba'o xagjiI'm no longer hungry.

ba'u [interjection] — exaggeration, ba'u cu'ito be precise, literally, ba'u naito put it mildly (understatement)

i do no ba'u roi jimpe fi miYou never understand me.
i le pa tadni pu no ba'u cu'i roi jimpe zo'e noi mi ciksi fo ke'aThe student literally never understood my explanations.
i le terdi cu barda ba'u naiThe Earth is big, to put it mildly.
Related words: satci, zildukse

bacrux1(entity) utters x2(sound, text)

lo se bacru — uttered text or sound.
i ko na cladu bacruDon't talk loud.
i le nakni pu bacru lu pa no li'uHe said "Ten".
Comment: bacru is to vocally utter an actual sound, cusku is to say some text (which can be in any form including vocal)
Related words: krixa, cusku, casnu, tavla, voksa, pinka

badnax1(entity) is a banana fruit or plant of species x2(taxon)

lo badna — banana.
i ma jdima lo badna poi kilto lo grakeHow much is the kilo of bananas?
Related words: grute

badrix1(entity) is sad about x2(clause, property of x1)

lo badri — sad. lo se badri — sad event.
i mi pu badri lo nu mi pu e'ande le fetsi lo ka zukte ma kauI was sad of what I had allowed her to do.
Related words: klaku, gleki, betri, cinmo, junri

bai [preposition from bapli]compelled by force ...

i mi pu stali bu'u lo zdani bai lo ka bilmaI stayed at home forced by my illness.

bajrax1(entity) runs on surface x2(entity) using limbs x3(entity) ...

lo bajra — runner.
i mi bajra vi'i lo mitre be li ci ki'oI ran three thousands meters.
i xu do su'o roi senva lo ka bajra lo jdika grana loi xance be doHave you ever dreamt of running on your hands on a narrow rod?
Comment: doesn't necessarily imply any destination point. bajra muvdu can be used to describe both moving to and from some places by running.
Related words: cadzu, klama, litru, stapa, plipe, cpare

bakfux1(entity) is a pack or bundle containing x2(entity group) held together by x3(entity)

lo bakfu — pack, bundle. lo se bakfu — content of a pack.
i ti bakfu lo se dunda lo dasriThis is a gift packed with a ribbon into a bundle.
Related words: daski, dakli, tanxe

baknix1(entity) is a cow or bovine of species x2(taxon)

lo bakni — cow.
i mu bakni cu zvati le purdiThere are five cows in the garden.
Related words: danlu

bakrix1(entity) is some chalk ...

lo bakri — chalk.
i mi xebni lo bakri i ki'u bo ri punji lo purmo lo xanceI hate chalk. It leaves powder on hands.
Related words: pinsi, blabi, jilka

baktux1(entity) is a pail, bucket containing x2(entity) ...

lo baktu — bucket, pail. lo se baktu — contents of a bucket.
i ko bevri le baktu be lo festi fo le dinjuTake the pail of bucket out of the house.
Related words: botpi, patxu, tansi, lante, lanka

baljix1(entity) is a bulb of plant x2(taxon)

lo balji — bulb (of a plant).
i ra pu sombo pa balji be lo xrula le purdiShe planted a flower bulb in the garden.
Related words: spati

balnemax1(entity) is a baleen whale of species x2(taxon)

lo balnema — baleen whale.
i lei litru ca'o zgana lo melbi nu muvdu fa le balnemaThe tourists are watching the graceful movement of a baleen whale.

balnix1(entity) is a balcony or shelf of structure x2(entity)

lo balni — balcony. lo se balni — building with a balcony.
i mi cpana lo balni be le mi zdaniI am on the balcony of my home.
i lo jvinu be fi le balni cu melbiThe view from the balcony is beautiful.
Related words: kajna

balrex1(entity) is a blade of tool or weapon x2(entity)

lo balre — blade. lo se balre — tool with a blade, weapon with a blade.
i le balre be le dakfu cu kinliThe blade of the knife is sharp.
Related words: dakfu, tunta, tutci, guska, kinli, katna

balvix1(clause) is in the future of x2(clause) ; x1 is later than x2

lo balvi — later event, future event. lo se balvi — earlier event, past event.
i lo nu la kevin cu cliva pu balvi lo nu mi tsuku le xotliKevin left, and that happened after my arrival to the hotel.
Related words: lidne, cabna, purci, farna

bambolax1(entity) is a doll

lo bambola — doll.
i le nixli cu nelci tu noi bambolaThe girl likes that doll.
Related words: keltci, kelci

bambux1(entity) is a bamboo of variety x2(taxon)

lo bambu — bamboo.
i le bambu cu torni lo brifeBamboo bends before the wind.
Related words: spati, tricu

bancux1(entity) is beyond boundary x2(same type as x1) from x3(same type as x1) in x4(property of x1)

i da lalxu gi'e bancu le tcaduThere is a lake beyond the city.
i lo tai fasnu cu bancu lo se kakne be miSuch things are beyond my powers.
i le zdani cu bancu le vu tricu ti lo ka darno tiThe house is beyond those trees from here in how far it is from here.
Related words: zildukse, ragve, zmadu, kuspe

bandux1(clause) defends x2(entity) from threat x3(property of x2)

i lo nu brife e lo nu carvi cu bandu le dinju lo ka jelcaWind and rain protect the house from burning.
Related words: ckape, fanta, fapro, marbi, rivbi, zunti, snura, binra, lunbe, pulji

banfix1(entity) is an amphibian of species x2(taxon)

lo banfi — amphibian.
i lo remna cu simsa lo banfi lo ka se tarmiHumans look like amphibians.
Related words: danlu, respa

bangux1(entity) is a language used by x2(entity) to express x3(proposition)

lo bangu — language. lo se bangu — user of a language.
i xu do se bangu la lojbanDo you speak Lojban?
i le nanmu pu pilno lo bangu be fi lo mablaThe man used foul language.
Comment: x2 are usually live beings or computer programs.
Related words: tance, cusku, ve tavla, valsi, gerna, jufra, natmi, slaka

banlix1(entity) is great, magnificent in x2(property of x1) ...

lo banli — great (superior).
i le xamsi cu banli lo ka se jvinu ma kau le kumfa be le xotliThe sea looks magnificent from the hotel room.
Related words: barda, nobli, se sinma, pluja, misno, vajni, fasnu, cizra, traji, mutce, marvele

banrox1(entity) grows to size or into form x2(entity) from x3(entity)

i le spati ca'o banro lo tricu lo se katna jimcaThe plant is growing into a tree from a cut off branch.
Related words: farvi, zenba, jmina, barda, makcu, ferti

banxax1(entity) is a bank owned by x2(entity) for banking functions x3(clause)

lo banxa — bank. lo se banxa — bank owner, bank system. lo te banxa — function of bank.
i ti banxa le gugde lo ka canja fo lo kagni i je to'u ti banxa fi lo kagniThis bank owned by state works with companies, in short, this is a commercial bank.
Comment: x2 can be a banking system.
Related words: sorcu, zarci, canja, kagni

banzux1(clause) is enough for purpose x2(clause) to take place ...

i lo nu mi tavla fo la lojban na banzu lo nu mi jimpe doMy level of speaking Lojban isn't enough to understand you.
i lo nu do ca klama cu da'i banzu lo nu do tsuku ca le se tcikaLeaving now would be enough for you to arrive on time.
i banzu lo se djica be miIt's enough for me.
Related words: zildukse, claxu, nitcu, ricfu, e'ande

baplix1(clause) forces, convinces x2(clause) to occur

lo bapli — force.
i le tcima pu bapli lo nu le nakni cu stali lo zdaniThe violent weather forced him to stay at home.
i le snuti pu bapli lo nu le prenu cu zenba co jundiThe accident convinced him to be more careful.
Related words: fanta, rinju, jimte, jitro, rinka, krinu, zukte, tolpro, danre, bai, marxa, tinsa, xarnu

bardax1(entity) is big, large in length/width etc. x2(property of x1) ...

lo barda — large, big.
i le tanxe pu barda lo ka se canluThe box occupied large space.
i le nu penmi pu barda lo ka se ditcuThe meeting lasted for a large amount of time.
Related words: banli, clani, ganra, condi, plana, cmalu, rotsu, banro, xanto

bargux1(entity) is an arch over or around x2(entity) ...

lo bargu — arch.
i lei tricu cu bargu le darguThe trees form an arch over the road.
Related words: cripu, korcu, condi

barjax1(entity) is a bar serving x2(entity) to customers x3(entity)

lo barja — bar.
i ti barja lo ckafi lo litruThis is a bar serving coffee to tourists.
Related words: gusta, birje, jikru, sanmi, vanju, xotli, ckafi, se pinxe

barnax1(entity) is a mark, spot on x2(entity) ...

lo barna — mark, spot.
i le barna be le kamju cu flalu barna le darguThe mark on the pillar is a road sign.
Related words: sinxa, pixra, se ciska, se prina

bartux1(entity) is outside of x2(entity)

lo bartu — something outside. lo se bartu — something inside.
i ei mi klama lo bartu be lo zdaniI should go out.
Related words: jibni, nenri, sruri, lamji, korbi, calku, vasru

basnax1(entity) emphasizes x2(entity) by action x3(property of x1)

lo se basna — emphasis (something emphasized).
i mi pu basna lo nu lo nu ca'o gunka cu vajni vau lo ka cladu cuskuI emphasized the importance of continuing to work by saying it aloud.

bastix1(entity) is a replacement for x2(entity) ; x1 is instead of x2 ...

lo basti — replacement (object). lo se basti — something replaced.
i ma ba basti doWho will replace you?
Related words: se ba'i, binra

batcix1(entity) bites or pinches x2(entity) ...

lo se batci — bitten.
i pa gerku pu batci mi re'o lo tupleA dog bit me in the leg.
Related words: denci, jgalu, guska, citka

batkex1(entity) is a button or knob on x2(entity) ...

lo batke — button.
i ra pu ru'i jgari pa batke be lo kosta pe vo'aHe was holding a button of his coat.
Related words: jadni, balji, punji, jgari, lasna

bau [preposition]in language ...

i mi tavla bau la lojbanI talk in Lojban language.
Comment: in the clause where bau is used x1 is user of the language, the clause itself describes what is expressed in this language.

bavlamdeix1(clause) is tomorrow, the day that follows the day x2(clause)

lo bavlamdei — tomorrow, the day that follows.
i ko klama ca lo bavlamdeiCome tomorrow!
i ca lo bavlamdei be lo nu mi tsuku vau mi co'a ganse lo cizraOn the day following my arrival I started feeling something strange.
Related words: djedi, cabdei, prulamdei, cedra, ditcu

bavmix1(entity) is some barley of species x2(taxon)

lo bavmi — barley.
i lo bavmi cu ralju se cupra bu'uBarley is the main product here.
Related words: gurni

be — continues the verb by adding more nouns to it (by default starting from x2) and prepositions

i lo tixnu be mi cu melbiMy daughter is pretty.
Related words: bei

be'e [vocative] — request to send/speak

i be'e lo nobli do mulno xuPardon, Sir/Madam, are you finished?
i be'e le pendoHello, are you still there, friend?

be'i [preposition from benji]sent by ...

i ti me lo se dunda ne be'i la kevinThis a present sent by Kevin.

be'o [terminator] — ends a construct started with: be, bei

be'u [interjection modifier] — lack/need, be'u cu'i — presence/satisfaction, be'u nai — satiation

i u'i be'u ko skicu lo pa drata lisriHehe, not that funny, tell me another story.
i ui be'u cu'i do bevri le re verba mlatu noi mi pu djicaYay, you brought the two kittens whom I wanted.
i u'i be'u nai ba'a mi ca farlu lo loldiHa-ha-ha, so funny, I can't laugh anymore, I might fall down to the floor now.
Related words: claxu, nitcu, mansa

bebnax1(entity) is foolish, stupid in x2(property of x1)

lo bebna — fool, stupid. lo se bebna — foolish action.
i ko na bebna lo ka fe da ca'o cuskuDon't be silly in repeating the same.
Related words: fenki, xajmi, prije, fliba

bei [middle separator] — separates nouns attached to verb with be — ends a construct started with: be

bekpix1(entity) is the back, dorsum, 'posterior' body-part of x2(entity)

lo bekpi — back (of body).
i lo bekpi be mi za'o se cortuMy back still hurts.
Comment: not necessarily at the back of body (determined by bilateral symmetry of the body).
Related words: trixe, cutne

bemrox1(entity) is North American in x2(property of x1)

lo bemro — North American.
i mi nelci lo bemro tumlaI like North American lands.
Related words: merko, ketco

bendex1(entity) is a team or crew of persons x2(entity group) led by x3(entity) ...

lo bende — team (crew). lo se bende — member of a team. lo te bende — leader of a team.
i mi cmima pa bende be lo stati prenu bei la robin bei te fi'e lo ka tadni la lojbanI am a member of a team of smart people led by Robin and learning Lojban.
Related words: gunma, girzu, dansu, jatna, jitro, kagni, kamni, minde, ralju, cecmu, gidva

benjix1(entity) transmits x2(entity) to receiver x3(entity) from origin x4(entity) via x5(entity)

lo benji — transmitter. lo te benji — transmission receiver. lo ve benji — origin of a transmission. lo xe benji — medium of transmission.
i mi ba benji lo xatra do fu la internet fo lo skami pe lo mi zdaniI will send you a letter via the internet from my home computer.
i pa gunka pu benji pa sinxa pa drata gunka lo galtu lo sanceA worker sent a sound signal to another worker from the above.
Comment: transmitter in English can denote both lo benji and lo xe benji.
Related words: muvdu, dunda, mrilu, nirna, volta, cradi, tivni, preja, be'i, bevri, mrilu, tcana

bersax1(entity) is a son of x2(entity)

lo bersa — son. lo se bersa — parent of a son.
i mi se bersa re daI have two sons.
Related words: tixni, se rirni, verba, nanla, nakni, patfu, bruna

bertix1(entity) is to the northern side of x2(entity) ...

lo berti — northern.
i za'u pa purdi be fi lo grute cu berti le tcaduFruit gardens are to the north of the city.
Related words: snanu, stici, stuna, farna

besnax1(entity) is a brain of x2(entity)

lo besna — brain.
i ro remna da se besnaAll humans have brains.
Related words: menli, stedu, rango, pensi

betfux1(entity) is a belly, abdomen, lower trunk of body x2(entity)

lo betfu — abdomen, belly.
i lo betfu be mi cu se cortuMy belly hurts.
Related words: cutne, livga, canti

betkax1(entity) is a beet of variety x2(taxon)

lo betka — beet.
i ti na ciblu gi'e ja'a betkaIt's not blood. It's beet.
Related words: stagi

betrix1(property of x2) is a tragedy for x2(entity)

lo betri — tragedy.
i pu betri le nakni fa lo ka co'u se bersa lo ro pa meiIt was a tragedy for him to lose his only son.
Related words: badri, xlali, morsi, binra

bevrix1(entity) brings, transports x2(entity) to x3(entity) from x4(entity) by path x5(entity)

lo bevri — carrier. lo se bevri — cargo.
i mi pu bevri pa patxu be lo nudle fu'e ta'o fi pa purdi fo pa nu jukpa vau kumfa fu pa rokci dargu fu'oI carried a bowl of noodles (to the garden from the kitchen via a rocky road).
i la kevin pu bevri pa gerku lo zdaniKevin brought a dog home.
i mi pu bevri pa fonxa fo pa daskiI took the phone out of the pocket.
Related words: bevri, marce, muvdu, benji, klama

bi [digit/number]8, eight

i bi xrula ca zvati le purdiThere are 9 pencils that I use.

bi'i [conjunction]between ... and ...

i mi sanli pa dinju bi'i pa rirxeI am standing between a house and a river.

bi'o [conjunction]between ... and ... (ordered)

i mi gunka de'i li cy bi bi'o li cy pa zeI work from 8 to 17 o'clock.

bi'u [interjection] — newly introduced information, bi'u nai — previously introduced information

i lo bi'u nai nixli pu klama pa panka i bi'u le nixli ca tavla pa nanla bu'u le pankaThat girl (mentioned earlier), she went to a park. What is new is that she is talking to a boy there.
Comment: the situation may be not new but that the noun marked with bi'u appears in it is new. bi'u introduces new objects, events facts, not just rephrases earlier facts.
Related words: cnino

bidjux1(entity) is a bead, pebble ...

lo bidju — pebble, bead.
i mu bidju pu zvati tiThere were five pebbles here.
Related words: bolci, canre, lakse, dirgo

bifcex1(entity) is a bee or wasp of species x2(taxon)

lo bifce — bee, wasp.
i lo bifce cu vofli ne'a lo xrulaBees are flying near the flowers.
Related words: cinki, sfani, lakse

biklax1(entity) whips, lashes

lo bikla — whip.
i lo carvi pu bikla ta'i lo ka janli pa cankoThe rain whipped against the window.
Related words: skori, darxi

bilgax1(entity) is obligated to do x2(property of x1) by agreement x3(proposition)

lo se bilga — obligation, duty.
i mi bilga lo ka jai gau volta fai ti noi cukta vau ca lo cabdei vau pa pu se nupre be miI must return this book today fulfilling my earlier promise.
Related words: zifre, fuzme

bilmax1(entity) is ill, sick with symptoms x2(property of x1) from disease x3(clause)

lo bilma — ill. lo se bilma — symptom of an illness. lo te bilma — disease.
i ra pu terpa lo ka co'a bilma fi la zukamShe was afraid to catch a cold.
i mi bilma lo ka cortu lo denci vau lo influ'enzaI've got the flu and my teeth hurt.
Related words: kanro, mikce, spita, senci, kafke, binra

binrax1(entity) insures x2(entity) against threat x3(clause) with benefit x4(entity)

lo binra — insurer, underwriter. lo se binra — insured thing or person. lo ve binra — insurance compensation.
i le kagni cu binra lo se esporte lo xrani lo ka pleji lo jdiniThe company insures the sportsman against injuries by paying money as an insurance.
Related words: bandu, cirko, betri, basti, bilma

binxox1(entity) transforms into x2(entity) ...

i ba zi ku mi binxo lo glekiSoon I will become happy.
i do pu binxo lo lazniYou became lazy.
Comment: binxo describes that entity turns into another entity, galfi is to turn one entity into another one. cenba describes how entity changes its state while remaining the same entity, stika is to make entity change its state.
Related words: cenba, galfi, stika, zasni

birjex1(entity) some beer brewed from x2(entity)

lo birje — beer, ale.
i ti birje lo badnaThis is banana beer.
Related words: pinxe, barja, jikru, vanju, xalka, fusra

birkax1(entity) is an arm of body x2(entity)

lo birka — arm.
i ra jai se torni pa birka be miShe twisted my arm.
Related words: jimca, janco, xance, rebla

birtix1(entity) is convinced that x2(proposition) is true

lo birti — convinced, sure.
i mi birti le du'u do ba snadaI am sure you will succeed.
i xu do mo'u jai gau birti fai loi rirni lo nu le nu litru na ckapeHave you persuaded your parents that the journey wouldn't be dangerous?
Related words: jetnu, jinvi, krici, djuno, senpi, sruma

bislix1(entity) is some ice ...

lo bisli — ice.
i au mi viska lo bisli cmanaI'd like to see ice mountains.
Related words: kunra, litki, lenku, krili, bratu, snime, carvi

bitmux1(entity) is a wall separating x2(entity) and x3(entity) ...

lo bitmu — fence, wall.
i lo bitmu be le purdi bei le foldi cu rotsuThe fence between the garden and the field is thick.
i pa me ti noi bitmu le malsi cu sinxa lo pu nu le gugde cu vlipaOne of these walls of the temple is a sign of the past power of the country.
Related words: jbini, sepli, fendi, canko, drudi, kumfa, loldi, senta, snuji, pagre, gacri, kuspe, marbi, vorme

bitnix1(entity) is x2(number) bits in size

lo se bitni — bit (data).
i le vreji cu bitni lo kiltoThe file is 1000 bit.
Related words: datni

blabix1(entity) is white

lo blabi — white.
i lo denci be le fetsi pu blabiHer teeth were white.
Related words: skari, xekri, grusi, kandi, manku, carmi, bakri, blanu, bunre, cicna, crino, narju, nukni, pelxu, xunre, zirpu

blacix1(entity) is some glass ...

lo blaci — glass (substance).
i le kabri cu blaciThe cup is made of glass.
Related words: kabri

blanux1(entity) is blue

lo blanu — blue.
i lo tsani cu blanu ca lo cabdeiThe sky is blue today.
Related words: skari, blabi, xekri, zirpu, kandi, carmi, cicna

blatox1(entity) is a cockroach, termite of species x2(taxon)

lo blato — cockroach.
i lo blato cu mipri lo nei ca lo donriCockroaches hide themselves during daytime.
Related words: cinki, civla, manti

blikux1(entity) is a block ...

lo bliku — block.
i le dinju cu te zbasu lo rokci blikuThe house is built of stone blocks.
Related words: tapla, kubli, tanbo, canlu, kojna, sefta, bolci, kurfa, tarmi

blondinex1(entity) is blond, fair-haired

lo blondine — blond.
i pa blondine nixli pu tsuku te zu'e lo ka penmi doA girl with blond hair arrived to meet you.
Comment: blond is a color special to mammal and human hair.
Related words: brunete, kerfa

blotix1(entity) is a boat or ship for carrying x2(entity) ...

lo bloti — boat. lo se bloti — cargo of a boat, passenger of a boat.
i mi pu ca'o se bloti pa te falnuI was a passenger on a sailboat.
Related words: falnu, fulta, marce, jatna, sabnu

bo [1st meaning] — more tightly binds two parts inside a compound verb

i mi pu penmi pa drata merko bo jbopreI met another American Lojbanist.
i ko catlu lo barda se kanla melbiLook at the beauty with big eyes.
i ko catlu lo barda se kanla bo melbiLook at the big beauty-with-eyes.
Related words: ke

bo [2nd meaning] — placed after preposition to bind the sentence to the previous sentence

i mi pu plipe i ja'e bo mi pu kuspe lo drudiI jumped so that I reached the roof.
Related words: i

bo [3rd meaning] — placed after preposition to bind constructs from both sides of a conjunction

i la tom pu bilma gi'e ja'e bo pu na kakne lo ka klamaTom was ill and that's why couldn't come.
i mi e ba bo do klama lo nenriFirst I, then you enter.
Related words: i

boi — ends a string of numbers

i mi pu citka ci boi ro moi jbariI ate three last berries.
Comment: usually used to separate a number from the next number belonging to another construct.

bolcix1(entity) is a ball ...

lo bolci — ball, sphere.
i le bolci pu gunro fe'e mo'u lo flu'enteThe ball rolled into the stream.
Related words: bliku, cukla, bidju, gunro

bombilax1(entity) is a light bulb

lo bombila — light bulb.
i le bombila cu spofuThe light bulb is broken.
Related words: minji, cabra, matra, tutci

bongux1(entity) is a bone performing function x2(property of x1) ...

lo bongu — bone.
i mi pu darxi lo bongu be lo ka sarji lo tuple be mi se pi'o pa granaI hit my leg bone with a stick.
Related words: greku, denci, jirna, sarji

boskex1(entity) is a forest with components x2(taxon)

lo boske — forest, selva, jungles.
i ti boske lo clani tricu jo'u lo kliti dertuThis is a forest of long trees and clay loams.
Related words: foldi, tricu, mudri, gumri, danlu

botpix1(entity) is a sealable bottle for x2(entity) made of x3 with lid x4

lo botpi — bottle, jar, flask. lo se botpi — contents of a bottle.
i ti botpi lo birje lo blaci lo xunreThis is a bottle of beer made of glass and having a red lid.
Comment: bottle described by botpi must have a lid by design. For bottles without lids use kabri or patxu.
Related words: baktu, lante, patxu, tansi, tanxe, vasru, gacri

boxfox1(entity) is a sheet ...

lo boxfo — sheet, blanket.
i mi ba bevri pa boxfo doI will bring you a blanket.
Related words: plita, cinje, polje, slasi, tinci

boxnax1(entity) is a wave in x2(entity) ...

lo boxna — wave.
i da pu barda boxna le xamsiThere was a big wave in the sea.
Related words: slilu, dikni, cinje, polje, morna, canre

bradix1(entity) is an enemy of x2(entity) in struggle x3(property of x1 and x2)

lo bradi — enemy. lo se bradi — someone who has an enemy. lo te bradi — struggle between enemies.
i lo tance be mi mi bradi lo nu mi troci lo ka pilno le tance lo ka bacru lo lojbo valsiMy tongue is my enemy when I'm trying to use it to utter Lojban words.
Related words: damba, jamna, darlu, pendo, fapro, gunta, sarji, jivna, jinga

bramlatux1(entity) is a big cat of species x2(taxon)

lo bramlatu — tiger, lion, panther, leopard, cheetah.
i ju'o cu'i lo bramlatu cu se zdani le tutraBig cats may inhabit this area.
Related words: cinfo, mlatu

bratux1(entity) is hail ...

lo bratu — hail, sleet.
i le bratu pu vlileThe hailstorm was violent.
Related words: carvi, snime, bisli, tcima

brazox1(entity) is Brazilian in x2(property of x1)

lo brazo — Brazilian.
i le finti cu brazoThe author is Brazilian.
Related words: porto, ketco

bredix1(entity) is ready for x2(clause)

lo bredi — ready.
i mi bredi lo ka cadzu ka'ai doI am ready to walk with you.
Related words: spaji, jukpa

bridix1(proposition) is a predicate relationship with the main relation x2(property of nonce place, has places for ce'u applied to x3) and having arguments x3(ordered entity group)

i le du'u mi dunda ti do cu bridi lo ka dunda vau mi ce'o ti ce'o doThat I give this to you is a relationship with the main relation of giving and sequential arguments being me, this and you.
i le du'u mi prami do cu bridi lo ka ce'u prami ce'u vau mi ce'o doThat I love you is a grammatical relationship with the main relation of someone loving someone and the roles being me and you correspondingly.
Related words: sumti, fancu

brifex1(entity) is wind from direction x2(entity) ...

lo brife — wind. lo se brife — direction of a wind.
i oi le brife be lo berti se la'u li du'e carmiOh, the northern wind is too strong.
Related words: tcima

brijux1(entity) is an office or bureau of workers x2(entity) ...

lo briju — office (bureau).
i ti briju le mikceThis is the doctor's office.
Related words: jibri, gunka

brisnix1(text) is a clause with the main verb x2(text) that has arguments x3(ordered text group)

lo brisni — grammatical clause. lo se brisni — main verb of a clause. lo te brisni — places of a grammatical clause.
i lu ma nuzba li'u brisni"What's up?" is a grammatical clause.
i lu mi dunda ti do li'u brisni zo dunda zo mi ce'o zo ti ce'o zo do"I give this to you." is a clause with the main verb "give" that has sequential places "I","this","you".
Related words: bridi, sumti, fancu

broda [verb] — to be the thingumajig No. 1 (predicate variable 1)

i mi pu klama cei broda le zarci i ba bo mi ze'a sipna i xu do ba brodaI went to the market, and then I slept. Will you go to the market?
Comment: a dummy verb, a placeholder for any verb (that thus can have any place structure). broda, brode etc. are just variables, they can denote different verbs or the same verb. broda brode is a generalized representation of a compound verb (lo tanru) made of two verb words. [broda, brode, brodi, brodo, brodu and ko'a, ko'e, ko'i, ko'o, ko'u can be used to show bare grammatical structures without overloading text with unnecessary meaning..
Related words: bu'a

brode [verb] — to be the thingumajig No. 2 (predicate variable 2)

i la alis mo'u citka cei brode pa plise i je la kevin cu brodeAlice has eaten up an apple. And Kevin ate an apple too.
Comment: can have any place structure.
Related words: bu'a, broda

brodi [verb] — to be the thingumajig No. 3 (predicate variable 3)

i la alis cu zbasu cei brodi lo pixra i mi na brodiAlice draw pictures. I don't.
Comment: can have any place structure.
Related words: bu'a, broda

brodo [verb] — to be the thingumajig No. 4 (predicate variable 4)

i ma pu renro cei brodo le rokci i mu'a mi pu na brodoWho threw the rock? For example, I didn't.
Comment: can have any place structure.
Related words: bu'a, broda

brodu [verb] — to be the thingumajig No. 5 (predicate variable 5)

i ti gusta lo se nelci be mi cei brodu i ku'i lo mamta be mi ku ji'a cu zbasu lo broduThis restaurant serves the food that I like. However, my mother as well makes the food that I like.
Comment: can have any place structure.
Related words: bu'a, broda

brunax1(entity) is a brother of x2(entity) bonded by x3(property of x1 and x2)

lo bruna — brother. lo se bruna — sibling of a brother.
i do bruna mi lo ka se mamtaYou are my brother since we are born from the same mother.
Related words: mensi, tunba, tamne, famti, bersa

brunetex1(entity) is a brunet/brunette, having brown or black hair

lo brunete — brunet.
i doi la alis do te rai nelci lo blondine ji lo bruneteAlice, whom do you like more, blondes or brunets?
Related words: blondine, kerfa

bu — turn one word into letter pronoun

i mi pilno la'e me'o vy bu vy bu vy buI use WWW.
i la alis pu klama pa zarci i je ku'i mi na djuno le du'u a bu pu te vecnu ma kauAlice went to a store, but I don't know what A (Alice) bought.
Comment: From verbs: xy zei kantu bu (lujvo formed with zei). From nouns: vy. bu (it denotes the letter "w" and thus isn't the same as vy.), zo a bu, zoi ly.klama.ly. bu, lo'u klam le'u bu. The following sequences are not grammatical: bu bu, si bu, sa bu, zei bu, fa'o bu, zo bu, zoi bu, lo'u bu.

bu'a [verb]there exists some relation: 1st verb of bu'a, bu'e, bu'i series

i fau lo nu do djica lo nu bu'a cu bu'a gau koIf there is something you want to happen, make it happen.

bu'e [verb]there exists some relation: 2nd verb of bu'a, bu'e, bu'i series

i su'o bu'a su'o bu'e su'o bu'i zo'u lo nu bu'a cu ka'e se jalge lo nu bu'e ca lo nu bu'iThere is an event X, an event Y and event Z such that X can lead to Y during Z.

bu'i [verb]there exists some relation: 3rd verb of bu'a, bu'e, bu'i series

i su'o bu'a su'o bu'e su'o bu'i zo'u lo nu bu'a cu ka'e se jalge lo nu bu'e ca lo nu bu'iThere is an event X, an event Y and event Z such that X can lead to Y during Z.

bu'o [interjection modifier] — shows the start of emotion, bu'o cu'i — shows the continuation of emotion, bu'o nai — shows the end of emotion

i za'o ku do tsuku ui bu'oAt last you arrived, and I'm happy now!
i ua nai bu'o cu'i la alis cu simsa fi lo ka na zvatiWhat's going on, Alice is also not present.
i u'i bu'o nai mi di'a gunkaEnough laughing, I'm back to work.

bu'u [preposition of place]at ... (some place)

i mi xabju ze'a lo nanca be li ci lo bu'u dinjuI've been living for three years in this house.
i le verba ca sipna bu'u le kumfaThe child is now sleeping in the room.

budjox1(entity) is Buddhist in x2(property of x1)

lo budjo — Buddhist.
i xu do budjoAre you a Buddhist?
Related words: latna, lijda

bukpux1(entity) is some cloth ...

lo bukpu — cloth.
i le bukpu cu cpana le jubmeThe cloth is on the table.
Related words: mapni, matli, sunla, slasi, silka

bumrux1(entity) is covered by a fog or mist of liquid x2(entity)

lo bumru — foggy. lo se bumru — fog, mist.
i le xamsi cu bumru lo lenku dirgoThe sea is covered by a fog of cold drops.
Related words: djacu, carvi, danmo, lunsa, tcima, gapci

bundax1(entity) is x2(number) weight units in standard x3(property of x1) ...

i ti noi tanxe cu bunda li pa no lo ka ki'ograThis box is 10 kilograms in weight.
Related words: grake, junta, tilju, rupnu, fepni, dekpu, gutci, minli, merli, kramu

bunrex1(entity) is brown

lo bunre — brown.
i le bunre gerku pu zvafa'i pa blabi ractuThe brown dog found a white rabbit.
Related words: skari, blabi, xekri, kandi, carmi

burcux1(entity) is a brush for doing x2(clause) with bristles x3(entity)

lo burcu — brush. lo se burcu — purpose for a brush. lo te burcu — bristle of a brush.
i ti burcu lo nu punji lo cinta vau lo cmaluThis is a brush for painting with small bristles.
Related words: kombitu, pinsi

burnax1(entity) is flustered, disconcerted by x2(clause)

lo burna — flustered. lo se burna — befuddling event.
i xu do burna lo ka pilno la lojbanAre you disconcerted of using Lojban?
Related words: cinmo

by [pronoun]b (letter)

Comment: prefixed with me'o is a quotation of the letter. When used alone refers to the last noun with the verb starting with this letter like by is for the last lo bredi used.

ca [preposition of tense]during ..., at ... (at time), simultaneousely with ... (in time), adverb: meanwhile, now, currently (expresses present tense)

i lei rirni pu zvati lo barja i ca bo lei verba cu kansa no da bu'u lo zdaniThe parents were in the bar; meanwhile the children were alone at home.
i ko smaji ca lo nu mi tavlaBe quite while I'm talking.
i ca lo nu do cinmo lo ka kansa no da zo'u ko morji lo se gleki be mi'o mokcaWhen you feel lonely, remember the happy moments we had together.
i mi pu prami do i mi ca prami do i mi ba prami doI loved you. I love you. I will love you.

ca'a [preposition of potential]actually is ..., actually does ...

i mi ca'a limnaI'm actually swimming.
i la kevin ca ca'a jatnaKevin is now acting as a captain.
Comment: describes demonstrated activity.
Related words: jarco, pu'i, fau

ca'e [interjection]I define

i ca'e do zutse vaYou sit there!
i ca'e do klama ka'ai miYou go with me!
i ca'e lo se gunka cu mulnoThe work is hereby done.
i ca'e gusniLet there be light!
Related words: jetnu

ca'o [preposition of aspect] — progress of the event. be doing ... (someone or something), being ... (someone or something), already

i le verba ca'o citkaThe child is eating.
Comment: describes an event as progressing whether or not it is continuous (for which ru'i is to be used); progressive aspect.

ca'u [preposition of cardinal direction]to the front of ..., between me and ...

i lo snime cu mitre li pa ca'u lo vorme pe doThere is snow one meter thick in front of your door.

cabdeix1(clause) is today, the same day as x2(clause)

lo cabdei — today.
i lo cabdei cu detri li jy dy zeToday is Sunday.
Related words: djedi, prulamdei, bavlamdei, cedra, ditcu

cabnax1(clause) is current with x2(clause) in time

lo cabna — current, concurrent, simultaneous.
i lo xamgu fasnu cu cabna lo xlali fasnuGood and bad events happen at the same time.
Related words: zvati, balvi, purci, ca, ca'a

cabrax1(entity) is apparatus for function x2(clause) controlled by agent x3(entity)

lo cabra — apparatus. lo se cabra — function of an apparatus.
i ti cabra lo ka zalvi lo gurni vau lo xanceThis is a hand-controlled machine for grinding grain.
Comment: cabra is for devices controlled by external force, minji is for machines working automatically, zmiku is for robots in general.
Related words: tutci, minji, finti, girzu, ganzu, pilno

cacrax1(clause) is x2(number) hours in duration ...

lo cacra — hour-long event.
i ca ku lo nicte cu cacra li muAt this time, night is 5 hours long.
Comment: if x2 is not used denotes one hour in duration
Related words: junla, mentu, snidu, tcika, temci

cadzux1(entity) walks on surface x2(entity) with limbs x3

lo cadzu — walker.
i mi pu ru'i cadzu lo srasu lo jamfu ca lo nu do tsukuI was walking on the grass on foot when you arrived.
Related words: stapa, bajra, klama, litru

cafnex1(clause) occurs frequently ...

lo cafne — frequent event.
i banzu cafne fa lo nu mi vitke lo patfu be miIt's quite often that I visit my father.
Related words: rirci, fadni, kampu, rapli, krefu, lakne, so'i roi

cagnax1(entity) at locus x2(entity)

lo cagna — wound.
i ti cagna lo pu se zvati be pa denci bu'u lo moklu be le nakni ri'a lo nu lo mikce mo'u vimcu le denciThis is a wound in his mouth at the place where there was a tooth and caused by removal of the tooth by a doctor.
Related words: xrani, bilma

cai [right scalar particle] — critical, extreme intensity

i oi caiAh, pain, I'm going to lose consciousness now!!!

caklax1(entity) is some chocolate or cocoa

lo cakla — chocolate.
i mi nelci lo blabi cakla ne se mau lo manku caklaI prefer white chocolate to dark chocolate.
Related words: ckafi

calkux1(entity) is a shell or husk around x2(entity) ...

lo calku — shell.
i mi nitcu lo calku be lo steduI need a head helmet.
Related words: pilka, skapi, gacri, bartu

cancix1(entity) vanishes from location x2(entity) ...

i do canci lo jvinu be fi miYou disappeared from my view.
Related words: cliva, ganse, zgana, lebna, vimcu

cangex1(entity) is a farm or ranch at x2(entity) farmed by x3(entity) that raises or produces x4(entity)

lo cange — farm. lo te cange — farmer. lo ve cange — farm production.
i ti cange lo barda tumla lo mensi be mi lo vanjbaThis is a farm covering a large parcel of land; it's kept by my sister and produces grapes.
Related words: purdi, nurma, ferti, foldi, xarju

canjax1(entity) trades commodity x2(entity, property of x1) for x3(entity, property of x4) with x4(entity)

lo canja — trader. lo se canja — commodity.
i e'u mi canja lo bidju lo ka jarco lo tatru be do mi vau doLet me give you these beads in exchange that you show me your breast.
Comment: jdima is for cost/price/value distinction.
Related words: dunda, friti, vecnu, zarci, jdini, pleji, jdima, jerna, kargu, banxa, cirko, dunda, janta, kargu, prali, sfasa, zivle

cankox1(entity) is a window or portal in wall or building x2(entity)

lo canko — window. lo se canko — building with a window.
i le canko be le karce cu kalriThe window in the car is open.
Related words: vorme, bitmu, ganlo, murta, pagre, kevna, jvinu, kalri, kuspe

canlux1(entity) is a space or room occupied by x2(entity)

lo canlu — space.
i lo canlu be le purdi cu bardaThe garden occupies a large space.
Related words: kensa, bliku, kumfa, kevna, kunti, tubnu, dekpu

canpax1(entity) is a shovel or spade for doing x2(clause)

lo canpa — shovel.
i ti canpa lo nu kakpa lo dertu vau ji lo nu katna lo genjaIs this spade for digging ground or for cutting roots?
Related words: kakpa, guska, tutci

canrex1(entity) is some sand or grit ...

lo canre — sand.
i mi pu zvafa'i lo jamfu prina be lo canreI found some footprints in the sand.
i mi pu se nandu lo ka cadzu lo canre poi gunma lo cmalu rokciIt was hard for me to walk on the sand made of small stones.
Related words: bidju, rokci, zalvi, boxna

cantix1(entity) is the intestines or guts of x2(entity)

lo canti — intestine, gut.
i lo jurme co'a xabju lo canti be lo cifnu ba zi lo nu ri jbenaBacteria colonize the intestines of a child soon after it is born.
Related words: betfu

carcex1(entity) is a carriage or wagon with wheels for carrying x2(entity) ...

lo carce — carriage. lo se carce — cargo of a carriage.
i mi sazri pa carce be lo karceI am driving a car transporter.
Comment: carce is designed to be with wheels, marce isn't and is more generic.
Related words: karce, xislu, marce, matra

carmix1(entity) is bright or intense in x2(property of x1) ...

lo carmi — bright, intense.
i ti noi bombila cu carmi lo ka te gusniThis light bulb gives a bright light.
Related words: denmi, gusni, kandi, ruble, skari, tilju, tsali, mutce, blabi, blanu, bunre, cicna, crino, grusi, narju, nukni, pelxu, xekri, xunre, zirpu

carnax1(entity) turns or rotates around axis x2(entity) in direction x3(entity)

lo carna — rotating. lo se carna — axis of rotation. lo te carna — direction of rotation.
i ko carna klama lo prituTurn to the right.
i ko pritu carnaTurn right.
i le xislu pu carna lo grana lo zunle ki lo galtuThe wheel was rotating around the rod counterclockwise when viewed from above.
Comment: in x3 use lo pritu for clockwise movement and zunle for counterclockwise movement.
Related words: gunro, jendu

cartux1(entity) is a chart or diagram of x2(entity) showing information x3(proposition)

lo cartu — chart. lo se cartu — picture on a chart.
i ti cartu pa fange tcadu lo darguThis is a map showing roads of an alien city.
i gau ko zgana fa mi lo cartu be lo nu'o se zvati be mi'oShow me a map of a place where you and I haven't been.
Related words: platu

carvix1(entity) rains or showers to x2(entity) from x3(entity)

lo carvi — rain. lo te carvi — rain cloud.
i ca ca'o carviIt's raining.
i lo snime pu carmi carvi le lalxu lo barda dilnuIt was snowing hard onto the lake from a large cloud.
Related words: bratu, dilnu, santa, snime, tcima, bisli, bumru

casnux1(entity group) discuss x2(entity)

lo casnu — debaters. lo se casnu — topic of a discussion.
i le fetsi jo'u mi pu casnu pa arteShe and I discussed a piece of art.
Comment: do jo'u mi casnu means You and I discuss with each other, la alis jo'u do jo'u bo mi casnu means Alices discusses with us (you and me) (not necessarily that you and I discuss it), do e mi casnu means You discuss, I discuss (not necessarily with each other, each of us might be discussing with different people).
Related words: bacru, cusku, darlu, tavla

catkex1(entity) shoves or pushes x2(entity) ...

i ko catke la'e me'o so pa paDial 911!
i le nixli pu catke le nanla re'o lo stedu be riThe girl pushed the boy on his head.
Comment: danre is for non-agentive force.
Related words: danre, darxi, lacpu

catlux1(entity) looks at x2(entity)

i ko catlu miLook at me.
Related words: jvinu, minra, simlu, viska, lanli, zgana, setca, viska

catnix1(entity) has authority over matter x2(property of x1) on the basis of x3(property of x2)

lo catni — someone with authority.
i mi co'a catni lo ka te cange ti vau lo ka te e'ande mi lo patfu be miThe authority to be a farmer on this land has been given to me by my father.
Related words: turni, tutra, krati, jaspu, pulji

catrax1(entity) kills x2(entity) ...

lo catra — killer. lo se catra — killed.
i le nakni cu kakne lo ka catra se pi'o pa rokci re cipniHe can kill two birds with one stone.
Related words: morsi, xarci

cau [preposition from claxu]lacked by ...

caucnix1(entity) misses, feels the lack of x2(entity)

i mi caucni doI miss you.
Related words: claxu, cinmo, badri, klaku, gleki, betri

caxnox1(entity) is shallow in direction x2(entity) away from reference point x3(entity) ...

lo caxno — shallow.
i ti noi lalxu cu caxno lo ka tsuku lo loldi be ce'u vau lo seftaThis lake is shallow in reaching the bottom from the surface.
Related words: condi, tordu, jarki, cinla, cmalu, jarki, jmifa

ce'i [digit/number] — '%' (percentage symbol), hundredths

i lo ninmu cu ji'i mu no ce'i si'ei lo remnaApproximately 50% of humans are women.

ce'o [conjunction]and then ... (forms ordered sequence)

i li pa ce'o li re ce'o li ci cu porsi1,2,3 is a sequence.
Comment: joins nouns to create a new noun of ordered group type.
Related words: ce, je, e

ce'u [pronoun] — inside an abstraction of a verb ce'u is applied to another place of that verb

i mi nitcu lo ka da tavla ce'uI need someone to talk to me.
Comment: definitions of verbs show which place ce'u is applied to. If not explicitly stated then ce'u is applied to the first place of the verb. To apply to the head of a relative clause use ke'a.

ceclax1(entity) launches projectile or missile x2(entity) ; x1 is a gun ...

lo cecla — gun. lo se cecla — missile.
i ti cecla lo fagriThis is a fire gun.
Related words: renro, danti, jakne, jbama, spoja

cecmux1(entity) is a community or colony of organisms x2(entity group)

lo cecmu — community. lo se cecmu — member of a community.
i pa cecmu be lo cipni mo'u muvdu lo bu'u tcaduA colony of birds moved to this city.
Related words: bende, kulnu, natmi, tcadu, jecta, girzu

cedrax1(clause) is an era or age characterized by x2(clause)

lo cedra — era.
i lo cabna cu cedra lo nu pilno lo skamiThese days are the era of using computers.
Related words: ranji, temci, citsi

ceithat will from now on be called ... (main verb follows)

i mi ba klama cei broda lo zarci i au do brodaI will go to the store. I'd like you go there too.
Comment: cei copies the whole main verb with all its places that can later be filled with another nouns.

cenbax1(entity) varies in x2(property of x1) in amount x3(entity) ...

lo cenba — variable.
i do cenba lo ka ma kau se cpedu vau lo bardaYour demands vary to much degree.
i ro linji ka'e cenba lo ka clani ma kau vau ro daAny line segment can be changed in its length to any degree.
Comment: binxo describes that entity turns into another entity, galfi is to turn one entity into another one. cenba describes how entity changes its state while remaining the same entity, stika is to make entity change its state.
Related words: cenba, galfi, stika, stodi, zasni, binxo

censax1(entity) is holy or sacred to x2(entity)

lo censa — holy.
i lo bu'u tcadu cu censa ro prenu pe viThis city is holy to all people here.
Related words: cevni, krici, latna, pruxi, lijda, sinma

centerox1(entity) is in the center of x2(entity)

lo centero — center.
i ti noi tcadu cu centero le gugdeThis city is in the center of the country.
Comment: lo midju is center point, lo centero is central subset (of a set or territory), lo kernelo is core.
Related words: xadba

centix1(entity) is a hundredth of x2(same type as x1) in x3(property of x1)

lo centi — 1/100.
i le insekto cu centi be lo mitre lo ka claniThe insect is 1 centimeter long.
Related words: grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo, gradu, litce, merli, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro

cerdax1(entity) inherits x2(property of x1 and x3) from x3(entity) according to rule x4(proposition)

lo cerda — inheritor, heir. lo se cerda — inherited, heritage.
i mi cerda le dinju lo patfu be mi lo se djica be riI inherited the house from my father according to his will.
Related words: jgina

cermursex1(entity) happens at the dawn of day x2(entity)

lo cermurse — dawn.
i mi ba klama lo boske ca lo cermurse be lo bavlamdeiI will go to forest tomorrow at dawn.
Related words: cerni, kandi, vanci

cernix1(entity) happens in the morning of day x2(entity) ...

lo cerni — morning.
i cerni coiGood morning!
i ti cerni pa cnino djediIt is the morning of a new day.
Related words: vanci, cermurse, vacmurse, tcika

certux1(entity) is skilled at x2(property of x1) ...

lo certu — expert, master. lo se certu — field of expertise.
i fau ei ro da mi se zu'e se marvele lo nu le prenu se la'u li xo kau certu lo ka limnaI cannot but wonder at his skill in swimming.
Related words: djuno, stati, kakne

cevnix1(entity) is a god of people or religion x2(entity) with dominion over x3(property of x1)

lo cevni — god.
i do cevni mi lo nu carviYou are a god of rain for me.
Related words: censa, krici, lijda, malsi

cfarix1(clause) commences, begins, or starts

lo cfari — beginning, start.
i de'i li cy xo lo se tigni cu cfariAt what time does the performance begin?
Related words: sisti, krasi, fanmo, mulno

cfikax1(entity) is a work of fiction about plot or theme x2(entity) ...

lo cfika — work of fiction. lo se cfika — plot of a work of fiction.
i la'e lu la lunra cu kusru turni li'u cfika lo logji bangu 'The Moon is a harsh mistress' is a fiction about logical languages.
Related words: cukta, lisri, prosa, fatci, jitfa, jetnu, xanri

cfilax1(property of x2) is a flaw or defect in x2(entity) causing x3(clause)

lo cfila — flaw. lo se cfila — flawed.
i mi se cfila lo nu lo drata cu xankaI have my faults making other nervous.
Related words: cikre, srera, fenra, fliba, prane

cfinex1(entity) is a wedge ...

lo cfine — wedge.
i mi pu setca pa cfine lo loldi te zu'e lo nu le vorme co'a kalriI drove a wedge into the floor so that the door was open.
Related words: tutci

cfipux1(clause) confuses, baffles observer x2(entity) ...

lo cfipu — confusing. lo se cfipu — confused, baffled.
i zo zabna jai cfipu mi fai lo ka se smuniTo me zabna is confusing in meaning.
i do je'a xu se cfipu lo ka cuxna lo ka zukte ma kauAre you really confused of deciding what to do?
Related words: pluja, senpi, zunti

ci [digit/number]3, three

i ci delfinu ca limna ne'a lo korbiThere are three dolphins swimming near the shore.

ci'angulox1(entity) is a triangle

lo ci'angulo — triangle.
i ma se sinxa ti noi ci'anguloWhat does this triangle signify?

ci'e [preposition from ciste]in system/context ...

i ci'e la internet lo vrici prenu ka'e jikca zu'aiIn the system of the internet, various people can socialize with each other.

ci'i [digit/number] — infinite number

i ci'i da te cuxnaThere is an infinite number of possibilities.
i ci'i da te cuxna fi lo pa prenu i je ci'i re da te cuxna fi lo re prenuThere is an infinite number of possibilities for one man, and twice as many for two men.
Comment: when followed by digits denotes aleph cardinality.

ciblux1(entity) is blood of organism x2(entity)

lo ciblu — blood.
i lo ciblu be mi cu klesi li a bu ma'u buMy blood type is A positive.
Related words: risna, flu'ente

cicnax1(entity) is torquoise or cyan

lo cicna — cyan (color).
i lo vanci tsani co'a cicnaThe evening sky became turquoise.
Related words: skari, blabi, xekri, kandi, carmi, crino, blanu

cidjax1(entity) is food or nutriment for x2(entity)

lo cidja — food.
i lo rectu na cidja lo xirmaMeat is not a food for horses.
i mi nelci lo jungo cidjaI like Chinese food.
Related words: citka, nitcu, pinxe, xagji, cpina

cidnix1(entity) is a knee, elbow, or other hinged joint of limb x2(entity) ...

lo cidni — knee, elbow.
i lo cidni be lo tuple be mi cu se xraniMy knee is injured.
Related words: korcu, jarco, jganu

cidrox1(entity) is a quantity of hydrogen

lo cidro — hydrogen.
i lo cidro cu traji linto se ratniHydrogen is the lightest element.
Related words: gapci, xukmi

cifnux1(entity) is a baby, young living being of species x2(taxon)

lo cifnu — baby, young living being, infant.
i xu le cifnu xa'o jimpe lo lojbo se smuskuDoes the infant understand Lojban yet?
Related words: makcu, verba, citno, panzi

ciglax1(entity) is a gland secreting x2(entity) in body x3(entity)

lo cigla — gland. lo se cigla — secretion of a gland.
i ti cigla lo xasne lo remnaThis human gland secrets sweat.
Related words: vikmi, xasne

ciknax1(entity) is awake

lo cikna — someone awake.
i xu su'o do ciknaIs any of you awake?
i mi pu co'a clira ciknaI got up early.
i ko jai gau cikna fai mi de'i li cy biWake me up at 8.
Related words: sanji, sipna, tatpi

cikrex1(entity) repairs or mends x2(entity) for use x3(property of x2)

lo cikre — repairer. lo se cikre — repaired.
i mi cikre le spofu stizu lo ka ka'e se zutseI repair the chair so that one can sit on it.
Related words: cfila, spofu

ciksix1(entity) explains x2(proposition) to x3(entity) with explanation x4(proposition)

lo ciksi — expounder. lo ve ciksi — explanation.
i mi pu ciksi fi le ctuca fe lo nu mi na zvati le nu penmi vau fo lo nu mi na pu djuno le du'u sarcu fa lo nu mi zvati nu buI explained to the teacher my absence at the meeting that I didn't know that I should've been there.
Related words: cipra, danfu, jalge, jinvi, krinu, mukti, nabmi, retsku, rinka, sidbo, zukte, tavla

cilcex1(entity) is wild or untamed

lo cilce — wild.
i ti noi foldi cu cilceThis field is untamed.
i ra sazri pa cilce xirmaHe rides an untamed horse.
Related words: pinfu, panpi, tarti

cilmox1(entity) is moist or damp with liquid x2(entity)

lo cilmo — damp, moist, wet.
i ko lumci le canko se pi'o lo cilmo bukpuClean the window with a damp cloth.
Related words: litki, lunsa, sudga

cilrex1(entity) learns some fact or information x2(proposition) about x3(entity) from doing or being x4(clause) ...

lo cilre — learner. lo se cilre — learned.
i mi cilre fi la lojbanI learn Lojban.
i mi pu cilre le du'u lo remna na smaniI learnt that humans are not monkeys.
i mi tcidu mu'i lo nu mi cilreI read in order to learn.
i mi so'i da pu'i cilre fo lo nu mi pu zgana lo cipniI learned a lot from watching birds.
Related words: info, saske, ctuca, tadni, djuno, ckule

ciltax1(entity) is a thread, wire, filament ...

lo cilta — thread (cord), cord.
i mi pu katna le cilta lo ci meiI cut the wire into three pieces.
Comment: unlike skori doesnt describe the object as consisting of more than one filament.
Related words: fenso, nivji, skori, silka

cimdex1(entity) is a dimension of space or object x2(entity) according to rule or model x3(property of x2)

lo cimde — dimension.
i lo mitre be li re cu cimde le kumfa lo ka claniTwo meters is the dimension of the room in length.
Related words: morna, ckilu, merli, manri

cimnix1(entity) in infinite in x2(property of x1) ...

lo cimni — infinite.
i si'au le nu penmi cu cimni lo ka se ditcuIt seems to me, the meeting will never end.
i le munje cu cimni lo ka se canluThe world is infinite in space.
Related words: vitno, renvi, munje, fanmo, sisti

cinbax1(entity) kisses x2(entity) ...

lo se cinba — kissed.
i mi pu cinba le fetsi re'o pa kerloI kissed her in the ear.
Related words: ctebi

cindux1(entity) is an oak of species x2(taxon)

lo cindu — oak.
i xu da cindu bu'u le cmanaAre there oak trees on the mountain?
Related words: tricu

cinfox1(entity) is a lion of species x2(taxon)

lo cinfo — lion.
i mi pu se spaji lo ka viska lo cinfoI was surprised to see a lion.
Related words: bramlatu, mlatu

cinjex1(entity) is a wrinkle in x2(entity)

lo cinje — wrinkle. lo se cinje — wrinkled.
i da cinje lo bukpuThere are creases in the cloth.
i gau ko ri xutlaSmooth out it.
Related words: korcu, polje, boxfo, boxna

cinkix1(entity) is an arthropod of species x2(taxon)

lo cinki — arthropod.
i lo insekto cu cinkiInsects are arthropods.
Related words: insekto, civla, danlu, blato, ankabuta, manti, sfani, toldi, bifce

cinlax1(entity) is thin in length/width etc. x2(property of x1) ...

lo cinla — thin.
i le ninmu cu cinla lo ka se tupleThe woman has thin legs.
Comment: the third largest dimension. tordu, jarki and cinla specify the three dimensions of objects.
Related words: rotsu, jarki, tordu, cmalu, caxno, plana, jarki

cinmox1(entity) feels emotion x2(property of x1) about x3(entity)

lo cinmo — emotional (live being). lo se cinmo — emotion, feeling (impression).
i mi cinmo lo ka gleki vau lo nu mi'o tavla zu'ai bau la lojbanI feel happy that we talk in Lojban.
Related words: cumla, jilra, nelci, xendo, ckeji, cortu, jgira, kecti, kufra, marvele, prami, steba, zungi, badri, burna, gleki

cinrix1(clause) interests observer x2(entity)

lo cinri — interesting. lo se cinri — interested.
i ma se cinri lo nu ca ma kau le fetsi co'a speniWho cares when she gets married?
i mi se cinri lo nu xu kau sarcu fa lo nu mi cusku fi la alis fe lo se du'u mi pu zi zukte ma kauI wonder if I should tell Alice what I just did.
Related words: zdile, kucli, marvele, kurji

cintax1(entity) is some paint of substance x2(entity) in a base of x3(entity)

lo cinta — paint (coloring substance). lo se cinta — pigment of a paint. lo te cinta — paint base.
i mi pu punji lo cinta be lo kliti bei lo sovda le bitmuI put an oil paint (with clay as a pigment) on to the wall.
Comment: lo te cinta (paint base) is the part of the paint that is not a lo se cinta (pigment).
Related words: pixra, skari

cinturax1(entity) is a waist of body x2(entity)

lo cintura — waist (of body).
i lo cintura be do cu klani ma lo ka claniWhat is the length of your waist?
Related words: xadni, cutne, midju, cinla, rotsu

cinzax1(entity) is a pincer, pair of chopsticks, tongs, pliers for doing x2(property of x3) to x3(entity)

lo cinza — tongs.
i ko jgari lo cinza be lo nu jukpa bei lo glareTake chopsticks for cooking hot food.
Related words: tutci

cipnix1(entity) is a bird of species x2(taxon)

lo cipni — bird.
i le pa cipni ca'o vofliThe bird is flying.
Related words: datka, gunse, jipci, nalci, pimlu, vofli, xruki, danlu

ciprax1(clause) is a test, act of examination, study of x2(entity) ...

lo cipra — study, test (act of examination). lo se cipra — tested.
i lo nu catlu lo kanla be do cu cipra lo nu do stace se la'u li xo kauTo look into your eyes is a test of your sincerity.
i mi pu gasnu lo cipra be tu'a le karceI tested the car.
i ba zi ku mi jai se cipraI will have a test soon.
Related words: ciksi, troci, jarco, pajni, saske

cirkox1(entity) loses x2(property of x1) at x3(entity, property of x1)

lo cirko — loser. lo se cirko — lost, not in possesion.
i mi cirko lo ka kakne lo ka sazri lo xirma vau lo ka xabju lo tcaduI lost my ability to ride a horse while living in the city.
Related words: facki, ralte, sisku, claxu, jinga, pleji, canja, sfasa, dapma, binra, mipri

cirkulox1(entity) is a circle

lo cirkulo — circle.
i mi pu ciska pa cirkuloI drew a circle.
Related words: cukla, djine

cirlax1(entity) is some cheese ...

lo cirla — cheese.
i xu do djica tu'a lo cirlaWould you like cheese?
Related words: ladru

ciskax1(entity) writes x2(text) on medium x3(entity) ...

lo ciska — writer. lo se ciska — written text. lo te ciska — writing medium.
i mi ba ciska lu coi munje li'u lo peljiI will write "Hello, world!" on the paper.
Comment: for 'author' or specific authorial works use finti.
Related words: papri, penbi, pinsi, tcidu, xatra, pixra, prina, finti, barna, pinka

cismax1(entity) smiles

i se ja'e ma do cismaWhy are you smiling?
Related words: xajmi, cmila, frumu

cistex1(entity) is a system with structure x2(entity) ...

lo ciste — system. lo se ciste — structure of a system.
i lo kibro cu ciste lo se tcana be lo skami poi se pi'o ce'u lo prenu cu jikcaThe internet is a system with computer nodes, using which people communicate.
Related words: ci'e, cmima, girzu, gunma, stura, tadji, munje, farvi, ganzu, judri, julne, klesi, morna, tcana

citkax1(entity) eats x2(entity)

lo citka — eater. lo se citka — eaten.
i mi mo'u citka pa badna e re mangoI've eaten a banana and two mangoes.
Related words: cidja, pinxe, tunlo, xagji, xaksu, batci, gusta, kabri

citnox1(entity) is young in that it has x2(property of x1)

lo citno — young.
i le nixli cu citno lo ka lifri lo xo kau meiThe girl is young in how much she experienced.
Related words: laldo, cnino, slabu, verba

citrix1(entity) is a history of x2(entity) according to x3(entity)

lo citri — history. lo se citri — having a history.
i mi tadni lo citri be le kagni bei lo cnino lanliI'm studying the history of the company according to new analysts.
Related words: muzga, purci

citsix1(entity) is a season defined by x2(clause) of year x3(entity, number)

lo citsi — season.
i ca citsi lo nu carvi vau lo pa no no mu moiNow it's the season of rains of year 2005.
i vi ku lo dunra cu citsi lo nu lenkuHere, winter is a cold season.
Related words: cedra, crisa, critu, dunra, ranji, temci, vensa, jbena

civlax1(entity) is a flea or louse of species x2(taxon) parasitic on x3(entity)

lo civla — flea, louse.
i xu lo civla be fi lo gerku cu ckape lo remnaAre dog louses dangerous to humans?
Related words: insekto, cinki, blato

cizrax1(entity) is strange to x2(entity) in x3(property of x1)

lo cizra — strange.
i le valsi cu cizra mi lo ka se smuniThe word is strange to me in meaning.
i cizra fa lo nu la tom na zvatiIt's strange that Tom is not present.
Related words: ranxi, rirci, fange, banli

ckabux1(entity) is some rubber ...

lo ckabu — rubber.
i lo bolci poi ckabu cu plipe ri'a lo ka pruniA rubber ball jumps because it is elastic.
Related words: pruni

ckafix1(entity) is some coffee ...

lo ckafi — coffee.
i do pinxe lo ckafi ji lo tcatiWill you drink coffee or tea?
Related words: tcati, barja, cakla

ckajix1(entity) is characterized by x2(property of x1)

lo se ckaji — property.
i le prenu na simlu gi'e ku'i ja'a ckaji vau lo ka ninmuThe person doesn't look like a woman but she is.
i lo ka masno bacru cu se ckaji tu noi nanmuSlow speech is the characteristic of that man.
Related words: kai, tcaci, tcini

ckanax1(entity) is a bed ...

lo ckana — bed.
i au mi vreta lo ckanaI want to lie down in bed.
Related words: kamju, kicne, nilce, palta, cpana, vreta, jubme, stizu, matci, zbepi, palne, sarji

ckapex1(clause) is dangerous to x2(clause) ...

lo ckape — dangerous. lo se ckape — threatened.
i ka'e ckape lo nu do kanro vau fa lo nu do zukte lo se stidi be la kevinIt can be dangerous for your health to do what Kevin suggested.
i do jai se ckape fai lo ka co'a bilmaYou are at risk of getting ill.
Related words: te bandu, te kajde, te marbi, se snura, se xalni

ckasux1(entity) mocks at x2(entity) about x3(property of x2) by doing x4(property of x1)

i pa pendo pu ckasu mi lo ka cadzu tai ma kau vau lo ka cusku lo mablaA friend mocked at the manner I walk by saying bad words.
Related words: cmila

ckejix1(entity) feels ashamed, mortified about x2(clause) before audience x3(entity)

lo ckeji — ashamed. lo se ckeji — shameful event.
i lo mamta be mi pu ckeji lo nu mi tarti ma kau vau loi prenuMy mother was ashamed in front of the crowd of my conduct.
Related words: cinmo

ckikux1(entity) is a key fitting lock x2(entity) ...

lo ckiku — key (of a lock). lo se ckiku — lock (of a key).
i ti ckiku lo xunre vorme i ma ckiku lo jaspu be doWhat is the password to your account?
i mi mo'u cirko lo pe mi ckikuI lost my keys.
Comment: x2 can describe doors in the sense of entities that lock access.
Related words: stela

ckilux1(property of nonce place with kau) is a scale of units for measuring x2(property of nonce place with kau)

lo ckilu — scale.
i lo ka mitre ma kau cu ckilu lo ka te sepli ma kau ma kauMetric scale measures the distance between two points.
Related words: gradu, merli, cimde, manri

ckinix1(entity) is related to x2(entity) by relationship x3(relation between x1 and x2, contains two places for ce'u)

lo ckini — related. lo te ckini — relationship.
i mi na jimpe lo te ckini be le panci bei lo se vecnu be fi doI don't understand the relation between the smell and your purchases.
i ti'e le sance cu ckini lo barda mabru lo ka ce'u cupra ce'u fau lo nu ri pagre tiThey say the sound is related to a large mammal that produces it while passing here.
i lo nu da'i mi pu zvati la nipon cu ckini fi no daThe fact that I was in Japan is totally irrelevant.
Related words: ponse, srana, steci, mapti, sarxe, fange

ckirex1(entity) is grateful or thankful to x2(entity) for x3(property of x2)

lo ckire — thankful. lo te ckire — reason for gratitude.
i mi ckire do le ka sidju miThank you for helping me.
i ckire fi lo balviThanks in advance.
Related words: cinmo, friti, pluka

ckulex1(entity) is a school serving at area x2(entity), teaching x3(proposition) to x4(entity) ...

lo ckule — school. lo te ckule — subject taught in a school. lo ve ckule — pupil of a school.
i ti ckule lo bu'u gugde lo ve mikce lo citno tadniThis is a medical school serving in this area teaching therapy methods to young students.
i mi ve ckule fi lo raljuI'm in primary school.
Related words: cilre, ctuca, tadni

ckunux1(entity) is a conifer of species x2(taxon) ...

lo ckunu — conifer.
i xu lo tsiju be ti noi ckunu cu kukteAre pine nuts of this conifer tasty?
Related words: tricu

cladux1(entity) is loud at observation point x2(entity) ...

lo cladu — loud (producing loud sound). lo se cladu — loud place.
i lo zgike cu cladu lo bu'u kumfa ku ji'aThe music is loud even when you are in this room.
Related words: tolycladu, sance, savru

clanix1(entity) is long in length/width etc. x2(property of x1) ...

lo clani — long.
i la tom cu clani lo ka srajiTom is tall.
i le cmana cu claniThe mountain is high.
i le nu penmi pu clani lo ka se ditcuThe meeting was long.
i clani lo ka mitre li reThe length is two meters.
Comment: the first largest dimension. ganra, rotsu and clani specify the three dimensions of objects. clani can be used to describe 'tall' or 'high' (in the sense of vertical length). For lengthy time intervals barda is also used (choice depends on personal philosophy of the speaker).
Related words: slabu, condi, ganra, rotsu, tordu, barda, ganra, gutci, minli, rotsu

claxux1(entity) lacks x2(entity, property of x1)

lo claxu — deficient.
i mi claxu lo ka djica lo ka citkaI lack the desire to eat.
i si'au do claxu lo ka cinmo daLooks like you lack any emotions.
i mi claxu su'o penbiI don't have a pen.
Related words: cau, cirko, kunti, nitcu, pindi, banzu

clikax1(entity) is lichen or moss of species x2(taxon) growing on x3(entity)

lo clika — moss.
i ti clika fi lo rokciThis is moss growing on rocks.
Related words: mledi

clirax1(clause) is early by standard x2(proposition)

lo clira — early event.
i lo nu la alis cu cliva le briju pu clira lo se sruma be miAlice leaving the office was early according to my assumption.
Related words: lerci

clitex1(entity) is polite in matter x2(property of x1) (clause) ...

lo clite — polite. lo se clite — polite behaviour.
i do pu na clite lo ka cusku lo se du'u le ctuca na draniYou wasn't polite in saying that the teacher isn't right.
Related words: ritli

clivax1(entity) leaves x2(entity, property of x1) via x3(entity)

i ra pu cliva le kumfa pa cankoHe left the room via a window.
Related words: litru, canci, vimcu, lebna, muvdu

clupax1(entity) is a loop of material x2(entity)

lo clupa — loop.
i ko jai se torni le skori ja'e lo nu ri clupaTwist the rope into a loop.
Related words: djine

cmacix1(proposition) is mathematics describing x2(entity)

lo cmaci — mathematics. lo se cmaci — field of mathematics.
i mi tadni lo cmaci be lo klaniI study arithmetic (mathematics of quantity).
Related words: mekso

cmalux1(entity) is small in length/width etc. x2(property of x1) ...

lo cmalu — small.
i lo nu penmi ba cmalu lo ka ditcuThe meeting will be short in duration.
i le cukta cu cmalu lo ka jai vajniThe book is of little importance.
Related words: caxno, cinla, jarki, tordu, barda

cmanax1(entity) is a mountain projecting from land-mass x2(entity)

lo cmana — mountain. lo se cmana — land mass with a mountain.
i so'i da cmana lo bu'u tumlaThis land has a lot of mountains.
Related words: punli, derxi

cmavox1(text) is a grammatical particle of class x2(text) ...

lo cmavo — grammatical particle. lo se cmavo — selma'o.
i zo ka cmavo ma'oi nuka is a grammatical particle of class "NU" (clause prefix)
Comment: a Lojban word starting with one vowel or one consonant followed by vowels or '. i, ui, le, co'o etc. are cmavo.
Related words: gismu, lujvo, gerna, smuni, valsi

cmenex1(text) is the name for x2(entity) used by x3(entity)

lo cmene — name. lo te cmene — namegiver.
i ma jetnu cmene doWhat is your real name?
i mi se cmene zo glekiMy name is Gleki.
i lo bruna be mi cu te cmene mi zo ractuMy brother calls me "Rabbit"
i le kamni pu xusra lo du'u le prenu pu zukte no se cmene be lu na'e drani li'u bei la kamniThe committee asserted that the person had done nothing "incorrect" (quoting the committee's words).
Comment: the first place of cmene requires a quote using e.g. zo or lu ... li'u.
Related words: gismu, tcita, valsi, judri

cmevlax1(text) is a cmevla (Lojban word ending in a consonant)

lo cmevla — cmevla.
i zo lojban cmevla"Lojban" is cmevla.
Comment: lojban, nipon are cmevla.
Related words: selbrivla, gismu, zi'evla, cmavo, cmene

cmilax1(entity) laughs ...

i ra pu co'a cmilaShe started laughing.
Related words: ckasu, frumu, xajmi, cisma

cmimax1(entity) is a member of set x2(entity)

lo cmima — member. lo se cmima — set.
i mi cmima pa kamni pe le gugdeI am a member of a state committee.
Comment: x1 describes members of a set. To specify all members of a set use gunma.
Related words: ciste, porsi, jbini, girzu, gunma, klesi, mei, kampu, lanzu, liste

cmonix1(entity) howls, utters, moans x2(sound) expressing x3(property of x1)

lo cmoni — moaner.
i le prenu pu cmoni zo a lo ka glekiThe person uttered "A!" expressing his happiness.
Comment: cmoni describes emotional utterances. For uttering text use bacru, for shouting text use krixa.
Related words: krixa, bacru, cusku, cortu

cnanox1(entity) is normal in x2(property of x1) among x3(same type as x1) ...

lo cnano — norm.
i lo ki'ogra be li ci cu cnano lo ka se junta vau lo ca zi jbena3 kilograms is a normal weight of newborns.
Comment: cnano is the generalized opposite to any/all of these concepts: cizra, fadni, cafne, kampu.
Related words: tcaci, fadni, kampu, lakne, tarti, rirci

cnebox1(entity) is a neck of body x2(entity)

lo cnebo — neck.
i lo cnebo be lo za'u vi ninmu cu claniThese women have long necks.
Related words: galxe, cutne

cnemux1(entity) rewards x2(entity) for atypical x3(property of x2) with x4(entity, property of x1)

lo cnemu — rewarder. lo se cnemu — rewardee. lo te cnemu — reason for a reward. lo ve cnemu — reward.
i mi pu cnemu le gerku lo ka bevri lo grana vau lo ka te cpacu lo sakta le gerkuI rewarded the dog for bringing the stick by giving it sugar.
Related words: dunda, friti, jerna, jinga, jivna, pleji, sfasa, venfu, prali, dapma

cnicix1(entity) is neat or orderly in x2(property of x1)

lo cnici — neat.
i le kerfa cu cnici lo ka se ganzu fi lo carmiThe hair is neat in being organized into a shining part.
Related words: cunso, kalsa

cninox1(entity) is new to observer x2(entity) in property x3(property of x1) ...

lo cnino — new.
i lo pendo be mi co'a cnino mi lo ka kakne lo ka zgipli lo pipnoMy friend appeared new to me in being able to play the piano.
i cnino fa no cnita be le lunraNothing is new under the Moon (saying).
Related words: nuzba, slabu, citno, se djuno

cnisax1(entity) is some quantity of lead metal

lo cnisa — lead (metal).
i ra pu troci lo ka zbasu lo solji lo cnisaHe tried to make gold out of lead.
Related words: jinme, tinci

cnitax1(entity) is directly beneath, directly below x2(entity) ...

lo cnita — what is beneath. lo se cnita — what is above.
i le pelji cu cnita le cuktaThe paper is below the book.
Related words: dizlo, gapru, galtu, farna, loldi

co — inverts the order of parts of compound verb

i lu lo ractu co melbi li'u dunli lu lo melbi ractu li'u"Pretty bunnies" is the same as "bunnies, the pretty".

co'a [preposition of aspect] — at the start of the event (inchoative aspect)

i pu co'a ru'i carviIt started raining.
i le plise co'a fusraThe apple has begun to decay.
i co'a pelxuIt's turning yellow.

co'e [verb] — main verb unspecified or known from context

i mu'i ma do co'e miWhy are you doing this to me?
i za'o co'eIt's going on for too long.
i ei do troci lo ka co'e bu'u lo drataYou should try it somewhere else.

co'i [preposition of aspect] — aspect treating the whole event without internal structure (perfective aspect), co'i nai — aspect treating the whole event as having internal structure (imperfective aspect)

i mi pu co'i nai citka pa mango ca lo nu ra co'i klama lo nenriI was eating a mango when she entered.
i mi co'i cirkoI've lost it.

co'o [vocative]Goodbye! Bye!

i co'o lo tumla pe miGoodbye, my land!
i co'o ro doGoodbye to all of you!

co'oi [vocative]Ciao! (hello! or goodbye! depending on context)

i co'oi lo pendo be miCiao, my friend!
Related words: a'oi, coi, co'o, rinsa

co'u [preposition of aspect] — quitting, stopping even if before the expected end (cessative aspect)

coi [vocative]Hello! Hi!

i coi le munjeHello, world!
i coi ro doHello, everyone!

cokcux1(entity) soaks up x2(entity) from x3(entity) into x4(entity)

lo cokcu — absorber. lo se cokcu — absorbed.
i le verba cu cokcu lo ladru lo tatru lo mokluChildren suck up milk from breast into the mouth.
Related words: panje, sakci, lacpu

condix1(entity) is deep in x2(property of x1) away from reference point x3(entity) ...

lo condi — deep.
i ti noi xamsi cu condi lo ka tsuku lo loldi be ce'u vau lo seftaThis sea is deep in reaching the bottom from the surface.
i e'o do bevri pa condi kabriPlease, bring a deep glass.
Related words: clani, caxno, bargu, ganra, rotsu, barda, gutci, minli

cortux1(entity) feels pain at x2(entity)

lo cortu — who feels pain, person in pain. lo se cortu — location of pain.
i mi cortu lo xanceMy hand hurts.
i mi cortu lo galxe be miI have a sore throat.
Comment: often the second place of x2 is the same as x1.
Related words: cinmo, xrani

cpacux1(entity) acquires or gets x2(entity, property of x1) from x3(entity)

lo se cpacu — acquired.
i mi ba cpacu lo grute miI'll get fruits for myself.
i mi ne lo xance pu te cpacu fi la kevin fe lo dakfuI handed Kevin a knife.
Related words: punji, lebna, vimcu

cpanax1(entity) is on top of x2(entity) ...

lo cpana — what is on top. lo se cpana — what is below.
i su'o bisli cu se cpana lo cmanaThere is ice on top of the mountain.
Comment: to lay upon is punji.
Related words: se vasru, jbini, zvati, nenri, vreta, ckana, diklo, jibni, lamji, zutse, punji, sarji, zbepi

cparex1(entity) climbs on x2(entity) ; x1 wades through x2 ...

i ra pu mo'u cpare le cmanaShe has climbed on the mountain.
Related words: klama, litru, bajra, farlu, plipe

cpedux1(entity) requests or asks for x2(clause, property of x3) from x3(entity) ...

lo se cpedu — something requested.
i le nanmu pu cpedu lo ka jai gau kalri fai le vorme vau mi ta'i lo ka jai gau muvdu fai lo xanceThe man asked me to open the door by moving his hand.
Comment: a request may be indicated in speech, in writing, or by an action (e.g. petitions are often in writing, while begging/panhandling may be indicated by an action or even demeanor).
Related words: cusku, pikci, retsku, se spuda, danfu

cpinax1(entity) is pungent or irritating to observer x2(entity)

lo cpina — pungent, irritating.
i le sanso cu cpinaThe sauce is hot.
i le panci cu cpinaThe smell is irritating.
Related words: vrusi, kukte, cidja, panci, sumne

cradix1(entity) broadcasts or transmits x2(entity) via station or frequency x3(entity) to receiver x4(entity)

lo cradi — broadcaster. lo se cradi — broadcasted. lo te cradi — broadcasting station. lo ve cradi — broadcast receiver.
i ti cradi lo vajni notci lo tordu boxna lo se bevriThis is a radio transmitter sending important messages on short waves to portable receivers.
Related words: tivni, benji, tcana

cranex1(entity) is in front of x2(entity) facing x3(entity)

lo crane — something in front.
i pa tricu cu crane la alis la kevinA tree is before (in front of) Alice from Kevin's position.
i pa tricu cu crane miA tree is in front of me.
i pa ctino cu pagre bu'u lo crane be le lunraA shadow passed before the moon.
Related words: sefta, flira, trixe, mlana, pritu, zunle

crekax1(entity) is a shirt ...

lo creka — shirt.
i do poi dasni lo creka cu simlu lo ka statiYou look smart in the shirt.
Related words: taxfu

crepux1(entity) harvests, plucks x2(property of x3) from x3(entity)

lo crepu — harvester. lo se crepu — harvested crop. lo te crepu — crop field.
i ra crepu lo vanjba le purdiShe is harvesting grapes from the garden.
Related words: lebna, vimcu, katna, critu, sombo, jmaji

cribex1(entity) is a bear of species x2(taxon)

lo cribe — bear (animal).
i lo cribe cu se zdani lo vi boskeBears live in this forest.
Related words: danlu, mabru

cridax1(entity) is a fairy, elf, or other mythical humanoid ...

lo crida — fairy, elf.
i fi mi pu lisri pa da lo za'u cridaI told a story about fairies.
Related words: ranmi, lijda

crinox1(entity) is green

lo crino — green.
i ca lo crisa lo pezli poi crino co'a xunreIn the fall leaves that are green, turn red.
Related words: skari, blabi, xekri, kandi, carmi, cicna

cripux1(entity) is a bridge across x2(entity) between points x3(entity group) ...

lo cripu — bridge.
i mi'a muvdu fo lo cripu be pa rirxe bei pa tcadu jo'u lo nurmaWe are moving over the bridge across a river that connects a city and the rural zone.
Related words: bargu, kruca, ragve, kuspe

crisax1(entity) is summer of year x2(entity) at location x3(entity)

lo crisa — summer.
i ca crisa lo re no no mu moi be lo nanca tiNow it's summer of year 2005 at my place.
Related words: citsi, critu, dunra, vensa

critux1(entity) is autumn of year x2(entity) at location x3(entity)

lo critu — autumn.
i xu ca critu lo re no no mu moi be lo nanca doIs it now autumn of year 2005 at your place?
Related words: citsi, crisa, dunra, vensa, crepu

ctarux1(entity) is a tide in x2(entity) ...

lo ctaru — tide.
i lo ctaru be lo xamsi cu bardaThe tide in the sea is high.
Related words: xamsi

ctebix1(entity) is a lip of orifice x2(entity) ...

lo ctebi — lip. lo se ctebi — orifice with a lip.
i lo se dekpu be lo ctebi be le vlagi cu banzu lo nu lo panzi cu pagreThe size of the hole of the vagina is enough for the child to pass.
Related words: moklu, korbi, cinba

ctekix1(property of x3) is a tax on x2(property of x3) levied against x3(entity) by authority or collector x4(entity)

lo cteki — tax. lo se cteki — taxable property. lo te cteki — taxpayer. lo ve cteki — collector of a tax.
i lo prenu pu na nelci lo noi cnino vau cteki be lo ka ralte lo bakni bei ro lo xabju bei loi turniPeople didn't like the new tax on keeping cows levied against everyone by the government.
i lo rupnu be li re mu cu cteki lo ka ralte lo bakni25 dollars is the tax for keeping cows.
Related words: pleji, flalu, turni

ctilex1(entity) is some petroleum ...

lo ctile — petroleum.
i ti minji lo nu cokcu lo ctileThis is a machine for pumping out oil.
Related words: grasu

ctinox1(entity) is a shadow of x2(entity) made by light source x3(entity)

lo ctino — shadow.
i mi pu terpa tu'a lo ctino be lo tricu bei le lunraI was afraid of shadows of trees in moonlight.
Related words: manku, gusni

ctucax1(entity) teaches to x2(entity) ideas or method x3(property of x2) ...

lo ctuca — teacher. lo se ctuca — taught audience. lo te ctuca — subject taught.
i le prenu pu ctuca mi'a lo traji tasmi be lo nu tavla fo la lojbanThe person taught us the best style of speaking Lojban.
i le mamta cu ctuca le verba le du'u lo nu cladu tavla na se cliteThe mother taught the child that talking loud isn't polite.
i le laldo pu ctuca mi lo tadji be lo nu na ganse lo ka cortuThe old one taught me the method of not feeling the pain.
Related words: ckule, cilre, tadni

cu — shows that the main verb of the clause is coming next; in other words, shows the beginning of the clause tail

i lei rirni cu zvati ti caThe parents are here now.
Comment: cu can be omitted if the previous word is a pronoun of the same clause, can also be replaced with prepositions.

cu'e [preposition] — asks for an appropriate preposition or a combination of them

i lu do cu'e vitke la nipon li'u lu pu'o li'u"Have you been to Japan?" "I'm about to."
i lu le penbi cu'e zvati li'u lu pu vu li'u"Where is the pen?" "It was over there."

cu'i [right scalar particle] — shows middle meaning of interjection or interjection modifier

i au cu'i le bruna mo'u tsukuThe brother arrived, meh.
Comment: au cu'i means indifference (middle attitude between desire and reluctance). Definitions of interjections and interjection modifiers contain meanings of them with nai too.

cu'o [verb] — turn number into verb denoting probability

i le nu casnu cu su'o cu'o lo nu le jatna cu klamaThe discussion is possible if the boss comes.
i lo nu mi ricfu cu ro cu'o lo nu mi ponse lo megdo be lo rupnuHad I a million dollars I'd be rich.
Comment: x1(entity) has probability (n) of occurring under conditions x2(entity). The number (n) is put in front of cu'o.

cu'u [preposition from cusku]as said by ...

i cu'u la gleki la lojban cu vlipa banguAs said by La Gleki, Lojban is a powerful language.
Comment: used for quotations.

cuklax1(entity) is round

lo cukla — round.
i le lunra noi pelxu gi'e cukla gi'e carmi cu zvati lo tsaniThe Moon, yellow, round and bright, is in the sky.
Related words: djine, ranji, bolci, tarmi

cuktax1(entity) is a book with work x2(entity) ...

lo cukta — book. lo se cukta — work in a book.
i mi tcidu fi pa cukta be lo cinriI read a book with an interesting content (an interesting book).
Related words: cfika, prina, prosa, tcidu, papri

culnox1(entity) is full of x2(entity)

lo culno — full.
i le lanka cu culno lo peljiThe basket is full of paper.
Related words: tisna, kunti, mulno, setca, tisna

cumkix1(clause) is possible ...

lo cumki — possible.
i cumki fa lo nu la alis ba jai lerciIt's possible that Alice will be late.
Related words: lakne

cumlax1(entity) is modest or humble about x2(property of x1)

lo cumla — modest.
i mi'ai pu cumla lo ka kanpe ma kauWe were modest in our expectations.
Related words: cinmo, jgira

cunmix1(entity) is some millet or grain of species x2(taxon)

lo cunmi — millet.
i lo jipci cu citka lo cunmiHens eat millet.
Related words: gurni

cunsox1(clause) is random, unpredictable ...

lo cunso — random.
i lo nu ca ma kau le prenu cu tsuku pu cunsoWhen would he come was unpredictable.
Related words: cnici, lakne, funca, kalsa, snuti

cuntux1(clause) is an affair or organized activity involving persons x2(entity)

lo cuntu — affair, business (activity).
i ra pu se cuntu lo zekriHe was involved in a crime.
Related words: jikca, srana

cuprax1(entity) produces product x2(entity) by process x3(property of x1)

lo cupra — producer, origin, source. lo se cupra — product. lo te cupra — process of production.
i lo karce cu cupra lo nejni lo ka jai gau jelca lo livlaCar produces energy by burning fuel.
i lo tricu cu se cupra lo gruteTrees come from fruits.
Related words: zbasu, farvi, gundi, jukpa, genja, jicmu

curmix1(entity) lets x2(clause) happen; x1 makes x2 possible ...

i lo saske cu curmi lo nu jimpe lo munjeScience allows understanding the world.
i le canko cu curmi lo nu lo vifne vacri cu pagreThe window permits the passage of the fresh air.
Related words: e'ande, rinju, banzu, ralte, jimte, jaspu, zifre

curnux1(entity) is a worm of species x2(taxon)

lo curnu — worm.
i le cipni mo'u kavbu lo curnuThe bird caught a worm.
Related words: since, silka

curvex1(entity) is pure in x2(property of x1)

lo curve — pure.
i ti noi djine cu curve lo ka soljiThis ring is of pure gold.
Related words: prane, jinsa, manfo, sampu, sepli, traji, lumci, xukmi

cuskux1(entity) says x2(text) for audience x3(entity) ...

lo cusku — who says. lo se cusku — what is said. lo te cusku — audience.
i ba bo mi pu cusku fi le ninmu fe lu do mutce xendo li'uAnd then I said to the woman "You are very kind."
i do pu cusku lo se du'u do ba katna lo nanbaYou said that you would cut the bread.
Comment: skicu is to tell, cusku is to say, tavla is to talk, benji lo notci is to notify. The second place of skicu is filled with a topic like skicu lo dansu (tell about dancers), the second place of cusku is filled with a text like cusku zo dansu (to say "dance"")
Related words: retsku, spusku, spuda, cu'u, bacru, tavla, casnu, bangu, dapma, jufra, pinka

cutcix1(entity) is a shoe for covering x2(entity) ...

lo cutci — shoe.
i ti noi prenu cu zbasu lo cutci be lo suftiThis person makes horseshoes.
Related words: smoka, taxfu, skiji

cutnex1(entity) is the chest of body x2(entity)

lo cutne — chest.
i le nanla pu ca'o jgari lo gerku re'o lo cutneThe boy was holding the dog near the chest.
Related words: cnebo, betfu, xadni, tanxe

cuxnax1(entity) chooses, decides on x2(property of x1) from complete set x3(group of same type as x2)

lo se cuxna — what is chosen. lo te cuxna — set of choices, menu of choices.
i mi nu'o mo'u cuxna lo ka zukte ma kauI haven't yet decided what to do.
i nandu fa lo ka cuxnaIt's hard to choose.
i mi pu cuxna la alis lo nixliI chose Alice from the girls.
i la alis pu cuxna lo blanu lo taxfuAlice chose the blue dress out of all.
i mi pensi cuxna lo nu mi citka ma kauI'm thinking about what to eat.
Comment: pajni is for judging matters, jdice is for actual decisions, cuxna is for deciding (choosing) on something out of options.
Related words: jdice, pajni, nelci

cy [pronoun]c (letter)

Comment: prefixed with me'o is a quotation of the letter. When used alone refers to the last noun with the verb starting with this letter like cy is for the last lo carvi used.

da [pronoun] — there exists something or someone: 1st pronoun of da, de, di series

i mi se bruna daI have a brother.
i mi nelci ro daI like everything.

da'a [digit/number]all except ..., all but ... (number follows; by default 1)

i da'a re prenu pu zvati vaAll but two people were present there.

da'i [interjection]supposing, da'i naiin fact

i da'i mi ricfuI could be rich.
i da'i nai mi se zdani lo dapluI do live on an island.
Related words: se xanri, sruma

dacrux1(entity) is a drawer in x2(entity) ...

lo dacru — drawer.
i pa junla ca cpana lo se dacru be lo bardaA clock stands on a chest of big drawers.
Related words: nilce, tanxe

dactix1(entity) is a thing, a material object enduring in space-time

lo dacti — material object.
i tu noi dacti cu moWhat is that object over there?
Related words: marji, xanri

dadjox1(entity) is Taoist in x2(property of x1)

lo dadjo — Taoist.
i le tcaci cu dadjoThe tradition is Taoist.
Related words: lijda, jegvo

dai [interjection modifier] — marks empathetic use of interjection, shows another's feelings

i oi ro'o dai tuple doi le cifnuI know it hurts, baby!
i do jinga ui daiYou won, yay you!
i ui nai dai lo gerku pe do co'a morsiYou must be sad, your dog died.
Related words: kansa

dakfux1(entity) is a knife for cutting x2(entity) ...

lo dakfu — knife.
i ti dakfu lo nanbaThis is a knife for cutting bread.
Related words: denci, balre, katna, tunta, forca, smuci, kinli

daklix1(entity) is a bag or sack containing x2(entity) ...

lo dakli — bag. lo se dakli — contents of a bag.
i mi ba bevri pa dakli be lo tamca lo nenriI will take a bag of tomatoes inside.
Comment: pouch is lo daski.
Related words: daski, bakfu

dambax1(entity) fights or struggles with x2(entity) over issue x3(clause)

lo damba — fighter.
i mi pu damba lo mensi be mi le du'u ma kau klama ka'ai loi rirniI fought with my sister of who would go with parents.
Comment: war (lo nu jamna) usually consists of battles (lo nu damba).
Related words: bradi, gunta, talsa, darlu, fapro, jamna, sonci

damrix1(entity) is a drum, gong or other percussion instrument with beater x2(entity)

lo damri — drum. lo se damri — beater of a drum.
i le nakni pu zgipli pa damri be lo xanceHe was playing a hand struck drum.
Related words: rilti, zgike

damva'ux1(entity) smokes, inhales smoke x2(entity)

lo damva'u — smoker.
i le prenu cu damva'u lo se panci be lo mablaThe person smokes something that has a shitty smell.
Related words: danmo, vasxu

dandux1(entity) is suspended, hangs from x2(entity) at joint x3(entity)

i le smani pu dandu lo galtu jimca lo reblaThe monkey was hanging its tail from a high branch.
Related words: lasna, jorne

danfux1(entity) is the answer or solution to question or problem x2(clause)

lo danfu — solution to a problem. lo se danfu — problem.
i lo ka pilno lo drata ckiku cu danfu lo tadji be lo ka jai gau karli fai le vormeUsing another key is the answer to the problem of opening the door.
Comment: spuda is for agentive response/reply.
Related words: ciksi, retsku, nabmi, spuda, cpedu

danlux1(entity) is an animal of species x2(taxon)

lo danlu — animal, creature.
i mi pu viska pa danlu bu'u le boske i le danlu cu jutsi maI saw an animal in the forest. What species does it belong to?
Related words: banfi, cinki, cipni, finpe, ankabuta, respa, since, mabru, bakni

danmox1(entity) is smoke from source x2(entity)

lo danmo — smoke.
i lo danmo be lo noi ca'o jelca vau tricu co'a denmiThe smoke from the burning trees is becoming dense.
Related words: pulce, gapci, sigja, bumru

danrex1(entity) puts pressure on or applies force to x2(entity)

lo danre — pressure.
i lo brife cu danre le falnuWind puts pressure on the sail.
Related words: catke, bapli, prina, tinsa

dansux1(entity) dances to accompaniment or rhythm x2(entity)

lo dansu — dancer.
i e'u mi'o dansu lo ca zgikeLet's dance to this music.
Related words: bende, zgike, zajba

dantix1(entity) is a bullet, missile, or other ballistic projectile for firing by x2(entity)

lo danti — bullet. lo se danti — gun.
i pa danti be lo cecla cu tsuku le dinjuA bullet from a gun reached the house.
Related words: cecla, renro, jakne

daplux1(entity) is an island ...

lo daplu — island.
i fe'e ro roi le daplu lo remna cu xabjuPeople live all over the island.
Related words: lalxu, rirxe, xamsi, dirgo

dapmax1(entity) wishes to x2(entity) luck or fate x3(property of x2)

lo se dapma — condemned.
i mi pu dapma le fetsi lo ka se funca lo zabnaI wished her good luck.
i le monsuta pu dapma le virnu lo ka ba zi morsiThe monster cursed the brave person to die soon.
Comment: can describe any type of fate: good luck or bad luck (to condemn, to curse).
Related words: mabla, dimna, cnemu, sfasa, dunda, cusku, cirko, jdima, di'ai

dargux1(entity) is a road or highway ...

lo dargu — road.
i da bisli vi'a le darguThere is ice on the road.
Related words: flu'ente, naxle, pluta, klaji, tcana

darlux1(entity) argues for stance x2(proposition) against stance x3(proposition)

lo se darlu — stance (in a discussion).
i loi enge pu darlu lo nu le dargu cu se stuzi lo berti vau lo nu le dinju cu se zbasu fi lo rokciEngineers argued for the road to be located to the north and against the house to be built of rock.
Comment: opponent is not necessary.
Related words: fapro, jamna, sarji, talsa, sumti, tugni, casnu, damba, bradi, tavla

darnox1(entity) is distant from x2(entity) in x3(property of x1)

lo darno — distant.
i le muzga cu darno tiThe museum is far from here.
i lo jungo bangu cu darno lo glico bangu lo ka va'o ce'u ma kau tarmi lo nu bacruChinese language is far from English in the manner of pronunciation.
Related words: jibni

darsix1(entity) shows audacity in behavior x2(property of x1)

lo darsi — cheeky. lo se darsi — audacious behaviour.
i la edvard ca darsi lo ka na cusku lo jetnu la tomEduard dares not tell Tom the truth.
Related words: virnu

darxix1(entity) hits or strikes x2(entity) ...

lo darxi — who strikes. lo se darxi — struck, stricken.
i mi pu darxi lo xedja be le nakni se pi'o lo xanceI hit his jaw with hand.
i mi pu darxi la alis se pi'o lo zunle jamfu be mi re'o lo betfuI kicked Alice with my left foot in the belly.
Related words: bikla, gunta, jenca, tunta, janli, jgari, pencu

daskix1(entity) is a pocket or pouch in x2(entity)

lo daski — pocket.
i mi pu punji lo xance be mi lo daski be lo kosta pe miI put my hand into the pocket of my coat.
Related words: dakli, taxfu, bakfu

dasnix1(entity) wears x2(entity) as garment of type x3(property of x1)

lo dasni — who wears a garment. lo se dasni — garment worn.
i e'o do co'a dasni lo cutciPlease put on your shoes.
i le nixli cu dasni lo creka lo skaciThe girl wears a shirt as a skirt.
Related words: taxfu

daspox1(entity) destroys x2(entity, property of x1)

lo daspo — destroyer. lo se daspo — destroyed.
i ra pu daspo lo ka kanroHe ruined his health.
i lo fagri pu daspo ci me lo dinjuThe fire destroyed three of the buildings.
Related words: spofu, xrani, marxa, zalvi, xaksu

dasrix1(entity) is a ribbon ...

lo dasri — ribbon, strip.
i le jai se dunda pu se bakfu fi pa dasriThe gift was tied with a ribbon.
Related words: djine

datkax1(entity) is a duck of species x2(taxon)

lo datka — duck.
i so'o datka ru'i limna le lalxuSeveral ducks are swimming in the lake.
Related words: cipni

datnix1(property of x2) is information about x2(entity) gathered by method x3(property of x2)

lo datni — information. lo te datni — method of getting information.
i lo ka zukte lo zekri cu datni le nanmu lo ka zgana lo se zukte be ce'uBeing a criminal are the data about the man collected by monitoring his actions.
i ai mi tavla do lo datni be fi lo cipraI'm going to talk to you about experimental data.
Comment: synonym of info.
Related words: fatci, saske, vreji

dau [digit/number] — hex digit A (decimal 10), ten

i ei mi'o denpa ze'a lo djedi be li dauWe should wait for 10 days.

dau'i [right scalar particle] — shows equal intensity of interjection or interjection modifier

i ju'o la alis ba tsukuI'm sure Alice will arrive.
i ju'o dau'i ji'a la kevin ba vitke mi'aAnd I'm equally sure that Kevin will visit us.
Comment: usually specifies an intensity of an interjection equal to the intensity of the same interjection earlier used.
Related words: dau'i, mau'i, me'ai, cu'i, sai, ru'e

de [pronoun] — there exists something or someone: 2nd pronoun of da, de, di series

i ro da poi ke'a sinma ke'a cu se sinma ro de poi ke'a sinma diEveryone who respects oneself is respected by everyone who respects someone.

de'a [preposition of aspect] — pause (pausative aspect)

i le fetsi pu de'a vasxuShe ceased to breathe.
i mi de'a jundiI won't be paying attention for a while.
Related words: di'a

de'e [pronoun] — text of a near future utterance

i de'e cinri jufra i au do tirna mi i lo xunre cu srana lo nu fenguThe utterance that comes is interesting. I'd like you to listen to me. Red is related to the state of being angry.

de'i [preposition from detri]on date/time ... (date stamp follows)

i de'i li ly ci dy pa mu mi pu zvati la niponOn March 15 I was in Japan.
i de'i li cy pa ci mi'a clivaWe leave at 1 pm.
i mi'a cliva de'i li cy so my ci noWe leave at 9:30
Comment: ny is put before years, ly is put before months, dy is put before days, cy is put before hours, my is put before minutes, sy is put before seconds.

de'u [pronoun] — text of a recent utterance

i sei suksa co'a gusni bu'u lo darno i ba bo le gusni cu canci i ro le re mei pu troci lo ka ganse le gusni vau za'u re'u i ku'i le re mei na pu djuno le du'u xu kau la'e de'e cu du lo sinxa poi le re mei ze'u kanpe tu'a ke'aSuddenly a light appeared far away and then the light disappeared. They both tried to observe it once again. But they didn't know whether that was the sign they had been expecting for so long.

dectix1(entity) is a tenth of x2(same type as x1) in x3(property of x1)

lo decti — 1/10.
i le bitmu cu decti be lo mitre lo ka rotsuThe fence is 10 centimeters thick.
Related words: centi

degjix1(entity) is a finger, toe, or digit on limb x2(entity) ...

lo degji — finger, toe, digit (of body). lo se degji — limb with fingers or toes.
i lo degji be lo pritu xance be mi cu cortuThe fingers of my right hand hurt.
Related words: nazbi, tamji, tance, xance

dei [pronoun] — text of this utterance

i le nu casnu pe dei ca zenba lo ka cinriThis discussion is getting more interesting.

dejnix1(entity) owes debt x2(entity, property of x1) to creditor x3(entity) in return for service x4(entity, property of x1)

lo dejni — debtor. lo se dejni — debt. lo te dejni — creditor of debt.
i mi dejni lo ka sidju vau do lo ka se sidju doI am obliged to help you in return for your help.
i mi dejni fi lo patfu be mi fo lo ka snadaI owe my success to my father.
Related words: jbera, janta, zivle

dekpux1(entity) is x2(number) volume units in standard x3(property of x1) ...

i ti noi botpi cu dekpu li pa lo ka litceThis bottle is one liter in volume.
Related words: canlu, litce, rupnu, fepni, gutci, minli, merli, bunda, kramu

dektox1(entity) is ten of x2(same type as x1) in x3(property of x1)

lo dekto — 10.
i le dinju cu dekto be lo mitre lo ka claniThe house is 10 meters high.
i mi ponse lo dekto be lo mlatuI own 10 cats.
Related words: centi

delfinux1(entity) is a dolphin of species/breed x2(taxon)

lo delfinu — dolphin.
i lo'e delfinu cu statiDolphins are generally smart.
Comment: see mabru, xamsi, flu'ente.
Related words: mabru, xamsi, rirxe

delnox1(entity) is x2(number) candela in luminosity ...

i ti noi bombila cu delno li ji'i pa re noThis light bulb has a luminous intensity of around 120 candela.
Related words: centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, centi

dembix1(entity) is a legume, bean, or pea from plant x2(entity)

lo dembi — legume seed. lo se dembi — plant with legumes.
i mi ca ca'o citka lo stasu be lo dembiI am eating a bean stew.
Related words: grute, sobde, tsiju

dencix1(entity) is a tooth of x2(entity)

lo denci — tooth.
i lo denci be mi cu cortuI have a toothache.
Related words: dakfu, pagre, jgalu, moklu, dakfu, pagre, jgalu, batci, bongu

denmix1(entity) is dense in x2(property of x1) ...

lo denmi — dense.
i lo karce flu'ente cu denmi lo ka se pagbu lo xo kau karce bu'u lo klajiThe car traffic is intense in the streets.
Related words: carmi, midju, viknu

denpax1(entity) waits or pauses for x2(clause) at state x3(property of x1) before doing x4(property of x1)

i ko ze'i denpaWait a bit. Just a moment!
i xu do pu denpaDid you wait?
i mi denpa lo nu lo patfu cu volta vau lo ka kelci vau lo ka clivaI am waiting for my father to arrive playing before leaving.
Related words: dicra, fanmo, sisti, fliba, basna

dertux1(entity) is some soil or dirt ...

lo dertu — soil, dirt, ground (soil), earth (soil).
i pu ze'a ku le karce cu muvdu bu'u lo dertuFor a while, the car moved on the soil.
Related words: kliti, terdi, loldi

derxix1(entity) is a heap or stack of x2(entity) ...

lo derxi — heap.
i mi pu cupra pa derxi be lo mudriI chopped a pile of wood.
Related words: gunma, cmana

deskux1(entity) is shakes or vibrates from force x2(clause)

lo desku — something vibrating.
i ra pu desku lo ka terpaShe was shaking with fear.
Related words: slilu, janbe

detrix1(number) is the date of x2(clause) ...

lo detri — datestamp.
i li ly pa dy pa ze ny re no pa xa detri lo nu mi co'a tadni la lojbanJanuary 17, 2016 is the date when I started studying Lojban.
Comment: in x1 ny is put before years, ly is put before months, dy is put before days, cy is put before hours, my is put before minutes, sy is put before seconds.
Related words: de'i, djedi, jeftu, masti, nanca, tcika, judri

di [pronoun] — there exists something or someone: 3rd pronoun of da, de, di series

i ku'i la'a nai su'o da cizra ro de ro diBut it is unlikely that something is strange to everyone in every way.

di'a [preposition of aspect] — resuming (resumptive aspect)

i mi na ba di'a zgipli lo pipnoI won't play the piano again.
i mi di'a jundiI'm listening again.
Related words: de'a

di'ai [vocative] — expression of well-wish, di'ai nai — expression of curse

i di'ai doGood luck to you.
i mi pacna lo nu do ba jinga di'ai doI hope you will win, good luck to you.
i ko na raktu mi di'ai nai doDon't disturb me, damn you!
Comment: used to express well-wishes/curses.
Related words: dimna, dapma, ki'e, doi, fu'au

di'anzix1(entity) is an electronic device

lo di'anzi — electronic.
i gau do e'i to'e akti fa lo di'anzi pe doTurn off your electronic devices.
Related words: letri

di'e [pronoun] — text of the next utterance

i di'e na drani i la djon cu cmene mi i lu zo djon cmene mi li'u drani ku'iThe following sentence isn't correct. Someone called John is my name. "John is my name" is correct, though.

di'i [preposition of aspect]regularly (iterative aspect), di'i naiirregularly

i mi di'i cadzu bu'u le pankaI regularly walk in the park.
i pa cukta di'i te tcidu miI read the same book again and again.
i mi di'i nai citka lo koksoI eat coconuts here and there.

di'u [pronoun] — text of the last utterance

i ma zabna traji tadji lo nu tadni la lojban i di'u zabna se retskuWhat is the best method of learning Lojban? That is a good question.
i la alis ze'a lo djedi be li za'u re na zvati i la'e di'u cizraAlice isn't present for more than two days. That is strange.

dicrax1(entity) interrupts or disrupts x2(entity) due to quality x3(property of x1)

i lo sance pu dicra lo nu mi sipna vau lo ka claduThe sound woke me up since it was loud.
Related words: zunti, fanza, raktu, denpa

diklox1(entity) is confined to location x2(entity) within range x3(entity)

lo diklo — local.
i lo ca carvi cu diklo lo stuna lo bu'u tcaduWithin the borders of this city, the rain is in the south.
Related words: bu'u, zvati, jibni, cpana, nenri, lamji, stuzi, tcila

diknix1(entity) is regular or periodic in x2(property of x1) with interval x3(entity)

lo dikni — regular.
i mi dikni lo ka lumci lo kumfa pe mi vau lo jeftuI am regular in cleaning my room every week.
Related words: slilu, rilti, xutla, manfo, boxna

dilcux1(number) is a quotient of x2(number) divided by x3(number), leaving remainder x4(number)

lo dilcu — quotient. lo se dilcu — dividend of a quotient. lo te dilcu — divisor of a quotient. lo ve dilcu — remainder of a quotient.
i li re dilcu li pa ci li mu li ci2 is the quotient of 13 divided by 5 with the remainder 3.
Related words: frinu, fendi, katna, parbi, mekso

dilnux1(entity) is a cloud of material x2(entity) ...

lo dilnu — cloud.
i le cmana cu cupra lo dilnu be lo danmoThe mountain produces clouds of smoke.
Related words: carvi, tcima

dimnax1(property of x2) is a fate or destiny of x2(entity)

lo dimna — destiny.
i lo ka xabju ti cu dimna miTo live here is my fate.
Related words: dapma

dinjux1(entity) is a house, building for purpose x2(property of x1)

lo dinju — house, building.
i ti dinju lo nu lumciThis is a bathhouse.
Related words: ginka, zdani, zarci

dinkox1(entity) is a nail or tack for purpose x2(entity) ...

lo dinko — nail (tack).
i mi pu lasna le pixra le bitmu pa dinko se pi'o pa mruliI nailed the picture to the wall using a hammer.
i ti dinko lo ka lasna lo cutci lo xirma ce'uThis is a nail for fastening horseshoes.
Related words: pijne, lasna

dirbax1(entity, property of x2) is dear, precious to x2(entity)

lo dirba — precious, dear (of great value).
i do pu zvati ma doi lo dirbaWhere have you been, dear?
i lo nu jmive cu dirba ro daLife is dear to everybody.
Related words: tcika, kargu, vamji, vajni, pleji, jadni, jemna

dircex1(entity) radiates, emits x2(property of x1) ...

lo dirce — emitter. lo se dirce — radiation.
i le jinto cu dirce lo djacuThe spring of fluid emits water.
Related words: gusni

dirgox1(entity) is a drop of x2(entity) ...

lo dirgo — drop.
i sa'u ti dirgo lo djacuIt's just a drop of water.
Related words: daplu, bidju

ditcux1(clause) is the time-duration/period of x2(clause)

lo ditcu — period.
i ma ditcu lo nu do limna le rirxeHow long have you been swimming in the river?
Related words: cedra, ranji, tcika, renvi, temci, canlu, kuspe

dizlox1(entity) is low compared to x2(entity) (entity) ; x1 is a lower part of x2 ...

lo dizlo — low, bottom.
i le gerku cu dizlo le mlatu poi cpare le tricuThe dog stands low compared to the cat climbing the tree.
i mi mo'u farlu lo dizlo be le bitmuI fell down to the foot of the fence.
Related words: cnita, galtu, gapru, farna, loldi

djacux1(entity) is some water

lo djacu — water.
i le nakni pu pinxe lo djacu pa kabriHe drank some water from a cup.
Related words: lalxu, rirxe, xamsi, limna, litki, lumci, bumru, jinto

djedix1(clause) happens during x2(number) full days ...

lo djedi — day (full day). lo se djedi — number of full days.
i mi volta ba zi lo djedi be li pa noI will return in 10 days.
Comment: if x2 is not used denotes one full day in duration
Related words: donri, detri, jeftu, masti, nanca, nicte, tcika

djicax1(entity) desires or wants x2(clause, property of x1) for purpose x3(property of x1)

lo se djica — something desired.
i mi djica lo nu mi cusku lo xajmi vau lo nu do cismaI want to tell something funny to make you smile.
i mi djica tu'a lo pliseI want apples.
i mi djica lo nu do smadiI want you to guess.
Related words: taske, xagji, mukti, nitcu, nelci, pacna, prami, rigni, trina, xebni, xlura

djinex1(entity) is a ring ...

lo djine — ring.
i ti solji djineThis is a golden ring.
Related words: cukla

djunox1(entity) knows fact x2(proposition) about x3(entity) on grounds x4(proposition)

lo se djuno — known fact. lo ve djuno — grounds of knowledge.
i mi djuno le du'u mi zasti vau fo le du'u mi pensiI know that I exist since I think.
i mi djuno so'i da la lojbanI know a lot about Lojban.
i mi djuno mo'a da lo cmaciI know too little about math.
Comment: to be familiar with is se slabu, na'e se cnino, na'e se fange.
Related words: krici, jinvi, cilre, certu, facki, jijnu, jimpe, senpi, smadi, kakne, birti, mipri, morji, saske, viska

do [pronoun]you (the listener)

i xu do djica lo nu mi sidju doDo you want me to help you?

do'a [interjection]generously, broadly construed, do'a naiat least (parsimoniously)

i do'a mi do ka'e ctuca lo se jminaI could teach you some additional things.
i do'a nai do no da zekri lebnaAt least you didn't steal anything.
i a'o mi te dunda lo pa kargu karce a ke do'a nai lo pa karce poi na spofuHopefully, I'll be given an expensive car or at least one that isn't broken.
Related words: sa'e nai

do'e [preposition from co'e] — preposition with the meaning unspecified or known from context

i ti karda do'e lo valsiIt's a card with a word.
Comment: used in speech when it's hard to find an appropriate preposition on the fly.

do'i [pronoun] — tex of an utterance unspecified or known from context

i do'i me lo jufra pe pa se cukta poi mi pu tciduThat sentence is from a book that I had read.

do'o [pronoun]you and others (the listener + other persons not in the dialog)

i lu mi'a pu casnu lo nu litru li'u lu do'o pu cuxna ma li'u"We discussed travelling." "What did you choose?"

do'u [terminator] — ends a construct started with: be'e, co'o, co'oi, coi, di'ai, fe'o, fi'i, je'e, ju'i, ke'o, ki'e, mi'e, mu'o, nu'e, a'oi, re'i, ta'a, vi'o, ki'ai, cu, cu'e, do'u, doi

doi [vocative] — general vocative, identifies intended listener.

i doi lo nobli do co'u morji fi lo ckiku pe doOh, sir! You forgot your keys.

donrix1(entity) happens during daytime of day x2(entity) ...

lo donri — day (daylight time), daytime.
i ca lo donri be lo prulamdei ra pu stali lo zdaniYesterday in the daytime, he stayed at home.
Related words: nicte, djedi, tcika

dracix1(entity) is a drama or play about x2(entity) ...

lo draci — play (drama). lo se draci — plot of a drama.
i pa pendo be mi cu finti pa draci be lo nabmi pe lo te seksiMy friend is the author of a drama about the problem of sexes.
Related words: finti, cukta, lisri, cfika

dranix1(entity) is correct in x2(property of x1) ...

lo drani — correct.
i do drani lo ka pilno ma kau noi valsiYou are correct in what words you use.
Related words: srera, mapti

dratax1(entity) is not the same as x2(entity) ...

lo drata — different, another, other.
i lo drata be mi ka'e sidjuSomeone else but me can help.
Related words: mintu, frica, dunli

drudix1(entity) is a roof or lid of structure x2(entity)

lo drudi — lid. lo se drudi — something with a lid.
i lo drudi be le dinju cu ei se cikreThe roof of the building needs fixing.
Comment: lo drudi is designed to be over, above lo se drudi and shelters it from other things above lo drudi.
Related words: bitmu, stedu, galtu, gapru, loldi, marbi, gacri, mapku

dux1(entity), x2(entity), x3 are the same thing

lo du — identically equal.
i li pa su'i pa du li re li pa no fe'i mu1 + 1 = 2 = 10 / 5.
i xu do du lo prenu poi mitysisku mi ca lo prulamdeiAre you the same person who searched for me yesterday?
Comment: corresponds to the operator = in math, can have any number of places.
Related words: bitmu, stedu, galtu, gapru, loldi, marbi, gacri, mapku

du'e [digit/number]too many

i le vacri ca se la'u li du'e glareIt's too hot.
i du'e prenu cu zvati le klajiThere are too many people in the street.
Comment: subjective estimate.

du'i [preposition from dunli]as much as ..., adverb: equally

i mi'a du'i casnu lo mintuWe equally discussed the same.
i xu do pe du'i mi zukcfuAre you as busy as I am?
Comment: noun after du'i is compared with x1 of the clause, the clause itself describes the comparison.

du'u [clause prefix] — turn clause into verb

i mi djuno le du'u do na fuzmeI know that you are not responsible.
Comment: x1 (entity) is the clause (that follows) expressed in sentence x2(text).

dugrix1(number) is the logarithm of x2(number) to base x3(number)

lo dugri — logarithm. lo te dugri — base of a logarithm.
i li ci dugri li pa no no no li pa no3 is the logarithm of 1000 to base 10.
Related words: tenfa

duktix1(entity) is opposite or contrary to x2(entity) in x3(property of x1 and x2 with kau)

lo dukti — opposite.
i la alis la kevin pu dukti lo ka catlu ma kauAlice and Kevin looked in the opposite directions.
Related words: ranxi, ragve

dundax1(entity) gives or donates x2(entity) to x3(entity)

lo dunda — giver. lo se dunda — gift, present. lo te dunda — receiver of a gift.
i mi pu dunda tu'a pa plise doI gave you an apple.
Comment: lo se dunda doesn't need to be only special present.
Related words: benji, muvdu, canja, pleji, vecnu, friti, sfasa, dapma, cnemu, prali

dunjax1(entity) freezes ...

i ra na ru'e dunjaHe almost froze.
Related words: febvi, lunsa, litki, sligu

dunkux1(entity) is distressed or anguished by x2(clause)

lo dunku — distressed. lo se dunku — distressing event.
i mi pu dunku lo ka kansa no daI was distressed at being alone.
i xu do dunku lo nu lo mensi be do cu bilmaAre you distressed at your sister being ill?
Related words: fengu, surla

dunlix1(entity) is equal to x2(entity) in x3(property of x1 and x2 with kau) ...

lo dunli — equal.
i mi dunli lo mensi be mi lo ka clani i ku'i mi na mintu le mensiI am as long as my sister is. But I'm not her.
i mi dunli do lo ka jinvi ma kau lo se zukte be le prenuI am in concord with you in what we think about his actions.
Related words: du'i, satci, frica, simsa, mintu

dunrax1(entity) is winter of year x2(entity) at location x3(entity)

lo dunra — winter.
i ca lo dunra be lo re no no mu moi bei la australiias mi pu zvati tiDuring Australian winter of year 2005 I was here.
Related words: citsi, crisa, critu, vensa

dy [pronoun]d (letter)

Comment: prefixed with me'o is a quotation of the letter. When used alone refers to the last noun with the verb starting with this letter like dy is for the last lo drudi used.

dzenax1(entity) is an elder or ancestor of x2(entity) by bond x3(property of x1 and x2)

lo dzena — ancestor. lo se dzena — descendant.
i do dzena mi lo ka ce'u ce'u lidne lo ka jbena ca ma kauYou are my ancestor since you were born before me.
Related words: patfu, rirni, tamne

dzipox1(entity) is Antarctican in x2(property of x1)

i au mi vitke lo dzipo tumlaI want to visit the Antarctica.
Related words: ketco, friko, sralo, terdi

e [conjunction for nouns]and

i mi e do pu casnu lo za'u banguI discussed languages, and you discussed languages (maybe not with each other, maybe in different discussions).
Related words: ce, je, a, e, ji, o, u

e bu [pronoun]e (letter)

Comment: prefixed with me'o is a quotation of the letter. When used alone refers to the last noun with the verb starting with this letter like e bu is for the last la edvard used.

e'a [interjection]help yourself, you may, I allow, e'a nai — prohibiting

i e'a do klama lo nenriYou may come in.
i e'a nai fagriNo fire allowed!
i e'a nai crepu lo xrulaYou may not pick the flowers.
Related words: e'ande

e'andex1(entity) allows, permits x2(entity) to do x3(property of x2)

lo e'ande — who allows. lo se e'ande — who has permission. lo te e'ande — what is allowed.
i e'o do e'ande mi lo ka tcidu le cukta ba lo nu do mo'u tcidu riPlease, allow me to read the book after you finish reading it.
i le rirni pu e'ande le verba lo ka kelci bu'u le pankaThe parent let the child play in the park.
Related words: curmi, rinju, banzu, ralte, jimte, jaspu, zifre

e'e [interjection]Come on! (encouragement, instigation, provokation), e'e nai — discouragement, demoralization

i e'e klama lo zdaniLet's go home.
i do e'e co'u denpaC'mon, what are you waiting for?
i e'e do jarco lo ka vlipaShow your strength, go for it!
i e'e mi kuspe doI'll reach you.
i e'e nai mi claxu lo se ditcuSorry, I lack time.
Related words: kakne, certu

e'i [interjection] — command, instruction, imposing obligation (imperative interjection)

i e'i mi clivaI have to leave.
i do sanga e'iSing!
i e'i do carmi gunkaYou ought to work hard.
Related words: bapli, rinju

e'o [interjection]please (request), e'o nai — offer, grant

i e'o mi zganaLet me see.
i e'o do dunda le jisra miWill you pass the juice, please?
i e'o nai ko lebna lo titlaHere, take some candies.
Related words: cpedu, pikci

e'u [interjection]Let's (suggestion), e'u nai — warning, disadvise

i e'u mi'o trociLet's try.
i e'u klamaLet's go.
i e'u nai do stapa le cripuYou'd better not step onto the bridge.
i e'u do dasni lo kostaYou ought to wear a coat.
Related words: stidi, kajde

ei [interjection]I should ..., one should ..., as I feel it it should be so that ... (obligation), ei nai — freedom, how things might need not be

i ei do ca sipnaYou should be sleeping now.
i ei do djunoYou ought to know.
i ei nai do mipri lo neiYou needn't hide yourself.
i ro da cu se senpi eiEverything should be doubted.
Related words: bilga, zifre

engex1(entity) is an architect/designer/engineer of x2(entity)

lo enge — designer.
i lo patfu be mi pu enge ti noi dinjuMy father was an architect of this building.
Related words: zbasu, platu

entuzix1(entity) is enthusiastic, excited about x2(clause, property of x1)

lo entuzi — enthusiastic.
i la kevin cu mutce lo ka entuzi lo ka co'a se jibri lo cninoKevin is very enthusiastic about getting a new job.
Comment: carmi akti is for the meaning excited (in high energy state).
Related words: xanka, carmi, akti

esportex1(entity) is a type of sports practiced by x2(entity)

lo esporte — sports. lo se esporte — sportsperson, sportsman, sportswoman.
i mi se esporte la tenisI practice tennis.
Related words: zajba, sluji, dansu

fa [case tag] — prefix for the 1st place of the current clause

i fe zo coi cusku fa miHello, said I.
i fe ma fa mi zukte eiWhat should I do?
i sarcu fa lo nu do zvatiIt's required that you are present.

fa'a [preposition of place]directly towards ...

i ko catlu fa'a le cankoLook in the direction of the window.
i xu le pa cipni ca'o vofli fa'a lo solriIs the bird flying towards the Sun?

fa'u [conjunction]and respectively ... (forms unmixed set)

i zmadu fa'u mleca fi lo ka sampu fa'u lo ka draniIt's more easy and less correct, respectively.

fackix1(entity) discovers fact x2(proposition) about x3(entity) ; x1 finds out that x2 is true

lo facki — discoverer. lo se facki — discovery.
i mi facki lo jitfa lo pu se cusku be la alisI discovered false statements in what Alice said.
i mi facki le du'u le tcadu cu jibniI found that the city is near.
i mi pu facki le du'u le lisri cu xajmiI found the story funny.
Comment: for searching for objects and finding them use mitysisku and zvafa'i.
Related words: cirko, djuno, jijnu, smadi, sisku

fadnix1(entity) is ordinary in x2(property of x1) among x3(entity)

lo fadni — typical, ordinary.
i fi lo pendo be mi cu fadni fa la kevin lo ka cusku lo simsa noi srana miAmong my friends, it's common for Kevin to say such things about me.
Related words: cafne, rirci, kampu, lakne, tcaci, cnano

fagrix1(entity) is a fire in fuel x2(entity) burning in x3(entity: 'oxygen' by default)

lo fagri — fire. lo se fagri — fuel for fire. lo te fagri — oxidizer of fire.
i lo fagri be le boske bei lo brife co'a carmiThe fire in the forest burning in the wind becomes intense.
i le mudri cu se fagriThe wood is burning.
Related words: jelca, sacki

fai [case tag] — restores the part of a clause omitted using jai

i lo nu jimpe la'e ti cu nandu i la'e ti jai nandu fai lo ka se jimpeUnderstanding this is hard. This is hard to understand.

falnux1(entity) is a sail for gathering wind x2(entity) on vehicle x3(entity)

lo falnu — sail. lo se falnu — wind for a sail. lo te falnu — sailboat.
i ti noi bloti cu te falnuThis is a sailboat.
i ti noi molki cu te falnu lo djacu pa xisluThis mill operates on a water wheel.
Comment: x2 can be wind, water or other forces enabling the sail to work.
Related words: bloti

famtix1(entity) is an aunt or uncle of x2(entity) by bond x3(property of x1 and x2)

lo famti — aunt, uncle. lo se famti — niece, nephew.
i do famti mi lo ka ce'u mensi lo mamta be ce'uYou are my aunt since you are a sister of my mother.
Related words: bruna, mamta, mensi, patfu, rirni, tamne

fancux1(entity) is a function mapping argument domain x2(entity) to function range x3(entity) defined by rule x4(text) ; x1 is a function of x2

lo fancu — function. lo se fancu — domain of function arguments. lo te fancu — range of function.
i lo nu se la'u li xo kau mi'o snada cu te fancu lo nu se la'u li xo kau mi'o trociOur success depends on how hard we try.
i lo jdima be lo broda cu te fancu lo nu le broda tai ma kau cu se sabji jo'u lo nu le broda cu se cpedu xo kau daThe price of a good is a function of its supply and demand.
i lo nu mi jimpe la'e ti na te fancu tu'a doI don't depend on you to understand this.
i li fy pe li xy cu fancu li ma'u li ma'u no me'o vei xy su'i pa ve'o pi'i vei xy vu'u pa ve'of(x) = (x + 1) (x − 1), where x>1, f(x)>0.
Related words: mekso, bridi

fangex1(entity) is alien or unfamiliar to x2(entity) in x3(property of x1)

lo fange — alien, unfamiliar.
i ra fange mi lo ka zukte ma kauHe is alien to me in what he does.
Related words: cizra, jbena, ckini

fanmox1(clause) is the final, last part leading up to completion of x2(clause)

lo fanmo — finish, finale, final part, end (ending). lo se fanmo — process being finished.
i do te mukti lo ka mo ca lo fanmo lo ca jeftuWhat are you going to do on weekend?
i lo fanmo be le te jivna ba cinri ba'aI expect the final part of the competition interesting.
Comment: can refer to place.
Related words: cfari, sisti, krasi, mulno, denpa, jipno, traji

fanrix1(entity) is a factory or mill producing x2(entity) from x3(entity)

lo fanri — factory, mill. lo se fanri — product of a factory. lo te fanri — raw material for a factory.
i ti fanri lo nanba lo gurniThis is a mill producing bread from grain.
Related words: molki, gundi

fantax1(entity) prevents x2(clause) from occurring

lo se fanta — event being prevented.
i lo bumru pu fanta lo nu mi'a viska daFog prevented us from seeing anything.
Related words: pinfu, bandu, zunti, rinju, jimte, bapli, rivbi

fanvax1(entity) translates x2(text) to language x3(entity) from language x4(entity) with result x5(text)

lo fanva — translator. lo se fanva — text to be translated. lo te fanva — target language for translation. lo ve fanva — source language for translation. lo xe fanva — translation (text).
i mi pu fanva lu coi ui li'u lo glico lo lojbo zoi gy.yay, hello!.gy.I translated coi ui to English from Lojban as "Yay, hello!"
i xu lu coi do li'u drani xe fanva zoi gy.Hello, you!.gy.Is coi do a correct translation of "Hello, you!""?
Comment: traduki is an alternative to fanva.
Related words: cusku, bangu, traduki

fanzax1(clause) annoys x2(entity)

lo fanza — annoying event. lo se fanza — annoyed person.
i lo nu lo verba cu klaku cu fanza lo mamta be le verbaBaby crying annoys his mother.
i do fanza miYou annoy me.
Related words: fengu, raktu, dicra, tunta, zunti, jicla

faprox1(entity) opposes, doesn't surrender to x2(entity) about x3(entity, property of x1) ; x1 refuses to do x3

i mi pu fliba lo ka fapro lo nu do cismaI couldn't resist your smile.
i xu do fapro fi lo ka sidju miDo you refuse to help me?
Related words: bandu, bradi, darlu, damba, jivna, lanxe, rivbi, sarji, xarnu

farlux1(entity) falls to x2(entity) from x3(entity) ...

i mi pu farlu fi pa skalera fe lo dertuI fell down from the stairs onto the ground.
i la alis pu jai gau farlu fai le dakli le jubmeAlice dropped the bag on the table.
Related words: lafti, cpare, klama, sfubu

farnax1(entity) is the direction of x2(entity) from origin x3(entity)

lo farna — direction, trend.
i le canko cu farna lo nu la alis pu catlu vau miFrom my viewpoint, Alice was looking at the direction of the window.
Related words: zunle, pritu, galtu, gapru, cnita, dizlo, berti, snanu, stuna, stici, purci, balvi, lidne

farvix1(entity) evolves or develops into x2(entity) from x3(entity) through stages x4(ordered entity group)

lo ve farvi — stage of development, version in development.
i lo'e nanba cu farvi lo bredi lo te zbasu lo nu co'a mixre lo purmo jo'u lo matne jo'u lo sovda jo'u lo sakta vau jo'u ba bo lo nu glare jo'u ba bo lo nu satre vo'a lo matneOne makes a standard cake from raw materials by mixing flour, butter, eggs and sugar together, then heating, then greasing the cake with butter, and after that, it is ready.
Related words: pruce, banro, makcu, ciste, cupra, ferti

fasnux1(clause) occurs or happens

lo fasnu — occurrence, case (occurrence).
i lo cizra pu va fasnuThere were strange things happening there.
i lo ei ba fasnu ba fasnuWhatever shall be will be.
Related words: fau, krefu, lifri, fatci, rapli, gasnu, zukte, banli

fatcix1(proposition) is a fact

lo fatci — fact, factual.
i mi se la'u li me'i ro birti le du'u ro se djuno be mi bei le munje cu fatciI'm not completely sure that all that I know about the world are actual facts.
Related words: datni, jitfa, xanri, jetnu, fasnu, zasti, cfika, saske

fatrix1(entity) is distributed among x2(entity) with portions x3(entity)

lo fatri — distributed. lo te fatri — portion of a distributed thing.
i gau mi fatri fa lo titla lo verba lo pa meiI handed out candies to children one candy to each of them.
Related words: fa'u, fendi, preja, katna, tcana

fau [preposition]with the event of ...

i fau lo nu do djica vau ko cpedu fi miIf you want, ask me.
i ro da zo'u fau ro nu do nitcu da vau ko da lebnaWhenever you need something, take it.
i fau ro da da'i mi snadaI would succeed anyway.
i da'i ma fasnu fau lo nu ro remna no roi sipnaWhat would happen if humans never slept?

fe [case tag] — prefix for the 2nd place of the current clause

i fe ma zvati fa la alisWhere is Alice?

fe'e [prefix for a preposition] — explicitly marks the following preposition as referring to space, not time

i ko vi'i fe'e di'i sombo le gurniSow the grain in a line and evenly!

fe'i — division operator (symbol / or : in math)

i le jubme cu mitre li pa fe'i reThe table is half a meter in length.
Comment: fe'i is used only in math expressions, for fractions use fi'u..

fe'o [vocative]over and out (at the end of discussion)

i ca ti mi cliva e'i fe'oNow I have to leave, have a nice day!

fe'u [terminator] — ends a construct started with: fi'o

febvix1(entity) evaporates, boils ...

lo febvi — something boiling.
i le djacu za'o febviThe water is already boiling.
Related words: dunja, lunsa, litki

feglix1(entity) is ugly to observer x2(entity) in aspect x3(property of x1)

lo fegli — something ugly.
i le djacu cu fegli lo ka se panci ma kauThe water has an ugly smell.
Related words: rigni, melbi, pluka

fei [digit/number] — hex digit B (decimal 11), eleven

i mi ba volta de'i li cy feiI will return at 11 o'clock.

femtix1(entity) is 10-15 of x2(same type as x1) in x3(property of x1)

i lo pa protoni cu femti lo mitre be li ji'i pa pi xa boi lo ka klani ma kauA proton has a size of about 1.6 femtometres.
Related words: centi

fendix1(entity) divides x2(entity) into x3(entity) ...

lo fendi — divider. lo se fendi — divided.
i mi fendi le najnimre ci spisaI divide the orange into three pieces.
Related words: sepli, bitmu, fatri, dilcu, katna, frinu

fengux1(entity) is angry with x2(entity) for x3(property of x2)

lo fengu — angry.
i ra pu fengu mi lo ka pu na klamaShe was angry with me for not coming.
Related words: fanza, dunku

fenkix1(clause) is crazy ...

lo fenki — crazy action.
i le tcini cu fenkiThe situation is crazy.
i lo ka fengu cu klesi lo ka jai fenkiAnger is a form of madness.
Related words: bebna, racli, xajmi

fenrax1(entity) is a crack in x2(entity)

lo fenra — crack.
i da fenra le bitmuThere is a crack in the wall.
Related words: kevna, cfila, jinto

fensox1(entity) sews or stitches x2(entity group) together with tool x3(entity) using filament x4(entity)

i le nixli pu fenso pa bukpu pa jesni pa ciltaThe girl sewed pieces of cloth using a needle and a thread.
Related words: cilta, jivbu, jorne, nivji, pijne, lasna

fepnix1(entity) is x2(number) cents/copecks in value in monetary system x3(entity) ...

i le penbi cu fepni li mu no lo ropnoThe pen costs 50 eurocents.
Comment: describes money subunits like cents, kopecks.
Related words: sicni, jdini, jdima, vecnu, rupnu, dekpu, gutci, minli, merli, bunda, kramu

feprix1(entity) is the lung of x2(entity)

lo fepri — lung.
i ro da pu sanga se rai lo ka pilno lo fepri be vo'aEverybody sang at the top of their lungs.
Related words: pambe, vasxu

fertix1(entity) is fertile for growing x2(entity, property of x1)

lo ferti — fertile.
i lo vi tumla cu ferti lo ka te crepu lo vanjbaThis land is fertile for reaping grapes.
i ti noi fetsi cu ferti lo ka se tarbiThis female is fertile for conception.
Comment: covers both potential and actual/realized fertility.
Related words: vanbi, sidju, rorci, farvi, banro, cange

festix1(entity) is waste from x2(entity)

lo festi — waste.
i ko bevri lo festi be lo grute lo klajiTake the fruit scraps to the street.
Related words: xaksu, kalci, pinca

fetsix1(entity) is a female of species x2(taxon) with feminine traits x3(property of x1)

lo fetsi — female. lo te fetsi — feminine trait.
i ti fetsi lo finpe lo ka se ganti ma kauThis fish is female in having a certain kind of gonads.
Related words: nakni

fi [case tag] — prefix for the 3rd place of the current clause

i mi dunda fe ti fi doI give this to you.
i mi co'i klama fi le tsaniI came from the sky.

fi'a [case tag] — asks for the case tag like fa, fe, fi, fo, fu (that should go into the place to which fi'a is put)

i lu do klama fi'a le zdani li'u lu fi li'u"Are you going home, from home or?" "From home."

fi'i [vocative]you are welcome, make yourself at home (expression of hospitality), fi'i nai — expression of inhospitality

i fi'i lo vitke be lo zdani be mi'aWelcome to our house.
i do le'o co'e ne'a lo zdani be mi fi'i naiHow dare you show up near my house, go away!
Comment: je'e is you are welcome for replies to thanks.

fi'o — turn clause into preposition/adverb

i le mlatu pu plipe fi'o suksaThe cat jumped quickly.
i le nabmi cu nandu fi'o jinvi so'i prenuThe problem is difficult according to many people.
Comment: used in the form of 'fi'o + verb' or 'fi'o + verb + the first place of the verb' (thus the first place of the verb goes after it).

fi'u [digit/number] — fraction slash; if no number to the left then '1' is assumed; when used alone equals to golden ratio (approximately '1.618')

i mi pu citka pa fi'u ci pliseI ate 1/3 of an apple.
i lo re fi'u ci si'ei be lo prenu na kakne lo ka limnaTwo thirds of people can't swim.
i lo se klani be fi lo ka clani be'o fi'u lo se klani be fi lo ka ganra cu du li fi'uThe length is in golden ratio to the length.
i mi pu te vecnu pa re fi'u re sovdaI bought half a dozen eggs.
Comment: for divisions in math expressions use fe'i.

figrex1(entity) is a fig of species x2(taxon)

lo figre — fig.
i mi nelci ti noi crino figreI like these green figs.
Related words: grute

finpex1(entity) is a fish of species x2(taxon)

lo finpe — fish.
i mi se pluka lo ka kalte lo finpeI like fishing.
Related words: danlu

fintix1(entity) invents or creates x2(entity) for purpose x3(entity) from existing elements or ideas x4(entity)

lo finti — creator. lo se finti — creation (object created), creature. lo te finti — purpose of creation. lo ve finti — raw materials for creation.
i mi pu finti pa lisri lo ka jai gau zdile le verba vau lo se vedli be miI created a story out of my real experience to amuse the child.
Related words: ciska, pemci, zbasu, larcu, prosa, skina

fircax1(entity) flirts with x2(entity) by doing x3(property of x1)

i ko sisti lo ka firca lo mensi be mi lo ka benji lo jai se dunda riStop flirting with my sister by sending her gifts.
Related words: seksi, prami, jikca, melbi, tirna, tarti, gletu

flalux1(entity) is a law specifying x2(property of x3) for community x3(entity) ...

lo flalu — law.
i lo flalu be lo ka na ralte lo gerku bei ro se zdani cu cizraThe law specifying that no citizen should keep a dog is crazy.
Comment: x1 is the name of the law.
Related words: javni, ritli, zekri, pulji, tinbe

flanix1(entity) is a flute, fife

lo flani — flute.
i lo sance be le flani cu jai plukaThe flute has a pleasant sound.
Related words: zgike

flaumex1(entity) is a plum of species x2(taxon)

lo flaume — plum.
i lo pa spisa be lo flaume torta ije uo mi ba'o xagjiA piece of a plum cake, and, voilà, I'm no longer hungry.
Comment: lo flaume poi grute is @@plum (fruit), lo flaume poi tricu is @@plum tree. flaume alone can denote either of them.
Related words: jbari, titla, grute, tricu

flecux1(entity) is a current in x2(entity) flowing towards x3(entity) from x4(entity)

lo flecu — current (flow), flow (current).
i ti flecu lo condi pa lalxu pa galtu krasi pe bu'u loi cmanaThis is a current in a deep bed running towards a lake from high springheads in the mountains.
Comment: flu'ente that has a place structure identical to muvdu.

flibax1(entity) fails at doing x2(property of x1)

i mi za'u re'u fliba le cipraI failed the test again.
i le se troci pu se flibaThe attempt failed.
i mi fliba lo ka zvafa'i le penbiI can't find the pen.
Related words: cfila, snada, srera, troci, sisti, ranji, denpa, bebna, zunti

flirax1(entity) is a face of body x2(entity)

lo flira — face.
i u'e melbi flira raWhat a nice face she has!
i ra pu minde mi lo ka lumci lo flira be miHe told me to wash my face.
Related words: sefta, stedu, crane, mebri

flu'entex1(entity) is a fluid flowing to x2(entity) from x3(entity) via the route x4(entity)

lo flu'ente — fluent, fluid, flow.
i ti flu'ente pa lalxu pa galtu krasi pe bu'u loi cmana lo condiThis is a current in a deep bed running towards a lake from high springheads in the mountains.
i lo flu'ente pe lo bu'u tcadu cu carmiThe traffic in this city is intense.
i lo nazbi be mi cu ve flu'enteI have a runny nose.
i le cmana mo'u se flu'ente lo glareThe mountain erupted jetting hot matter.
Comment: muvdu is a more general term. senta is for where no directionality is implied.
Related words: rirxe, naxle, senta, rinci, xampo, letri, sakci, gapci, litki, ciblu

fo [case tag] — prefix for the 4th place of the current clause

i mi pu ciksi fe le nu mi pu na zvati vau fo lo nu mi pu bilmaI explained that I was absent because I was ill.

foldix1(entity) is a field made of material x2(entity)

lo foldi — field.
i mi vreta bu'u pa foldi be lo xrulaI'm lying on a flower field.
Related words: purdi, cange

fonmox1(entity) is some foam or froth of material x2(entity) with bubbles of material x3(entity)

lo fonmo — foam. lo te fonmo — bubble in foam.
i le glare pu ru'i cupra lo fonmo be lo djacu bei lo gapciThe heat was producing bubbles of gas in the water.
Related words: zbabu

fonxax1(entity) is a phone or modem in network x2(entity)

lo fonxa — telephone, phone. lo se fonxa — phone network.
i ti fonxa lo skori e nai lo te cradiThis is a landline phone, not a radiophone.
Related words: tcana

forcax1(entity) is a fork for x2(clause) with tines x3(entity) on base x4(entity)

lo forca — fork.
i ti forca lo nu jukpa vau lo ci mei lo mudriThis is a wooden fork for cooking with three tines.
Related words: dakfu, smuci, kombitu, tutci

fragarix1(entity) is a strawberry of species/breed x2(taxon)

lo fragari — strawberry.
i lo fragari cu je'a titlaStrawberries are really sweet.
Related words: jbari, grute, rozgu

frasox1(entity) is French in x2(property of x1)

lo fraso — French.
i xu do tavla fo lo frasoDo you speak French?
Related words: ropno

fraxux1(entity) forgives x2(entity) for x3(property of x2)

lo te fraxu — action forgiven.
i ko fraxu mi lo ka jai lerciForgive me for being late.
Related words: dunda, e'ande, zungi

fricax1(entity) differs from x2(entity) in x3(property of x1 and x2 with kau)

lo frica — something different.
i mi frica do lo ka nelci ma kauYou and I differ from each other in what we like.
Related words: ranxi, drata, dunli, simsa, vrici

frikox1(entity) is African in x2(property of x1)

lo friko — African.
i au mi viska lo friko xantoI want to see African elephants.
Related words: ropno, xazdo

frilix1(property of x2) is easy for x2(entity) ...

lo frili — easy.
i ti noi karce cu jai frili fai lo ka se sazriThis car is easy to handle.
i na pu frili mi fa lo ka zvafa'i lei ckikuIt wasn't easy for me to find the keys.
Related words: nandu, sampu, zifre

frinux1(entity) is a fraction of x2(entity) divided by x3(entity)

lo frinu — fraction. lo se frinu — numerator of a fraction. lo te frinu — denominator of a fraction.
i li re frinu li bi li vo2 = 8 / 2.
Related words: parbi, dilcu, mekso, fendi

fritix1(entity) offers x2(clause) to x3(entity) ...

lo se friti — offering.
i mi pu friti fi le mamta fe lo nu mi sidju le verba lo ka klama lo cnitaI offered the mother to help the child to go down.
Related words: canja, dunda, rinsa, vecnu, jdima, cnemu, pleji, vitke

frumux1(entity) grimaces, frowns ...

i le nakni pu frumu ca lo nu ri catlu miHe frowned looking at me.
Related words: cmila, cisma

fu [case tag] — prefix for the 5th place of the current clause

i mi ba benji lo xatra fu lo kibroI will send the letter via the internet.

fu'au [interjection]luckily, fu'au naiunluckily

i fu'au mi se e'ande fi lo ka dasni lo tordu skaciLuckily, I'm allowed to wear a short skirt.
i do ca zvati lo zdani fu'au daiYou are now at home, lucky you.
i fu'au nai lo vi dacti na mutce da'i lo ka plixauUnluckily, this thing wouldn't be of big help.
i fu'au nai no da pu ganse le nu le ninmu ba'o kansa mi'aUnluckily, no one noticed that she was no longer with us.
Related words: zabna, funca, ui, di'ai

fu'e — creates a scope (brackets) of influence for an interjection

i mi viska pa fu'e ia cizra zdani fu'oI can see what I believe is a strange house.
i mi ca klama lo drata tcadu fu'e ta'o de'i li jy dy re te zu'e lo ka viska loi rirni be mi fu'oI am going to another city (on Tuesday, by the way, to visit my parents).

fu'i [interjection modifier] — the state has been achieved easily, fu'i nai — state has been achieved hard

i e'e fu'i mi cpare le cmanaI can easily climb the mountain, I can go for it!
i ui fu'i nai mi tsuku lo korbi be le tcaduYay, that was hard but now I'm at the edge of the city.
Related words: frili

fu'o [terminator] — ends a construct started with: fu'e

fukpix1(entity) is a copy of x2(entity) in form x3(entity) made by method x4(clause)

lo fukpi — copy, replica.
i mi ralte pa fukpi be ti noi pixra bei pa bukpu pe lo jubme bei lo nu prinaI have a printed copy of this picture made as a tablecloth.
Related words: krefu, rapli, gidva, zi'evla

fultax1(entity) floats in or on gas or fluid x2(entity)

i lo morsi pezli xu fulta lo sefta be le djacuDead leaves float on the surface of the water.
Related words: limna, bloti, sakli

funcax1(clause) is determined by the good or bad luck of x2(entity)

lo funca — luck (good or bad).
i mi se funca lo ka se jundi ro daI'm lucky in that everybody listens to me.
Related words: cunso, mabla, zabna

fusrax1(entity) rots or decays ...

lo fusra — rotting.
i pa perli mo'u fusraThere is one pear and it is rotten.
Related words: birje, vanju, vifne

fuzmex1(entity) is responsible for x2(clause) to authority x3(entity)

lo fuzme — responsible for, accountable for.
i la alis pu jai se facki fai lo ka na fuzme le zekri vau le kamniAlice was found not responsible for the crime by the committee.
Related words: bilga

fy [pronoun]f (letter)

Comment: prefixed with me'o is a quotation of the letter. When used alone refers to the last noun with the verb starting with this letter like fy is for the last lo frumu used.

ga [forethought conjunction]and/or

i ga mi citka gi mi kelciI either eat or play, or do both.
Comment: used to connect nouns, adverbs, verbs, clauses. Shows that at least one of the constructs inside ga ... gi is true.

ga'a [preposition from zgana]to observer ..., observed by ..., adverb: being observed

i ga'a mi ca cerniTo me it's morning now.
Comment: not limited to vision. When used as a preposition (with a noun after it) the clause itself describes what is being observed. When used after ne the clause itself describes sense via one observes.

ga'i [interjection] — expressing hauteur, ga'i cu'i — expressing equal rank, ga'i nai — meekness (used with one of lower rank)

i do nitcu ma doi lo pikci ga'iWhat do you need, you beggar?
i mi ro do ga'i cu'i tavlaI'm talking to you, my peers.
i e'o doi lo turni ko sidju mi'a ga'i nai saiPlease, governor, help us, worthless people.
Related words: gapru, cnita

ga'u [preposition of cardinal direction]up from ..., adverb: above

i pu bumru ga'u lo lalxuThere was mist over the river.

gacrix1(entity) is a lid for covering x2(entity)

lo gacri — lid. lo se gacri — something with a lid.
i lo snime cu gacri le dertuSnow covers the ground.
Related words: pilka, gapru, marbi, drudi, botpi, bitmu, calku

gadrix1(text) is a gadri, a grammatical particle producing noun out of verb x2(text) ...

lo gadri — gadri (grammatical particle).
i zo le gadri lu nu dansu li'ule is a gadri.
Comment: lo, le, la, lai, loi, lei, lo'e, le'e are the most common gadri.
Related words: valsi, cmavo

gai [digit/number] — hex digit C (decimal 12), twelve, dozen

i mi citka de'i li cy gaiI eat at noon (12 o'clock).

galfix1(entity) transforms, modifies, changes x2(entity) into x3(entity)

lo galfi — modifier, transformer.
i le mamta pu galfi le rectu jo'u le nanba lo pluka snujiMother turned the meat and the bread into lovely sandwiches.
i ju'o le ninmu ba galfi la kevin lo speni be vo'aI'm sure she will make Kevin her spouse.
i lo lenku brife pu galfi le pezli lo bunreThe cold wind turned the leaves brown.
Comment: binxo describes that entity turns into another entity, galfi is to turn one entity into another one. cenba describes how entity changes its state while remaining the same entity, stika is to make entity change its state.
Related words: stika, binxo, cenba, zasni

galtux1(entity) is high in reference frame x2(entity) ; x1 is an upper part of x2 ...

lo galtu — high.
i le cipni cu galtu miThe bird is high compared to me.
Related words: gapru, dizlo, cnita, drudi, farna

galxex1(entity) is a throat of x2(entity)

lo galxe — throat.
i da'i lo djacu cu xamgu lo galxe be doWater would be fine for your throat.
Related words: cnebo, kevna, tunlo

ganlo — portal x1(entity) is closed, preventing access to place x2(entity) for object x3(entity)

lo ganlo — closed.
i le vorme cu ganlo lo nenri lo fangeThe door is closed not letting the strangers in.
Related words: kalri, pagre, canko, vorme, zunti

ganrax1(entity) is broad or wide in length/width etc. x2(property of x1) ...

lo ganra — broad, wide.
i le tricu cu ganra lo ka se midjuThe tree is thick in the middle.
Comment: the second largest dimension. ganra, rotsu and clani specify the three dimensions of objects.
Related words: clani, jarki, rotsu, condi, barda, gutci, minli

gansex1(entity) detects or senses x2(entity) by means x3(property of x1) ...

lo se ganse — feeling (sensation).
i mi ganse lo nu ti cpina vau lo ka smaka riI sense it being irritating by tasting it.
Related words: pencu, sanji, viska, sumne, tirna, zgana, canci, simlu

gantix1(entity) is a gonad/ovary of x2(entity) of sex x3(entity)

lo ganti — gonad. lo te ganti — sex (biological).
i lo xanto cu se ganti lo barda lo nakniMale elephants have large testicles.
Related words: plibu, sovda, nakpinji, gutra, mabla

ganxox1(entity) is the anus of x2(entity)

lo ganxo — anus.
i le mikce pu kucli tu'a lo nabmi pe lo ganxo be le nanmuThe doctor was curious about the problem with the anus of the man.
Related words: zargu, kalci, mabla, rinci

ganzux1(entity) organizes chaos x2(entity) into order x3(entity) by principle x4(proposition)

lo ganzu — organizer. lo se ganzu — chaotic, not organized. lo te ganzu — organized.
i le turni pu ganzu lo ruble prenu lo vlipa jenmi lo ka bapli lo nu le jenmi cu zukte lo te mindeHe turned weak people into a powerful army by making them execute orders.
Related words: ciste, morna, stura, cabra

gapcix1(entity) is a gas ...

lo gapci — gas.
i ti noi karce cu se livla lo gapciThis car is powered by gas.
Related words: pambe, vacri, litki, sligu, danmo, bumru, cidro, flu'ente

gaprux1(entity) is directly above x2(entity) ...

lo gapru — something above.
i le solri ca gapru miThe Sun is now above me.
Related words: tsani, galtu, cnita, drudi, gacri, dizlo, farna

garnax1(entity) is a railing or bar supporting or restraining x2(entity) ...

lo garna — rail.
i ti garna lo xanceThis is a handrail.
Related words: kamju, grana, tutci

gasnux1(entity) causes x2(clause) to happen

lo gasnu — agent.
i do pu gasnu lo nu mi klakuYou made me cry.
Comment: lo zukte is who do something themselves, lo gasnu is agent who causes something, lo se jalge is event that causes something.
Related words: gau, gunka, zukte, rinka, fasnu, jibri, kakne, pilno

gastax1(entity) is some steel ...

lo gasta — steel.
i lo balre be ti noi dakfu cu gastaThe blade of this knife is made of steel.
Related words: jinme, molki, tirse

gau [preposition from gasnu]with active agent ...

i ba gau mi do clivaI will make you leave.
i mi pu jai gau citka fai le verbaI fed the child.
Comment: the clause describes the event cause by the agent; agent/ergative case tag.

ge [forethought conjunction]and

i mi ge citka pa torta gi pinxe lo jisraI both eat a cake and drink some juice.
Comment: used to connect nouns, adverbs, verbs, clauses. Shows that both constructs inside ge ... gi are true.

ge'e [interjection] — attitude unspecified or known from context

i ge'e lo mlatu pe mi mo'u se jbena pa no daWell, my cat has given birth to ten kittens.

ge'i [forethought conjunction] — question

i lu do ge'i citka lo torta gi pinxe lo jisra li'u lu ge li'u"What connective of GA series matches your situation: you eat a cake, you drink some juice?" "I do both."
Comment: used to connect nouns, adverbs, verbs, clauses.

ge'u [terminator] — ends a construct started with: goi, ne, pe, po'e

genjax1(entity) is a root of x2(entity)

lo genja — root.
i ti noi spati cu se genja lo claniThis plant has long roots.
Related words: jamfu, jicmu, patlu, samcu, spati, krasi

genxux1(entity) is a hook ...

lo genxu — hook.
i mi pu kavbu pa finpe pa genxuI caught a fish with a hook.
Related words: korcu

gerkux1(entity) is a dog of species x2(taxon)

lo gerku — dog.
i mi jai gau citka fai lo gerku pe mi re roi ro djediI feed my dog twice a day.
Related words: lorxu, labno, mlatu

gernax1(proposition) is the grammar of language x2(entity) for structure x3(text)

lo gerna — grammar. lo te gerna — text.
i le du'u lo gadri cu lidne lo se du'u selbri cu gerna la lojban lo sumtiThat gadri precede selbri is the grammar of Lojban for sumti.
i zoi ry.привет.ry. te gerna lo rusko"привет" is a Russian text.
Related words: bangu, stura, cmavo, jufra

gi [middle separator] — separator of the two parts in the forethought connection

i ge do gi mi nelci lo perliBoth you and I like pears.

gi'a [connective for clause tail]and/or

i mi citka gi'a sangaI do at least one of the following: I drink and I sing. I drink or I sing.
Comment: means at least one of the two (of clause tails connected using gi'a).

gi'e [connective for clause tail]and

i ai mi lumci lo kumfa gi'e jukpa lo tortaI'm going to clean the room and cook a cake.

gi'e nai [connective for clause tail]and not

i mi tavla bau la lojban gi'e nai certu tu'a riI speak Lojban but I'm not an expert in it.

gi'i [connective for clause tail] — question

i do klama gi'i staliAre you going or staying?

gi'o [connective for clause tail]both or none

i ro da ka'e prenu gi'o ka'e tavlaEveryone either can be a person and can talk, or have none of that.
Comment: describes event requiring both connected main verbs to be true in respect to their shared nouns.

gi'u [connective for clause tail]whether or not

i mi citka gi'u sangaI eat (whether or not I sing).

gidvax1(entity) guides or leads x2(entity) in x3(property of x2)

lo gidva — guide (conductor).
i ra gidva mi lo ka tadni la lojbanHe guides me in studying Lojban.
Related words: jitro, ralju, sazri, te bende, jatna, fukpi, morna

gigdox1(entity) is a billion, 109 of x2(same type as x1) in x3(property of x1)

i lo vi tcana cu gigdo lo bitni lo ka benji ca ro sniduThis network station sends 1 gigabit of data per second.
Related words: centi

ginkax1(entity) is a camp of inhabitants x2(entity) ...

lo ginka — camp. lo se ginka — camper.
i mi'ai pu zbasu pa ginka pe bu'u le lalxuWe made camp near the lake.
i mi'ai pu se ginka ze'a lo jeftuWe camped there for a week.
Comment: temporary residence.
Related words: dinju, xabju, zdani

girzux1(entity) is a group with common feature x2(property of x1) ...

lo girzu — group.
i mi cmima pa girzu be lo ka tadni la lojbanI am a member of a group of those who learn Lojban.
Related words: bende, ciste, cmima, gunma, panra, cabra, cecmu, kansa, klesi, lanzu, liste, vrici

gismux1(text) is a root verb ...

lo gismu — gismu (root verb).
i zo zgana gismuzgana is a gismu (root verb).
Related words: selbrivla, lujvo, zi'evla, cmevla

glarex1(entity) is hot ...

lo glare — hot.
i le tcati cu glareThe tea is hot.
Related words: lenku

glekix1(entity) is happy about x2(clause, property of x1)

lo gleki — happy.
i mi gleki lo nu do jingaI am happy that you won.
Related words: badri, cinmo

gletux1(entity) copulates or mates with x2(entity)

i ko na gletu ra mu'i lo nu do djica ku po'oDon't have sex with her just because you want to.
Related words: seksi, nakpinji, plibu, vibna, vlagi, mabla, speni

glicox1(entity) is English in x2(property of x1)

lo glico — English.
i mi traduki lo vi uenzi lo glicoI'm translating this text to English.
Related words: sralo

glutax1(entity) is a glove or mitten ...

lo gluta — glove.
i le gluta pu jai gau stodi fai lo xance be ra lo ka mliglaThe gloves kept her hands warm.
Related words: taxfu

go [forethought conjunction]both or none

i go la alis ba lumci lo kumfa gi la kevin cu sidju la alisAlice will clean a room if, and only if, Kevin helps her.
Comment: used to connect nouns, adverbs, verbs, clauses. Shows that the whole assertion is true if each of its parts (the construct inside go ... gi and the construct after gi) are true..

go'a [verb] — copies a recent completed main level clause

i au mi ne ka'ai do zgana pa cnino skina i ku'i za'a do ca zukcfu so'i da i ca ma mi'o ka'e go'aI'd like to watch a new movie with you. But as I can see you are very busy now. When can we do that?

go'i [verb] — copies the last completed main main level clause

i au mi penmi do i xu lo nu go'i cu cumkiI'd like to meet you. Is this possible?

go'o [verb] — copies the next main main level clause

i sa'u mi pu jinvi lo nu go'o i do mutce lo ka tatpiI simply thought this: you are very tired.

goctix1(entity) is 10-24 of x2(same type as x1) in x3(property of x1)

i lo pa protoni cu gocti lo grake be li ji'i pa pi ze bei lo ka tiljuProton is approximately 1.7 Yoctogram.
Related words: centi

goithat will from now on be called ... (a noun follows)

i i'a da goi ko'a dinjuOkay, so there is a house, let's call it ko'a from now on.
i ko'a simlu lo ka zarci i je so'i prenu ta'e klama lo nenri jo'u lo bartu i ji'a cinri fa lo nu pa canko be ko'a cu spofuko'a looks like a store, many people go in and out. In addition, it's interesting that there is a window in ko'a that is broken.

gotrox1(entity) is 1024 of x2(same type as x1) in x3(property of x1)

i lo terdi cu gotro lo grake be li ji'i pa ki'o boi lo ka tiljuThe mass of the Earth is approximately 6000 Yottagram.
Related words: centi

gradux1(entity) is a unit on scale x2(property of x1 with kau) measuring x3(property of x1 with kau)

lo gradu — unit. lo se gradu — scale with units.
i lo centi be lo mitre cu gradu lo ka mitre vau lo ka te sepliCentimeter is a unit on metric scale, which measures distance.
Related words: ckilu, kantu, kelvo, merli, ranti, selci

grakex1(entity) is x2(number) grams in weight ...

lo se grake — weight in grams.
i lei plise cu grake li pa ki'oThe apples are 1 kilogram in weight.
Related words: junta, kilto, bunda, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, litce, centi

granax1(entity) is a rod or pole ...

lo grana — rod, stick.
i ra pu jgari pa granaHe was holding a rod.
Related words: garna

grasux1(entity) is some grease, oil ...

lo grasu — grease.
i ko punji lo so'o grasu le xisluPut some grease on the wheel.
i ri se savruIt squeaks.
Related words: ctile, matne, plana

gredilex1(entity) is a grill/grid/graticule consisting of lines x2(entity)

lo gredile — grill, grid. lo se gredile — line of a grid.
i ti gredile lo ci pinta jo'u lo re srajiIt's a grid with three horizontal and two vertical lines.
Comment: see cartu, sraji, pinta, kamju.
Related words: greku, kamju, sraji, pinta

grekux1(entity) is a frame or structure supporting x2(entity)

lo greku — frame.
i lo greku be le bitmu cu mudriThe frame of the fence is wooden.
Related words: korbi, stura, tsina, bongu

grusix1(entity) is gray

lo grusi — gray.
i ca lo nicte ro mlatu cu grusiAt night, all cats are grey.
Related words: skari, blabi, xekri, kandi, carmi

grutex1(entity) is a fruit of species x2(taxon)

lo grute — fruit (of a plant).
i ti noi grute be lo plise cu crinoThis apple fruit is green.
Related words: badna, dembi, figre, tcilokoiotli, narge, perli, pilka, plise, spati, stagi, tamca, tsiju, tarbi, panzi, rorci, te pruce, jbari, nimre

gu [forethought conjunction]whether or not

i la alis cu gu stati gi melbiAlice is smart whether or not she is beautiful.
Comment: used to connect nouns, adverbs, verbs, clauses.

gu'a [forethought conjunction for tanru]and/or

i le nu litru ba gu'a clani gi ckapeThe journey will be dangerous or long.

gu'e [forethought conjunction for tanru]and

i ca pa djedi mi ba gu'e badri gi gleki daOne day there will be something so that I will be both sad and happy about.

gu'i [forethought conjunction for tanru] — question

i lu do gu'i citka gi pinxe li'u lu ge li'u"Do you eat or drink?" "Both."

gu'o [forethought conjunction for tanru]both or none

i ai mi te vecnu pa gu'o cnino gi kargu karceI'm going to buy an expensive car if and only if it is new.

gu'u [forethought conjunction for tanru]whether or not

i ai mi te vecnu pa gu'u kargu gi cnino karceI'm going to buy a new car whether or not it is expensive.

gubnix1(entity) is public to community x2(entity)

lo gubni — public. lo se gubni — community with something public.
i le panka cu gubni lo prenuThe park is public and open to people.
Related words: sivni

gugdex1(entity) is the country of inhabitants x2(entity) with territory x3(entity)

lo gugde — country. lo se gugde — citizen of a country. lo te gugde — territory of a country.
i ti gugde lo cilce prenu lo na'e bardaThis is a country of wild people covering not a big territory.
Related words: turni, natmi, jecta, tumla, tutra, lanci

gumrix1(entity)  is a mushroom of species x2(taxon)

lo gumri — mushroom.
i ti noi gumri cu vindu lo remnaThis mushroom is poisonous to humans.
Related words: mledi

gundix1(entity) is industry producing x2(entity) by process or means x3(clause)

lo gundi — industry. lo se gundi — product of an industry. lo te gundi — industrial process.
i le gundi be lo taxfu be lo ka macnu se cupra cu carmi lo ka farviThe industry of producing handmade dresses is intensely developing.
i mi se cuntu lo gundi be lo zgikeI am involved in music industry.
Related words: cupra, fanri, rutni, zbasu

gunkax1(entity) works on x2(property of x1) with goal x3(clause, property of x1)

lo gunka — worker. lo se gunka — work activity. lo te gunka — work goal.
i mi gunka lo ka tadni la lojban vau lo ka sutra tavla bau la lojbanI'm working on learning Lojban in order to quickly talk in it.
Comment: zukte need not be labor.
Related words: sazri, gasnu, se jibri, briju, lazni, akti, selfu

gunmax1(entity) is a joint mass, team of components that are x2(entity group)

lo gunma — mass, aggregate. lo se gunma — component of a mass.
i pa gunma be lo prenu ca'o sruri le dinjuThe crowd of people is surrounding the building.
Comment: x2 describes the whole set. For a particular member of a set use cmima.
Related words: bende, girzu, pagbu, loi, lei, lai, ciste, cmima, kansa, joi

gunrox1(entity) rolls on surface x2(entity) rotating on axis or axle x3(entity)

i ba bo le verba co'a gunro pa salpo mo'i ni'a fi lo cutne be vo'aAnd then the child started rolling down the slope rotating around his chest.
i mi ca'o gunro lo vacriI am spinning in the air.
Related words: bolci, carna, jendu, slanu

gunsex1(entity) is a goose of species x2(taxon)

lo gunse — goose.
i ju'i do ci gunse ca'o limna le lalxuHey, look, three geese are swimming in the lake.
Related words: cipni

guntax1(entity) attacks x2(entity) with goal x3(property of x1)

lo gunta — attacker. lo se gunta — attacked.
i loi ratcu ca'o gunta le dinju lo ka cpacu lo gurniRats are attacking the building to get the grain.
Related words: bradi, damba, darxi, jamna, jenca, jursa

gurnix1(entity) is grain from plant x2(entity)

lo gurni — grain.
i mi vi ku ralte lo gurni be lo zumriI keep here maize grain.
Related words: bavmi, cunmi, mavji, maxri, molki, mraji, rismi, sobde, spati, zumri, nanba, sorgu

guskax1(entity) erodes x2(entity) from x3(entity)

lo guska — blade, scraper, erosive, abrasive.
i mi pu guska lo skapi lo cidni be miI scraped the skin off my knees.
Related words: balre, sraku, batci, canpa, mosra

gusnix1(entity) is light falling down on x2(entity) from source x3(entity) ; x3 illuminates x2 with illumination x1

lo gusni — light (illumination). lo se gusni — illuminated. lo te gusni — illuminator.
i lo fagri pu te gusni le kevna lo xunreThe fire illuminated the cave with red light.
Related words: dirce, manku, solri, carmi, ctino, kantu

gustax1(entity) is a restaurant serving food x2(entity) to x3(entity)

lo gusta — restaurant.
i banli gustaNice restaurant.
i bu'u le xotli da gusta lo kukte lo vitke be le xotliIn the hotel there is a restaurant serving tasty food to guests of the hotel.
Related words: selfu, barja, citka, kukte, sanmi, xotli

gutcix1(entity) is x2(number) short distance units in standard x3(property of x1) ...

i le jubme cu gutci li re lo ka mitreThe table is two meters in size.
Comment: describes measurement of an object in one dimension. x3 desribes the scale that might not be metric. minli is used in the same way but for subjectively large objects.
Related words: minli, clani, ganra, rotsu, condi, mitre, dekpu, merli, bunda, kramu

gutrax1(entity) is the womb of x2(entity)

lo gutra — womb.
i lo gutra be lo mamta be mi pu se vimcuMy mother had uterus removed.
Related words: jbena, rorci, sovda, tarbi, ganti, mabla

gy [pronoun]g (letter)

Comment: prefixed with me'o is a quotation of the letter. When used alone refers to the last noun with the verb starting with this letter like gy is for the last lo grana used.

i — separates sentences

i da vi fasnu i je lo nu da mo kau cu na klinaSomething is happening here, and what it is isn't exactly clear.

i bu [pronoun]i (letter)

Comment: prefixed with me'o is a quotation of the letter. When used alone refers to the last noun with the verb starting with this letter like i bu is for the last lo intele used.

i'a [interjection]OK (acceptance), i'a nai — resistance

i i'a mi ba denpaOkay, I will wait.
i i'a mi na certuWell, I'm not an expert.
i lo danfu i'a nai cu ei drataNo, the solution doesn't satisfy me, it should be different.
Related words: mansa, fapro, fi'i

i'e [interjection]Fine! (approval), i'e cu'i — non-approval, i'e naiBoo! (disapproval)

i i'e do pu gunka lo vajniVery good! You did an important work.
i i'e cu'i do pu tsuku ca le se tcikaWell, okay, you arrived on time.
i i'e nai do jai lerciOy, you are late.
Related words: zanru

i'i [interjection] — togetherness, comradeship, i'i nai — antagonistically

i i'i do badri doi lo pendoYou are sad, I know that feeling, bro.
i i'i nai mi zukte lo na me do moiIt's your problems, I'm not doing your work.
Related words: kansa, gunma, sivni, sepli

i'o [interjection] — appreciation, i'o nai — envy

i i'o do je'a pendoAh, you're a true friend.
i i'o nai do ro roi se funca lo zabnaMmm, you are always lucky.
Related words: ckire, jilra

i'u [interjection] — familiarity, i'u nai — unfamiliarity, mystery

i coi i'uGreetings, old friend.
i i'u ti noi plise so'i mei cu kukteYes, these apples are sweet.
i ti i'u nai xotliIt's some hotel.
Related words: slabu

ia [interjection] — belief, ia cu'iallegedly (skepticism), ia naiPshaw! (disbelief)

i ia draniI believe that's correct.
i mi viska pa ponse be ia pa blanu zdaniI see an owner of what I believe to be a blue house.
i ia cu'i le prenu cu catraAllegedly, he is the murderer.
i ia nai le prenu cu stace miI don't believe, he is frank with me.
Related words: krici, jinvi

ie [interjection]Yeah! Aye! (agreement), ie nai — disagreement

i ie la kevin ka'e pu zvati tiYes, Alice could be here.
i le danlu cu morsi ie naiNo, I don't agree that the animal is dead.
Related words: tugni

ii [interjection]Eek! Yikes! (fear), ii nai — safeness

i ii da klamaEek, there is someone coming!
i ii nai le djacu na ba kuspe mi'oThe water won't reach us.
Related words: terpa, snura

influ'enzax1(entity) is an influenza, grippe, flu

lo influ'enza — influenza, grippe, flu.
i mi bilma fi lo influ'enzaI've got the flu.
Related words: bilma

infox1(proposition) is information about x2(proposition) gathered by method x3(clause)

lo info — information. lo te info — method of gathering information.
i lo info be lo nu vofli cu vajni miThe information about flights is important to me.
i lo ka zukte lo zekri cu info le nanmu lo ka zgana lo se zukte be ce'uThat he is a criminal is the information about the man collected by monitoring his actions.
Related words: datni, vreji, kucli, djuno

insektox1(entity) is an insect of species x2(taxon)

lo insekto — insect.
i mi se cinri lo ka tadni lo insektoI am interested in studying insects.
Related words: cinki, civla, danlu, blato, ankabuta, manti, sfani, toldi, bifce

intelex1(property of x2) is an intellect of bearer x2(entity)

lo intele — intellect.
i lo ka facki le du'u ma kau drani cu intele lo panzi be miThe ability to determine who is right is the sign of high intellect of my child.
Comment: the realized capacity of thinking, judging, abstract reasoning, and conceptual understanding; the cognitive capacity.
Related words: menli, besna, morji, mucti, pensi, sanji, xanri, sevzi, xadni

io [interjection] — respect, io nai — disrespect

i ko io jersi miThis way, Sir!
i ko io nai ti klamaGet your asses over here!
Related words: sinma

ircix1(entity) is an IRC user, chats in IRC on channel x2(entity) in network x3(entity)

lo irci — IRC user.
i la tom cu irci la'o .net.#lojban.net. la'o gy.freenode.gyTom chats in IRC channel #lojban of freenode network.
Related words: jikca, kibro

iu [interjection]Aww! Mm! (love), iu nai — hatred

i da'i mi stali iuI'd love to stay.
i do iu nai na pu sidju miYou didn't help me, hate you!
i cakla iu naiI hate chocolate.
Related words: prami

ja [conjunction]and/or

i ba'a le tanxe cu barda ja tiljuI expect the box to be big or heavy (at least one of the two characteristics).
Comment: means at least one of the two (of constructs connected using ja).

ja'a [preposition of truth/falsehood]It is true that ...

i mi ja'a jimpeI do understand.

ja'a [2nd meaning] — left affirmer in conjunctions

i la alis pu ku sinma ja'a gi'e nai sidju vau miAlice did respect me but didn't help me.

ja'ai [1st meaning: interjection] — affirms attitude. Used as a modifier of interjection

i ui ja'aiYay indeed!
Comment: affirmative/negation pairs are ja'ai/nai, ja'a/na, je'a/na'e, jo'a/na'i.

ja'ai [2nd meaning: right scalar particle] — affirms prepositions, pronouns, clauses, verb words

i mi pu citka se pi'o ja'ai lo forcaI ate indeed using a fork.

ja'ai [3rd meaning] — placed after a connective affirms the part after that connective

i mi djica na gi'e ja'ai brediI don't want but I'm ready.

ja'e [preposition from jalge]resulting in ...

i pu lerci i ja'e bo mi pu bilga lo ka voltaI was late. Therefore, I had to return.
i mi pu tatpi i ja'e bo mi co'a sipnaI was so tired that I fell asleep.

ja'o [interjection]I conclude

i ja'o do merkoThen, you must be an American.
i ja'o do na nelci lo birjeSo, you don't like beer.
Comment: ja'o is applying general rules to specific cases, deduction. su'a is extrapolating general rules from specific cases, induction. su'a nai is making the most likely explanations from some cases, abduction..
Related words: nibli

jabrex1(entity) brakes or slows activity x2(clause) with mechanism or principle x3(property of x1)

i do jabre lo nu mi gunka vau lo ka ru'i tavlaYou slow my work down by your constant talk.
Related words: mosra

jadnix1(entity) is a decoration of x2(entity)

lo jadni — ornament, decoration (ornament). lo se jadni — adorned.
i lo tarci cu jadni le tsaniStars decorate the sky.
Related words: jemna, dirba, batke

jai [1st meaning] — Splits a clause into "some noun + cu jai" and "fai lo ka+the rest of the clause"

i lei ckiku cu jai nandu fai lo ka se zvafa'i i va'i lo nu zvafa'i lei ckiku cu nanduThe keys are hard to find. In other words, to find the keys is difficult.
i lo bangu cu jai nandu i lo bangu cu jai nandu fai lo ka cilre fi ce'uLanguages are difficult. Languages are difficult in learning things about them.
i ko cusku lo jai se djica be doSay what you want.
i do ro roi cusku lo jai nandu be fai lo ka jimpe fi ce'uYou always say something hard to understand.
Comment: lei ckiku cu jai nandu - not keys themselves are hard but e.g. finding them is hard. lo bangu cu jai nandu - not languages themselves can be difficult but e.g. learning things related to them is difficult like in the example.

jai [2nd meaning] — Some noun + jai + some preposition take the first place of the main verb. The old first place can be expressed with the case marker fai

i mi jai gau farvi fai pa proga i va'i pa proga gau mi farviI develop a program. In other words, with me as the agent a program develops.

jaknex1(entity) is a rocket ...

lo jakne — rocket.
i le jakne ba klama fi le terdi fe le lunraThe rocket will go from the Earth to the Moon.
Related words: cecla, danti, spoja

jalgex1(clause) is the result or outcome of x2(clause)

lo jalge — outcome of an event, result of an event.
i le snuti pu se jalge lo nu le nakni pu na jundiThe accident happened because he hadn't been careful.
i lo cizra pu jalgeThere ensued something strange.
Related words: se mukti, te zukte, se rinka, se krinu, se nibli, mulno, sumji, pilji, mekso, ja'e, ciksi

jalnax1(entity) is some starch ...

lo jalna — starch.
i ta'i ma jukpa lo rismi se pi'o nai lo jalnaHow to cook rice without starch?
Related words: patlu, samcu

jamfux1(entity) is a foot of x2(entity)

lo jamfu — foot.
i lo jamfu be mi cu lenkuMy feet are cold.
Related words: jicmu, genja, zbepi, tuple, jubme, xance, tamji

jamnax1(entity) wars against x2(entity) over territory or matter x3(proposition)

lo te jamna — reason for a war.
i la alis jo'u la meilis pu jamna zu'ai le du'u jdice le du'u ma kau traji lo ka melbi vau lo me vo'aAlice and Mei Lee were at war with each other in deciding who was prettier among them.
Comment: war (lo nu jamna) usually consists of battles (lo nu damba).
Related words: bradi, gunta, panpi, damba, darlu

janbex1(entity) is a bell or chime producing sound x2(entity)

lo janbe — bell. lo se janbe — sound of a bell.
i mi pu tirna lo janbe be lo claduI heard a loud bell ringing.
Related words: zgike, tonga, desku, slilu

jancox1(entity) is a joint attaching limbs x2(entity group) ...

lo janco — joint. lo se janco — limb with a joint.
i lo anka cu janco lo tuple jo'u lo cutneAnkle is a joint between chest and leg.
Comment: lo tornozelo is ankle, lo anka is hip.
Related words: birka, tornozelo, anka

janlix1(entity) collides with or crashes into x2(entity)

i bu'u le klaji mi co'i janli pa pendo be miI bumped into a friend of mine in the street.
Related words: darxi

jansux1(entity) is a diplomat representing polity x2(entity) in negotiation/with function x3(property of x1) ...

lo jansu — diplomat. lo te jansu — diplomatic negotiation.
i mi jansu lo gugde pe mi lo ka du lo prenu poi jdice vau fau lo nu casnu lo nu lebna lo ctileI represented my country in discussions on getting oil as a person that takes decisions.
Comment: lo krati (representative) is a more broad term.
Related words: jecta, krati

jantax1(entity) is a bill, invoice for goods or service x2(property of x3) billed to x3(entity) by x4(entity)

lo janta — bill, invoice, account (bill).
i ti jatna lo grute lo kagni pe mi lo te vecnu pe lo drata gugdeThis is a bill for the fruits issued to my company by customers from another country.
Related words: jdima, vamji, vecnu, canja, jerna, dejni, jbera

jarbux1(entity) is a suburban area of x2(entity)

lo jarbu — suburban area.
i mi se zdani lo jarbu be la londonI live in the suburbs of London.
Related words: nurma, se tcadu

jarcox1(entity) demonstrates or shows x2(property of x1) to x3(entity)

lo se jarco — demonstrated, manifested property.
i fi mi'a fa la alis cu jarco lo ka statiTo us Alice appeared to be smart.
i la kevin cu jarco lo ka gidvaKevin acts as a guide.
Related words: tigni, cipra, zgana, jvinu, lanli, mipri, simlu

jarkix1(entity) is narrow in length/width etc. x2(property of x1) ...

lo jarki — narrow.
i le dargu cu jarki lo ka se pagbu tiThe road is narrow here.
Comment: the second largest dimension. tordu, jarki and cinla specify the three dimensions of objects.
Related words: caxno, cinla, tordu, tagji, cmalu

jaspux1(entity) is a passport issued to x2(entity) by x3(entity) allowing x4(property of x2)

lo jaspu — passport, account (registry to a service), permit (document). lo se jaspu — something having a passport.
i e'o lo jaspu be doYour passport, please.
i ti jaspu mi lo jecta lo ka klama la niponThis is my passport issued by the state allowing me to go to Japan.
Related words: pikta, catni, e'ande

jatnax1(entity) is a commander or leader of x2(entity)

lo jatna — commander, leader, captain, boss.
i le jatna be lo kamni pe mi'o cu jinvi maWhat does the commander of our committee think?
Related words: jitro, lidne, te bende, minde, ralju, gidva, bloti

jau [digit/number] — hex digit D (decimal 13), thirteen

i e'u mi'o zu'ai penmi de'i li cy jauLet's meet at 1pm.

javnix1(property of x3) is a rule mandating x2(property of x3) in x3(entity)

lo javni — rule. lo se javni — prescribed by a rule. lo te javni — people to whom the rule is applied.
i mi te javni lo ka co'u tavla gi'e co'a jundiI should stop talking and start listening.
i e'u zukte lo javni be lo ka di'i retskuI suggest you follow the rule or regularly asking questions.
i ma javni lo nu pilnoWhat are the terms of usage?
Related words: flalu, ritli, marde, tcaci, tinbe, zekri

jbamax1(entity) is a bomb with explosive x2(entity)

lo jbama — bomb. lo se jbama — explosive of a bomb.
i lo jbama be lo djacu cu se pilno mi'a lo ka jai gau sisti lo nu fagriWater bombs are used by us to stop fire.
Related words: cecla, spoja

jbarix1(entity) is a berry of plant x2(entity)

lo jbari — berry.
i mi pu citka so'o jbari be lo fragariI ate several strawberries.
Related words: grute, tsiju, narge

jbenax1(entity) is born to x2(entity) ...

lo jbena — born. lo se jbena — birth giver.
i le speni be mi mo'u se jbena pa tixnuMy wife gave birth to a daughter.
Related words: fange, gutra, rorci, mamta, salci, citsi

jberax1(entity) borrows x2(entity) from x3(entity) for time x4(clause)

lo se jbera — borrowed.
i e'a pei mi jbera lo vi penbi doMay I borrow this pen from you?
i mi ba te jbera pa karce doI will lend you a car.
Related words: dejni, janta, zivle

jbinix1(entity) is between x2(group of same type as x1) in x3(property of x1)

lo jbini — something between.
i la alis cu jbini li re no jo'u li ci no lo ka jai nancaAlice is between 20 and 30 years old.
Related words: se vasru, nenri, zvati, cpana, snuji, senta, bitmu, jimte, kuspe, jibni, lamji, sruri, vanbi, midju, cmima, setca

jboprex1(entity) is a Lojbanist

lo jbopre — Lojbanist.
i ju'i lo jbopre do se zdani maHey, Lojbanist! Where do you live?
Related words: lojbo, prenu

jdarix1(entity) is firm or resistant to force x2(clause) ...

lo jdari — firm.
i lo cilmo mudri cu jdari lo ka jelcaWet wood is resistant to burning.
Related words: nandu, ralci, fapro, ranti, tinsa, toltinsa, sligu, stodi

jdicex1(entity) makes a judgement, decides that x2(proposition) is true about x3(entity)

i mi mo'u jdice le du'u sarcu fa lo nu mi'a staliI decided that we need to stay.
i xu do jdice lo ka jai se kufra vau lo zdani be doHave you decided that your home is comfortable?
i mi'a zanru lo se jdice be le kamniWe welcome the decision of the committee.
Comment: pajni is for judging matters, jdice is for actual decisions, cuxna is for deciding (choosing) on something out of options.
Related words: pajni, cuxna, manri

jdikax1(entity) decreases in x2(property of x1) by amount x3(entity)

lo jdika — decreasing.
i lo prenu pu jdika lo ka gunma vau lo ci meiPeople decreased in number by three persons.
Related words: zenba, mleca, vimcu

jdimax1(property of x3) is the price of x2(property of x3) to x3(entity) set by x4(entity)

lo jdima — price. lo se jdima — something having a price. lo ve jdima — price-maker.
i ma jdima ti fo doWhat is your price for this?
i lo rupnu be li ci cu jdima lo ka sazri lo se kelci karce vau lo verba lo ponse be lo karceThree dollars is the price of riding a toy car for children set by the owner of the car.
Comment: lo vamji is value, lo ve vecnu is for cost.
Related words: canja, friti, janta, jdini, kargu, pleji, dapma, vamji, ve vecnu, fepni, jerna, jinga, prali, rupnu, sfasa

jdinix1(entity) is money issued by x2(entity)

lo jdini — money.
i xu ti du lo pe do jdiniIs this your money?
i lo jdini be loi merko turni ba se pilno fi lo nu sidju lo pindiMoney issued by the American government will be used to help the poor.
Related words: fepni, jdima, rupnu, sicni, canja

jdulix1(entity) is some jelly of material x2(entity)

lo jduli — jelly. lo se jduli — contents of a jelly.
i lo jduli be lo vanjba se rai se nelci miI like grape jelly best.
Related words: pesxu, litki, sligu

je [conjunction]and

i do pu je ca je ba pendo miYou were, are and will be my friend.

je'a [left scalar particle]indeed ... (affirms the position on the scale)

i do je'a stati doi loi prenuYou are really smart, people.
i lei grute cu se tasta lo je'a rigniThe fruits are indeed disgusting in taste.

je'ai [left scalar particle] — asks which particle fits the place where je'ai is put: je'a, na'e, no'e or to'e

i lu do je'ai nelci lo gerku li'u lu to'e li'u"You like/dislike dogs?" "I hate them."

je'e [vocative]roger, I got your message; not at all, you are welcome (in reply to thanks), je'e naiI didn't get your message

i lu ki'e do li'u lu je'e do li'u"Thank you!" "You are welcome!"
Comment: fi'i is you are welcome for expressing hospitality.

je'i [conjunction] — question

i do ba'o je'i pu'o citkaHave you eaten yet or are you only about to eat?

je'u [interjection]truly, yes, je'u naino (false)

i je'u do stati prenuTruly, you are a smart person.
i le purdi je'u nai cu se ponse lo za'u cizra prenuThis "garden" (which is in fact not a garden) is owed by some weird people.
i xu do kansa mi'a i je'u naiAre you with us? No.
Related words: jetnu

jectax1(entity) is a polity or state governing x2(entity)

lo jecta — polity, state.
i lo nu se sazri za'u pa turni cu jecta lo vi tutraBeing controlled by more than one government is the political system of this area.
Related words: gugde, tutra, turni, natmi, jansu, lanci, cecmu

jeftux1(clause) is x2(number) weeks long ...

lo jeftu — week-long event.
i mi'o ba volta ti za lo jeftu be li reWe'll return here in two weeks.
Comment: if x2 is not used denotes one week in duration
Related words: detri, djedi, masti, nanca

jegvox1(entity) is Abrahamic (Judaic, or Christian, or Moslem) in x2(property of x1)

lo jegvo — Judaic or Christian or Moslem.
i xu do se lijda lo jegvoDo you belong to an Abrahamic religion?
Related words: lijda, muslo, dadjo, xriso

jelcax1(entity) burns ...

i le mudri cu jelcaThe wood is burning.
Comment: se fagri is preferable to jelca.
Related words: fagri, kijno, sigja, livla, sacki

jemnax1(entity) is a gem ...

lo jemna — gem.
i pa nixli pu zvafa'i pa rokci noi ba ku jai se facki fai lo ka jemnaA girl found a stone that later was turned out to be a gem.
Related words: kunra, rokci, jadni, dirba, kargu, krili, pulji

jencax1(clause) shocks or stuns x2(entity)

lo jenca — shocking event. lo se jenca — shocked.
i lo ka ka'e tsuku lo drata gugde pu jenca le fetsiIt shocked her that she could get to another country.
Related words: darxi, gunta, spaji

jendux1(entity) is an axle on which x2(entity) rotates ...

lo jendu — axle.
i le jendu be lo re xislu cu mudriThe axle of the two wheels is wooden.
Related words: se carna, gunro, tutci

jenmix1(entity) is an army serving x2(entity) in doing x3(property of x1)

lo jenmi — army.
i ti jenmi lo vi gugde lo ka vimcu be lo fagriThis is an army of firefighters of this country.
i le re ki'o sonci cu jenmi le pagbu be le gugdeThe two thousand soldiers is an army of this part of the country.
Related words: sonci, xarci

jernax1(entity) deserves, earns salary or payment x2(entity, property of x1) for work x3(property of x1)

lo jerna — deserving. lo se jerna — deserved, salary.
i do jerna lo ka se sinma vau lo ka carmi gunkaYou are worth being respected for your hard work.
i mi pu jerna lo rupnu be li pa no no lo ka lumci loi paltaI earned 100 dollars for washing the dishes.
Comment: jerna doesn't imply that one is actually paid for the work. pleji is for actual paying.
Related words: jibri, pleji, vecnu, cnemu, canja, jdima, jinga, prali, sfasa, janta, kargu, vamji

jersix1(entity) chases x2(entity)

lo jersi — chaser. lo se jersi — chased.
i loi gerku cu jersi pa lorxuDogs are in pursuit of a fox.
i e'o do jersi miPlease, follow me.
Related words: kavbu, rivbi, kalte, lidne

jesnix1(entity) is a needle ...

lo jesni — needle.
i gau mi tunta fa lo tamji be mi pa jesniI pricked my thumb with a needle.
Related words: konju, pijne, jipno, kinli

jetnux1(proposition) is true by standard x2(proposition)

lo jetnu — true.
i pa da poi prije prenu zo'u le du'u lo remna cu xendo cu jetnu lo se jinvi be daAccording to one wise person, it's true that all humans are kind.
i u'a la'e di'u se jetnu lo du'u mi draniAha, that proves that I am right.
Related words: stace, jitfa, fatci, birti, cfika

jgalux1(entity) is a claw of x2(entity)

lo jgalu — claw, nail, fingernail.
i le cipni cu se jgalu lo kinliThe bird has sharp claws.
Related words: denci, jirna, batci

jganux1(entity) is an angle from vertex x2(entity) subtended by lateral x3(entity)

lo jganu — angle. lo se jganu — vertex of an angle. lo te jganu — lateral of an angle.
i ti jganu me'o a bu lo mitre be li pi mu gi'e stero be li reThis is an angle from vertex A having the lateral of 0.5 meters and subtending two steradians.
Related words: kojna, linji, konju, mokca

jgarix1(entity) holds, clutches x2(entity) ...

lo jgari — holder. lo se jgari — held.
i le nakni mo'u co'a jgari lo stedu be la alis se pi'o lo xance be le nakniHe grasped Alice's head with his hand.
Related words: ralte, pencu, darxi, batke, rinju

jgenax1(entity) is a knot in x2(entity)

lo jgena — knot. lo se jgena — something with a knot.
i ti jgena so'i blanu skori jo'u pa xunre skoriThis is a knot of many blue ropes and one red rope.
Related words: pluja, julne, lasna, skori

jginax1(entity) is a gene of x2(entity) determining trait x3(property of x2)

lo jgina — gene.
i xo da jgina lo remna lo ka lo skapi be ce'u cu skari ma kauHow many genes in humans determine the color of skin?
Related words: cerda

jgirax1(entity) feels pride in x2(clause, property of x1)

lo jgira — proud.
i mi jgira lo nu do co'a kakne lo ka zgipli lo pipnoI am proud that you are now able to play the piano.
Related words: cinmo, cumla, sevzi, sinma, snada

jgitax1(entity) is a guitar or stringed musical instrument with plectrum or bow x2(entity)

lo jgita — guitar, stringed musical instrument. lo se jgita — bow of a guitar, bow of a stringed musical instrument.
i xu do kakne lo ka zgipli lo jgita be loi ze meiCan you play a 7-stringed guitar?
Related words: zgike

ji [conjunction] — asks for the connective (that should go into the place to which ji is put)

i do djica tu'a lo ckafi ji lo tcatiDo you want tea or coffee (make a choice)?
Related words: a, e, ji, o, u

ji'a [interjection]too, additionally

i mi ji'a je'a nelciI like it too.
i lo xagji cribe cu citka lo insekto ku ji'a saiA hungry bear will eat even insects.
i ji'a mi citka lo titlaAdditionally, I eat sweeties.
i mi citka lo titla ji'aI eat what is additionally sweet.
i mi citka lo ji'a titlaI eat sweeties among other things.
Comment: ji'a means 'additionally', si'a means 'similarly' implying that there is another salient difference.
Related words: jmina

ji'e [preposition from jimte]up to limit ..., to the degree of ..., adverb: limitedly

i mi tsali ji'e lo nu mi ka'e lafti lo pipnoI'm strong to the degree that I can lift the piano.
i la kevin cu ricfu ji'e lo nu ri ponse so'i dinjuKevin is so rich that he owns several houses.

ji'i [digit/number]approximately ... (number follows; by default the typical value in this context)

i ji'i pa no tadni ca zvati le kumfaAbout 10 students are in the room.

jibnix1(entity) is near or close to x2(entity) in x3(property of x1)

lo jibni — near.
i zo xagri zo tabra cu jibni lo ka se smuniThe terms "pipe instrument" and "horn" are close in their meanings.
Comment: See notes for simsa.
Related words: simsa, darno, nenri, vanbi, jbini, lamji, zvati, cpana, bartu, diklo, stuzi

jibrix1(property of x2) is a job of person x2(entity)

lo jibri — job. lo se jibri — employed, in a job.
i mi se jibri lo ka vecnu lo gruteI have a job as a fruit seller.
i xu do se jibri lo ka samplaDo you have the job of a programmer?
Comment: lo te jerna is work that is worth paying, lo ve pleji is work actually paid.
Related words: briju, gunka

jiclax1(entity) stirs fluid x2(entity)

i ko jicla le tcatiStir the tea.
i ko jicla le stasu co'u lo nu ri febviStir the soup until it boils.
Related words: fanza, tunta, mixre

jicmux1(proposition) is the fundamental principle, basis of x2(entity)

lo jicmu — basis, fundamental principle.
i lo logji cu jicmu la lojbanLogic is the foundation of Lojban.
i lo tcica cu jicmu ro nu jamnaTrickery is the basic of every war.
i lo nu zgana gi'e lanli cu jicmu ro saskeMonitoring and analysis is the foundation of every science.
Related words: jamfu, zbepi, genja, krasi

jijnux1(entity) intuitively knows x2(proposition) ...

lo se jijnu — intuitively known.
i mi pu jijnu le du'u le fetsi cu smusku lo jitfaI knew intuitively that she was lying.
Related words: djuno, facki, jimpe, jinvi, nabmi, pensi, sidbo, smadi

jikcax1(entity) socializes, interacts socially with x2(entity)

i ra jikca lo so'i prenu gi'e di'i gasnu lo te salciHe is a sociable person interacting with many people and regularly organizing parties.
Related words: tarti, penmi

jiknix1(entity) is the economic market, system of political body or sector x2(entity)

lo jikni — economic system.
i lo nu frili vecnu cu jikni lo vi tutraFree market is the economy of this region.
Related words: vecnu, cupra, canja, jecta

jikrux1(entity) is some liquor distilled from x2(entity)

lo jikru — strong alcoholic drink, liquor, spirits.
i mi pu pinxe lo jikru be lo mrajiI drank an alcoholic drink distilled from rye.
Related words: barja, vanju, birje, xalka

jilkax1(entity) is a quantity of alkali of metal x2

lo jilka — alkali.
i mi pu lumci lo palta se pi'o lo jilka be lo sodnaI washed dishes using soda.
Related words: sodna, bakri, sodva

jilrax1(entity) is envious or jealous of x2(entity) about x3(property of x2)

lo jilra — envious, jealous.
i mi pu jilra lo bruna be mi lo se frili poi tai ke'a tavla fa ce'u bau la lojbanI envied the ease at which my brother talked in Lojban.
Related words: cinmo

jimcax1(entity) is a branch of x2(entity)

lo jimca — branch.
i lo jimca be lo za'u vi tricu cu snime blabiBranches of these trees are snow white.
Related words: birka, rebla, tuple

jimpex1(entity) understands x2(proposition) about x3(entity)

i mi na jimpe zo'ei doI don't understand you.
i mi na jimpe lo smuni be lo se cusku be doI don't understand the meaning of said by you.
Related words: djuno, jijnu, morna, smuni, saske, viska

jimtex1(entity) is a limit or border of x2(entity) in x3(property of x1 and x2, has two places for ce'u)

lo jimte — limit. lo se jimte — something with a limit.
i ti noi mokca cu jimte mi lo ka se tsukuThis point is the limit that I can reach.
Related words: ji'e, traji, korbi, kuspe, rinju, bapli, e'ande, fanta, jbini

jincix1(entity) are shears or scissors for cutting x2(entity)

lo jinci — scissors.
i ti jinci lo peljiThese are scissors for cutting paper.
Related words: katna

jingax1(entity) wins prize x2(entity, property of x1) from competitors x3(entity) in competition x4(clause)

lo jinga — winner. lo se jinga — prize won.
i la alis pu jinga lo ralju lo drata nixli pa nu vi'i ve'u bajraAlice won the main prize gaining the victory over other girls in a long distant race.
Related words: cirko, jivna, talsa, cnemu, prali, pleji, sfasa, jdima, jerna, bradi, kargu, kelci

jinkux1(entity) is a vaccine protecting x2(entity) against x3(property of x2) introduced by method x4(property of x1)

lo jinku — vaccine. lo se jinku — vaccinated. lo te jinku — disease prevented by vaccine. lo ve jinku — method of vaccination.
i ti jinku lo remna tu'a lo vidru lo ka se setca fi lo cibluThis a vaccine for human use, it protects against viruses and is to be injected into the blood.
Related words: jinku, jurme, kanro, mikce, senci, kafke, jesni, bilma

jinmex1(entity) is a quantity of metal ...

lo jinme — metal.
i ti noi grana cu jinmeThis rod is metallic.
i lo slami cu daspo lo jinmeAcid destroys metal.
Related words: cnisa, gasta, lastu, margu, nikle, ransu, romge, sodna, tinci, tirse, tunka, zinki, kunra, sodva

jinrux1(entity) is immersed or submerged in liquid x2(entity)

lo jinru — immersed.
i le ba'o tricu pu jinru lo djacuThe stump was immersed in the water.
Related words: lumci, nenri, jinsa

jinsax1(entity) is clean of material x2(entity) ...

lo jinsa — clean.
i mi pu jai gau jinsa fai le jubme loi paltaI cleared the table of dishes.
Related words: lumci, jinru, curve, sepli

jintox1(entity) is a well or spring of fluid x2(entity) ...

lo jinto — well (of fluid), spring (of fluid). lo se jinto — fluid of a well, spring water.
i ti jinto lo jinsa djacuThis is a spring of clean water.
Related words: krasi, djacu, fenra

jinvix1(entity) has an opinion that x2(proposition) is true about x3(entity) on grounds x4(proposition)

lo jinvi — having an opinion. lo se jinvi — opinion.
i mi pu darsi lo ka tugni ra pa se jinvi be raI dared to support his opinion.
i mi jinvi lo ka na jinga vau la alis le du'u ri tatpiI think Alice won't win since she is tired.
Comment: jinvi requires some sort of evidence, real or fancied, unlike krici. For thinking (musing upon something) use pensi.
Related words: pe'i, djuno, krici, ciksi, jijnu, nabmi, pensi, senpi, sidbo, birti, pinka

jinzix1(property of x2) is an innate or natural property of x2(entity)

lo jinzi — intrinsic, innate, character (property), nature (property).
i le fetsi cu se jinzi lo ka certu lo ka zgipliShe has a natural talent for playing the music.
i do se jinzi lo ka badriYou are a boring person.
Related words: lakne, rarna, stati, ka'e, tcaci

jipcix1(entity) is a chicken of species x2(taxon)

lo jipci — chicken.
i lo jipci cu nelci lo tsijuChickens like seeds.
Related words: cipni

jipnox1(entity) is a tip or point on object x2(entity) at location x3(entity)

lo jipno — tip.
i mi pu pencu le plise se pi'o lo jipno be lo mi tanceI touched the apple with the tip of my tongue.
i lo jipno be lo nazbi be mi mo'u dunjaThe tip of my nose is frozen.
Related words: mokca, jesni, fanmo, kojna, krasi

jirnax1(entity) is a horn of body x2(entity)

lo jirna — horn.
i le mirli cu se jirna lo claniThe deer has long horns.
Related words: jgalu, bongu

jisrax1(entity) is some juice from x2(entity)

lo jisra — juice.
i bu'u ma te vecnu lo jisra be lo gruteWhere can one buy fruit juice?
Related words: pinxe, djacu, grute, stagi

jitfax1(proposition) is false by standard or epistemology x2(proposition)

lo jitfa — false.
i le du'u le nanla cu se slabu la alis cu jitfa le du'u le nanla cu kucli lo nu la alis cu mo kauIt's false that the boy is familiar with Alice since he is wondering who she is.
Related words: fatci, stace, jetnu, cfika

jitrox1(entity) has control over x2(entity) in activity x3(property of x2)

lo jitro — in control. lo se jitro — under control.
i lo jatna be mi cu jitro mi lo ka gunka tiMy boss controls me in working on this.
i loi pulji cu jitro lo sruriThe police controls the surroundings.
Comment: gidva - does not necessarily control or command.
Related words: bapli, te bende, gidva, jatna, macnu, minde, ponse, ralju, rinka, sazri, turni, vlipa, xance, xlura

jivbux1(entity) weaves x2(entity) from material x3(entity)

lo te jivbu — yarn for weaving.
i lo ankabuta cu jivbu lo julne lo se cigla be fi vo'aSpiders weave nets from secrets of their glands.
Related words: fenso, nivji

jivnax1(entity) competes with competitors x2(entity) in contest x3(clause) for the reward x4(entity)

lo jivna — competitor. lo se jivna — opponent in a competition. lo te jivna — competition. lo ve jivna — prize in a competition.
i la alis pu jivna lo drata nixli pa nu vi'i ve'u bajra vau lo ka cpacu lo jdiniAlice competed with other girls in a long distance race with a monetary prize for the winner.
Related words: cnemu, jinga, talsa, bradi, fapro, kelci

jmajix1(entity group) gather at location x2(entity) from locations x3(entity group)

lo jmaji — gatherers. lo se jmaji — location of gathering.
i lo jbopre pu jmaji pa dinju lo vrici gugdeLojbanists from various countries gathered in a house.
Related words: crepu

jmifax1(entity) is a shoal or reef ...

lo jmifa — shoal.
i pu zdile fa lo ka limna ne'a loi jmifaIt was amusing to swim near the reefs.
Related words: caxno

jminax1(entity) combines or adds x2(entity, property of x3) to x3(entity) with result x4(entity, property of x3)

i le sfofa cu jmina lo ka se kufra vau le kumfaThe sofa adds comfort to the room.
i mi ba jmina lo so'o crino spati le nanba lo pa snujiI will add some greenery to bread getting a sandwich.
Related words: zmadu, banro, sumji, zenba, setca

jmivex1(entity) is alive in that it does x2(property of x1)

lo jmive — alive, living being.
i le danlu cu jmive lo ka ruble muvduThe animal is alive since it is weakly moving.
Related words: lifri, morsi, stuzi, zvati, xabju

jo [conjunction]both or none

i ai mi te vecnu lo karce poi kargu jo cninoI'm going to buy an expensive car if and only if it is new (or not to buy any cars if they don't satisfy this condition).

jo nai [conjunction]either ... or ...

i mi tavla i jo nai do tavlaEither I talk or you talk.

jo'a [interjection] — the clause can make sense in meaning (metalinguistic affirmer)

i lu xu le prenu noi sanli ne'a tu noi dinju cu ninmu li'u lu jo'a i mi na djuno li'u"Is the person standing near that building a woman?" "Good question! I don't know! (there is a person standing near the building, the question of whether it's a woman is applicable)."
Comment: na'i is metalinguistic negation.
Related words: drani

jo'e [conjunction] — forms union of sets

i e'o doi io lo ninmu jo'e lo ctuca ko cliva le kumfaRespected women and teachers, please, leave the room.

jo'u [conjunction]in common with ..., along with ...

i do jo'u mi casnu lo za'u banguYou together with me discussed languages (not necessarily with each other but just taken as a single entity).

joi [conjunction]mixed together with ..., forming a mass ... (forms mixed mass)

i ti du lo sovda joi lo purmoThis is a mass of eggs and flour.

jornex1(entity) is joined to x2(entity) at location x3(entity)

lo jorne — tightened, connected, tied, joined, fastened.
i la alis cu jorne pa stizu pa skoriAlice is tied to a chair with a rope.
i ko jorne la'e me'o so pa paCall 911!
i mi ba jorne do ba lo nu mi cliva lo ckuleI will call you after I leave the school.
Comment: x1 and x2 form a union.
Related words: lasna, fenso, kansa, pencu, penmi

ju [conjunction]whether or not

i ei zukte i ju le nanmu cu klamaLet's do it whether or not he comes.

ju'a [interjection]I state (non-specified source of information)

i la alis cu jinvi lo du'u ju'a le nakni cu fenkiAlice has an opinion that the man is crazy, and it is so, I say.
Comment: ju'a is always assumed to be present in the main clause. Inner clauses within places are not stated with ju'a unless explicitly specified..
Related words: xusra

ju'e [conjunction] — forms two independent sentences

i mi ju'e do casnu lo za'u banguI discussed languages. You discussed languages.
Comment: mi ju'e do klama means the same as mi klama .i do klama.

ju'i [vocative]Hey! Psst! Ahem! Attention!, ju'i cu'iAt ease!, ju'i naiIgnore me! Nevermind!

i ju'i lo nixli ma cmene doHey, girl, what is your name?
i ju'i cu'i sonciAt ease, soldiers.
i mi co'a si'u nai jimpe ju'i naiI understood myself, never mind.

ju'o [interjection]I'm sure (certainty), ju'o cu'imaybe, perhaps (uncertainty), ju'o naiI have no idea! (lack of certainty)

i ju'o do pu pensi daYou must have thought of something.
i ju'o cu'i le nakni cu zukte xau le fetsiMaybe, he is doing it for her, I'm not sure.
i ju'o nai xu lo tai valsi cu se pilnoAre such words used? I have no idea!
Related words: birti, cumki

jubmex1(entity) is a table ...

lo jubme — table.
i xu da kunti jubmeIs there a free table?
Related words: ckana, jamfu, nilce, zbepi, tsina, stizu

judrix1(entity) is an address of x2(entity) in system x3(entity)

lo judri — address. lo te judri — address system.
i ma judri do lo tcaduWhat is your city address?
i ma judri do lo kibro ve mriluWhat is your e-mail address?
Related words: tcita, cmene, ciste, stuzi

jufrax1(text) is a sentence or statement about x2(entity) in language x3(entity)

lo jufra — sentence. lo se jufra — topic of a sentence. lo te jufra — language of a sentence.
i lu i lo mlatu cu pinxe li'u jufra lo danlu la lojbani lo mlatu cu pinxe is a sentence about animals in Lojban language.
Related words: valsi, bangu, gerna, cusku, smuni

jukpax1(entity) cooks or prepares food x2(entity) by recipe x3(property of x1)

lo jukpa — cook. lo se jukpa — cooked food. lo te jukpa — recipe for cooking.
i le mamta pu jukpa pa torta lo ka punji pa pu'o torta lo toknuMother cooked a cake by putting a raw "cake" in the oven.
Comment: x2 is the result of cooking, the product ready to use.
Related words: cupra, bredi

julnex1(entity) is a filter passing x2(entity) and prohibiting x3(entity) ...

lo julne — filter.
i ti julne fi lo finpeThis is a fishing net.
i tu julne lo djacu lo rismiThat is a colander that lets the water pass and retains rice.
Related words: kombitu, ciste, jgena

jundix1(entity) pays attention to x2(entity)

lo jundi — attentive. lo se jundi — object of attention.
i mi pu jundi lo nu ra pu cusku ma kauI was attentive at was he was saying.
Related words: kurji, zvati

jungox1(entity) is Chinese in x2(property of x1)

lo jungo — Chinese.
i le fetsi cu jungo lo ka tcila be lo flira be ce'uThe girl is Chinese in her face features.
Related words: xazdo

junlax1(entity) is a timer, clock measuring time units x2(entity) ...

lo junla — clock, timer, watch (timer). lo se junla — unit of time.
i ti junla lo snidu be li pi muThis clock measures seconds to the precision of 0.5 seconds.
Comment: x2 can be show the precision to which time units are measured.
Related words: cacra, mentu, snidu, tcika, temci

junperox1(entity) is a juniper (genus Juniperus) of species x2(taxon)

i mi pu jmina so'o jimca be lo junpero lo fagriI added some juniper twigs to the fire.
Comment: Some junipers are commonly called "cedars".
Related words: spati, tricu, ckunu

junrix1(entity) is earnest about x2(property of x1)

lo junri — someone serious, earnest.
i xu do junri lo ka te mukti lo ka cliva lo bu'u gugdeAre you serious in your intent to leave this country?
Related words: tilju, xalbo, badri, ritli

juntax1(entity) is the weight of x2(entity group) in field x3

lo junta — weight.
i lo gunka pe lo kensa cu se junta lo ki'ogra be li pa no no le terdiThe space worker weights 100 kilograms in the gravity of the Earth.
Related words: grake, linto, tilju, bunda

jurmex1(entity) is a bacteria or germ of species x2(taxon)

lo jurme — bacteria.
i le lanli pu pilno lo jurme lo cipraThe researcher used bacteria for tests.
Related words: vidru

jursax1(property of x2) is harsh or severe to x2(entity)

lo jursa — harsh event.
i lo ka jivna pu jursa miCompetition was fierce for me.
Related words: gunta, vlile

jutsix1(entity) is a taxon of super-taxon x2(entity) ; x1 is a species of genus x2, family x3, etc. ...

lo jutsi — taxon, species.
i mi zgana lo cinki poi jutsi ro daI watch insects of all kinds.
Comment: this verb potentially has infinite number of places.
Related words: klesi, lanzu

juxrex1(entity) is clumsy in doing x2(property of x1)

lo juxre — clumsy.
i mi pu ca'o juxre lo ka muvduI was getting clumsy in my movements.
i le fonxa pu juxre lo ka se pilnoThe phone was clumsy to use.
Related words: sluji, muvdu

jvinux1(entity) is a view of x2(entity) from viewpoint x3(entity)

lo jvinu — view. lo te jvinu — viewpoint.
i lo jvinu be lo xamsi bei lo kumfa pe mi cu banliI have a great view of the sea from my room.
Related words: catlu, kanla, viska, canko, jarco

jy [pronoun]j (letter)

Comment: prefixed with me'o is a quotation of the letter. When used alone refers to the last noun with the verb starting with this letter like jy is for the last lo jorne used.

ka [clause prefix] — turn clause into infinitive

i mi djica lo ka sipnaI want to sleep.
i la alis cu nitcu lo ka te dunda lo birjeAlice needs to be given beer.
i ta'i ku do ba cirko lo ka sinma ce'uThis way you will lose respect.
i lo ka pendo ku po'o cu tadji lo ka se pendoThe only way to have a friend is to be a friend.
Comment: x1 (property) is the property of the clause that follows. Has at least one ce'u inside being applied to a noun of the outer clause. ka without a ce'u inside is the same as ka ce'u. Used to express infinitives.

ka bu — refers to the last ka-clause used

i mi je'a djica lo ka tadni i ku'i ka bu nandu miI do want to study. But it's difficult to me.

ka'ai [preposition from kansa]with ..., with a companion ...

i mi cadzu ka'ai lo gerkuI walk with a dog.

ka'e [preposition of potential]possibly can ...

i ro da ka'e te tavlaEverything can be talked about.
Comment: not necessarily innately capable, might describe what can potentially happen to the thing described.

ka'o [digit/number]imaginary i, square root of -1

i li te'o te'a vei ka'o pi'i pai ve'o su'i pa du li noe(i × π) +1 = 0.

ka'u [interjection]I know by cultural means (myth, custom)

i ka'u so'a prenu cu xebni daWe know that most people hate something.
Related words: kulnu

kabrix1(entity) is a cup or mug containing x2(entity) ...

lo kabri — cup. lo se kabri — content of a cup.
i e'o do te cpacu lo pa kabri be lo ckafi miPlease, give me a cup of coffee.
Comment: lo kabri is normally lifted when eaten from it, lo palta is not.
Related words: palta, citka, blaci, tansi

kacmax1(entity) is a camera recording images of illumination type x2(entity) to medium x3(entity)

lo kacma — camera.
i ti kacma le tcadu pa datni centeroThis is a camera recording images of the city to a data center.
Related words: lenjo

kafkex1(entity) coughs, farts, burps x2(entity) from orifice x3(entity)

i ra pu kafke lo barda lo ganxoHe made a big fart.
Related words: bilma, senci, sputu, vamtu

kagnix1(entity) is a company, corporation chartered by authority x2(entity) for purpose x3(property of x1)

lo kagni — company, corporation, business (company). lo te kagni — business (commercial activity).
i pa kagni be lo jbopre bei lo nu kakpa lo ctile pu zvafa'i lo ctile lo loldi be lo xamsiThe Lojbanists' chartered oil drilling company discovered oil at the bed of the sea.
Related words: kansa, kamni, banxa, bende

kai [preposition from ckaji]characterizing ..., with ... having this property

i zildukse kai lo kilto be lo grakeOne kilogram was too much.
Comment: in the clause where kai is used the first unfilled place is applied to the noun that kai tags, the clause itself is the property characterizing the noun after kai; subject case tag.

kajdex1(entity) warns x2(entity) of danger x3(clause)

i loi rirni pu kajde mi'a lo ba vlile tcimaParents warned us about heavy weather.
Related words: ckape, nupre, snura, tcica, xlura

kajnax1(entity) is a shelf or counter on x2(entity) ...

lo kajna — shelf.
i mi pu punji le pelji le kajna be lo fagri stuziI put the paper on the mantel.
Related words: balni

kaknex1(entity) is capable of doing x2(property of x1) ...

lo kakne — capable, able.
i mi na kakne lo ka sipnaI can't sleep.
i lo mamta be mi ku po'o cu kakne lo ka jai bapli lo nu mi clivaOnly my mother has power to make me leave.
Comment: for e.g. "I can't wait" ka'e is more appropriate. kakne is about ability. vlipa is to be powerful enough to bring about events in other entities.
Related words: vlipa, stati, certu, gasnu, ka'e, nu'o, pu'i, djuno, zifre

kakpax1(entity) digs x2(entity) out of x3(entity) ...

lo kakpa — digger.
i la tom pu jai se bapli fai lo ka kakpa pa karce pe vo'a lo snimeTom had to dig his car out of the snow.
Related words: katna, plixa, sraku, canpa, sraku

kalcix1(entity) is excrement or feces of x2(entity)

lo kalci — excrement.
i lo kalci be lo bakni cu jai rinka lo nu lo dertu cu fertiCow dung makes soil fertile.
Related words: ganxo, pinca, vikmi, mabla, festi

kalrix1(entity) is open, giving access to place x2(entity) for object x3(entity)

lo kalri — open.
i le canko cu kalri lo nenri lo vifne vacriThe window is open letting the fresh air in.
i gau ko kalri fa le cankoOpen the window.
i ko jai gau kalri fai le cankoOpen the window.
Related words: ganlo, pagre, canko, vorme

kalsax1(entity) is a chaos, chaotic in x2(property of x1)

lo kalsa — chaos, chaotic.
i lo kumfa pe mi cu kalsa lo ka bu'u ce'u lo bukpu pe mi cu zvati ma kauMy room is a mess (in where are my clothes).
Related words: cunso, cnici

kaltex1(entity) hunts prey x2(entity) for purpose x3(property of x1)

lo kalte — hunter. lo se kalte — prey.
i lei certu pu kalte lo finpe lo ka lanli riThe researches were hunting fishes to study them.
Related words: jersi, kavbu, sisku, rivbi

kamjux1(entity) is a column ...

lo kamju — pillar.
i le pa kamju cu sarji lo korbi be le drudiThe column supports the edge of the roof.
Related words: ckana, garna, sanli, slanu

kamnix1(entity) is a committee with task x2(property of x1) ...

lo kamni — committee. lo se kamni — purpose of a committee.
i le kamni be lo ka jai gau farvi le bangu cu gunma za'u pa no prenuThere are more than 10 members in the committee for developing the language.
Related words: bende, kagni

kampux1(property of x2) is universal among x2(entity)

lo kampu — common, general, universal. lo se kampu — group with something in common.
i pa da zo'u lo ka dasni da cu kampu ro tadniWearing the same uniform is common for every student.
Related words: fadni, cafne, rirci, fadni, cnano, tcaci, lakne, cmima, simxu

kanbax1(entity) is a goat of species x2(taxon)

lo kanba — goat.
i le cirla cu se zbasu fi lo ladru be lo kanbaThe cheese is made from goat's milk.
Related words: lanme, sunla

kancux1(entity) counts the number in x2(entity) to be x3(number) by units x4(property of x2)

i mi pu kancu le prenu li pa re lo ka re meiI counted the people as 12 couples.
Related words: namcu, satci, merli

kandix1(entity) is dim, non-intense in x2(property of x1) received by observer x3(entity)

lo kandi — dim, non-intense.
i fi mi fa le valsi cu kandi lo ka se smuniTo me the word is dim in meaning.
Related words: blabi, carmi, klina, linto, manku, cermurse, vacmurse, ruble, skari, milxe, blanu, bunre, cicna, crino, grusi, narju, nukni, pelxu, xekri, xunre, zirpu

kanlax1(entity) is an eye of x2(entity)

lo kanla — eye.
i la alis cu se kanla lo barda je melbiAlice has big beautiful eyes.
Related words: jvinu, kerlo, viska, kumte

kanpex1(entity) expects x2(clause) with likelihood x3(number: from 0 to 1, by default li so'a, i.e. near 1)

i fi li so'u fa mi pu kanpe lo nu do clira voltaI didn't expect you to return early.
i lo nu mi tsuku pu na se kanpe daMy arrival wasn't expected by anyone.
Comment: expecting here may imply even undesirable events that are nevertheless expected to occur.
Related words: djica, pacna, lakne, cunso, fau, da'i

kanrox1(entity) is healthy or well in x2(property of x1)

lo kanro — healthy.
i mi kanro lo ka na cortu lo galxeI'm healthy in that my throat doesn't ache.
Related words: bilma, mikce

kansax1(entity) accompanies x2(entity) in state x3(clause)

i le gerku pe mi fe'e ro roi kansa miMy dog is everywhere with me.
i ro roi pu pluka fa lo ka kansa do lo ka gunkaIt was pleasant to work with you.
Related words: kagni, jorne, gunma, girzu, lasna

kantux1(entity) is a quantum of x2(property of x1)

lo kantu — quantum.
i mi pu xaksu re kantu be lo cacra ta'i lo ka denpa tu'a doI wasted two hours waiting for you.
i ti du lo re kantu be lo makfaHere are two pieces of magic.
Comment: selci is for masses and most objects.
Related words: selci, ratni, gradu, gusni, nejni, linji

karcex1(entity) is a car, truck, van for carrying x2(entity) ...

lo karce — car, truck, van. lo se karce — cargo of a car.
i ti karce lo festiIt's a trash truck.
i do te mukti lo ka te vecnu lo pa karce pe ma noi kagniA car of what company are you going to buy?
Comment: karce and carce are designed to be with wheels, marce isn't and is more generic.
Related words: carce, xislu, marce, sabnu

kardax1(entity) is a card ...

lo karda — card.
i xu ka'e pleji se pi'o lo dejni kardaIs it possible to pay with a credit card?
Related words: matci, tapla, plita

kargux1(entity, property of x2) is expensive to x2(entity) ...

lo kargu — expensive.
i lo ka tai litru cu kargu mi se la'u li du'eSuch trip is too expensive to me.
Related words: vamji, dirba, vajni, jdima, pleji, canja, jerna, jinga, jemna, sfasa, vecnu

karlix1(entity) is a belt or collar surrounding x2(entity) ...

lo karli — collar.
i le fetsi pu punji pa karli lo sruri be lo cinturaShe put a waist around her waist.
Related words: sruri, djine

karnix1(entity) is a newspaper, magazine with content x2(entity) ...

lo karni — journal, newspaper, magazine, press (media). lo se karni — contents of a magazine.
i mi tcidu pa karni be lo pu zi nuzbaI'm reading a magazine about recent news.
Related words: papri, pelji, tcidu

katnax1(entity) cuts x2(entity) into pieces x3(entity)

i mi pu katna le nanba lo pa no meiI cut the bread into 10 pieces.
Comment: sraku is for cutting into without division.
Related words: kakpa, sraku, plixa, dakfu, jinci, porpi, spofu, tunta, xrani, fatri, fendi, balre, dilcu

kau [interjection] — marks word as an indirect question

i mi djuno lo du'u ma kau darxi ba'e la alisI know who hit Alice (not someone else).
i mi pu na birti lo nu xo kau prenu cu zvatiI wasn't sure how many people were present.

kavbux1(entity) captures x2(entity) with trap x3(entity)

lo te kavbu — trap used for capture.
i mi pu kavbu lo ka bilma fi la zukam vau lo ka cadzu bu'u lo bartuI caught cold by walking outside.
i le nanla pu kavbu le bolci pa xanceThe boy caught the ball with one hand.
Comment: kalte is to hunt, jersi is to follow, to chase.
Related words: jersi, kalte, pinfu, sisku, se rinju

ke — starts a new group inside a construct

i ko catlu lo barda ke se kanla melbiLook at the big beauty-with-eyes.
i ko catlu lo barda se kanla melbiLook at the beauty with big eyes.
i la alis e ke la kevin a la edvard ba vitke lo nu penmiAlice and either Kevin or Eduard will visit the meeting.
i la alis e la kevin a la edvard ba vitke lo nu penmiEither Alice and Kevin or Eduard will visit the meeting.
i au do jukpa lo nanba gi'e ke lumci le kumfa gi'o nai cadzu ka'ai le gerkuI wish you cooked the bread and either cleaned the room or walked with the dog.
Related words: bo

ke'a [pronoun] — shows the head (noun) of the clause, to which this relative clause is attached

i mi pu vitke pa dinju poi bu'u ke'a mi'a se zdani ze'a lo nanca be li so'oI visited a house where we lived for several years.

ke'e [terminator] — ends a construct started with: ke

ke'o [vocative]Eh? Please repeat!, ke'o naiI heard you. No need to repeat

i ke'o do mi pu na tirnaEh? What did you say? I didn't hear.
i ke'o nai do mi co'i te benji ro daAll right, no need to repeat, I got everything.

ke'u [interjection]I repeat, as I already said, ke'u naifurthermore, what is more (continuing)

i ke'u mi na tugni doI repeat, I don't agree with you.
i ke'u nai mi se zdani na ku lo tcaduFurthermore, I live not in a city.
Related words: basna, krefu, rapli

kectix1(entity) feels sorry for x2(entity) about x3(proposition)

i mi kecti do le nu do fliba lo ka jingaI feel sorry for you that you failed to win.
Related words: cinmo, xendo

kei [terminator] — ends a construct started with: nu

kelcix1(entity) plays game x2(entity)

lo kelci — player. lo se kelci — game (played).
i xu do kelci la fudbolDo you play soccer?
Related words: keltci, jivna, jinga, zdile

keltcix1(entity) ia a toy played by x2(entity)

lo keltci — player. lo se keltci — game (played).
i pa nixli ca'o zukte lo ka se keltci lo bambola pe vo'aA girl is playing with her doll.
Comment: use kelci for playing games, of which keltci may be a component.
Related words: kelci, bambola, verba, zdile, jivna, jinga

kelvox1(entity) is x2(number) degrees Kelvin ...

i lo vacri ca kelvo li ji'i re ze ciIt's around 273 degrees Kelvin (0 degrees Celsius).
Comment: temperature in Kelvin is temperature in Celsius + 273 (approximately). Temperature in Celsius is temperature in Kelvin - 273 (approximately).
Related words: gradu, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, centi

kenrax1(entity) is a cancer disease in x2(entity)

lo kenra — cancer.
i lo kenra be lo tatru ka'e mo'u te mikceBreast cancer can be cured.
Related words: bilma, mikce, spita

kensax1(entity) is outer space near x2(entity)

lo kensa — outer space.
i so'i mluni cu vofli bu'u lo kensa be le terdiThere are many satellites flying in outer space near the Earth.
Related words: canlu, munje, terdi, tsani

kerfax1(entity) is the hair of x2(entity) ...

lo kerfa — hair, fur.
i lo kerfa be mi cu claniMy hair is long.
Related words: skapi, sunla, pimlu

kerlox1(entity) is an ear of x2(entity)

lo kerlo — ear.
i doi lo gerku ko na pencu lo kerlo be miDog, don't touch my ears!
Related words: kanla, savru, smaji, tirna, ractu

kernelox1(entity) is a kernel, nucleus, 'nut' of x2(entity) ; x1 is central

lo kernelo — kernel, nucleus.
i lo kernelo be le terdi cu glareThe core of the Earth is hot.
Comment: lo midju is center point, lo centero is central subset (of a set or territory), lo kernelo is core.

ketcox1(entity) is South American in x2(property of x1)

lo ketco — South American.
i ti'e le fetsi cu klama fi pa ketco gugde ku i'u cu'iThey say she is from some South American country.
Related words: brazo, spano

kevnax1(entity) is a cavity or hole in x2(entity)

lo kevna — cavity, hole.
i da kevna le drudiThere is a hole in the roof.
Related words: fenra, kunti, canlu, canko, galxe, tubnu

ki [preposition] — sets the default tense. As a preposition sets the viewpoint in time-space

i le dinju cu darno ki miThe house is far from me.

ki'a [interjection question]Huh? (confusion about something said), ki'a naiI understand (understanding about something said)

i lu mi pu te vecnu pa granate li'u lu granate ki'a li'u"I bought granate." "Huh, granate?"
i lu sa'u le verba cu mutce lo ka tatpi li'u lu ki'a nai li'u"The child is just very tired." "I understand."
Related words: cfipu, kucli

ki'ai [vocative] — makes a nonce (for this case) interjection out of the following sumti or selbri

i ki'ai salamSalam!

ki'e [vocative]Thank you! Thanks!, ki'e cu'iNo thanks to you, ki'e nai — resentment

i ki'e sai doThank you very much!
i do pu mutce sidju mi ki'e sai doYou helped me a lot, thank you very much!
i mi si'u nai mo'u zvafa'i ki'e cu'i la alisI found myself, no thanks to you, Alice.
i mi pu tsuku ca le se tcika ki'e cu'i doI arrived on time, no thanks to you.
i mi jai lerci ki'e nai la kevinI was late, and that's because of you, bastard Kevin.

ki'o [digit/number] — number comma; shows groups of 3 digits each in decimal number

i pa ki'o mu no no prenu cu tadni ti noi ckuleOne thousand and five hundred (1,500) people study in this school.

ki'ograx1(entity) is x2(number) kilograms in weight

i lei plise cu ki'ogra li reThe apples are 2 kilograms in weight.
Related words: kilto, grake

ki'otrex1(entity) is x2(number) kilometers in x3(property of x1)

i ti noi dargu cu ki'otre li pa lo ka claniThis box is one kilometer in length.
Related words: kilto, mitre

ki'u [preposition from krinu]because of reason ..., adverb: justifiably

i mi na ka'e tavla do i ki'u bo mi zvati le brijuI can't talk to you since I'm in the office.

kibrox1(entity) pertains to the internet in x2(property of x1)

lo kibro — internet.
i pa pendo be mi cu finti pa karni poi kibro lo ka se benji fu ma kauA friend of mine is an author of a magazine that is delivered via the internet.
Related words: skami, se tcana, jikca

kicnex1(entity) is a cushion ...

lo kicne — cushion.
i ko jgari lo kicne gi'e sipnaTake a cushion and go to sleep.
Related words: ckana, matci

kijnox1(entity) is some oxygen

lo kijno — oxygen.
i lo kijno joi lo cidro cu se gunma lo djacuOxygen and hydrogen make water.
Related words: jelca, vacri, vasxu

kiltox1(entity) is a thousand of x2(same type as x1) in x3(property of x1)

lo kilto — 1000.
i le xamsi cu kilto be lo mitre lo ka condiThe sea is 1'000 meters deep.
Related words: centi

kinlix1(entity) is sharp at location x2(entity)

lo kinli — sharp.
i le balre cu kinli lo jipnoThe tip of the blade is sharp.
Related words: balre, dakfu, jesni

klajix1(entity) is a street or alley at x2(entity) allowing access to x3(entity)

lo klaji — street, avenue, alley.
i ti ralju klaji le tcadu lo vrici zarciThis is the main street of the city giving access to various shops.
Related words: panka, pluta, dargu, naxle

klakux1(entity) weeps or cries tears x2(entity) ...

lo se klaku — tear wept.
i ra pu klaku lo bardaShe cried large tears.
Related words: badri, krixa

klamax1(entity) goes to x2(entity) from x3(entity) via the route x4(entity) using means x5(entity)

lo klama — passenger, goer, rider. lo se klama — destination of a ride. lo te klama — origin of a ride. lo ve klama — route, track. lo xe klama — vehicle.
i xu do klama fi la niponAre you from Japan?
i le dargu cu se kruca lo pu ve klama be lo ractuThe road crossed what was the rabbit's track.
i mi'a pu klama fu pa bloti fo pa lalxu fi le zdani fe pa dapluWe sailed on the boat along the lake from the home to an island.
i mi pu klama fi la nipon fu lo vinjiI flew from Japan.
i xu do pu klama fu lo aftobuso fe la parisDid you ride the bus to Paris?
i le nakni pu klama lo nenriHe came in.
Comment: if the destination is away from the speaker, klama means to go; if the destination is near the speaker, klama means to come
Related words: cadzu, bajra, marce, vofli, litru, muvdu, cpare, se ka'a, te ka'a, pluta, bevri, farlu, limna, vitke

klanix1(entity) is measured by x2(number) on x3(property of x1 with kau)

lo se klani — amount, quantity, level (degree or amount).
i le pa mlatu cu klani li pi mu lo ka mitre ma kau lo ka claniThe cat is measured 0.5 meters in length.
i lei mlatu cu klani li ci lo ka gunma ma kau i je va'i le mlatu cu vo meiThe mass of the cats is measured as having 4 units, in other words, there are 4 cats.
Comment: to specify the number of object loi is usually used in x1 of klani. To specify size fill x3 of klani.
Related words: pa, namcu

klesix1(entity) is a type, kind, class of x2(same type as x1) defined by x3(property of x1)

lo klesi — subset, type, kind, class.
i mi cmima lo klesi be lo se zdani bei lo ka vecnuI belong to the merchant class of inhabitants.
i do na klesi lei se nelci be miYou are not my type.
i ti drata klesi lo notciThis is another type of message.
Related words: me, cmima, jutsi, ciste, girzu, lanzu, vrici

klina — the medium x1(entity) is transparent, clear, penetratable to signal x2(entity)

lo klina — clear, penetrable, transparent.
i lo vacri pu klina lo darno voksaThe air was clean to pass a distant voice.
i le nanla pu klina lo ka te smuni ma kauThe boy was pretty clear in what he meant.
Comment: lo na zunti is unhindered.
Related words: kandi, zunti

klirux1(entity) is a quantity of halogen ...

lo kliru — halogen.
i la iodi'um cu kliruIodine is a halogen.
Related words: xukmi

klitix1(entity) is some clay ...

lo kliti — clay.
i xu do mo'u zbasu le kabri lo ranti klitiHave you worked the cup out of soft clay?
Related words: dertu, pesxu, staku

kluzax1(entity) is loose, bloused on x2(entity) in x3(property of x1)

lo kluza — loose.
i le creka pu kluza mi lo ka se pagbu lo tubnuThe shirt was loose on me in sleeves.
Related words: tagji, trati, rinju

ko [pronoun]you !, make it true so that you ... (imperative 'you')

i ko kurji koTake care of yourself.
i ko sistiStop it!
i kukte koEnjoy your meal.
i ko dasni lo taxfuGet dressed.
Comment: doesn't necessarily imply a command. Can be used for mild requests too.

ko'a [pronoun] — 1st pronoun for assignments. Specified by adding goi

i ko'a e ko'e e ko'i e ko'o e ko'u prenu i je ko'a fa'u ko'e nelci ko'e fa'u ko'i i je ko'o fa'u ko'u na nelci ko'a fa'u ko'e i je se ni'i bo ko'e se nelci maLet ko'a, ko'e, ko'i, ko'o and ko'u be people. Now ko'a and ko'e like ko'e and ko'i respectively, and ko'o and ko'u don't like ko'a and ko'e, respectively. Thus, ko'e is liked by whom?

ko'e [pronoun] — 2nd pronoun for assignments. Specified by adding goi

Related words: ko'a

ko'i [pronoun] — 3rd pronoun for assignments. Specified by adding goi

Related words: ko'a

ko'o [pronoun] — 4th pronoun for assignments. Specified by adding goi

Related words: ko'a

ko'oi [interjection] — imperative

i do o nai ko'oi mi co'a morsiEither you or I die!
i ko'oi mi'o klamaLet's go!
i le prenu ku ko'oi citka le gruteLet him eat the fruit!
i lo ko'oi se platu be do cu te snadaLet your plan be successful!
Comment: hortative. ko is a short form of do ko'oi. ko'oi is a broader term than e'o, e'u, e'a, e'e, e'i.
Related words: minde, cpedu, e'ande, pacna, stidi, djica, bilga

ko'u [pronoun] — 5th pronoun for assignments. Specified by adding goi

Related words: ko'a

koblix1(entity) is a cabbage of species x2(taxon)

lo kobli — cabbage, lettuce.
i mi pu citka lo kobli stasuI ate a cabbage soup.
Related words: stagi

kojnax1(entity) is a corner in x2(entity) ...

lo kojna — corner.
i le baktu cu jibni pa kojna be le kumfaThe bucket is in a corner of the room.
Related words: jipno, konju, bliku, fanmo, jganu, krasi

koksox1(entity) is a coconut of variety/cultivar x2(taxon)

lo kokso — coconut.
i xu do kakne lo ka jai gau porpi fai lo koksoCan you crack the coconut?
Related words: grute

kolmex1(entity) is a quantity of coal ...

lo kolme — coal.
i lo kolme ca'o jelcaCoal is burning.
i mi mo'u xaksu le kolmeI've used up the coal.
Related words: tabno, tarla

kombitux1(entity) is a comb for doing x2(clause) with teeth, needles x3(entity)

lo kombitu — comb. lo te kombitu — tooth of a comb, needle of a comb.
i ti kombitu lo nu jai gau cnici fai lo kerfa vau lo cinlaThis is a comb with thin teeth for putting hair in order.
Related words: kerfa, forca

konjux1(entity) is a cone with base x2(entity) and vertex x3(entity)

lo konju — cone. lo se konju — base of a cone. lo te konju — vertex of a cone.
i lo tarci jadni cu te konju fi le tricuThe star is the tip of the tree.
Related words: jesni, djine, sovda, kojna, jganu

korbix1(entity) is an edge or border between x2(entity group) ...

lo korbi — edge. lo se korbi — something with an edge.
i ti korbi lo re rirxeThis is the border between the two rivers.
Related words: greku, mlana, jimte, ctebi, bartu

korcux1(entity) is bent or crooked

lo korcu — bent.
i loi cidni be la alis mo'u korcuAlice's knees buckled.
i le jukpa pu korcu ga'u lo fagriThe cook leaned over the fire.
Related words: cinje, polje, sarlu, sirji, bargu, genxu

korkax1(entity) is some cork from tree x2(entity)

lo korka — cork.
i lo korka be lo cindu cu rotsuThe cork of oak trees is thick.
Related words: tricu, calku, skapi, stagi

korvox1(entity) is a crow of species x2(taxon)

lo korvo — crow, raven.
i le korvo cu xekri du'i lo ka kolmeThe raven is black as coal.
Related words: cipni, xekri

kostax1(entity) is a jacket or sweater ...

lo kosta — jacket.
i ko co'a dasni le kostaPut the coat on.
Related words: pastu, sunla, taxfu

kralix1(property of x2) is a legal/moral right of x2(entity) in legal system x3(entity)

lo krali — legal right, moral right.
i lo prenu poi nanca li su'o po'o pa bi cu se krali lo ka co'a speni vau lo jecta be lo vi gugdePeople of not less than 18 years only have a right to marry under the polity of this country.
Related words: flalu, zifre, pikta, zekri

kramux1(entity) is x2(number) area units in standard x3(property of x1) ...

i lo vi foldi cu kramu li re ki'o lo ka mitreThis field is 2000 square meters.
Related words: rupnu, fepni, dekpu, gutci, minli, merli, bunda

krasix1(entity) is the beginning, the initial stage, first part of x2(entity)

lo krasi — beginning (first part) of an event.
i lo nu zgipli cu krasi le se tigniPlaying music is the initial part of the performance.
i pa jinto cu krasi ti noi rirxeA well is the beginning of this river.
i ma krasi doWhat is your origin?
Related words: cfari, sisti, fanmo, mulno, denpa, jipno, traji, ra'i, sabji, jinto

kratix1(entity) represents x2(entity) in function x3(property of x1)

lo krati — representative.
i pa krati be lo turni bei lo ka ckini fi lo gubni co'a tavla lei se natmiA representative of the governor in public relations started talking to the nation.
Related words: jansu, catni, vipsi, pulji

krefux1(clause) is a recurrence of x2(clause) happening for the x3(number) -th time

lo krefu — recurrence, occurrence, case (recurrence). lo te krefu — number of recurrences.
i lo na te snada cu krefu lу nu troci vau li ciThe attempt ended in a failure for the third time.
Related words: fukpi, rapli, cafne, fasnu, volta

kricix1(entity) believes x2(proposition) is true about x3(entity)

lo krici — believer. lo se krici — belief (fact in which one believes).
i mi pu krici lo ka volta vau doI believed that you would return.
Comment: believing doesn't require evidence or proof. For expressing opinions use jinvi.
Related words: jinvi, djuno, censa, cevni, lijda, makfa, malsi, senpi, birti

krilix1(entity) is quantity of crystal of material x2(entity) ...

lo krili — crystal.
i ti du lo za'u krili be lo silnaThese are the crystals of salt.
Related words: jemna, bisli

krinux1(clause) is a reason for x2(clause)

lo krinu — justification, reason. lo se krinu — event justified.
i ma krinu lo nu do jai lerciWhat is the reason for your lateness?
Related words: ciksi, rinka, nibli, mukti, se jalge, te zukte, ki'u, bapli

krixax1(entity) yells or cries out x2(sound, text)

i ra pu krixa zo sidjuHe cried, "Help!"
Related words: klaku, bacru

krokodilox1(entity) is a crocodile of breed x2(taxon)

lo krokodilo — crocodile, animal of family Crocodylidae.
i lo krokodilo cu zvati maWhere are the crocodiles?
Related words: respa

krucax1(entity) intersects x2(entity) at location x3(entity)

lo te kruca — point of an intersection.
i ko carna fi lo zunle bu'u lo te krucaTurn left at the crossroad.
i mi pu denpa bu'u lo te kruca be lo ralju dargu bei lo dertu darguI was waiting at the place where the main road was intersected by a dirt road.
Related words: cripu, ragve

krujix1(entity) is some cream ...

lo kruji — cream.
i au pei bisli krujiWould you like ice cream?
Related words: ladru, matne

krumamix1(entity) has the umami taste to x2(entity)

lo krumami — having umami taste.
i le stasu be lo jipci cu krumami miThe chicken soup tastes umami to me.
Related words: titla, slari, kurki, silna

ku [terminator] — ends a construct started with: la, lai, le, lei, lo, le'e, lo'e, loi

ku [2nd meaning] — shows the end of an adverb

Comment: adverb is formed with one or more prepositions without arguments and a ku at the end, e.g. na ku, ba zi ku.

ku'a [conjunction] — forms intersection of sets

i e'o doi lo ninmu ku'a lo ctuca do klama lo nenriThose who are women and teachers, please, enter.

ku'i [interjection]however, although, contrarily, but, in contrast, ku'i naiin line

i ku'i mi na ralte su'o jdiniHowever, I don't have money.
i le fetsi pu ku tatpi gi'e ku'i nai co'a sipnaShe was tired and in line with that she fell asleep.
Comment: English 'but' is also a conjunction and this corresponds more to je ku'i / gi'je ku'i / e ku'i. ku'i nai is used to draw conclusions in accordance with those statements which were said previously.
Related words: frica, dukti, na panra

ku'o [terminator] — ends a construct started with: noi, poi, voi

kublix1(entity) is a cube ...

lo kubli — cube.
i mi pu punji lo kubli bisli le te runtaI put ice cubes into the drink.
Related words: kurfa, bliku, tanbo, tapla, tarmi

kuclix1(entity) is curious about x2(clause)

lo kucli — curious. lo se kucli — subject of curiosity.
i mi kucli lo nu tu noi ninmu cu zukte maI'm curious what is that woman doing?
Related words: marvele, sisku, se cinri

kufrax1(entity) is comfortable with x2(property of x1)

lo kufra — comfortable.
i mi kufra lo ka vreta bu'u lo jbini be re kicneI feel comfortable lying between the two pillows.
Related words: cinmo

kuktex1(entity) is tasty or delicious to x2(object)

lo kukte — tasty.
i lo vi badna cu kukte miFor me this banana is sweet.
i ko se kukteBon appetite!
Related words: gusta, ralci, vrusi, cpina

kulnux1(property of x2) is culture of x2(entity)

lo kulnu — culture.
i lo ka citka lo insekto cu kulnu so'e remnaEating insects is the culture of most of humans.
Comment: x1 are customs, ideas, arts, skills.
Related words: ka'u, natmi, cecmu

kumfax1(entity) is a room in x2(entity) ...

lo kumfa — room.
i lo vi kumfa be lo xotli cu bardaThis hotel room is large.
Related words: bitmu, canlu, zdani

kumtex1(entity) is a camel or llama of species x2(taxon)

lo kumte — camel, llama.
i lo gidva be mi'a cu kakne lo ka sazri lo kumteOur guide can ride a camel.
Related words: sunla, kanla, xirma, xasli

kunrax1(entity) is an ore containing material x2(entity) mined from x3(entity)

lo kunra — mineral.
i ti kunra lo tirse lo cmanaThis is an iron containing ore mined from mountains.
Related words: jinme, bisli, rokci, jemna

kuntix1(entity) is empty of material x2(entity)

lo kunti — empty.
i le kabri cu kuntiThe glass is empty.
Related words: culno, tisna, claxu, canlu, kevna, setca

kurfax1(entity) is a rectangle defined by vertices x2(entity group) ...

lo kurfa — rectangle.
i loi sonci pu kurfa lo vo mitre be li muSoldiers formed together a rectangle 5 meters in each side.
Related words: bliku, kubli, tapla, salpo, tarmi

kurjix1(entity) takes care of x2(entity)

lo kurji — caretaker.
i ei kurji lo bilmaWe should take care of the patient.
Related words: jundi, cinri, prami, raktu, zgana

kurkix1(entity) is bitter, acrid to x2(entity)

lo kurki — bitter (taste).
i le birje cu kurkiThe beer is bitter.
Related words: titla, slari

kuspex1(entity) extends or reaches over range x2(entity) ; x1 has scope over x2

lo kuspe — having scope. lo se kuspe — scope.
i lu na ku mi nelci li'u zo'u lo mulno brisni poi du lu mi nelci li'u cu se kuspe lu na ku li'uAs for i naku mi nelci the whole clause mi nelci is in the scope of naku.
i mi na kakne lo ka kuspe tu noi forcaI can't get that fork.
Related words: ranji, renvi, tcena, bancu, cripu, ragve, vorme, canko, bitmu, sirji, jbini, jimte, preja

kusrux1(entity) is cruel to victim x2(entity) in actions x3(property of x1)

lo kusru — cruel action. lo se kusru — victim of cruelty.
i ko na kusru miDon't be cruel to me.
i lei rirni pu kusru mi lo ka na e'ande mi lo ka kelci bu'u lo bartuThe parents were cruel to me in not allowing playing outside.
Related words: xendo, jursa

ky [pronoun]k (letter)

Comment: prefixed with me'o is a quotation of the letter. When used alone refers to the last noun with the verb starting with this letter like ky is for the last lo kosta used.

la [lo gadri] — turn verb into name (sumti)

i la alis ba vitke la parisAlice will visit Paris.
i zo bruna cmene la kevin pa pendo be miBrother is how friends call Kevin.
Comment: the one that I call .... Creates personal name from verbs or cmevla. If used before a verb dissociates the meaning of that verb and makes a name. la rozgu can be translated as Rose (personal name), le rozgu as the rose (flower)..

la'a [interjection]probably, la'a naiimprobably

i la'a ti traji lo ka misnoProbably, this is the most popular one.
i la'a ru'e la'e do'i cu ve ciksiProbably, it's the explanation.
i la'a nai ka'e ku gau la kevin la alis co'a birtiIt's improbable that Kevin can convince Alice.
i la'a le nakni ba zi mo'u zukteHe ought to finish soon.
Related words: lakne

la'ewhat can be referred to by ... (noun follows)

i do jo'u mi pu casnu da i la'e di'u pu cacra li ji'i paThere was something you and I discussed. And that lasted for approximately an hour.
i la'e zo alis cu cinri cukta"Alice" is an interesting book.
Comment: la'e [noun] is the same as lo se sinxa be [noun].

la'o — turn foreign text into noun that is a name

i la'o gy.The wild bears.gy. jai cinri skina"The wild bears" is an interesting movie.
Comment: quotes a text that can be not Lojbanic. The quotation is to be wrapped with pauses from both sides and with an additional Lojbanic word around them from both sides (this word must not be used within the text quoted). Usually the separating words is the name of the first letter of the language of the quotation.
Related words: zoi, la'o, zo, lu ... li'u, lo'e, lo'u, mu'oi

labnox1(entity) is a wolf of species x2(taxon)

lo labno — wolf.
i mi pu tirna lo nu lo labno cu cmoniI heard wolfs howling.
Related words: gerku

labyxu'ex1(entity) is pink, of rose color

lo labyxu'e — pink, rose (of color).
i lo va nixli pe lo labyxu'e cu moWho is that girl in pink?
Related words: xunre, blabi

lacpux1(entity) pulls or drags x2(entity) ...

lo se lacpu — something pulled, something dragged.
i la alis pu lacpu la kevin re'o lo kerfaAlice dragged Kevin upstairs by the hair.
Related words: catke, sakci, cokcu

lacrix1(entity) relies, counts on, trusts x2(entity) to bring about, ensure, maintain state x3(property of x1 with kau)

i mi lacri do lo ka ma kau sidjuI rely on you to help me.
i mi xebni lo ka lacri lo karce pe mi lo ka klama lo jai se djica be mi fu ma kauI hate having to rely on my car to get where I want.
Related words: minde, nitcu, tinbe

ladrux1(entity) is some milk from x2(entity)

lo ladru — milk.
i e'o do sabji lo pa kabri be lo ladru miPlease give me a glass of milk.
i le nixli ca'o di'i pinxe lo ladru poi se cupra lo mamta be vo'aThe girl still regularly her mother's milk.
Related words: lanbi, mabru, tatru, cirla, kruji

laftix1(entity) lifts x2(entity) ...

lo se lafti — something lifted.
i xu do kakne lo ka lafti le rokciCan you lift the stone?
Related words: farlu, plipe

lai [lo gadri] — turn verb into name (sumti) denoting a mass

i lai djonson pu se zdani tiThe Johnsons lived here.
Comment: the mass of those that are called ... Creates personal name that denote a mass.

laknex1(clause) is probable, likely ...

lo lakne — probable.
i lakne fa lo nu ba carviI will probably rain.
i le nabmi cu jai lakne fai lo ka na nanduThe problem is probably not hard.
Related words: cumki, jinzi, kampu, tcaci, cunso, cafne, fadni, cnano

laksex1(entity) is some wax ...

lo lakse — wax.
i lo bifce cu cupra lo lakseBees produce wax.
Related words: bifce, ranti, bidju

laldox1(entity) is old/aged in that it has x2(property of x1)

lo laldo — old, aged.
i ti noi kosta cu laldo lo ka ze'a ma kau se dasniThis jacket is old in how long it has been worn.
Related words: citno, slabu

lalxux1(entity) is a lake at site x2(entity)

lo lalxu — lake, pool. lo se lalxu — place with a lake.
i ai mi vitke lo lalxu be le pankaI'm going to visit a lake in the park.
Related words: daplu, djacu, rirxe, xamsi, zbani

lamjix1(entity) is adjacent, next to x2(entity) in x3(property of x1 and x2) in direction x4(property of x1 and x2, has two places for ce'u)

lo lamji — immediate (adjacent).
i lo zdani be la alis cu lamji lo ckule lo ka stuzi vau lo ka ce'u ce'u stici vo'aAlice's home is adjacent to the school in where it is located and it is to the east of the school.
Related words: zvati, cpana, jibni, diklo, stuzi, bartu, jbini

lanbix1(entity) is a quantity of protein ...

lo lanbi — protein.
i lo nanba cu vasru lo so'i lanbiBread contains a lot of protein.
Related words: ladru, sovda

lancix1(entity) is a flag or banner symbolizing x2(entity) ...

lo lanci — flag, banner.
i ti lanci la lojbanThis is the flag of Lojban.
Related words: gugde, jecta

lankax1(entity) is a basket containing x2(entity) ...

lo lanka — basket. lo se lanka — contents of a basket.
i ko jgari lo lanka be lo fragariTake a basket with strawberries.
Related words: vasru, baktu

lanlix1(entity) analyzes x2(entity) by method x3(property of x1)

lo lanli — analyst. lo se lanli — something analysed. lo te lanli — method of analysis.
i le mikce cu lanli lo bilma lo ka tirna lo fepriThe doctor examines the patient by listening to the lungs.
Related words: cipra, catlu, zgana, jarco, pensi, pinka

lanmex1(entity) is a sheep of species x2(taxon) ...

lo lanme — sheep.
i ti noi cirla cu se zbasu fi lo ladru be lo lanmeThis cheese is made from sheep's milk.
Related words: kanba, sunla

lantex1(entity) is a can for x2(entity) ...

lo lante — can, pre-sealed container. lo se lante — something canned.
i ti lante lo festiIt's a can for waste.
Related words: botpi, baktu, tinci

lanxex1(entity group) is in balance under forces x2(entity)

lo lanxe — balanced.
i lo nu mi gunka jo'u lo nu mi surla cu lanxe lo se zukte be miI keep my work and my leisure time in balance.
Related words: fapro, midju, nutli

lanzux1(entity) is a family with member x2(entity) who is tied to it by bond x3(relation between members of x2, contains two places for ce'u)

lo lanzu — family. lo se lanzu — family member.
i ti lanzu lo citno lo ka ce'u ce'u pramiThis is a family of young people bound by mutual love.
Related words: natmi, cmima, girzu, jutsi, klesi

larcux1(property of nonce place) is an art, creative application of skill x2(proposition)

lo larcu — art. lo se larcu — craft.
i za'a do certu lo larcu be lo ka finti lo melbi se sangaI can see, you are an expert in creating beautiful songs.
i lo ka prami cu larcuLove is an art.
Related words: finti, zbasu, stati

lasnax1(entity) fastens or binds x2(entity) to x3(entity) with x4(entity)

lo lasna — fastener. lo se lasna — fastened.
i le prenu pu lasna la kevin pa kamju pa skoriThe person tied Kevin to a pillar with a rope.
Related words: jorne, fenso, jgena, batke, dinko, kansa

lastux1(entity) is a quantity of brass ...

lo lastu — brass.
i lo lastu cu mixre lo tunka joi lo zinkiBrass is an alloy of copper and zinc.
Comment: lo lastu is an alloy made of copper and zinc.
Related words: jinme, ransu, tunka

latnax1(entity) is a lotus of species x2(taxon) ...

lo latna — lotus.
i le latna co'a me lo xrula poi se panci lo plukaThe lotus turns into a flower with a pleasant scent.
Related words: budjo, censa, lijda, spati

laznix1(entity) is lazy concerning action x2(property of x1)

lo lazni — lazy. lo se lazni — action lazily avoided.
i mi lazni lo ka catlu le matraI am lazy to look at the engine.
Related words: nejni, vreta, gunka

le [lo gadri] — turn verb into noun: those that I describe as being or doing ...

i mi pu viska pa fetsi i le fetsi cu melbiI saw a female. She is pretty.
Comment: similar to English the. Often corresponds to English '-er' like in 'singer', 'player'. If I use le zarci I mean the things I describe as markets. Number after le is used to specify the number of such described things. le pa fetsi is similar to she, le nakni to he, le za'u mei to they. .

le'ai [terminator] — ends a construct started with: lo'ai, sa'ai

le'e [lo gadri] — turn verb into noun denoting a typical thing previously mentioned

i lo'e cipni cu kakne lo ka vofli i mi tadni le'e cipniTypical birds can fly. And I study such birds.
Comment: the typical one that does or is ... (previously defined).
Related words: le, lo, lo'e

le'o [interjection]Grr! (aggression), le'o cu'i — expressing passive (non-agressive) emotion, le'o nai — expressing defensive emotion

i le'o ro ko tinbe fi miEverybody follow my orders!
i le'o cu'i sa'u mi pu retsku zo'ei lo nu do se la'u li xo kau kanroHey, I just asked you about your health.
i le'o nai mi jimpe lo du'u ei mi zutse tiOkay, okay, I understand that I have to sit here.
Related words: gunta, bandu

le'u [terminator] — ends a construct started with: lo'u

lebnax1(entity) takes or seizes x2(entity, property of x3) from x3(entity)

lo se lebna — something taken.
i le za'u mei pu lebna fi mi fe lo ka se krali lo ka ponse le karceThey took my rights on owning the car.
i mi pu lebna pa titla le tanxe ca lo nu lo drata na jundiI took a candy from the box when other weren't attentive.
Comment: lebna implies possession taken, cpacu doesn't imply previous possession, vimcu doesn't imply acquiring possession.
Related words: punji, cpacu, vimcu, canci, cliva

lei [lo gadri] — turn verb into noun denoting a mass previously mentioned

i mi pu zgana loi prenu gi'e ba co'a sanli i ba bo mi pu muvdu fa'a lei prenuI noticed a crowd and stood up. After that, I moved into the direction of the crowd.
Comment: the ..., the mass of those that are ... (previously mentioned).

lenjox1(entity) is a lens focusing rays x2(entity) to the focus x3(entity) ...

lo lenjo — lens. lo se lenjo — rays focused by a lens. lo te lenjo — focus of a lens.
i ti lenjo lo gusni lo darnoThis lens focusing light has a long focal length.
i mi co'a dasni loi lenjo te zu'e lo ka sfubuI put on goggles in order to dive.
i ko bevri fi mi fe loi lenjo pe miBring me my glasses.
Comment: x2 is usually light. Light from the original object comes through x1 in the form of x2 onto x3.
Related words: kacma, minra

lenkux1(entity) is cold ...

lo lenku — cold.
i lo vacri cu zenba lo ka lenkuIt's getting cold.
i le jisra pe ne'i le lenku minji pu xlaliThe juice in the fridge was no good.
Related words: glare, bisli

lercix1(clause) is late by standard x2(proposition)

lo lerci — late event.
i lo nu mi volta lo zdani cu lerci lo se jinvi be lo mamta be miAccording to my mother, I returned home late.
Related words: clira

lerfux1(entity) is a letter, symbol in word or alphabet x2(entity, text) representing x3(entity, sound)

lo lerfu — letter, alphabetic symbol.
i zoi ry.д.ry. lerfu lo rusko zo dд is a letter of Russian alphabet representing sound d.
Related words: mifra, namcu, sinxa

letrix1(entity) is electric in x2(property of x1)

lo letri — electric.
i lo dilnu cu letri lo ka cupra lo lindiThe cloud are electric in that they produce lightning.
Related words: magneti, trina, xlura

li — turn number into value

i li vo cu sumji li re li re4 is the sum of 2 and 2.
Comment: value of the following number or a math expression.

li'a [interjection]clearly, of course, li'a nai — obscurely

i li'a do xankaYou are clearly worried.
i li'a no da poi te ckini la alis la kevin pu na draniClearly, nothing in their relations was amiss.
i li'a mi pu no roi vitke lo dzipo tumlaOf course, I have never been to Antarctica.
i li'a nai lo tcima cu funca le solriWeather depends on the sun, I see, but it's complicated.
Related words: klina

li'anpix1(entity) is a cheek of x2(entity)

lo li'anpi — cheek.
i ra pu se li'anpi lo planaShe had chubby cheeks.
Related words: flira, mlana

li'anzix1(entity) is a length of chain with links or rings x2(entity)

lo li'anzi — chain. lo se li'anzi — link of a chain, ring of a chain.
i ti li'anzi lo barda je rijnoThis is a chain with big silver rings.
Related words: djine, cukla, gunma, lasna

li'i [clause prefix] — turn clause into verb

i lo pluka ko li'i se senvaHave a pleasant dream (sweat dreams!)
i lo pluka ko li'i se citkaHow did you like the party?
i ma do li'i salciThe length is two meters.
Comment: x1 (property of x2) is an experience of ... (clause follows) experienced by x2. The first omitted place of the clause is assumed to be the second place of the li'i clause.

li'o [interjection]and so on (omitted text)

i la kevin cu pa moi i la edvard cu re moi i li'oKevin is the first. Eduard is the second, and so on.

li'u [terminator] — ends a construct started with: lu

Comment: seldom elidable except at end of text.

lidnex1(entity) precedes x2(same type as x1) in x3(property of x1 and x2)

i lo mlatu ba lidne lo gerku lo ka se casnu ca ma kauCats will be discussed before dogs.
Comment: purci is for time sequence.
Related words: balvi, ralju, rebla, purci, jersi, porsi, jatna, farna

lifrix1(entity) experiences x2(clause)

lo lifri — experiencer, patient (experiencer). lo se lifri — experienced event, feeling (what is felt).
i mi lifri lo ka pu se nanduI've had a hard life.
i do ba lifri lo nabmiYou'll get into trouble.
i mi pu lifri lo ka ganse lo cizraI underwent strange sensation.
Related words: ri'i, jmive, fasnu, renvi

lijdax1(entity) is a religion of believers x2(entity) sharing beliefs x3(proposition)

lo lijda — religion. lo se lijda — religious believer. lo te lijda — religious belief.
i lo na krici tu'a pa cevni na te lijdaNot believing in God is not a religion.
i la animism cu lijda lo remna poi se zdani lo vi tumla le du'u ro dacti cu vasru lo pruxiAnimism is a religion of people living on this land that asserts that every object contains a spirit.
i do se lijda maWhat is your religion?
Related words: budjo, censa, cevni, crida, dadjo, jegvo, krici, latna, malsi, marde, muslo, pruxi, ranmi, ritli, xriso, zekri

limnax1(entity) swims in x2(entity)

lo limna — swimmer.
i e'a nai do limna lo xamsiDon't swim in the sea!
Related words: djacu, fulta, klama, litru

limxonex1(entity) is a lemon of species x2(entity)

lo limxone — lemon.
i au mi pinxe lo jisra be lo limxoneI'd like to drink a lemon juice.
Related words: pelxu, nimre, najnimre

lindix1(entity) is a lightning striking at x2(entity) from x3(entity)

lo lindi — lightning.
i sa'u tu pe pu ku cu lindi lo darno pa dilnuThat was just a lightning that stroke far away from here striking from a cloud.
Related words: letri

linjix1(entity) is a line segment defined by points x2(entity group)

lo linji — line. lo se linji — points defining a line.
i loi pulji pu se linji lo clani te zu'e lo ka kurji lo cadzu prenuThe police officers formed long lines in order to protect walking people.
Related words: korcu, sirji, jganu, kantu, mokca

lintox1(entity) is lightweight ...

lo linto — lightweight, light (not heavy).
i le mlatu verba cu lintoThe kitten is lightweight.
Comment: lo xalbo is light (not serious), lo gusni is light (illumination).
Related words: junta, tilju

lisrix1(text) is a story about x2(entity) ...

lo lisri — story, tale, yarn (story), narrative. lo se lisri — plot of a story.
i ko skicu pa lisri be lo crida miTell me a story about fairies.
Related words: ranmi, cfika, skicu, prosa, pemci

listex1(entity) is a list, log of x2(entity group) ...

lo liste — list, log. lo se liste — logged.
i mi pu tcidu fi lo liste be lo notci noi fi ke'a porsi lo ka se benji ca ma kauI read a log of messages, which were sorted in the order of being sent.
Comment: unlike porsi the word liste describes an actual object with the sequence formed as is.
Related words: porsi, girzu, cmima

litcex1(entity) is x2(number) liters ...

i ti noi djacu cu litce li reIt's two liters of water.
Related words: centi

litkix1(entity) is liquid ...

lo litki — liquid.
i ko satre le litki pa panjeWipe the liquid with a sponge.
i le bisli ca'o co'a litkiThe ice is melting.
Related words: cilmo, djacu, lumci, runta, pambe, sudga, gapci, sligu, flu'ente, jduli

litrux1(entity) travels via route x2(entity) ...

lo litru — traveller. lo se litru — travelling route.
i mi pu litru lo fange gugdeI travelled abroad.
Related words: bajra, cadzu, cpare, tcana, klama, cliva, pluta, limna, muvdu

livgax1(entity) is a liver of x2(entity)

lo livga — liver.
i xu lo ka citka lo livga be lo jipci cu xamgu doIs eating chicken liver good for you?
Related words: rango, betfu

livlax1(entity) is a fuel for powering x2(entity)

lo livla — fuel.
i le toknu cu se livla lo mudriThe furnace is stoked up with wood.
i lo livla na banzuThere isn't enough fuel.
Related words: nejni, xaksu, jelca

lo [lo gadri] — turn verb into noun: there are some that are ..., there are some that do ...

i lo mlatu cu danluCat is an animal.
i pa sazri ca denpaA driver waits.
i za'u pa sazri ca denpaDrivers wait.
Comment: there are some that do ..., there is at least one that is .... Creates noun from verb. Often corresponds to English '-er' like in 'singer', 'player'. i lo gerku cu batci means There is at least one thing, it is a dog and it bites and thus means the same as i su'o da zo'u da gerku gi'e batci. ro lo gerku is the same as ro gerku. Under the so called 'xorlo' reform lo is equal to lo'o'o..

lo'ai — To correct yourself say lo'ai, then the incorrect construct, then sa'ai, then the same but corrected construct, then le'ai.

i mi pu vitke lo dzipo le'ai naiI visited Antarctica (sic!)
i mi pu klama lo zarci y lo'ai pu sa'ai ba le'aiI went to the store, ehm, no, will go!
i sa'ai ba klama le'ai peiIs it "will go" that should have been said?
Comment: You may just start with sa'ai if it's obvious what is corrected. The word le'ai on its own indicates that an obvious mistake was made. le'ai dai indicates that the other partner made a mistake. le'ai pei asks whether the partner made a mistake. le'ai nai explicitly denies mistakes.

lo'e [lo gadri] — turn verb into noun denoting a typical thing

i lo'e cipni cu kakne lo ka vofliTypical birds can fly.
Comment: the typical one that does or is ....

lo'o [terminator] — ends a construct started with: li, me'o

lo'u — turn main verb into noun that is a quote

i ma smuni lo'u vau ua le'u poi do cuskuWhat's the meaning of vau ua that you said?
Comment: lo'u ... le'u is a noun quoting any number of Lojban words.

logjix1(proposition) is a logic for reasoning about x2(proposition)

lo logji — logic.
i le du'u lo prina be fi lo jamfu be pa nixli cu nenri le dinju cu logji le du'u la alis pu zvati tiBy the fact that there are footprints of a girl inside the house, one concludes that Alice was here.
Related words: nibli

loi [lo gadri] — turn verb into noun denoting a mass

i loi tadni pu sruri le dinjuStudents surrounded the building.
i mi ralte pa loi re glutaI have a pair of mittens.
Comment: the mass of those that are .... Creates noun that denotes a mass.

lojbox1(entity) is Lojbanic in x2(property of x1)

lo lojbo — Lojbanic.
i mi lojbo lo ka se cinri la lojban vau e no drata i je mi na tavla bau la lojbanI'm a Lojbanic person only in that I'm interested in Lojban; I don't speak it.
Related words: bangu, logji

loldix1(entity) is a floor, ground of x2(entity)

lo loldi — floor.
i mi pu sipna bu'u lo loldi be lo kumfa pe miI slept on the floor of my room.
Related words: bitmu, drudi, dertu, dizlo, cnita, zbepi, sarji, skalera

lorxux1(entity) is a fox of species x2(taxon)

lo lorxu — fox.
i lo lorxu cu citka lo jipciFoxes eat hens.
Related words: gerku

lu — turn main verb into noun that is a quote

i mi pu cusku lu coi lo pendo li'uI said "Hello, friends!"
Comment: lu ... li'u is a noun quoting grammatically correct text in Lojban (can contain any number of words).

lu'ewhat refers to (noun follows)

i lo re cirkulo cu du lu'e lo logjiTwo circles is a symbol of logic.
i lo vi janbe pe lo vorme cu du lu'e miThis doorbell is to call me.
Comment: lu'e [noun] is the same as lo sinxa be [noun].

lu'u [terminator] — ends a construct started with: la'e, lu'e, tu'a, zo'ei

lujvox1(text) is a lujvo, verb made of affixes with meaning x2(entity), arguments meaning x3(ordered entity group), with affixes built from components x4(ordered text group)

lo lujvo — lujvo (compound verb made of affixes).
i zo ki'ogra lujvo le du'u kilto lo grake vau lo kilto ce'o lo se grake zo kilto ce'o zo grakeki'ogra is a lujvo meaning "is a thousand of grams" with arguments meaning "what is measured in thousands", "the number of grams"; affixes of the lujvo are built from kilto and grake attached sequentially.
Related words: stura, cmavo, gismu, rafsi, smuni

lumcix1(entity) washes x2(entity) of contaminant x3(entity) ...

lo lumci — washer.
i mi pu lumci so'o palta lo staliI washed off the remains from some dishes.
Related words: djacu, jinru, litki, zbabu, jinsa, curve

lunbex1(entity) is naked or bare

lo lunbe — naked, bare.
i le cifnu ca lunbeThe baby is naked now.
Related words: taxfu, bandu

lunrax1(entity) is the Moon, major natural satellite of planet x2(entity)

lo lunra — Moon (major natural satellite). lo se lunra — planet with a moon.
i le terdi cu se lunra pa daThe Earth has one natural moon.
Related words: planeta, solri, terdi, mluni

lunsax1(entity) condenses ...

lo lunsa — condensing.
i lo bisli lunsa pu gacri le dertuFrost covered the ground.
Related words: cilmo, dunja, febvi, litki, bumru

luskax1(entity) is a mollusk of species x2(entity)

lo luska — mollusc.
i ti noi luska cu cpare co masnoThis mollusk moves slowly.
Related words: curnu, danlu, xamsi, rirxe

ly [pronoun]l (letter)

Comment: prefixed with me'o is a quotation of the letter. When used alone refers to the last noun with the verb starting with this letter like ly is for the last lo lalxu used.

ma [pronoun] — asks for the noun (that should go into the place to which ma is put)

i do djica maWhat do you want?
i ma noi prenu pu zvati tiWho was here?
i ma noi dacti pu zvati tiWhat object was here?

ma'a [pronoun]we with you (includes other persons not in the dialog)

i ma'a se zdani lo bu'u planetaWe inhabit this planet.
i lo rarna munje cu vajni ca lo nu ma'a se lifriNature plays an important role in our lives.
Comment: mi'ai is a more vague pronoun.

ma'oi — quotes one next word and treats it as the name of a selma'o (class of particles). The quoted word must be delimited by pauses (in speech) or whitespace (in writing)

i zo di'ai cmavo ma'oi coidi'ai is a grammatical particle of class "COI" (vocative).
Comment: selma'o are often written in English text in capital letters e.g.: COI.
Related words: ra'oi

ma'u [digit/number] — plus sign (number follows; by default any positive)

i li ma'u re du li bi vu'u xa"+2 = 8 - 6."

mablax1(entity) is shitty, awful in x2(property of x1) according to x3(entity) ; x1 stinks, sucks

lo mabla — shitty, awful, execrable.
i fi mi le cidja cu mabla lo ka se zalvi lo denciFor me the food is awful in chewing it.
Related words: palci, dapma, xlali, zabna, funca, ganti, ganxo, gletu, gutra, kalci, pinca, nakpinji, plibu, vibna, vlagi, zargu

mabrux1(entity) is mammal of species x2(taxon)

lo mabru — mammal.
i lo delfinu cu mabruDolphins are mammals.
Related words: danlu, ladru, tatru, ractu, xanto, xarju

macnux1(entity) is manual in function x2(property of x1) ...

lo macnu — manual. lo se macnu — function done manually.
i ti noi karce cu macnu lo ka gau cenba lo ka sutraThe speed of this car is changed manually.
Related words: zmiku, jitro

magnetix1(entity) is magnetic in x2(property of x1)

lo magneti — magnet.
i le rokci cu magneti lo ka snipa lo jinmeThe stone is magnetic in that it sticks to metal.
i le rokci co'u magneti lo ka co'a glareThe stone becomes non-magnetic when being heat up.
Related words: letri, trina, xlura

mai — turn number into numbered item or paragraph

i pa mai la meilis ze'i se zdani tiFirst, Mei Li has been living here for a short time.
i re mai la meilis ka'e sidju ma'aSecondly, she can help us.
i ro mai la meilis cu stati nixliLastly, she is a smart girl.
Comment: suffix of a number that marks a paragraph or item when they are ordered.

makcux1(entity) is mature in x2(property of x1)

lo makcu — mature.
i le nanmu cu simlu lo ka makcu lo ka seksiThe man seems to be mature in his sexuality.
Related words: cifnu, ninmu, verba, banro, farvi, nanmu

makfax1(clause) is magic or supernatural to x2(entity) performed by x3(entity)

lo makfa — magical event. lo te makfa — wizard, magician.
i lo nu le ractu cu canci cu makfa le verba la djonThe disappearance of the rabbit performed by John was magical for the child.
Related words: krici, marvele

malsix1(entity) is a church, temple of people x2(entity) ...

lo malsi — church, temple.
i ti malsi lo budjoThis is a Buddhist temple.
Related words: cevni, krici, lijda, ritli

mamtax1(entity) is a mother of x2(entity)

lo mamta — mother. lo se mamta — child of a mother.
i lo mamta be do pu zukte ma ca lo nu do mo'u klama lo zdaniWhat was your mother doing when you got home?
Related words: patfu, sovda, rirni, rorci, tarbi, famti, bersa, jbena

manfox1(entity) is uniform, homogeneous in x2(property of x1)

lo manfo — uniform, homogeneous.
i le bukpu ca manfo lo ka se tenguThe cloth is uniform in texture.
Related words: vrici, prane, curve, ranji, vitno, stodi, dikni, sampu, traji

mangox1(entity) is a mango of variety x2(taxon)

lo mango — mango.
i mi pu no roi citka lo mangoI have never eaten mangoes.
Related words: grute

mankux1(entity) is dark

lo manku — dark.
i le kumfa cu mankuThe room is dark.
Related words: blabi, gusni, ctino, kandi, xekri, ctino

manrix1(entity) is a standard for observing x2(entity) with rules x3(property of x1)

lo manri — standard.
i mi manri lo nu ma kau ba jinga vau lo ka jdice ma kauI'm the standard of determining of who will win, however I decide that will be so.
i tu noi ve'i cmana ba manri lo nu zgana le tumlaThat hill will be the reference frame for observing the land.
Related words: ckilu, merli, pajni, cimde, jdice, marde

mansax1(entity) satisfies x2(entity) in x3(property of x1)

lo mansa — satisfying. lo se mansa — satisfied.
i lo zdani be mi cu mansa mi lo ka tcini bu'u ce'uI'm satisfied with the conditions in my house.
Related words: pajni

mantix1(entity) is an ant of species x2(taxon)

lo manti — ant.
i lo sakta cu trina lo mantiSugar attracts ants.
Related words: cinki, blato

mapkux1(entity) is a hat, helmet ...

lo mapku — hat, helmet.
i ai mi dasni lo mapkuI'm going to put on a hat.
Related words: taxfu, stedu, drudi

mapnix1(entity) is some cotton

lo mapni — cotton.
i le mapni cu zabnaThe cotton is of high quality.
Related words: bukpu

maptix1(entity) is compatible with or matches x2(entity) in x3(property of x1)

lo mapti — compatible, proper (fitting).
i lo se cusku be do na mapti lo se cusku be lo jatna pe do lo ka se smuniYour words are inconsistent in meaning with what your boss said.
i ti ckiku lo na mapti be ti noi stelaThis is a key incompatible with this lock.
i ta mapti lo zabna lo ka jai se djica miThat is exactly what I want.
Related words: satci, tugni, sarxe, drani, tarmi, ckini, mintu

marbix1(entity) is a shelter protecting x2(entity) against threat x3(property of x2)

lo marbi — shelter, haven, refuge, retreat, harbor.
i mi pu jai se bapli fai lo ka se marbi pa laldo dinju fi lo ka cilmoI had to take shelter in an old building in order not to become wet.
Related words: bandu, ckape, snura, drudi, sepli, bitmu, gacri

marcex1(entity) is a vehicle for carrying x2(entity) ...

lo marce — vehicle. lo se marce — passenger.
i ti marce lo se vecnuThis is a vehicle for carrying goods.
i ti marce ge lo se vecnu na'o ku gi lo remna ca'a kuThis is a vehicle intended to transport goods but actually used for transporting people.
Comment: karce and carce are designed to be with wheels, marce isn't and is more generic.
Related words: klama, matra, bevri, bloti, carce, karce, xislu, sabnu, skiji

mardex1(property of x2) is the ethics of performer x2(entity) ...

lo marde — ethics, morals, moral standards, ethical standards.
i lo ka zukte lo se cpedu be lo bilma cu marde ei doDoing what the ill person asks should be you ethics.
Related words: palci, vrude, lijda, manri, javni, tarti, zekri

margux1(entity) is a quantity of mercury

lo margu — mercury.
i xu lo margu cu jinmeIs mercury a metal?
Related words: jinme

marjix1(entity) is material of composition x2(entity) in shape x3(entity)

lo marji — material, stuff, matter. lo se marji — composition of matter. lo te marji — shape of matter.
i ti noi nanba cu marji lo mraji lo blikuThis bread is made of rye and has the form of a block.
Related words: morna, mucti, nejni, tarmi, dacti

marnax1(entity) is a quantity of hemp of species x2(taxon)

lo marna — hemp.
i ti skori lo marnaThis is a cable made of hemp.
Related words: skori, tanko, sigja, xukmi

marvelex1(entity) is marvelous, astonishing to x2(entity)

lo marvele — marvelous.
i lo bu'u stuzi cu marvele miThis place is marvelous to me.
Related words: melbi

marxax1(entity) crushes or smashes x2(entity) into x3(entity)

i mi pu marxa lo patlu lo pesxuI made mashed potatoes.
Related words: daspo, pesxu, zalvi, bapli

masnox1(entity) is slow at doing x2(property of x1)

lo masno — slow.
i le verba ca simlu lo ka masno lo ka cadzuThe child seems to be slow at walking.
Related words: sutra

mastix1(clause) is x2(number) months long ...

lo masti — month-long event.
i lo lidne dunra cu masti li ciThe past winter lasted for 3 months.
Comment: if x2 is not used denotes one month in duration
Related words: detri, djedi, jeftu, nanca

matcix1(entity) is a mat or pad ...

lo matci — mat, pad.
i ko jai mosra lo cutci pe do le matciWipe your shoes on the mat.
Related words: kicne, tapla, karda, ckana

matlix1(entity) is some flax, linen

lo matli — linen.
i ti noi creka cu matliThis shirt is linen.
Related words: bukpu

matnex1(entity) is some butter ...

lo matne — butter.
i mi pu citka pa snuji be lo matne bei lo nanbaI ate a sandwich with butter and bread.
Related words: grasu, kruji

matrax1(entity) is an engine driving x2(entity)

lo matra — engine.
i ti noi karce cu se matra lo vlipaThis car has a powerful engine.
Related words: marce, minji, carce

mau [preposition from zmadu]with ... doing more, with ... being more

i nelci do fa mi ne mau ku'i la alisI like you but Alice likes you more.
Comment: the clause itself describes the comparison.

mau'i [right scalar particle] — shows stronger intensity of interjection or interjection modifier

i ua do ti zvati i ua mau'i ji'a la alis ti zvatiWow, you are here. Wow, wow, Alice is here too!
Comment: usually specifies an intensity of an interjection stronger than the intensity of the same interjection earlier used.
Related words: dau'i, mau'i, me'ai, cu'i, sai, ru'e

mavjix1(entity) is some oats of species x2(taxon)

lo mavji — oats.
i ze'u ku lo mavji gau ralju cidja lo xirmaOats have long been the main food for horses.
Related words: gurni

maxrix1(entity) is some wheat of species x2(taxon)

lo maxri — wheat.
i lo nanba cu se zbasu fi lo maxriBread is made of wheat.
Related words: gurni

mex1 is among the referents of ... (a noun follows)

i xu do me lo ctucaAre you a teacher?

me'ai [right scalar particle] — shows weaker intensity of interjection or interjection modifier

i ua do tsuku doi la alis i ua me'ai ro drata ti zvati ji'aWow, you arrived, Alice! Oh well, the others are here too.
Comment: usually specifies an intensity of an interjection weaker than the intensity of the same interjection earlier used.
Related words: dau'i, mau'i, me'ai, cu'i, sai, ru'e

me'i [digit/number]less than ... (number follows)

i me'i mu prenu ca zutse bu'u le kumfaThere are less than five people sitting in the room now.

me'o — turn number into text

i ko catke la'e me'o so pa paDial 911!
i me'o pa re ci123 (as a text).
Comment: marks the following sequence of numbers as a text.

me'o denpa bu [letter]., full stop, period, dot

me'o slaka bu [letter], (comma)

me'u [terminator] — ends a construct started with: me

mebrix1(entity) is a forehead of x2(entity)

lo mebri — forehead, brow.
i le fetsi pu se mebri lo kalriShe had a forehead open.
Related words: stedu, flira

megdox1(entity) is a million of x2(same type as x1) in x3(property of x1)

i mi ponse lo megdo be lo rupnu be li ciI own three million dollars.
i e'o do cuxna fi lo pixra poi klani lo megdo be li su'e pa bei lo ka se bitni li biPlease choose an image that does not exceed 1 Megabyte.
Related words: centi

mei [verb] — turn number into verb denoting quantity

i mi'o re meiYou and I are two.
i pa mei lo nabmiIt is one of the problems.
i le vo mei pu klama le kumfaThe four entered the room.
Comment: x1(entity) are (n) in number and are among x2(entity). The number (n) is put in front of mei.
Related words: cmima, gunma, moi

meksox1(text) is a mathematical expression under rules x2(proposition)

lo mekso — math expression.
i lu li vo du li re su'i re li'u mekso la lojbanli vo du li resu'i re is a mathematical expression in Lojban.
i zoi cy.(x+15&~15).cy. mekso lo bangu poi du la c"(x+15&~15)" is a mathematical expression in C language.
Related words: cmaci, dilcu, fancu, frinu, jalge, namcu, parbi, pilji

melbix1(entity) is beautiful to observer x2(entity) in aspect x3(property of x1) ...

lo melbi — beautiful.
i le ninmu cu melbi mi lo ka se catluFor me the woman is beautiful to look at.
Related words: pluka, xamgu

menlix1(clause) is a mind of body x2(entity)

lo menli — mind.
i lo menli be lo smani cu simsa lo menli be lo remnaThe mind of monkeys is similar to the one of humans.
Comment: ability of being aware of things and of rational thought.
Related words: intele, besna, morji, mucti, pensi, sanji, xanri, sevzi, xadni

mensix1(entity) is a sister of x2(entity) by bond x3(property of x1)

lo mensi — sister. lo se mensi — sibling of a sister.
i do mensi mi lo ka se patfuYou are my brother since we are born from the same father.
Related words: bruna, tunba, tamne, famti

mentux1(clause) is x2(number) minutes long ...

lo mentu — minute-long event.
i le nu penmi cu mentu be li ji'i xa noThe meeting is approximately 60 minutes long.
Comment: if x2 is not used denotes one minute in duration
Related words: junla, cacra, snidu, tcika

merkox1(entity) is U.S. American in x2(property of x1)

lo merko — American (of the United States).
i mi'a pu rinsa le pa merkoWe greeted the American.
Related words: bemro, ketco, glico

merlix1(entity) measures x2(entity) as x3(number) units on scale x4(property of x2 and x3) with accuracy x5(number)

lo merli — measurer. lo se merli — measured.
i mi merli le jubme li pa lo ka mitre vau li pi paI measured the length of the table as 1 meter with accuracy 0.1 meters.
Related words: kancu, rupnu, fepni, dekpu, gutci, minli, bunda, ckilu, gradu, satci, cimde, kramu, manri, centi

mi [pronoun]I (the speaker or the speakers)

i mi glekiI'm happy.

mi'a [pronoun]we without you

i mi'a pu casnu doWe were discussing you.
Comment: mi'ai is a more vague pronoun.

mi'ai [pronoun]we (at least two persons including at least one of the speakers)

i mi'ai se rai trociWe try our best.
i mi'ai djuno lo krinuWe know the reason.
i da mi'ai nabmiWe have a problem.
Comment: English we. mi'a, mi'o and ma'a are more specific cases of mi'ai. Mostly used to more precisely translate texts from other languages..

mi'e [vocative]I am ... (self-identification of the speaker), mi'e naiI am not (denial of the speaker's identity)

i coi mi'e la glekiHello, I'm La Gleki.
i lu coi la kevin li'u lu mi'e nai la kevin li'u"Hello, Kevin!" "I'm not Kevin."

mi'i [conjunction]from center of ... and of distance ... around

i lo za'u xrula cu zvati lo cmana mi'i lo ki'otre be li ciThe flowers are present on the mountain and three kilometers around of it.

mi'o [pronoun]you and I (the speaker and the listener)

i mi'o ba renviYou and I will survive.
Comment: mi'ai is a more vague pronoun.

mi'u [interjection]ditto (the same thing) — another one

i mi pu zukte ra mi'uI did the same thing.
i mi pu lebna pa cukta gi'e dunda pa cukta mi'u nai la alisI took a book and gave another one to Alice.
Related words: mintu, bi'u nai, le, ri, ra

midjux1(entity) is in the middle of x2(entity)

lo midju — middle.
i ra pu sanli bu'u lo midju be le darguHe was standing in the middle of the road.
Comment: lo midju is center point, lo centero is central subset (of a set or territory), lo kernelo is core.
Related words: lanxe, jbini, nutli, snuji, milxe, denmi, ralju

mifrax1(entity, text) is an encoded x2(entity, text) made using cipher x3(property of x1 and x2, has two places for ce'u)

lo mifra — encrypted text. lo se mifra — not encrypted text. lo te mifra — cipher for encryption.
i zoi .mifr.cni rni dn.mifr. mifra lu coi ro do li'u lo ka me'o o bu pe ce'u se basti me'o ny pe ce'ucni rni dn is an encoded Lojban phrase coi ro do where n is a replacement for o.
i zo coi mifra lo nu rinsa vau lo bangucoi is a greeting encoded in language.
Related words: mipri, lerfu, sinxa

mikcex1(entity) cures or treats x2(entity) for disease x3(clause) ; x1 is a doctor ...

lo mikce — doctor. lo se mikce — patient (being cured). lo te mikce — ailment treated, disease cured.
i le mikce pu minde mi lo ka sipnaThe doctor ordered me to sleep.
i lo mamta be mi pu mikce mi tu'a lo bekpi be mi ta'i lo ka punji lo jduliMy mother treated my ill back by applying an ointment.
Comment: the process of treatment can be described using ta'i or tadji.
Related words: bilma, kanro, spita

mikrix1(entity) is a millionth of x2(same type as x1) in x3(property of x1)

i le jurme cu mikri lo mitre be li re boi lo ka ganraThe microbe is 2 micrometers wide.
Related words: centi

miltix1(entity) is a thousandth of x2(same type as x1) in x3(property of x1)

i le jubme cu milti lo mitre be li bi no no lo ka ganraThe table is 800 millimeters wide.
Related words: centi

milxex1(entity) is mild in x2(property of x1)

lo milxe — mild.
i le djacu cu milxe lo ka glareThe water is warm (not hot).
i mi milxe lo ka tatpiI'm tired to a moderate degree.
Related words: mutce, traji, kandi, ruble, midju, nutli, ralci

mindex1(entity) commands or orders x2(entity) to do x3(property of x2)

lo minde — commander. lo se minde — commanded. lo te minde — command (order).
i le turni pu minde mi lo ka klama ca lo draniThe manager ordered me to come on time.
Related words: lacri, te bende, jatna, ralju, jitro, turni, tinbe

minjix1(entity) is a machine for function x2(clause)

lo minji — machine. lo se minji — function of a machine.
i ti minji lo nu cpacu lo djacu vau lo xanceThis is a hand-controlled apparatus for getting water.
Comment: cabra is for devices controlled by external force, minji is for machines working automatically, zmiku is for robots in general.
Related words: cabra, matra, tutci, zukte, pilno, skami

minlix1(entity) is x2(number) long distance units in standard x3(property of x1) ...

i le dargu cu minli li re lo ka ki'otreThe road is two kilometers long.
Comment: describes measurement of an object in one dimension. x3 desribes the scale that might not be metric. gutci is used in the same way but for subjectively large objects.
Related words: gutci, clani, ganra, rotsu, condi, mitre, dekpu, merli, bunda, kramu

minrax1(entity) reflects or echoes x2(entity) to observer x3(entity) as x4(entity)

lo se minra — reflected, echoed.
i lo djacu pu minra lo gusni be fi la sol la alis lo marvele barnaWater reflected the sunlight that Alice could see as marvelous spots.
i le bitmu so'i roi minra lo sanceThe wall echoes the sound several times.
Related words: catlu, viska, lenjo, pensi

mintux1(entity) is identical to x2(entity) ; x1 is x2 ...

lo mintu — identical.
i tu noi nanmu gi'e dasni lo pelxu cu mintu lo patfu be doThat man wearing yellow is your father.
Comment: the same meaning as du but only has two places. For equality use dunli.
Related words: panra, satci, mapti, simsa, drata, dunli, du, simxu

miprix1(entity) keeps x2(entity) hidden from x3(entity) ...

lo se mipri — concealed, hidden.
i mi pu mipri le torta le verbaI hid the pie from the child.
Related words: stace, mifra, sivni, djuno, cirko, jarco

mirlix1(entity) is a deer of species x2(taxon)

lo mirli — deer.
i co'a lo ka jbena vau lo mirli cu kakne lo ka sanliA baby deer can stand as soon as it is born.
Related words: mabru, danlu

misnox1(clause) is famous among x2(entity)

lo misno — famous.
i la su'o da cu jai misno lo pilno be la lojbanSomeone (having such a name) is famous among Lojban speakers.
i lo lisri be lo nu pa lo ralju dinju cu se darxi so'o vlipa dacti pu traji lo ka misno lo xabju be lo bu'u gugdeThe story of one of the main buildings being hit by some powerful objects was one of the most famous events for people of this country.
i la kevin co'a jai misno fai lo ka finti lo cfikaKevin became famous as an author of fiction.
i la kevin pu zenba lo ka jai misno fai lo ka finti lo cfikaKevin rose to fame by writing fiction.
Related words: se sinma, banli

mitrex1(entity) is x2(number) meters in x3(property of x1) ...

i ti noi tanxe cu mitre li pa lo ka claniThis box is one meter in length.
Related words: centi

mitysiskux1(entity) searches for x2(entity) among x3(entity)

lo mitysisku — searcher.
i mi mitysisku lo sunla skaci lo nenri be lo vi kumfaI'm looking for a woolen skirt among things in this room.
Related words: cirko, kalte, kavbu, kucli, rivbi, marvele, facki

mixrex1(entity) is a mixture including x2(group of same type as x1)

lo mixre — mixture. lo se mixre — ingredient of a mixture.
i lo vacri cu mixre so'o gapciAir is a mixture of several gases.
Related words: salta, te runta, stasu, jicla, sanso

mlanax1(entity) is to the side of x2(entity) ...

lo mlana — lateral.
i le tanxe cu mlana le bitmuThe box is to the side of the wall.
Related words: lamji, cpana, galtu

mlatux1(entity) is a cat of species x2(taxon)

lo mlatu — cat.
i lo ka kucli cu catra lo mlatuCuriosity killed the cat.
i mi ralte pa mlatu e pa gerkuI keep a cat and a dog.
Comment: Also applies to feline animals like tigers, lions.
Related words: bramlatu, cinfo, ratcu, gerku

mlecax1(entity) is less than x2(entity) in x3(property of x1 and x2 with kau) by amount x4(entity)

lo mleca — less. lo se mleca — more.
i pe'i lo tcati cu mleca lo ckafi lo ka kukte vau so'i daI think tea is much less tasty than coffee.
Related words: se me'a, me'i, su'o, jdika, zmadu, traji

mledix1(entity) is a mould or fungus of species x2(taxon) ...

lo mledi — mould, fungus.
i lo mledi pu sinxa lo nu le kumfa cu cilmoMold was a sign that the room was damp.
Related words: clika

mliglax1(entity) is warm

lo mligla — warm.
i lo vacri co'a mliglaThe air became warm.
Related words: glare, milxe, lenku

mlunix1(entity) is a satellite orbiting x2(entity) ...

lo mluni — satellite (in outer space). lo se mluni — celestial body with a satellite.
i so'i da rutni mluni le terdiThere are many satellites orbiting the Earth.
Related words: planeta, solri, lunra

mo [verb] — asks for a verb word (that should go into the place to which mo is put)

i do moHow are you?
i la lojban cu moWhat is Lojban?

mo'a [digit/number]too few

i mo'a snuji cu cpana le jubmeThere are too few sandwiches on the table.
Comment: subjective estimate.

mo'i — marks event as reaching the state specified by the clause following mo'i

i do mo'i ca'u cadzuYou walk towards my front.
i ko catke mo'i zu'aPush it to the left.

mo'o — turn number into numbered chapter

i pa mo'o pu zu ku zasti fa pa nanmu e pa ninmuChapter 1. Long ago lived a man and a woman.
Comment: suffix of a chapter or section number.

mo'u [preposition of aspect] — completing, being at the expected end (completive or telic aspect), mo'u nai — not having an end (incompletive or atelic aspect)

i xu do mo'u jukpaAre you done with cooking?
i mi mo'u citka ro pliseI've eaten up all apples.
i mo'u nai ku mi pu zbasu lo dinju ze'a lo mastiI built houses for a month.

moi [verb] — turn number into verb denoting ordinal position

i lo vi cukta cu me mi moiThis book is mine.
i mi ci moi lo pendo lo ka ce'u ce'u cinbaI kiss all but two of my friends.
i lo cmaci cu ro moi lo saske lo ka ce'u ce'u zmadu fi lo ka jai se djica mi fai lo ka se tadniMath is the last subject that I want to study.
i lo vlaste cu jai pa moi fai lo ka se catlu miI look into a dictionary first. Dictionaries are the first I look into.
Comment: x1(entity) is the n-th member of x2(entity) ordered by rule x3(relation between members of x2, contains two places for ce'u). The number (n) is put in front of moi. The two ce'u in the third place can specify the sequence in which members of the set are compared.

mokcax1(entity) is a point in time or at place x2(entity)

lo mokca — instant, moment.
i le nu jamna cu mokca po'o lo remna citriThe war is just a point in human history.
i le terdi cu mokca po'o le munjeThe Earth is just a point in the Universe.
Related words: jipno, jganu, linji, stuzi, tcika

moklux1(entity) is a mouth of x2(entity)

lo moklu — mouth.
i e'e kalri fa lo moklu be doOpen your mouth.
Related words: ctebi, denci, tance

molkix1(entity) is an industrial plant or mill performing x2(property of x1)

lo molki — industrial plant, mill.
i ti molki lo ka zalvi lo gurniThis is a mill grinding grain.
Related words: gasta, gurni, tirse, fanri, zalvi

molrox1(entity) is x2(number) moles ...

i lo tabno poi grake li pa re cu molro li pa12 grams of carbon is one mole in amount.
Related words: centi

monsutax1(entity) is a monster

lo monsuta — monster.
i le monsuta pu cisma tai lo ka kusruThe monster smiled in a cruel way (the monster's smile was cruel).
Related words: cizra, danlu, terpa

morjix1(entity) remembers x2(proposition) about subject x3(entity)

lo se morji — remembered.
i mi morji fi lo bu'u tcadu fe le du'u pu za lo nanca be li pa no no cu ralju tcadu lo bu'u gugdeI remember about this city that 100 years ago it was the main city of this country.
i mi co'u morji le du'u sarcu fa lo nu mi cusku ma kauI forgot what to say.
Comment: morji describes memory of general knowledge (facts, concepts), vedli describes personal experience, autobiographical events, episodic memory.
Related words: ba'a nai, menli, pensi, sanji, djuno, notci

mornax1(entity) is a pattern of forms x2(entity group) arranged according to rule x3(proposition)

lo morna — pattern.
i mi nelci lo morna be lo pezli bei le du'u lo gunma be ri cu cirkuloI like patterns of leaves that form circles.
Related words: ciste, ganzu, marji, slilu, stura, tarmi, boxna, cimde, gidva, jimpe, rilti

morsix1(entity) is dead

lo morsi — dead.
i xo da pu co'a morsiHow many died?
Related words: jmive, catra, betri

mosrax1(clause) is friction due to rubbing of x2(entity) against x3(entity)

lo mosra — friction.
i le mlatu pu ru'i se mosra lo kerfa be mi lo milxeThe cat was mildly rubbing against my head.
i ai mi jai gau mosra fi le jubme fe lo bukpuI'm going to wipe the table with a cloth.
Related words: sakli, sraku, jabre, satre, guska, pencu, spali

mrajix1(entity) is some rye of species x2(taxon)

lo mraji — rye.
i ra crepu lo mrajiHe is harvesting rye.
Related words: gurni

mrilux1(entity) mails or posts x2(entity) to x3(entity) from x4(entity) in mail system x5(entity)

lo mrilu — mailer. lo se mrilu — mailed. lo xe mrilu — mail system.
i mi pu mrilu pa se dunda pa pendo pa dizlo tcana pa sivniI mailed a present to a friend from a local post office via a private mail system.
i mi pu mrilu pa notci fu lo kibroI sent a message via the internet.
Comment: in benji the medium need not be a 3rd party service/system, and x2 need not consist of discrete units.
Related words: benji, notci, xatra, tcana

mrulix1(entity) is a hammer for doing x2(property of x1) with head x3(entity) propelled by x4(entity)

lo mruli — hammer. lo te mruli — head of a hammer.
i mi ne se pi'o pa mruli pu setca pa dinko le bitmuUsing a hammer I hammered a nail into the wall.
i ti zmiku mruli lo ka setca lo dinko se pi'o ce'u vau lo barda lo matraThis is an automatic hammer for nailing with a large head propelled by a motor.
Related words: tutci

mu [digit/number]5, five

i mu bakni pu zvati le purdiThere were 5 cows in the garden.

mu'a [interjection]for example

i mi nelci lo danlu noi mu'a du lo gerku e lo mlatuI like animals like, for example, dogs and cats.
Related words: mupli

mu'i [preposition from mukti]with the motive of ...

i mi pu penmi la alis mu'i lo ka ciksi ro daI met Alice in order to explain everything.

mu'o [vocative]I am done talking. Over. That's all I can say (in radio communications), mu'o naimore to come ... I am not done talking

i ro mai mi jinvi le du'u za'u cukta cu jai sarcu mu'oFinally, I think that more books are necessary, I'm done.
i ja'o dai le za'u sonci pu cliva le tcadu mu'o nai loi mi tadniAs you may conclude, the soldiers left the city ... no, that's not the end of the story, my students.

mu'oi — turn foreign text into verb

i la alis cu mu'oi gy.prima donna.gy.Alice is a prima donna.
Comment: turns text that can be not Lojbanic into a verb. The text is to be wrapped with pauses from both sides and with an additional Lojbanic word around them from both sides (this word must not be used within the text quoted). Usually the separating words is the name of the first letter of the language of the text quoted..
Related words: zoi, la'o, zo, lu ... li'u, lo'e, lo'u, mu'oi

muctix1(entity) is immaterial

lo mucti — immaterial, not physical.
i lo cmaci cu saske lo muctiMathematics studies immaterial things.
Related words: marji, menli, pruxi, sidbo

mudrix1(entity) is some wood from tree x2(entity)

lo mudri — wood.
i ti mudri lo laldoThis is wood from old trees.
Related words: tricu, stani

muktix1(clause) is a motive for x2(clause) done by agent x3(entity)

lo mukti — motive. lo te mukti — who is motivated.
i lo ka vasxu lo vifne cu mukti fi mi fe lo ka klama se ka'a lo purdiTo breathe fresh air is my motive to go to a garden.
i lo nu nitcu cu mukti ro nu fintiNecessity is the motive for every invention.
i mi te mukti lo ka vitke la parisI am going to visit Paris.
Comment: lo te zukte is usually used for goal, te zu'e for with goal.
Related words: mu'i, nibli, te zukte, se jalge, krinu, rinka, ciksi, djica, xlura

mulnox1(entity) is complete, whole in property x2(property of x1) ...

lo mulno — complete.
i mi mulno lo ka na kakne lo ka tavla fo lo frasoI can't speak French at all.
i do mulno lo ka jai fenkiYou are completely crazy.
Related words: fanmo, culno, pagbu, xadba, prane, jalge, sumji, munje, sisti, xadni

munjex1(entity) is a universe of x2(entity) ...

lo munje — universe. lo se munje — domain of a universe.
i la alis cu se zdani lo munje be lo se xanri be vo'aAlice lives in the world of her fantasies.
Related words: ciste, planeta, kensa, mulno

muplix1(entity) is an example of x2(property of x1) that all x3(entity) have

lo mupli — example.
i lo danlu pendo pe mi cu mupli lo ka ca da co'a morsi vau lo mabruMy pet is an example that at one point all mammals die.
i ti mupli fi lo titla vanjuThis is an example of sweet wine.
i ti mupli fi lo dinju poi jai tasmi lo laldo nu engeThis is an example of old architecture among buildings.
Related words: pixra

murtax1(entity) is a curtain for covering x2(entity) ...

lo murta — curtain. lo se murta — covered by a curtain.
i lo dilnu cu murta lo tsaniClouds are curtains of the sky.
Related words: canko, vorme

muslox1(entity) is Islamic or Moslem in x2(property of x1)

lo muslo — Muslim, something Islamic.
i le za'u mei pu casnu lo flalu be fi lo musloThey discussed Muslim law.
Related words: jegvo, lijda

mutcex1(entity) is extreme in x2(property of x1) ...

lo mutce — extreme, very.
i ti mutce lo ka karguThis is very expensive.
i mi mutce lo ka senpiI highly doubt that.
Related words: milxe, traji, banli, carmi, nutli

muvdux1(entity) moves to x2(entity) from x3(entity) over route x4(entity)

i le prenu cu muvdu lo bartu le dinju le cankoThe person is moving to the outside from the building via the window.
i la alis ba jai gau muvdu fai le tanxe pa drata kumfaAlice will move the box to another room.
Comment: klama differs in that the means of motion is explicit, litru, cliva, fatri, dunda, benji is for agentive movement that does not necessarily imply alienation from origin, preja is for similar movement with no agent implied.
Related words: rinci, klama, litru, cliva, fatri, dunda, benji, preja, bevri, vimcu

muzgax1(entity) is a museum or zoo for preserving x2(entity) ...

lo muzga — museum.
i ai mi vitke lo muzga be lo danluI'm going to visit the Zoo.
i ma stuzi le muzga be lo arteWhere is the museum of art?
Related words: citri

my [pronoun]m (letter)

Comment: prefixed with me'o is a quotation of the letter. When used alone refers to the last noun with the verb starting with this letter like my is for the last lo mlatu used.

na [preposition of truth/falsehood]It is not true that ...

i na ku lo speni be mi cu citnoIt's not true that my wife is young.

na [2nd meaning] — left negator in conjunctions

i la kevin pu ku prami na je cinba miKevin didn't love but kissed me.

na'e [left scalar particle]not ..., other than ... (on the scale). Modifies the construct to the right

i na'e vajni miIt's not important to me.
i do ba na'e snadaYou won't make it (won't succeed).
i na'e bo mi pu zukteNot I did it.

na'i [interjection] — the clause doesn't make sense (metalinguistic negator)

i lu fe pa ractu ca ma fa do pu te vecnu li'u lu le ractu na'i li'u"A rabbit, when did you buy it?" "I didn't buy a rabbit."
i lu i do jinvi ma lo pelmeni li'u lu na'i i mi na se slabu zo pelmeni li'u"What do you think of pelmeni?" "Nothing, I don't know this word."
Related words: na drani

na'o [preposition of aspect]by default

i do na'o to'e se zdileYou are a boring person.

nabmix1(clause) is a problem to x2(entity) ...

lo nabmi — problem.
i lo ka ze'a denpa na nabmi miTo wait for a while is not a problem for me.
Related words: retsku, se cfipu, danfu, ciksi, jijnu, jinvi, nandu, pensi, sidbo, spuda, raktu

nai [1nd meaning: right scalar particle] — shows opposite meaning of interjection or interjection modifier

i ui i ui naiYay! Alas!
Comment: ui nai marks unhappiness, zo'o nai marks serious (non-humorous) remarks. Definitions of interjections and interjection modifiers contain meanings of them with nai too.

nai [2nd meaning: right scalar particle]not, negates prepositions, pronouns

i si'u i si'u naiWith help. Without help.

nai [3rd meaning] — placed after a connective negates the part after that connective

i mi zgipli lo pipno gi'e nai certuI play the piano but I'm not an expert.

najnimrex1(entity) is an orange of species x2(entity)

i e'o jisra lo najnimreOrange juice, please!
Related words: narju, nimre

naknix1(entity) is a male of species x2(taxon) with masculine traits x3(property of x1)

lo nakni — male.
i ti nakni lo mlatu lo ka se nakpinjiThis is a male cat since it has a penis.
Related words: fetsi, bersa

nakpinjix1(entity) is a penis of x2(entity)

lo nakpinji — penis.
i lo nakpinji be le bakni co'i muvdu lo nenri be le vibnaThe bull's penis has entered the vagina.
Related words: seksi, gletu, vibna, plibu, vlagi, mabla, ganti

nalcix1(entity) is a wing of x2(entity)

lo nalci — wing. lo se nalci — winged.
i lo nalci be le cipni cu spofuThe bird has its wing broken.
Related words: cipni, pimlu, rebla

namcux1(number) is a number or value

lo namcu — number.
i li bi namcu8 is a number.
Related words: lerfu, mekso, klani

nanbax1(entity) is some bread ...

lo nanba — bread.
i e'o lo blabi nanba e lo matneWhite bread and butter, please!
i mi pu smaka le nanbaI tasted the bread.
Related words: gurni, panlo, toknu

nancax1(clause) is x2(number) years long ...

lo nanca — year-long event.
i mi nanca li re muI am 25 years old.
i mi se zdani ti ze'a lo nanca be li voI have been living here for 4 years.
Comment: if x2 is not used denotes one year in duration
Related words: detri, djedi, jeftu, masti

nandux1(property of x2) is difficult or challenging for x2(entity) ...

lo nandu — difficult, challenging.
i nandu mi fa lo ka cadzu lo vi boskeIt's hard for me to wade through this forest.
Related words: frili, nabmi, jdari, talsa, tinsa

nanlax1(entity) is a boy ...

lo nanla — boy.
i tu noi nanla cu moWho is that boy?
Related words: nixli, verba, nanmu, bersa

nanmux1(entity) is a man

lo nanmu — man.
i o'i le nanmu cu jgari pa xarciCareful, the man is holding a gun!
Related words: ninmu, remna, prenu, makcu, nanla, bersa

nanvix1(entity) is 10-9 of x2(same type as x1) in x3(property of x1)

i lo jgalu cu nanvi lo mitre lo ka zenba lo ka clani vau ca ro sniduOne nanometer is the length that a fingernail grows in one second.
Related words: centi

nargex1(entity) is a nut from plant x2(entity) with shell x3(entity) and kernel x4(entity)

lo narge — nut. lo te narge — nut shell. lo ve narge — nut kernel.
i ti narge pa kokso lo rotsu pa kukteThis is a coconut with a thick shell and a tasty kernel.
Related words: grute, stagi, jbari, midju

narjux1(entity) is orange (of color)

lo narju — orange.
i le solri cu narjuThe sun is orange.
Related words: skari, blabi, xekri, kandi, carmi, xunre, pelxu, solji

natfex1(proposition) contradicts or denies x2(proposition) ...

lo natfe — contradiction.
i le du'u la edvard pu zvati la nipon cu natfe lo se sruma be miThe fact that Eduard was in Japan contradicts my assumption.
Related words: tolna'e, nibli, tugni, zanru, xusra

natmix1(entity) is nation or ethnic group of people x2(entity)

lo natmi — nation.
i lo se natmi be ma cu se zdani lo vi se kuspePeople of what nationality live in this area?
i do se natmi maWhat is your nationality?
Related words: jecta, kulnu, lanzu, gugde, bangu, cecmu

navnix1(entity) is a quantity of inert gas ...

lo navni — inert gas.
i la argon cu navniArgon is an inert gas.
Related words: xukmi, gapci

naxlex1(entity) is a channel, canal to x2(entity) from x3(entity) with the route x4(entity)

lo naxle — channel, canal.
i da jdika naxle pa lalxe pa rirxe lo foldi be lo se xrulaThere is a narrow channel to a pool from a river, it goes through flower fields.
Related words: flu'ente, klama, pluta, rirxe, klaji, dargu

nazbix1(entity) is a nose of x2(entity) ...

lo nazbi — nose.
i lo nazbi be do cu lenkuYour have a cold nose.
Related words: degji, panci, sumne, tance

newhich is about ... (a noun follows)

i mi pu cusku no da pe le nabmiI said nothing about the problem.
i mi ne se mau do cu claniI'm taller than you.

ne'a [preposition of place]next to ..., beside ... (near)

i mi ca zvati ne'a le tcanaI'm near the station.

ne'i [preposition of place]inside of ..., adverb: within

i lo vacri ca lenku ne'i lo zdani be miThe air is cold inside my house.
i xu do kakne lo ka viska ne'i lo mankuCan you see in the dark?

nei [verb] — copies the current clause

i mi ca'o lumci lo neiI'm washing myself.
i do zbasu no da lo se neiYou are making nothing out of nothing.
Comment: lo nei refers to the first place of the current clause, lo se nei to the second etc.

nejnix1(entity) is energy of x2(property of x3) of object x3(entity)

lo nejni — energy. lo se nejni — type of energy. lo te nejni — form of energy.
i ba barda fa lo nejni be lo ka muvdu bei ti noi rokciIt will consume a lot of energy to move this rock.
Related words: marji, tarmi, kantu, lazni, livla

nelcix1(entity) likes x2(clause)

lo nelci — fancier. lo se nelci — liked.
i mi nelci ro nu do cusku lo simsaI like whenever you say such things.
i mi nelci lo ckafi ne se mauI prefer coffee.
Comment: prami is for to love, nelci is for to like.
Related words: cinmo, djica, pluka, prami, rigni, sinma, trina, xebni, cuxna, pendo

nenrix1(entity) is inside x2(entity)

lo nenri — inner. lo se nenri — outer.
i rau finpe cu nenri lo vi rirxeThere are plenty of fish in this river.
i le ctuca pu klama lo nenriThe teacher came in.
i mi pu punji fi lo nenri be lo minji be lo nu lenkuI put it into the fridge.
Comment: se vasru is for containment that need not be total.
Related words: se vasru, jbini, zvati, cpana, sruri, senta, snuji, bartu, diklo, jibni, jinru, setca

ni'a [preposition of cardinal direction]down from ..., adverb: under

i gau ko stodi ni'a loi papriKeep it under papers.

ni'i [preposition from nibli]logically because ..., adverb: with logical implications

i do srera fau lo ka pilno lo datni pe mi i ni'i bo u'u mi pu te mu'i nai smusku lo jitfaYou are wrong when using my data just because (sorry!) I unintentionally said a false thing.

ni'o [paragraph break] — starts a new topic

i mi ze'u na tavla do ni'o ei mi ca clivaI haven't talked to you in a long time. Well, now I should leave.
Comment: used to start paragraphs in written text.

ni'u [digit/number] — minus sign (number follows; by default any negative)

i li ni'u ci du li re vu'u mu '-3 = 2 - 5'.

niblix1(proposition) implies x2(proposition) ...

i da zo'u lo ka djica da cu nibli lo ka claxu daWanting something implies lacking it.
i lo ka frili na nibli lo ka xamguBeing easy doesn't imply that it is good.
Related words: natfe, rinka, mukti, krinu, ni'i, jalge, logji

nictex1(entity) happens during nighttime of day x2(entity) ...

lo nicte — night-time.
i a'o pluka nicteGood night! (a well-wish)
i ca lo nicte be lo cabdei mi ba zvati le boskeTonight I will be in the forest.
Related words: donri, djedi, tcika

niklex1(entity) is a quantity of nickel

lo nikle — nickel.
i lo nikle cu me lo jinme poi jdari gi'e se romgeNickel is a hard metal with reflective surface.
Related words: jinme

nilce — furniture x1(entity) furnishes x2(entity) serving the function x3(proposition)

lo nilce — furniture.
i lo za'u vi te gusni cu nilce le kumfa le du'u ri jai zdileThese light sources furnishes the room making it amusing.
Related words: ckana, jubme, sfofa, stizu, dacru

nimrex1(entity) is a piece of citrus fruit of species x2(taxon)

lo nimre — citrus.
i ti noi nimre cu kukte gi'i kurkiIs this citrus sweet or bitter?
Related words: grute, slari, slami, xukmi

ninmux1(entity) is a woman

lo ninmu — woman.
i pa melbi ninmu poi se kerfa lo pelxu pu cadzu bu'u le pankaA pretty woman with yellow hair was walking in the park.
Related words: nanmu, remna, prenu, makcu, nixli

nirnax1(entity) is a nerve or neuron of x2(entity)

lo nirna — nerve.
i lo nirna be pa degji be mi cu spofuNerves in my finger don't work.
Related words: ve benji

nitcux1(entity) needs x2(clause, property of x1) for purpose x3(property of x1)

lo nitcu — in need.
i mi nitcu lo ka volta lo zdani vau lo ka cpacu lei ckikuI need to return home to get the keys.
Comment: nitcu is to be in need, sarcu is is necessary, is a requirement
Related words: banzu, cidja, claxu, pindi, xebni, sarcu, lacri, djica, taske, xagji

nivjix1(entity) knits x2(entity) from yarn x3(entity)

lo te nivji — yarn for knitting.
i le nixli cu nivji pa creka lo lanme sunlaThe girl is knitting a sweater from fleece.
Related words: cilta, fenso, jivbu, pijne

nixlix1(entity) is a girl ...

lo nixli — girl.
i le nixli cu cisma fa'a miThe girl smiled at me.
Related words: nanla, verba, ninmu

no [digit/number]0, zero

i no bramlatu ca zvati le boskeThere are no big cats in the forest.

no'a [verb] — copies the outer clause in which the current one is embedded excluding sei-clauses

i xu la alis cu zukte lo se nupre be lo no'aDoes Alice keep her words?
i mi gleki lo nu no'aI'm happy because I'm happy.

no'e [left scalar particle] — middle on the scale. Modifies the construct to the right

i le creka cu no'e cmaluThe shirt is medium in size.
i mi no'e certu tu'a la lojbanI'm fine in Lojban, neither a newbie, nor an expert.
i lo vacri ca no'e glareIt's neither cold, nor hot now, it's in between.

no'i [paragraph break] — resumes the previous topic

i do zenba lo ka certu tu'a la lojban no'i mi jinvi le du'u lo jufra pe do na mulno draniYou are becoming more and more proficient in Lojban. Back to the previous topic, I think your sentence wasn't fully correct.

no'o [digit/number] — typical/average value

i mi se degji no'o daI have a usual number of fingers.

noblix1(entity) is noble in x2(property of x1)

lo nobli — noble.
i le nixli cu nobli lo ka tartiThe girl is aristocratic in her behavior.
i mi nobli lo ka jbena ma kauI am noble by birth.
Related words: banli

noi — turn clause into incidental relative clause

i mi nelci pa ninmu noi mi ta'e zgana bu'u lo pankaI like a woman, whom I habitually see in the park.
i mi nelci pa ninmuI like a woman.
i mi tavla do noi mi prami ke'aI'm talking to you whom I love.
Comment: who, which. Starts relative clause that only adds additional information.

nolraitrux1(entity) is a monarch (king or queen) of x2(entity)

lo nolraitru — king, queen, monarch, regent.
i xu do nolraitru le munjeAre you the king of the world?
Related words: turni, catni, minde, tutra, jecta, gugde, ponse, jitro

notcix1(entity, text) is a notice about x2(entity) ...

lo notci — message. lo se notci — subject of a message.
i mi pu cusku fi lo jatna fe lu mi'a nu'o djuno li'u noi notci lo cipraI made a statement to the boss about the experiment: "We don't know yet."
i le turni ba cusku pa notci be lo cnino jikniThe governor will announce a new economic system.
Comment: skicu is to tell, cusku is to say, tavla is to talk, benji lo notci is to notify. The second place of skicu is filled with a topic like skicu lo dansu (tell about dancers), the second place of cusku is filled with a text like cusku zo dansu (to say "dance"")
Related words: xatra, nuzba, mrilu, morji

nu [clause prefix] — turn clause into verb

i mi gleki lo nu do klamaI am happy that you came.
i lo nu prami cu nu gunkaLoving is working.
Comment: x1 (clause) is the state, process described in the clause that follows.

nu bu — refers to the last nu-clause used

i mi djica lo nu do kansa mi i xu nu bu cumkiI want you to accompany me. Is this possible?

nu'e [vocative]I promise, nu'e cu'iNo promises, nu'e naiI take my promise back

i mi ba no roi zukte lo simsa za'u re'u vau nu'e doI will never do that again, I promise you.
i nu'e cu'i do mi ba trociI'll try, but I don't promise anything.
i nu'e nai do i se la'u li du'e tiljuI take my promise back, it's too heavy.

nu'o [preposition of potential]possibly can but actually not ...

i mi nu'o zvati tu noi pankaI have never been to the park over there.
i mi nu'o snadaI haven't succeeded yet.
Comment: not necessarily innately capable, describes what can potentially happen but actually hasn't (has happened zero times).

nudlex1(entity) is a noodle

lo nudle — noodles.
i mi pu citka lo stasu poi vasru lo nudleI ate a soup with noodles.
i mi pu citka lo nudle ca lo cabdei pa re'uToday was the first time I ate noodles.
Related words: nanba, skori, gurni, panlo, toknu

nuknix1(entity) has magenta color

lo nukni — magenta (color).
i le pa xrula cu nukniThe flower has a magenta color.
Related words: skari, blabi, xekri, kandi, carmi, xunre, zirpu

nuprex1(entity) promises or threatens of x2(property of x1) to x3(entity)

lo se nupre — promised.
i mi pu nupre fi la alis lo ka sidju ri va'o lo nu ri smajiI made Alice a promise to help her on condition that she keeps silence.
Related words: kajde, xusra

nurmax1(entity) is a countryside, rural area of x2(entity)

lo nurma — countryside.
i le nurma cu jai plukaThe countryside is pleasant.
Related words: jarbu, rarna, tcadu, cange

nutlix1(entity) is neutral in x2(property of x1)

lo nutli — neutral.
i la lojban cu nutli lo ka ma kau mapti ce'u lo ka traji fi lo kulnuLojban is neutral in terms of what culture matches it best.
Related words: midju, lanxe, milxe, mutce, no'e

nuzbax1(proposition) is news about x2(entity) from x3(entity) to observer x4(entity)

lo nuzba — news.
i ma nuzbaWhat's up? What are the news?
i no da nuzba fi mi fo doNo news from me for you.
i lo nuzba be le tcini pu se terpaNews about the situation were frightening.
i nuzba fa lo nu mi pu te vecnu pa fonxaThe news are that I bought a phone.
i le du'u no da nuzba cu xamgu nuzbaNo news are good news.
Related words: cnino, notci

ny [pronoun]n (letter)

Comment: prefixed with me'o is a quotation of the letter. When used alone refers to the last noun with the verb starting with this letter like ny is for the last lo nobli used.

o [conjunction for nouns]both or none

i la alis o la kevin cu lumci lo kumfaEither both Alice and Kevin clean a room or neither of them do.
Related words: jo, a, e, ji, o, u

o bu [pronoun]o (letter)

Comment: prefixed with me'o is a quotation of the letter. When used alone refers to the last noun with the verb starting with this letter like o bu is for the last lo omle used.

o nai [conjunction for nouns]either ... or ...

i do o nai mi lumci le kumfaEither you clean the room or I do.
Related words: jo, a, e, ji, o, u

o'a [interjection] — pride, o'a cu'i — modesty/humility, o'a naiHow embarrassing. It makes me ashamed.

i o'a ca ti mi kakne lo ka limnaNow I am able to swim.
i mi pu bilga o'a cu'i i fe bo mi sidjuIt was just my duty, so I helped.
i o'a nai la alis nu'o brediWhat a shame, Alice is not ready yet.
i o'a nai se'i mi pu mrilu fi pa na draniOops, I mailed to a wrong address.
Related words: jgira, cumla, ckeji

o'e [interjection] — intimacy, closeness, rapport, o'e nai — distance

i o'e mi do ba kansa lo ka vitke lo mikceI'll go with you to see the doctor.
i o'e nai doi lo dirba mi na djunoDear, I don't know.
i o'e nai mi pensiLeave me alone, I'm thinking.
Related words: kansa

o'i [interjection]Danger! (caution), o'i nai — rashness, recklessness

i o'i pa karce ca craneBe careful, a car ahead!
i o'i nai guntaGo ahead, attack!
Related words: kajde, ckape

o'o [interjection]Patience!, o'o cu'i — mere tolerance, o'o nai — impatience, intolerance

i o'o ko za'u re'u trociPatience, try again!
i o'o cu'i ma pu mukti fi doOk, what was your motive to do it?
i o'o nai le mamta ca zvati maWhere is the mother after all?
Related words: fengu, steba, denpa

o'u [interjection]Phew! (relaxation), o'u cu'i — composure, balance, sobriety, phlegm, o'u nai — stress, anxiety

i o'u ba'o vlile tcimaPhew, the storm is over.
i o'u cu'i mi pu tinbe lo se flaluI followed the law.
i o'u nai lo bersa be mi za'o na voltaMy son is still not back.
Related words: surla, dunku

oi [interjection]Darn! Ouch! Hmph (complaint), oi nai — pleasure

i le oi tuple be miOuch, my leg!
i oi nai vifne djacuFresh water, how nice.
Related words: pante, pluka, kufra

omlex1(entity) is an omelet containing x2(entity)

lo omle — omelette, omelet.
i mi ba citka lo omle be lo sovda jo'u lo tamcaI will eat an omelette made with eggs and tomatoes.
Comment: use ce to specify components of the omelette in x2.
Related words: torta, sanmi, salta, nanba, sovda, ladru

pa [digit/number]1, one

i pa planeta cu xamgu loi remnaThere is one planet for humanity.

pa'a [preposition from panra]otherwise equal to ..., adverb: similarly

i le ninmu ne pa'a la alis cu se kanla lo crinoThe woman is like Alice except that the woman has green eyes.
Comment: the clause itself describes the only difference between nouns compared.

pa'e [interjection]Speaking impartially, pa'e naiprejudice

i pa'e le stasu cu xlaliIn my unbiased opinion, the soup is terrible.
i pa'e nai lo za'u pixra poi mi finti cu traji lo ka zabnaOf course, I'm biased, but my paintings are the best.
Related words: vrude, nutli, pajni

pa'o [preposition of place]passing through ...

i ta'i da do pu pu'i limna pa'o le rirxeSomehow, you were able to swim across the river.

pacnax1(entity) hopes for x2(clause) estimating its likelihood as x3(number: from 0 to 1)

lo se pacna — hope (expected event).
i mi pacna fi li so'a fe lo nu solri ba ziI hope it will be sunny soon.
i mi pacna fi li so'u fe lo nu do klamaI wish you came.
Related words: djica

pagbux1(entity) is a part or piece of x2(entity)

lo pagbu — part.
i lo risna cu pagbu lo xadniHeart is a part of body.
Related words: mulno, xadba, spisa, gunma, rafsi

pagrex1(entity) penetrates barrier x2(entity) to destination x3(entity) from origin x4(entity)

i le trene mo'u pagre le manku kevna pa nurma lo jarbuThe train passed the dark hole to reach a rural area from the suburbs of the city.
Related words: bitmu, denci, ganlo, kalri, vorme, pluta, canko, ragve

pai [digit/number]number pi (approximately 3.14159)

i li pai du li ji'i ci pi pa vo pa mu soThe number π (pi) is approximately 3.14159.
i lo nenri be lo cirkulo be li re pi'i ry cu klani li pai pi'i ry te'o reThe area of a circle of diameter "2 × r" is equal to π × r2.

pajnix1(entity) judges matter x2(proposition)

lo pajni — judge. lo se pajni — matter judged.
i le te cange pu pajni le du'u xu kau lo grute cu makcuThe farmer was deciding whether fruits were ripe.
Comment: pajni is for judging matters, jdice is for actual decisions, cuxna is for deciding (choosing) on something out of options.
Related words: cuxna, jdice, vajni, cipra, zekri, manri, mansa

palcix1(entity) is immoral, evil by standard x2(proposition)

lo palci — wicked, evil, immoral.
i pu se palci do fa lo ka lebna lo jdiniIt was wicked of you to take money.
Related words: zekri, vrude, xlali, marde, mabla

palkux1(entity) is a pair of pants or trousers ...

lo palku — trousers, pants.
i xu do ca dasni lo palkuAre you wearing trousers?
Related words: taxfu, pastu, skaci

palmax1(entity) is a palm tree of species x2(taxon)

lo palma — palm tree.
i mi pu cpare lo palma tricuI climbed a palm tree.
Related words: tricu, kokso, grasu, narge

palnex1(entity) is a tray or platter with contents x2(entity) ...

lo palne — tray, platter.
i ti palne lo palta jo'u lo kabriThis is a tray with plates and cups on it.
Related words: tansi, patxu, palta, ckana

palpix1(entity) touch-feels, palpates surface x2(entity)

i mi palpi lo sefta be lo najnimre i ri se sefta lo xutlaI can touch-feel the surface of an orange. It is soft.
Related words: pencu, sefta, ganse

paltax1(entity) is a plate or saucer ...

lo palta — plate, saucer.
i mi pu jai gau porpi fai lo paltaI broke a plate.
i le palta co'a porpiThe plate got broken.
Comment: lo kabri is normally lifted when eaten from it, lo palta is not.
Related words: ckana, palne, kabri, tansi, ckana

pambex1(entity) is a pump inserting fluid x2(entity) to x3(entity) from x4(entity) ...

lo pambe — pump.
i ti pambe lo vacri lo xislu lo bartuThis is a pump for filling up the air into wheels from the outside.
Related words: gapci, litki, rinci, fepri, risna, rinci, tutci

pancix1(entity) is a smell emitted by x2(entity) detected by observer x3(entity)

lo panci — smell, fragrance.
i mi sumne lo panci be lo najnimre i ri se panci lo xrulaI can smell a scent of an orange. It has a scent of flowers.
i mi te panci lo najnimre lo xrulaI can smell an orange smelling of flowers.
i le kumfa cu je'a se panci lo mablaThe room really stinks.
i iu nai panci fa lo kalciYuck, it smells like shit.
Related words: nazbi, sumne, cpina, vrusi

panjex1(entity) is some sponge

lo panje — sponge.
i le panje cu cokcu lo so'i djacuThe sponge absorbs a lot of water.
Comment: cokcu is for a generalized absorbant.
Related words: cokcu

pankax1(entity) is a park ...

lo panka — park.
i mi se pluka lo ka cadzu bu'u lo panka fau lo ka kansa loi pendo be miI like to walk in the parks with my friends.
Related words: sorcu, zdile, klaji, purdi

panlox1(entity) is a slice of x2(entity)

lo panlo — slice. lo se panlo — sliced.
i ti panlo lo nanbaThis is a slice of bread.
Related words: spisa, pagbu, nanba

panpix1(entity) is at peace with x2(entity)

i le mensi ca panpi lo bruna be vo'aThe sister is now at piece with her brother.
Related words: jamna, sarxe, smaji, tugni, cilce, jamna

panrax1(entity) is parallel, similar to x2(entity) differing only in x3(property of x1) ...

lo panra — parallel, congruent. lo te panra — the only difference.
i zo pacna zo kanpe panra lo ka valsi lo ka djicaThe word pacna is parallel to kanpe differing in that pacna describes desire and kanpe doesn't.
Comment: to describe the difference feature of x2 use se panra to make it x1.
Related words: pa'a, mintu, simsa, girzu, vrici

pantex1(entity) protests or complains about x2(clause) to x3(entity) ...

lo pante — protester.
i za'u pa gunka pu pante lo ka te pleji ma kau vau loi turni ta'i lo ka de'a gunkaWorkers complained about their salary to the management by halting their work.
Related words: xarnu

panzix1(entity) is a child of x2(entity)

lo panzi — offspring. lo se panzi — biological parent.
i le nixli cu panzi la alisThe girl is Alice's child.
Related words: grute, verba, bersa, tixnu, se rorci, patfu

paprix1(entity) is a page of book or document x2(entity)

lo papri — page. lo se papri — paged document, paged book.
i ko catlu ti noi papri lo cuktaLook at this page of the book.
Related words: karni, pelji, prina, xatra, vreji, pezli, cukta, ciska

parbi — fraction x1(number) is a ratio of x2(entity) with respect to x3(same type as x2)

lo parbi — fraction. lo se parbi — numerator. lo te parbi — denominator.
i li re parbi li vo li re2 is the ratio of 4 with respect to 2.
i lo cmalu cu parbi lo temci be lo cabna bei lo nu cliva vau lo temci be lo nu cliva bei lo nu voltaIt's a small fraction of the time from now until leaving with respect to the time from leaving until returning.
Related words: frinu, dilcu, mekso

parjix1(entity) is a parasite of x2(entity)

lo parji — parasite.
i lo vi curnu cu parji lo xarjuThis worm is a parasite in pigs.
Related words: civla

participex1(entity) participates in the event x2(property of x1)

lo participe — participant, character (in a story or play).
i ma ba participe lo ka casnuWho will participate in the discussion?
Related words: zvati, zukte, cmima, fasnu, cabna, vitke

pastux1(entity) is a robe ...

lo pastu — robe, gown.
i do poi dasni ti noi pastu cu simlu lo ka citno nixliIn this dress, you look like a young girl.
Related words: kosta, taxfu, palku

patfux1(entity) is a father of x2(entity)

lo patfu — father. lo se patfu — child of a father.
i lo patfu be mi cu gunka bu'u la tokiiosMy father works in Tokio.
Related words: mamta, rirni, rorci, tarbi, dzena, famti, panzi, bersa, sovda

patlux1(entity) is a potato of species x2(taxon)

lo patlu — potato.
i au pei stasu lo patluWould you like potato soup?
Related words: genja, jalna, samcu

patxux1(entity) is a pot with contents x2(entity) ...

lo patxu — pot, sink. lo se patxu — contents of a pot.
i mi pu bevri pa patxu be lo djacuI brought a pot of water.
Related words: tansi, palne, baktu, botpi

pau [interjection] — optional question marker, pau nai — marks the question as a rhetorical one

i pau do retsku lo se du'u ma krinu su'o nu balvi vau ji su'o nu pilnoYou are asking of what is the reason for something happening in the future, and/or in usage. What is that reason, and is it for something happening in the future, a usage, or both?
i lo prenu cu bebna ki'u ma pau naiWhy people are so stupid?
Comment: pau marks the question as non-rhetorical, in other words, the one that is expected to be answered. pau may be used for expressing symbol "¿" in Spanish.
Related words: retsku

pethat is about ... (a noun follows)

i ti du lo pa karce pe la alisThis is a car of my friend.
i lo pendo be mi cu jai fenki i lo pendo pe mi cu jai fenkiMy friend is crazy.
i ti me lo karce pe miIt's my own car.
Comment: lo mi pendo is the same as lo pendo pe mi.

pe'a — marks a construct as figurative, non-literal, metaphorical, pe'a nai — marks a construct as having literal meaning

i lo ditcu cu jdini pe'aTime is money.
i le nanmu cu lanbi pe'aHe is a "sheep" (figuratively).
i mi xagji pe'a lo ka tavlaI'm hungry for talking.
i mi xagji pe'a naiI'm literally hungry.

pe'i [interjection]In my opinion. I think

i pe'i do draniI think you are right.
i pe'i vamji fa lo nu retskuI think it's worth asking.
Comment: for thinking (musing upon something) use pensi.
Related words: jinvi

pei [interjection modifier]what is your attitude to it?, how do you feel about it? (asks for the attitude)

i au pei mi kansa doDo you want me to accompany you?
i pei mi'o zvati le te salciWhat about going to the party?
Comment: can be used either on its own or as a modifier of interjection.

peljix1(entity) is some paper ...

lo pelji — paper.
i mi pu ciska pa xatra lo blabi peljiI wrote a letter on a white paper.
Related words: karni, papri, prina

pelmenix1(entity) is a piece of dumplings/pelmeni containing x2(entity)

lo pelmeni — dumplings, ravioli, pelmeni, dim sum (Hongkong/Xianggang cuisine).
i xu do su'o roi smaka lo rusko pelmeniHave you at least once tasted Russian pelmeni?
Comment: see nanba, rectu, sanmi.
Related words: rectu, nanba, cilmo

pelxux1(entity) is yellow

lo pelxu — yellow.
i lo'e badna cu pelxuA typical banana is yellow.
Related words: skari, blabi, xekri, kandi, carmi, narju, solji

pemcix1(text) is a poem about x2(entity) ...

lo pemci — poem. lo se pemci — subject of a poem.
i mi finti lo pemci be lo vrici prenuI create poems about different people.
Related words: prosa, rimni, rilti, finti, lisri, sanga

penbix1(entity) is a pen using ink x2(entity) ...

lo penbi — pen. lo se penbi — ink of a pen.
i tu penbi lo blanu e nai lo xekriThat is a blue, not black pen.
Related words: ciska, pinsi, xinmo, pimlu

pencux1(entity) touches x2(entity) ...

lo se pencu — touched.
i mi pu pencu lo vorme ta'i lo ka pilno pa canpaI touched a worm with a spade.
Comment: for the touch feeling use palpi.
Related words: ganse, darxi, jgari, penmi, jorne, satre, mosra, zgana

pendox1(entity) is a friend to x2(entity)

lo pendo — friend.
i xu la alis cu pendo doIs Alice your friend?
Related words: bradi, xendo, nelci, prami, bradi

penmix1(entity) encounters or meets x2(entity) at x3

lo se penmi — encountered.
i mi mutce se pluka lo ka penmi doI am pleased to meet you.
i mi pu penmi pa cizra prenu lo jipno be le cmanaI encountered a strange person at the tip of the mountain.
Comment: x3 denotes a place where participants gather together.
Related words: jorne, jikca, pencu

pensix1(entity) ponders, is pensive about x2(property of x1)

lo pensi — thinker. lo se pensi — thought.
i mi pensi lo nu mi pu zvati ma kauI'm thinking of where I was.
i mi pu pensi lo nu mi volta le zdaniI was thinking of returning back home.
Comment: jinvi - to have an opinion that..., jdice - to make a decision.
Related words: pe'i, jijnu, menli, morji, sidbo, jinvi, se nabmi, minra, lanli, besna, saske, skami

perlix1(entity) is a pear of species x2(taxon)

lo perli — pear.
i mi binxo lo perli se ja'e lo nu mi citka lo perliI become a pear because I eat pears.
Related words: grute

pesxux1(entity) is jam, paste, dough ...

lo pesxu — paste.
i au flaume pesxuI'd like some plum jam.
Related words: marxa, kliti, tarla

petsox1(entity) is 1015 of x2(same type as x1) in x3(property of x1)

i lo gusni cu petso lo mitre be li ji'i so pi mu lo ka muvdu ca ro nanca1 light-year is approximately 9.5 Petameters (Pm).
Related words: centi

pezlix1(entity) is a leaf of plant x2(entity)

lo pezli — leaf. lo se pezli — plant with leaves.
i lo pezli be lo tricu co'a pelxu ca lo crituLeaves of tress become yellow in the autumn.
Related words: tricu, papri, spati

pi [digit/number] — radix point (number base; by default decimal)

i lo vacri ca kelvo li ji'i re so ci pi muIt's around 293.5 degrees Kelvin (20.5 degrees Celsius).

pi'e [digit/number] — separates number into parts of different bases

i ko tcidu lo te fendi poi pa pi'e ci mu moiRead the section 1.35.

pi'i — multiplication operator (symbol × or in math)

i li re pi'i mu du li pa no2 × 5 = 10.

pi'u [conjunction] — forms Cartesian product of sets

i lo mango o nai bo lo plise o nai bo lo perli pi'u lo xunre a bo lo pelxu cu vo meiThe Cartesian product of mangoes, apples and pears that are either red or yellow has 6 members.
Comment: elements are combined by taking only one element from each set and all such possible combinations form a new set that is called Cartesian product.

pictix1(entity) is 10-12 of x2(same type as x1) in x3(property of x1)

i lo ratni be lo cidro cu picti lo mitre be li re mu lo ka klani ma kauThe atom of hydrogen is 25 picometers in size.
Related words: centi

pijnex1(entity) is a pin for piercing x2(entity) ...

lo pijne — pin. lo se pijne — pierced by a pin.
i ko dunda fi mi fe pa pijne be lo peljiGive me a pin for fastening paper.
Related words: jesni, nivji, fenso, dinko, tutci

pikcix1(entity) pleads or begs x2(entity) for x3(property of x2)

i la kevin pu pikci la alis lo ka staliKevin begged Alice to stay.
Related words: cpedu, pindi

piktax1(entity) is a ticket entitling x2(entity) to x3(property of x2) ...

lo pikta — ticket. lo se pikta — ticket holder.
i mi pu te vecnu re pikta be lo verba bei lo ka klama la bostonI bought two child tickets to Boston.
Related words: jaspu

pildax1(entity) is pale

lo pilda — pale.
i lo flira be do cu pilda i ma krinuYour face is pale. What happened?
Related words: kandi, blabi, grusi

piljix1(number) is the product of x2(number) multiplied by x3(number)

lo pilji — product of multiplication.
i li bi pilji li re li vo8 = 4 x 2.
Related words: mekso, sumji, rapli, jalge

pilkax1(entity) is a crust, peel of x2(entity)

lo pilka — crust, peel.
i le najnimre co'u se pilkaThe orange has been peeled off.
i mi pu vimcu lo pilka be le pliseI peeled the apple off.
i lo pilka be le plise cu cinlaThe peel of the apple is thin.
Related words: grute, calku, skapi, gacri

pilnox1(entity) uses x2(entity) for purpose x3(property of x1)

lo pilno — user. lo se pilno — used.
i le nixli pu pilno pa skami lo ka facki lo se nitcuThe girl used a computer to get the necessary information.
Related words: tutci, cabra, minji, gasnu, zukte, se pi'o, sazri, jibri

pimlux1(entity) is a feather of x2(entity)

lo pimlu — feather. lo se pimlu — feathered.
i ti pimlu lo cipni pe miThis is a feather of my bird.
Related words: cipni, nalci, rebla, kerfa, penbi

pincax1(entity) is urine of x2(entity)

lo pinca — urine.
i lo pinca be ko cu zvati lo patxuPee to the pot.
Related words: vikmi, xasne, kalci, mabla, festi

pincivix1(entity) pees, pisses, excretes urine, urinates x2(entity)

i lo se pincivi be ko cu zvati lo patxuPee to the pot.
i gau lo betka ra pincivi lo xunreDue to beetroots, he pissed red.
Related words: pinca, vikmi

pindix1(entity) is poor in x2(property of x1)

lo pindi — poor.
i le nakni cu pindi lo ka ponse no xirmaHe is poor in that he doesn't own a horse.
Comment: x2 specifies the actual state of affairs that describes why x1 is considered poor.
Related words: ricfu, claxu, nitcu, pikci

pinfux1(entity) is a prisoner of x2(entity) restrained by action x3(property of x2)

lo pinfu — prisoner. lo te pinfu — means of imprisonment.
i mi'a pu pinfu lo zdani be mi'a lo nu snime carviWe became prisoners of our home due to the snowfall.
Related words: zifre, kavbu, rinju, ralte, fanta, cilce

pinkax1(entity, text) is a comment about x2(entity) ...

lo pinka — comment, remark. lo se pinka — subject of a comment.
i mi pu cusku fi loi rirni fe pa pinka be lo nu pu se srera fa le nu klama lo bartu ca lo nu carviI commented to the parents that going outside while it had been raining had been a mistake.
i au nai mi cusku lo pinkaI have no comment.
i le nakni pu cusku lo zabna pinka be le cuktaHe made a nice comment about the book.
Related words: cusku, notci, jinvi, zgana, lanli, bacru, ciska

pinsix1(entity) is a pencil with marking material x2(entity) ...

lo pinsi — pencil, crayon.
i ti pinsi lo xunreThis is a red pencil.
Related words: ciska, penbi, burcu, bakri

pintax1(entity) is level, horizontal in frame of reference x2(entity)

lo pinta — horizontal.
i lo nanmu pu ku pinta gi'e la'a sipnaThe man was in horizontal position and was probably sleeping.
Related words: sraji, plita, xutla

pinxex1(entity) drinks x2(entity) out of x3(entity)

lo pinxe — drinker. lo se pinxe — something drunk, beverage.
i mi pinxe lo tcati le kabriI drink tea from the cup.
i mi pu pinxe lo glare ckafi pa kabriI drank a cup of hot coffee from a cup.
Related words: cidja, citka, taske, tunlo, xaksu, barja, birje

pipnox1(entity) is a piano or other keyboard musical instrument

lo pipno — piano.
i xu do zgipli lo pipnoDo you play the piano?
Related words: zgike

pixrax1(entity) is a picture of x2(entity) made by x3(entity) ...

lo pixra — picture. lo se pixra — pictured.
i ti pixra pa zbani mi poi pu zvati la niponThis is a picture of the coast that I made when I was in Japan.
Related words: ciska, cinta, prina, mupli, barna, skina

planax1(entity) is fat or obese in x2(property of x1)

lo plana — fat, obese, swollen.
i le nanla cu plana lo ka se betfuThe boy is fat with his belly.
Related words: cinla, rotsu, barda, punli, grasu

planetax1(entity) is a planet

lo planeta — planet.
i le terdi cu melbi planetaThe Earth is a beautiful planet.
Related words: lunra, mluni, terdi, solri, munje

platux1(entity) plans, designs plot x2(property of x1) for purpose x3(clause)

lo platu — planner. lo se platu — plan, planned. lo te platu — purpose of a plan.
i mi platu lo ka klama la nipon vau lo ka surlaI'm planning to go to Japan to take rest.
Related words: cartu

plejix1(entity) pays x2(entity, property of x1) to x3(entity) for x4(entity, property of x1)

lo pleji — payer. lo se pleji — payment. lo te pleji — payee. lo ve pleji — something paid for.
i mi pu pleji lo se jerna lo bersa be mi lo ka sidju miI paid my son for what he earned for helping me.
Related words: canja, cnemu, friti, kargu, vecnu, jdima, prali, jerna, sfasa, dunda, jinga, dapma, cirko, dirba

plibux1(entity) is a pubic area of x2(entity)

lo plibu — pubic area, external genitalia.
i la edvard pu darxi lo plibu be mi se pi'o lo jamfuEduard hit my pubis with a foot.
Related words: seksi, gletu, nakpinji, vibna, vlagi, ganti, mabla

plipex1(entity) jumps to x2(entity) from x3(entity) through route x4(entity) ...

i lo mlatu pu plipe lo bartu lo dertu lo galtu be le bitmuThe cat jumped to the outside from the ground over the fence.
Related words: bajra, stapa, cpare, lafti

plisex1(entity) is an apple of species x2(taxon)

lo plise — apple.
i le za'u plise cu makcuThe apples are ripe.
Comment: lo plise poi grute is @@apple fruit, lo plise poi tricu is @@apple tree. plise alone can denote either of them.
Related words: grute, tricu

plitax1(entity) is a geometrical plane defined by points x2(entity group)

lo plita — plane (shape).
i lo toldi poi cpare lo za'u xrula pe le loldi co'a se plita lo melbiButterflies creeping along the flowers formed a beautiful flat shape.
Related words: xutla, sefta, tapla, karda, boxfo, pinta

plixax1(entity) ploughs x2(entity) using x3(entity) ...

lo plixa — plowman, ploughman. lo se plixa — ploughed, plowed. lo te plixa — plough, plow.
i le te cange pu plixa lo dertu pa bardaThe farmer ploughed the ground using a large plow.
Related words: kakpa, sraku, katna, skuro

plixaux1(entity) is useful for user x2(entity) in x3(property of x1)

lo plixau — useful.
i lo ka tavla cu plixau do lo rinka be lo nu do certu la lojbanTalking would be useful for you in becoming an expert in Lojban.
Related words: pilno, xamgu, melbi, xlali, vrude, zabna

plujax1(entity) is complex in x2(property of x1) ...

lo pluja — complex.
i le tcini cu pluja lo ka se ciksiThe situation is hard to explain.
Related words: cfipu, banli, sampu, jgena

plukax1(property of x2) pleases x2(entity) ; x2 enjoys x1 ...

lo pluka — pleasant event. lo se pluka — pleased, glad.
i mi se pluka lo ka kelci la tenisI like playing tennis.
i mi se pluka lo ka limna lo xamsiI enjoy swimming in the sea.
Related words: rigni, melbi, nelci, prami

plutax1(entity) is a route to x2(entity) from x3(entity) ...

lo pluta — route.
i pluta lo aftobuso tcana ti fa lo nu klama lo zunle gi'e ba bo ze'a klama lo crane gi'e ba bo klama lo prituThe route to the bus station from here is the following: you turn left, then go straight for a while, and then turn right.
Comment: for means to a goal lo se zukte is to be used.
Related words: litru, flu'ente, naxle, dargu, klaji, tcana, ve klama, tadji, zukte, klama, pagre

po'ethat inalienably belongs to ... (a noun follows)

i lo cidni po'e mi cu cortuMy knee aches.
Comment: po'e is used organs, limbs of body, for parental relationships. pe is a more generic particle.

po'o [interjection]uniquely, only, solely (the only relevant case), po'o cu'ifor one (not excluding other), po'o naiamong others

i lo troci ku po'o snada i je ku'i lo troci po'o cu flibaOnly the one who tries, succeeds, and the one who only tries, fails.
i po'o mi na kansa le fetsiThe only thing is, I'm not with her.
i mi pu te vecnu lo jisra ku po'oI bought only some juice.
i mi na zanru lo ve sfasa noi po'o cu'i zekriI don't approve of punishments which, for one, are a crime.
i mi pu te vecnu lo titla ku po'o naiI bought candies among other things.
Related words: pa mei, mulno, te panra

poi — turn clause into relative clause

i le nakni pu co'a speni pa ninmu poi pu se penmi bu'u lo zarciHe married a woman met in the store.
i le nakni pu co'a speni pa ninmuHe married a woman.
Comment: that. Starts restrictive relative clause. Removing the relative clause with poi changes the meaning of the sentence.

poljex1(entity) folds x2(entity) at location x3(entity)

lo se polje — folded. lo te polje — fold, wrinkle, creae.
i mi pu polje pa boxfo so'i daI wrinkled the sheet of paper in several places.
Related words: korcu, cinje, boxfo, boxna

ponjox1(entity) is Japanese in x2(property of x1)

lo ponjo — Japanese.
i xu ti me lo misno ke ponjo finpeIs this a famous Japanese fish?
Related words: xazdo, daplu, jungo, rusko

ponsex1(entity) owns x2(entity) under law x3(proposition)

lo ponse — owner, proprietor. lo se ponse — possessed, property (possessed).
i le prenu cu ponse pa karce lo zekriThe person owns the car illegally (not under official law).
Related words: ckini, ralte, jitro, steci, srana, tutra, turni, zivle

porpix1(entity) breaks or shatters into pieces x2(entity)

lo se porpi — piece of something broken.
i le palta mo'u porpi so'i cmaluThe plate broke into many small pieces.
Related words: spoja, se katna, xrani, spofu

porsix1(entity) is a sequence ordered by rules x2(relation between members of x1, contains two places for ce'u) on unordered x3(group of same type as x1)

lo porsi — sequence.
i li pa ce'o li re ce'o li ci cu porsi lo ka ce'u mleca ce'u vau lo namcu1, 2, 3 is a sequence of numbers where a number to the left is less than the number to the right.
i mi pu ganse lo po'o porsi be fi lo valsi i je mi na pu jimpe lo smuni be le porsiI could only see a sequence of words, the sequence the meaning of which I couldn't understand.
Related words: lidne, liste, cmima

portox1(entity) is Portuguese in x2(property of x1)

lo porto — Portuguese.
i le ninmu cu tavla fo lo portoShe speaks Portuguese.
Related words: brazo

pralix1(entity, property of x2) is a profit or benefit to x2(entity) resulting from x3(property of x2)

lo prali — profit, benefit.
i ma prali do lo ka tcidu lo se cukta poi vasru no pixraWhat the use to you of reading a book that has no pictures?
Related words: vecnu, cnemu, pleji, jinga, canja, sfasa, jerna, jdima, dunda, zivle

pramix1(entity) loves x2(entity)

lo prami — lover. lo se prami — loved.
i mi prami doI love you.
Comment: prami is to love, nelci is to like.
Related words: cinmo, xebni, nelci, djica, sinma, pluka, kurji, pendo, speni

pranex1(entity) is perfect or ideal in x2(property of x1)

lo prane — perfect.
i xu mi na prane lo ka melbiAm I not perfect in my beauty?
i mi prane lo ka vitke lo rirni de'i ro li jy dy zeI visit my parents every Sunday without fail.
Related words: manfo, curve, traji, cfila, mulno

prejax1(entity) spreads over x2(property of x1) from initial state x3(property of x1)

lo se preja — area of expansion.
i lo carvi pu fanta lo nu lo fagri cu preja lo boske le foldiThe rain kept the fire from spreading to the forest from the field.
Related words: tcena, kuspe, ranji, fatri, muvdu, benji

prenux1(entity) is a person

lo prenu — person, people, folk.
i xo prenu ca zvati lo bu'u kumfaHow many people are in this room now?
Comment: lo remna is human. In fairy tales and fantastic stories animals and alien beings from other planets can be called lo prenu - persons.
Related words: nanmu, ninmu, remna, zukte, sevzi

pretix1(text) is a question about x2(entity) ...

lo preti — question. lo se preti — subject of a question.
i mi pu cusku lo preti poi du lu ma nuzba li'uI asked a question, "What are the news?"
Related words: retsku, cusku, nabmi, danfu, ciksi, spuda, cpedu

prijex1(entity) is wise about matter x2(property of x1) ...

lo prije — wise, sage.
i do pu ja'a sai prije lo ka skicu la'e di'u miIt was really wise of you to tell me about it.
i mi pu prije lo ka vecnu le karceYou were wise to sell the car.
Related words: bebna

prinax1(entity) is a print on x2(entity) made by x3(entity)

lo prina — print. lo se prina — surface printed on. lo te prina — printer.
i le minji na te prina lo pelji lo papriThe machine isn't printing the document on the paper.
Related words: cukta, papri, pelji, pixra, ciska, danre, barna

pritux1(entity) is to the right of x2(entity) in frame of reference x3(entity)

lo pritu — right (direction).
i le nanmu cu pritu le dinju miThe man is to the right of the house from my position.
Related words: ri'u, mlana, crane, trixe, farna, zunle

progax1(entity) is a computer program for doing x2(clause)

lo proga — computer program.
i mi co'i finti pa proga be lo nu zmiku satre lo mlatuI have written a computer program for giving cats strokes automatically.
Related words: sampla, skami, jai gau farvi, finti, ciska, pensi, mlatu

prosax1(text) is prose about x2(entity) (entity) (entity) ...

lo prosa — prose, prosaic text.
i ti cukta lo prosa be lo za'u kulnuThis book contains prose about cultures.
Related words: cfika, lisri, cukta, pemci, finti

protonix1(entity) is a proton

lo protoni — proton.
i lo protoni cu kantuProton is an elementary particle.
Related words: kantu

prucex1(clause) is a process with input x2(entity) and output x3(entity) via stages x4(entity ordered group)

lo pruce — process. lo se pruce — process input. lo te pruce — process output. lo ve pruce — stage of a process.
i lo nu zbasu lo nanba cu pruce lo purmo jo'u lo djacu jo'u lo sovda lo nanba lo nu mixre vo'e vau jo'u ba bo lo nu jukpa — Making bread is a process with ingredients flour, water and eggs where one mixes them and then cooks.
Related words: farvi, tadji, grute, tcini

prulamdeix1(clause) is yesterday, the day before the day x2(clause)

lo prulamdei — yesterday, the day before.
i pu carvi ca lo prulamdeiIt rained yesterday.
i mi pu penmi le nakni ca lo prulamdei be lo nu le nakni cu clivaI met him the day before he left.
Related words: djedi, cabdei, bavlamdei, cedra, ditcu

prunix1(entity) is elastic

lo pruni — elastic, spring (elastic).
i le bolci cu plipe ki'u lo ka pruniThe ball bounces because it is elastic.
Related words: ckabu, tcena

pruxix1(entity) is a ghost

lo pruxi — ghostly, spiritual, ethereal.
i xu do terpa tu'a lo pruxiAre you afraid of ghosts?
Related words: censa, lijda, mucti, xadni

pu [preposition of tense]before ... (in time), adverb: in past (expresses past tense)

i mi pu na viska le mlatuI didn't see the cat.
i mi pu prami pa nanmuI loved one man.
i mi ba tavla do pu lo nu do clivaI will talk to you before you leave.

pu'i [preposition of potential]possibly can and at least once actually is or does ...

i xu do pu'i viska lo fange ke vofli dactiHave you ever seen an unidentified flying object?
i mi djuno i ki'u bo mi pu'i tavla la alisI know, since I've already talked to Alice.
Comment: describes what can potentially happen and has already happened at least once.

pu'o [preposition of aspect]to be about to do or be ... (prospective aspect)

i mi pu'o citka lo rectuI'm about to eat meat.

pulcex1(entity) is dust ...

lo pulce — dust.
i lo pulce pu gacri le loldiDust covered the floor.
i lo pulce brife cu muvdu tiA dust storm is coming.
i le dargu cu culno lo pulceThe road is dusty.
Related words: te zalvi, danmo, purmo, sligu

puljix1(entity) is a police officer enforcing x2(property of x1)

lo pulji — police officer.
i le prenu cu pulji lo nu lo klaji cu smajiThe person is a police officer enforcing silence in the street.
Related words: catni, sonci, flalu, bandu, jemna, zekri, krati

pulnix1(entity) is a pulley used for x2(property of x1) rotating on x3(entity)

lo pulni — pulley. lo te pulni — axle of a pulley.
i ti pulni lo nu cpacu lo djacu le jinto vau lo mudriThis is a wooden pulley to lift water from the well.
Related words: tutci, xislu, vraga

punjix1(entity) places, puts x2(entity) at x3(entity)

lo se punji — placed.
i e'o do punji le kabri le jubmePlease, put the cup onto the table!
i le skina pu punji mi lo ka gleki cinmoThe movie put me in a happy mood.
Comment: x3 is the place, where something is being put.
Related words: cpacu, lebna, cpana, batke, setca

punlix1(entity) is a swelling, clump on x2(entity) ...

lo punli — swelling, clump, swollen.
i pu snime punli le darguIt was a clump of snow on the road.
i da punli lo stedu be miI have a swelling on my head.
Related words: balji, cmana, plana

purcix1(clause) is earlier than or in the past of x2(clause)

lo purci — earlier event, past event. lo se purci — later event, future event.
i lo nu la kevin cu cliva pu purci lo nu mi tsuku lo xotliKevin left earlier than I arrived at the hotel.
Related words: lidne, balvi, cabna, farna

purdix1(entity) is a garden or field of family or gardener x2(entity) growing crops x3(entity)

lo purdi — garden. lo se purdi — gardener. lo te purdi — crops of a garden.
i ti purdi loi rirni be mi lo vriciThis is my parents' garden where different crops are grown.
Related words: foldi, cange, panka

purmox1(entity) is some powder of x2(entity)

lo purmo — powder.
i ti purmo lo gurniThis is flour.
Related words: pulce, zalvi

py [pronoun]p (letter)

Comment: prefixed with me'o is a quotation of the letter. When used alone refers to the last noun with the verb starting with this letter like py is for the last lo papri used.

ra [pronoun] — a recent completed noun

i la alis pu tsuku pa zarci gi'e te vecnu lo plise i ba bo ra klama lo zdaniAlice entered a store and bought apples. Then she went home.

ra'e [digit/number] — infinite number of the same digit follows

i li pa fe'i ci du li pi ra'e ci"1/3 equals 0.(3)"

ra'i [preposition from krasi]beginning from ...

i mi pu ganse lo pluka panci pe ra'i le purdiI felt a pleasant smell from the garden.

ra'o [interjection] — updates meaning from the viewpoint of the current speaker

i lu mi se pluka lo ka penmi do li'u lu go'i ra'o li'u"I am pleased to meet you." "Me too."

ra'oi — quotes one next word and treats it as a rafsi. The quoted word must be delimited by pauses (in speech) or whitespace (in writing)

i ra'oi kla rafsi zo klamakla is an affix from the full verb klama.
Comment: rafsi sometimes can be not legal words on their own so to quote them ra'oi is useful.
Related words: ma'oi, zoi

ra'u [interjection]primarily, mainly (in importance), ra'u cu'iequally (in importance), ra'u naiincidentally (low in importance)

i ra'u ko tolxanka denpaAbove all, be patient.
i ei mi gunka i je ra'u cu'i ei mi surlaI need to work. But with equal importance I need to relax.
i ra'u nai mi na se spajiIncidentally, I'm not surprised.
Related words: ralju, vajni

raclix1(clause) is rational or sane ...

lo racli — rational event, sane event.
i racli fau da'iThat would make sense.
i racli fa lo nu do pu cuxna lo ka tavla bau la lojbanIt's rational that you chose to talk in Lojban.
Related words: fenki

ractux1(entity) is a rabbit of species x2(taxon)

lo ractu — rabbit.
i lo ractu zi co'a se panziRabbits breed quickly.
Related words: mabru, kerlo

radnox1(entity) is x2(number: by default 1) radians ...

i ti noi jganu cu radno li paThis angle subtends one radian.
Related words: jganu, centi

rafsix1(text) is an affix for word x2(text) ...

lo rafsi — affix. lo se rafsi — word with affixes.
i ra'oi gau rafsi zo gasnu 'gau' is a rafsi of the verb gasnu.
Related words: valsi, lujvo, pagbu

ragvex1(entity) is across boundary x2(entity) from x3(entity)

i pa cribe cu ragve le rirxe miA bear is across the river from me.
Related words: dukti, kuspe, bancu, kruca, cripu, pagre

rai [preposition from traji]with the most one being ...

i mi nelci lo jbari ne rai lo fragariI like berries with strawberries being my favorite ones.
Comment: x1 of the clause describes the most one in the comparison described by clause itself. The noun after rai describes those among which the selection is done.

raktux1(entity) disturbs person x2(entity) ...

lo se raktu — disturbed.
i ko ko na raktu ta'i lo ka cusku lo simsaDon't trouble yourself saying such things.
i do raktu mi ja'e lo nu mi de'a tadni la lojbanYou disturb me making me not learning Lojban.
Related words: dicra, fanza, zunti, kurji, xanka, nabmi

ralcix1(entity) is delicate, fragile in x2(property of x1)

lo ralci — fragile.
i ti noi xrula cu ralci lo ka se tarmiThis flower has a delicate form.
Related words: jdari, ranti, tsali, milxe, kukte

raljux1(entity) is principal or chief among x2(entity) in x3(property of x1)

lo ralju — principal, chief.
i la alis cu ralju lo nixli lo ka cuxnaAlice is the main decision maker among the girls.
Related words: vajni, te bende, minde, lidne, jatna, jitro, gidva, midju

raltex1(entity) keeps or retains x2(entity, property of x1)

lo ralte — keeper. lo se ralte — kept.
i mi ralte lo cidja ca ro nu mi litruI carry food whenever I travel.
i ralte lo ka catke le karceHe keeps pushing the car.
i mi ralte re mlatuI keep two cats.
Related words: cirko, rinju, ponse, jgari, pinfu, stali, e'ande

rangox1(entity) is a bodily organ of x2(entity) performing function x3(property of nonce place)

lo rango — bodily organ. lo te rango — function of a bodily organ.
i lo risna cu sluji rango fi lo ka pambe lo ciblu vi'u lo xadniThe heart is the muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body.
i ti rango lo insekto lo ka tirnaThis is an organ of insects performing the function of listening.
Related words: besna, livga

ranjix1(entity) persists, continues over time interval or place x2(entity)

lo ranji — persistant.
i lo gusni be fi le bombila cu ranji le nicteThe light bulb continued burning through the night.
i lo djacu pu ranji lo barda canluThe water continuously covered a large space.
Related words: temci, kuspe, renvi, cedra, citsi, manfo, vitci, cukla, fliba, preja, tcena

ranmix1(entity) is a myth about x2(entity) ...

lo ranmi — myth.
i mi pu tirna lo simsa ranmi be pa cevniI heard a similar myth about a god.
Related words: lijda, lisri, crida

ransux1(entity) is a quantity of bronze ...

lo ransu — bronze.
i lo ransu cu gunma lo tunka joi tinciBronze is composed of copper and tin.
i ti noi vi'u pixra cu ransuThe statue is made of bronze.
Comment: lo ransu is an alloy made of copper and tin.
Related words: jinme, tunka, lastu

rantix1(entity) is soft to force x2(clause) ...

lo ranti — soft.
i le pesxu cu ranti lo danreThe dough is soft when being pressurized.
Related words: ralci, jdari, lakse, tolpro, gradu

ranxix1(entity) is ironic, contrary to expectation x2(property of x1) in aspect x3(property of x1)

lo ranxi — ironic, contrary to expectation.
i zo co'oi poi do pu cusku cu ranxi lo ka se smuni zo coi vau lo ka se smuni zo co'o"Chao" that you said was ironic in that instead of meaning "Hi!" it actually meant "Bye!"
i le te ranxi cu du lo nu mi na merkoThe irony is that I'm not an American.

raplix1(entity) occurs, repeats x2(number) times

lo rapli — repeating event.
i lo nu mi pu cusku zo coi le fetsi cu se rapli li ci i mi pu ci roi cusku zo coi le fetsiI said "Hello!" to her three times.
i le pruce cu rapli li muThe process occurs for the fifth time.
Related words: roi, cafne, krefu, fukpi, pilji, volta

rarnax1(entity) is spontaneous or natural

lo rarna — spontaneous.
i ti noi cripu cu rarnaThis bridge is a natural formation.
Related words: rutni, jinzi, nurma, stati

ratcux1(entity) is a rat of species x2(taxon)

lo ratcu — rat.
i le ratcu co'i canciThe rat disappeared.
Related words: smacu

ratnix1(entity) is an atom of element x2(number) of isotope number or weight x3(entity, number)

lo ratni — atom. lo se ratni — atomic number. lo te ratni — isotope number.
i lo'e tabno cu ratni li xa li pa reCarbon is a chemical element number 6 and usually has the isotope number 12.
Comment: kantu is for a basic unit of a property or activity, selci is for a basic physical subunit, generally of a mass.
Related words: kantu, selci

rau [digit/number]enough

i rau stizu cu zvatiThere are enough chairs.
i le sakta cu me'i rau meiThe sugar is not enough.
Comment: subjective estimate.

re [digit/number]2, two

i re cribe ca cpana lo bisliThere are two bears on the ice.

re'e [interjection modifier] — religious/worship/supernatural attribute, re'e cu'i — secular attribute, re'e nai — sacrilegious attribute

i ko na cliva mi doi lo crida iu re'eDon't leave me, oh my beloved fairy!
i do io nai re'e nai se lijda lo mablaYay, you built a temple (well, no religious feelings here)!
i ui re'e cu'i do'o pu zbasu lo malsiYou belong to a shitty religion, no respect to you in this!
Comment: used without an attitudinal to indicate focus of the speaker.
Related words: lijda

re'i [vocative]ready to receive. Listening! (in radio communications), re'i nainot ready to receive

i lu ju'i li'u lu re'i do li'u"Hey!" - "Yes?"
i lu ju'i li'u lu re'i nai li'u"Hey!" - "Wait a bit…"

re'o [preposition of place]adjacent to ..., touching ..., contacting ...

i le nobli pu zutse re'o lo jubmeThe sir was sitting touching the wall.

re'u [preposition] — turn number into adverb (or preposition) showing for which time it happens

i mi pu ci re'u penmi la alisI met Alice for the third time.
i mi zvati ti za'u re'uI'm here again.
Comment: event happens for the (n) time. The number (n) is put in front of re'u.

reblax1(entity) is a tail of x2(entity)

lo rebla — tail. lo se rebla — tailed.
i tu noi gerku cu se rebla lo torduThat dog has a short tail.
Related words: nalci, pimlu, se lidne, trixe, birka, jimca

rectux1(entity) is some meat from x2(entity)

lo rectu — meat.
i ti rectu lo bakniThis is beef.
Related words: sluji

remnax1(entity) is a human

lo remna — human.
i xu lo remna ku po'o ka'e cmilaCan only humans laugh?
Related words: nanmu, ninmu, prenu

renrox1(entity) throws or launches x2(entity) to or at x3(entity)

lo se renro — thrown.
i pa nanla pu renro pa rokci le cankoA boy threw a stone at the window.
Comment: cecla is a more general term.
Related words: cecla, danti

renvix1(entity) survives or endures x2(clause) ...

lo renvi — survivor. lo se renvi — age.
i mi mo'u renvi le xlali tciniI survived that terrible situation.
Related words: ranji, kuspe, fapro, lifri, stali, temci

respax1(entity) is a reptile of species x2(taxon)

lo respa — reptile.
i lo respa cu xabju le korbi be le rirxeReptiles inhabit the coast of the river.
Related words: danlu, banfi, since

retskux1(entity) makes a question x2 x2(text) to x3(entity)

lo retsku — asker. lo se retsku — question.
i le nixli pu retsku fi pa pulji fe lu ta'i ma klama la palma noi xotli li'uThe girl asked a police officer "How does one get to Palm hotel?"
Comment: alternatively one can say cusku lo preti - ask a question.
Related words: cusku, preti, spusku, pinka, spuda, bacru, tavla, casnu, cu'u, bangu, dapma, jufra

ri [pronoun] — refers to the immediately previous lo-noun that is completed

i ta me lo cinri cukta i au mi te vecnu riThat is an interesting book. I'd like to buy it.
Comment: ri cannot refer to the noun in which it is located (and thus, which is not yet finished before ri is used).

ri'a [preposition from rinka]because of the cause ...

i ri'a lo ka kucli vau lo mlatu co'a morsiCat died because of being curious (curiosity killed the cat).

ri'e [interjection modifier] — expressing release of attitude, ri'e nai — expressing restraint of attitude

i oi ri'e mi cirko lo ckiku pe miAh, I lost my keys.
i tugni na ku o'o ri'e nai fa le jatnahe doesn't agree! Ehm, well, the boss doesn't agree, you see.
i oi ri'e nai cortuMmm, it hurts.
Related words: rinju

ri'i [preposition from lifri]experienced by..., happening to...

i ri'i mi pu farluI experienced falling down.
Comment: patient case tag.

ri'u [preposition of cardinal direction]to the right of ..., adverb: rightwards

i pa nanmu cu sanli ri'u doThere is a man standing to the right of you.

ricfux1(entity) is rich in x2(property of x1)

lo ricfu — rich, wealthy.
i xu do ricfu lo ka ponse lo tumlaAre you rich in how much land you own?
Comment: x2 specifies the actual state of affairs that describes why x1 is considered rich.
Related words: solji, banzu, zildukse, pindi

rignix1(entity) is disgusting to x2(entity) ...

lo rigni — disgusting.
i le cidja cu rigni miThe food is disgusting to me.
Related words: djica, nelci, trina, vamtu, xebni, pluka

rijnox1(entity) is a quantity of silver

lo rijno — silver.
i le sicni cu rijnoThe coin is silver.
Related words: solji

riltix1(entity) is a rhythm, rhythmical pattern of x2(entity)

lo rilti — rhythm. lo se rilti — having a rhythm.
i lo rilti be le pu se sanga be le nakni cu simsa lo'u la la cu cu la la le'uThe rhythm of the phrase said by him was similar to la la tcu tcu la la.
Related words: damri, pemci, tonga, zgike, slilu, dikni, sanga, morna

rimnix1(text) rhymes with x2(text) in language x3(entity) with correspondence x4(property of x1 and x2)

lo rimni — having a rhyme. lo se rimni — rhyming with something.
i zo kansa rimni zo dansu la lojban lo ka lo ci lamji lerfu je pagbu be ce'u cu simxu lo ka mintukansa rhymes with dansu in Lojban in that three adjacent letters in each of those words are the same.
Related words: pemci, sanga

rinci — liquid x1(entity) drains or flushes from x2(entity) through drain x3(entity) by force x4(entity)

lo rinci — draining liquid. lo te rinci — drain, strainer, colander.
i lo djacu cu rinci pa tubnu za'u pa kevna lo danreWater drains from a tube through holes being under pressure.
Related words: pambe, tisna, setca, flu'ente, muvdu, ganxo, rirxe

rinjux1(entity) is restrained by x2(entity) against x3(property of x1)

lo rinju — restrained. lo se rinju — restraining.
i lo carmi flu'ente be lo le tcadu pu se rinju mi lo ka tsuku le brijuIntense traffic prevented me from getting to the office.
Related words: zifre, ralte, pinfu, kavbu, fanta, jgari, jimte, bapli, e'ande, kluza, tagji

rinkax1(clause) causes effect x2(clause) ...

lo rinka — cause. lo se rinka — effect.
i lo nu ctuca cu rinka lo nu farviEducation is the agent of progress.
Related words: gasnu, krinu, nibli, te zukte, se jalge, bapli, jitro, ri'a, mukti, ciksi, volta

rinsax1(entity) greets, welcomes x2(entity) ...

i mi pu rinsa la alis ta'i lo ka jai gau slilu fai lo xance be miI greeted Alice by waving my hand.
Related words: tolrinsa, a'oi, coi, co'o, fi'i

rircix1(entity) is rare, not usual in x2(property of x1) among x3(entity)

lo rirci — rare.
i le fetsi cu rirci lo ka carmi gunka vau lo tadni poi dunli vo'a lo ka jai nancaShe works hard which is unusual among students of her age.
i mi pu rirci fi lo pendo be mi fe lo ka se cinri lo fasnu e nai lo farnaI was unusual among my friends in being interested in events and not trends.
Related words: cizra, fadni, cafne, kampu, cnano

rirnix1(entity) rears x2(entity) ; x1 is a parent of x2

lo rirni — parent (rearer).
i la edvard cu rirni la alisEdward is a parent of Alice.
Related words: rorci, mamta, patfu, sidju, dzena, famti, verba, bersa

rirxex1(entity) is a river of land mass x2(entity) draining watershed x3(entity) ...

lo rirxe — river. lo te rirxe — watershed of a river.
i ti rirxe pa sudga tumla lo vifne poi flu'ente lo xamsi lo krasi pe lo cmana lo condiThis is a river in a dry land running its fresh waters in a deep river bed towards the sea from springheads in the mountains.
Related words: flu'ente, naxle, senta, daplu, djacu, lalxu, xamsi, rinci

rismix1(entity) is some rice of species x2(taxon)

lo rismi — rice.
i mi citka lo rismi su'o roi ro djediI eat rice every day.
Related words: gurni

risnax1(entity) is a heart of x2(entity)

lo risna — heart.
i mi pu ganse lo nu lo rinsa be mi cu sutra sliluI felt my heart beating fast.
Related words: pambe, ciblu

ritlix1(property of x3) is a ceremony, rite for purpose x2(property of x3) in community x3(entity) ...

lo ritli — ceremony, rite.
i lo ka pinxe lo tcati su'o roi ro djedi vau fi mi'a ritli lo ka tavla zu'aiTo drink tea is our ritual that we perform every day in order to talk to each other.
Related words: lijda, malsi, flalu, javni, tcaci, clite, junri

rivbix1(entity) avoids or escapes fate x2(entity, property of x1) through action x3(property of x1)

lo se rivbi — avoided event.
i mi pu rivbi lo ka bilma vau lo ka zmadu citka e lo ka jinru lo glare djacuI avoided becoming ill by eating more and plunging into hot water.
i le prenu pu rivbi loi puljiThe person evaded the police.
Comment: bandu - to defend (not necessarily successful), fanta - to prevent, se jersi - to be chased.
Related words: sisku, kalte, fapro

ro [digit/number]each, all

i ro pendo be mi cu cusku lo se du'u mi simlu lo ka tatpiAll of my friends say that I look tired.

ro'a [interjection modifier] — interacting socially (communication, customs), ro'a cu'i — not focused towards interacting socially, ro'a nai — focused away from interacting socially

i oi ro'a ca ti mi se cfipuAwkward. I'm confused.
i ui ro'a cu'i mi cikre lo skami pe miI'm just puttering here by myself, fixing my computer.
i ui nai ro'a no da zvati tiI feel so lonely, nobody is here.
Comment: used without an attitudinal to indicate focus of the speaker.
Related words: jikca

ro'e [interjection modifier] — thinking/intellectual aspect, ro'e cu'i — not focused towards contemplating, ro'e nai — mindless action

i ui ro'e mi morjiYay, I remember!
i a'i ro'e cu'i mi ba zukteI will do it not putting much intellectual effort.
i do marvele iu ro'e naiThere is no logic in it, you are just wonderful.
Comment: used without an interjection to indicate focus of the speaker.
Related words: menli

ro'i [interjection modifier] — emotionally, ro'i cu'i — non-emotionally, ro'i nai — denying emotions

i ui ro'i sai mi'a jingaI'm just overwhelmed with emotions, we won!!
i do mo ro'iHow do you feel?
i ui ro'i cu'i mi kanroFeelings apart, I'm healthy.
i ui ro'i nai do snadaNo rejoicing from me, you succeded.
Related words: cinmo

ro'o [interjection modifier] — being restricted to physical body, ro'o cu'i — not oriented towards physical experience, ro'o nai — denying physical experience

i oi nai ro'o kukteYum, yum, it's tasty.
i ii ro'o cu'i ka'e karguI'm afraid it can be expensive.
i ii ro'o nai mi na drani punji le tanxeNo, not that it requires physical work, but I'm afraid I might not put the box correctly.
Comment: used without an attitudinal to indicate focus of the speaker.
Related words: xadni

ro'u [interjection modifier] — sexually, ro'u nai — sexual abstinence

i iu ro'u doi lo nanlaBoy, you are hot, I love you.
i do melbi iu ro'o cu'iYou are pretty, not that I love you in sexual sense.
i do mi kansa ui ro'u nai doi lo pendoYay, you are with me, my buddy.
Comment: used without an attitudinal to indicate focus of the speaker.
Related words: seksi

roi [preposition] — turn number into adverb (or preposition) showing for how many times it happens

i mi pu'i pa roi zvati la parisI was in Paris once in my life.
i mi pu'i re roi penmi la alisI met Alice twice, two times.
i mi pu'i so'i roi zvati la parisI have been to Paris may times.
i mi limna pa roi ro jeftuI swim once a week.
Comment: event happens (n) times. The number (n) is put in front of roi.

rokcix1(entity) is a rock ...

lo rokci — rock, stone.
i le nanla ca'o renro lo za'u rokciThe boy is throwing stones.
Related words: kunra, jemna, canre

romgex1(entity) is a highly reflective surface of metal x2(entity)

i pa verba ne se pi'o lo degji pu pencu lo romge be le karceA child touched the reflecting surface of the car with his finger.
Related words: jinme

ropnox1(entity) is European in x2(property of x1)

lo ropno — European.
i ti noi nanla cu ropno lo ka tavla tai ma kauThis boy is European in how he speaks.

rorcix1(entity) procreates x2(entity) with coparent x3(entity)

lo rorci — parent (procreator), procreator.
i le ranmi danlu cu se rorci pa remna pa bakniThe mythical animal was procreated by a human and a bull.
Related words: grute, gutra, rirni, se panzi, mamta, patfu, tarbi, bersa, ferti, jbena, sovda

rotsux1(entity) is thick in length/width etc. x2(property of x1) ...

lo rotsu — thick.
i le dargu cu rotsu lo ka se pagbu tiThe road is thick here.
Comment: the third largest dimension. ganra, rotsu and clani specify the three dimensions of objects.
Related words: barda, cinla, ganra, clani, condi, plana, gutci, minli

rozgux1(entity) a rose of species x2(taxon)

lo rozgu — rose (plant).
i pluka panci lo rozgu pe le purdiRoses in the garden have a pleasant scent.
Related words: spati, xunre

ru'a [interjection]I postulate, I presume

i ru'a mi milxe lo ka bilmaI presume, I am a bit ill.
Related words: sruma

ru'e [right scalar particle] — shows weak intensity of interjection or interjection modifier

i mi na ru'e se slabu doI hardly know you.
i ui ru'e do snadaYay, you won.
Comment: ui ru'e marks slight happiness, zo'o ru'e marks slightly humorous remarks.

ru'i [preposition of aspect]continuously (protractive aspect), ru'i naiintermittently

i mi pu ru'i citka lo mangoI ate apples on and on.
i pu ru'i gusniThe light was glowing.
i pu ru'i nai gusniThe light was flashing.

ru'u [preposition of cardinal direction]surrounding ..., adverb: around

i pa megdo be lo toldi ca'o dansu ru'u miA million of butterflies are dancing around me.

rublex1(entity) is weak, frail in x2(property of x1) ...

lo ruble — weak, frail.
i le laldo prenu cu ruble lo ka pinxe si'u naiThe old man is weak in being able to drink himself.
Related words: carmi, vlipa, tsali, kandi, kandi, milxe

rufsux1(entity) is rough in texture

lo rufsu — rough (in texture).
i le skapi cu rufsuThe skin is rough.
Related words: xutla, tengu, vitci

runtax1(entity) dissolves in x2(entity) making solution x3(entity) ...

lo runta — dissolving. lo te runta — solution (mixture).
i e'o te runta fi lo kunraMineral water, please.
i le jisra cu te runta lo sakta jo'u lo jbari lo djacuThe juice is made of sugar and berries dissolved in water.
Related words: litki, mixre, sligu, sudga

rupnux1(entity) costs x2(number) major money units in monetary system x3(entity)

lo rupnu — measured in dollars / roubles / euro / yuan. lo se rupnu — money units (dollars / roubles / euro / yuan).
i ti noi jisra cu rupnu li ci la e'uropasThis juice costs three euros (European major money units).
Related words: jdini, sicni, jdima, vecnu, fepni, dekpu, gutci, minli, merli, bunda, kramu

ruskox1(entity) is Russian in x2(property of x1)

lo rusko — Russian.
i xu do tavla fo lo ruskoDo you speak Russian?

rutnix1(entity) is artificially made by people x2(entity)

lo rutni — artificial.
i ti noi jemna cu rutni lo patfu be miThis gem is artificial and made by my father.
Related words: rarna, se zbasu, arte, larcu, gundi, slasi

rutpapaiax1(entity) is a papaya fruit of variety x2(taxon)

lo rutpapaia — papaya.
i lo makcu rutpapaia cu se panci lo rigniRipe papaya smells disgusting.
Related words: grute

ry [pronoun]r (letter)

Comment: prefixed with me'o is a quotation of the letter. When used alone refers to the last noun with the verb starting with this letter like ry is for the last lo rirxe used.

sasa [word] erases text to the left until "[word]" is found.

i doi la alis ko klama ti sa i doi la kevin ko klama tiAlice, come here! No, ... Kevin, come here!

sa'ai [middle separator] — See le'ai — ends a construct started with: lo'ai

Comment: See le'ai.

sa'e [interjection]precisely speaking, sa'e nailoosely speaking

i mi ca zvati lo centero be le tcaduTo be precise, I'm in the center of the city.
i lo arxokuna cu mabru sa'e naiRaccoons are mammals, roughly speaking.
Related words: satci, jibni

sa'u [interjection]simply, sa'u nai — elaborating

i mi lo zabna pu se funca sa'uI was just lucky.
i do zukte maWhat are you doing?
i mi ca tcidu sa'uI'm just reading.
i do tcidu ma sa'u nai daiWhat are you reading, please, elaborate.
i sa'u nai mi pu penmi pa ninmu noi mi pu tadni ka'ai ke'aTo add details, I met a woman who I had studied with.
Related words: sampu, pluja

sabjix1(entity) provides x2(entity, property of x3) to x3(entity)

lo sabji — provider. lo se sabji — provided.
i lo bakni cu sabji lo ladru mi'aCows provide us with milk.
i mi ba sabji fi do fe ro se nitcu be doI will provide you with everything you need.
i ko sabji lo ciblu miBe my blood donor!
Related words: krasi, sorcu

sabnux1(entity) is a cabin of vehicle x2(entity)

lo sabnu — cabin of a vehicle. lo se sabnu — vehicle with a cabin.
i ra pu zutse lo sabnu be le blanu karceHe was sitting in the cabin of the blue car.
Related words: bloti, marce, vinji, karce

sackix1(entity) is a match, device to make fire ...

lo sacki — match (lighter).
i ko jai gau jelca fai pa sackiLight up a match.
Related words: fagri, jelca

saclux1(text) is the decimal equivalent of fraction x2(number) in base x3(number)

i me'o re pi mu saclu li mu fe'i re li pa no2.5 is the decimal equivalent of the fraction 5/2 in base 10.
i lo saclu be li pai bei li pa no cu cimni lo ka claniThe decimal expansion of the number π (pi) is infinitely long.
Related words: namcu, frinu

sai [right scalar particle] — shows strong intensity of interjection or interjection modifier

i ui sai do snadaYay, you won!
Comment: ui sai marks strong happiness, zo'o sai marks very humorous remarks.

sakcix1(entity) sucks, inhales x2(entity) into x3(entity)

lo se sakci — sucked, inhaled.
i le prenu pu sakci lo danmo pe ra'i le fagri lo fepniHe inhaled some smoke from the fire into his lungs.
Related words: cokcu, lacpu, flu'ente

saklix1(entity) slides or glides on x2(entity)

i pa se esporte pu sakli lo bisliA sportsperson was gliding on the ice.
i o'i le loldi cu se sakliWarning! The floor is slippery.
Related words: mosra, fulta, skiji, xutla

saktax1(entity) is sugar ...

lo sakta — sugar.
i mi djica tu'a lo tcati be se cau lo saktaI want some tea without sugar.
Related words: silna, titla

salcix1(entity) celebrates x2(clause) by doing x3(property of x1)

lo se salci — event celebrated.
i mi pu salci lo nu mi jai nanca li pa no vau lo ka litru la niponI celebrated my 10th birthday by travelling to Japan.
Related words: sinma, jbena

salpox1(entity) is sloped with angle x2(entity) ...

lo salpo — sloped.
i ti salpo lo jganu be fi lo pintaThis is a slope towards the horizontal surface.
Related words: kurfa, tutci

saltax1(entity) is a salad with ingredients x2(entity)

lo salta — salad. lo se salta — ingredient of a salad.
i mi nelci lo salta be lo gruteI like fruit salads.
Related words: mixre, stasu

samcux1(entity) is a cassava or yam of species x2(taxon)

lo samcu — cassava, yam.
i xu do pu'i citka lo torta be lo samcuHave you ever eaten a cassava cake?
Related words: patlu, genja, jalna

samplax1(entity) makes computer program x2(entity)

lo sampla — programmer. lo se sampla — computer program.
i mi sampla lo cmalu pe bau la xaskelI write small programs in Haskell.
Related words: proga, skami, jai gau farvi, finti, ciska, pensi, mlatu

sampux1(entity) is simple in x2(property of x1)

lo sampu — simple.
i ti noi skami cu sampu lo ka se pilnoThis computer is easy to use.
i la alis na sampu lo ka te jimpeAlice is not easy to understand.
Related words: pluja, curve, frili, manfo

sancex1(sound) is sound produced by x2(entity)

lo sance — sound. lo se sance — producer of a sound.
i le janbe pu se sance lo claduThe bell had a loud sound.
i zo oi pu sance le brunaoi was the sound the brother emitted.
Related words: savru, tirna, voksa, siclu, slaka

sangax1(entity) sings x2(sound, text) to x3(entity)

lo sanga — singer. lo se sanga — song, sung.
i mi pu ciska lo valsi e lo zgike vu'o pe lo se sangaI wrote down words and melody of a song.
i le nixli ca'o sanga la'e lu mi prami do li'uThe girl is singing the song "I love you".
i mi pu troci lo ka sanga zo uiI tried to sing ui.
Comment: songs can consist of lyrics and melody. x2 describes either a part of it or the whole song.
Related words: pemci, rimni, rilti, siclu

sanjix1(entity) is aware or conscious of x2(entity)

lo sanji — aware, conscious.
i mi sanji lo ka pu sreraI am aware that I made a mistake.
i a'o le nakni cu sanji lo se cinmo be miI hope he is aware of my feelings.
Related words: menli, morji, ganse, sipna, cikna

sanlix1(entity) stands on x2(entity) supported by x3(entity)

i ra pu sanli lo canre lo jamfuHe was standing on the sand on his feet.
Related words: kamju, sraji, tuple, zbepi, sarji

sanmix1(entity) is a meal including x2(entity)

lo sanmi — meal. lo se sanmi — dish of a meal.
i mi pu citka pa sutra sanmi be lo sovda jo'u lo ckafiI had a quick meal of eggs and coffee.
Comment: the same as gunma but applied to food. One can eat both a lo se sanmi (part of meal) or lo sanmi (the whole meal).
Related words: barja, stasu, gusta, sanso

sansox1(entity) is a sauce for use with x2(entity) containing x3(entity)

lo sanso — sauce, gravy.
i mi nelci lo sanso be lo nudle bei lo tamcaI like tomato sauce in noodles.
Related words: sanmi, mixre, stasu

santax1(entity) is an umbrella ...

lo santa — umbrella.
i mi pu kanpe tu'a lo carvi gi'e jgari pa santaI was expecting rain and took an umbrella.
Related words: carvi, solri

sarcux1(clause) is necessary for x2(clause) to take place ...

lo sarcu — necessary condition, condition (necessary, requirement).
i lo ka sipna cu sarcu lo ka kanroTo sleep is a requirement of being healthy.
Comment: nitcu is to be in need, sarcu is is necessary, is a requirement
Related words: sau, nitcu

sarjix1(entity) supports, holds up x2(entity) against x3(entity) ...

lo sarji — supporter. lo se sarji — supported.
i ko sarji mi lo nu mi badriSupport me against my boredom.
Related words: bradi, darlu, fapro, sidju, tugni, bongu, ckana, cpana, loldi, sanli, selfu

sarlux1(entity) is a spiral or helix ...

lo sarlu — helix, spiral.
i lo calku be ti noi luska cu sarluThe shell of this mollusk is spiral in form.
Related words: korcu, tarmi

sarxex1(entity) is harmonious or in agreement with x2(entity) in x3(property of x1 and x2, contains two places for ce'u)

lo sarxe — harmonious.
i lo za'u vi prenu cu sarxe lo rarna lo ka ce'u jikca ce'uThese people are in harmony with nature in interacting with each other.
Related words: satci, panpi, mapti, tugni, ckini

saskex1(entity) is a lore, mass of facts about x2(proposition) based on methodology x3(clause)

lo saske — science, lore. lo se saske — subject of a science. lo te saske — methodology of a science.
i mi tadni lo saske be le du'u mikceI study the medical science.
i lo cmaci cu saske le du'u lo namcu cu simxu lo ka ckini vau lo nu lanli le namcuMathematic is a science of how numbers are related to each other based on their analysis.
Related words: datni, fatci, djuno, cipra, pensi, jimpe

satcix1(entity) is exact to precision x2(entity) in x3(property of x1)

lo satci — exact.
i le jubme cu satci rau da lo ka mitre li re lo ka claniThe table is exactly two meters long.
i le jubme cu satci lo mitre be li pi no pa rau da lo ka mitre li re lo ka claniThe table is two meters long within an error of 0.01 meters.
Related words: sarxe, dunli, merli, mapti, kancu, mintu

satrex1(entity) strokes x2(entity) with x3(entity)

lo se satre — stroked.
i la kevin pu satre pa mlatu lo xanceKevin stroke a cat with a hand.
Related words: mosra, pencu

sau [preposition from sarcu]requiring ...

i do ba nenri sau lo nu do cusku lo ckiku valsiYou enter with the requirement of saying a password.

savrux1(entity) is a noise to x2(entity) perceived via x3(property of x2)

lo savru — noise.
i da savru bu'u le kumfaThe room is noisy.
i lo vi ru'i nai gusni se la'u li du'e savru mi lo ka se viskaThese flashes are too noisy.
Comment: noise can refer not only to sound but to any "noisy", i.e. irritating or chaotic objects.
Related words: sance, cladu, kerlo, smaji, tirna, siclu

sazrix1(entity) operates machine x2(entity) with goal x3(property of x1)

lo sazri — driver, operator. lo se sazri — driven, operated.
i pa pendo be mi pu sazri lo minji lo ka kakpa lo dertuMy friend operated the machine to dig ground.
Related words: gidva, xlura, pilno, tutci, jitro, gunka

se [place converter] — switches 1st and 2nd places of verb

i mi se slabu le nanmu i va'i le nanmu cu slabu miI am familiar with the man.

se ba'i [preposition from se basti]being a replacement of ..., adverb: instead

i se ba'i ku mi pu citka pa tortaInstead, I ate a cake.
i mi ne se ba'i do pu zukteI did it instead of you.

se cau [preposition from se claxu]lacking ...

i lo pendo be mi be'o jo'u mi pu tsuku pa cizra stuzi se cau lo ka sanji le du'u le stuzi ka'e ckapeMy friend and I arrived at a strange place lacking the awareness that it can be dangerous.

se du'u [clause prefix] — turn clause into quote

i mi pu cusku fi la edvard fe lo se du'u lo karce pe mi cu spofuI told Eduard that my car is broken.
Comment: x1(text) is the sentence expressing the clause x2 (clause). Used for reported speech.

se ja'e [preposition from se jalge]resulting from ...

i se ja'e lo ka pu cinmo lo mabla vau mi pu gunka no daBecause of my bad mood I didn't work.

se ji'u [preposition from se jicmu]given that ..., based on ...

i ma pemci se ji'u le se sangaWhat is the lyrics of the song?

se ka'a [preposition from se klama]going to ...

i mi pu cadzu se ka'a le rirxeI walked to the river.
Comment: in the clause where seka'a is used x1 is the one who goes.

se la'u [preposition]to the degree of ... (number follows)

i le prenu cu clani se la'u li so'iThe person is very tall.
i lo nu cuxna se la'u li du'e nanduIt's too hard to choose.
i ti se la'u li so'o boskeThis is jungle, not a real forest.
i le dinju se la'u li so'i banliTo a large degree the building is great.
Comment: shows the degree in which the verb is true.

se mau [preposition from se zmadu]more than ...

i nelci do fa mi ne se mau la alisI like you more than Alice likes you.
i mi nelci do ne se mau la alisI like you more than Alice.
Comment: the clause itself describes the comparison.

se me'a [preposition from se mleca]less than ...

i nelci do fa mi ne se me'a la alisI like you less than Alice likes you.
Comment: the clause itself describes the comparison.

se ni'i [preposition from se nibli] — adverb: logically therefore

i ro gerku cu danlu i se ni'i nai bo ro danlu cu gerkuAll dogs are animals. However, it doesn't follow from that that all animals are dogs.
i mi pu na zvati le tcadu i se ni'i bo na ku ka'e ku mi penmi la kevinI wasn't in the city so I couldn't meet Kevin.

se pi'o [preposition from se pilno]with ..., using ...

i mi citka se pi'o pa forca i mi pe se pi'o pa forca cu citkaI eat with a fork.
Comment: in the clause where se pi'o is used x1 is user.

se rai [preposition from se traji]being most in ...

i mi ro roi jinga se rai lo ka claniI always win being the tallest one.
Comment: x1 of the clause corresponds to the most one in comparison specified after se rai.

se va'u [preposition from xamgu]for ..., for the benefit of ...

Comment: xau is preferred to this preposition.

se xau [preposition from xamgu]thanks to ..., due to ..., benefiting from ...

i mi co'a ricfu se xau lo ka carmi gunkaI became rich thanks to my hard work.

se'a [interjection modifier] — self-sufficiency, se'a nai — dependency

i fa se'a le verba pu kelciThe child played by himself.
i fa se'a nai le cifnu cu cadzuThe infant walks but not by himself.
Related words: lacri

se'i [interjection modifier] — interjection is self-oriented, se'i nai — interjection is oriented towards others

i oi se'i mi pu sreraOh, I made a mistake.
i oi se'i nai da spofu botpi bu'u lo loldiSomeone would be discontented, there is a broken bottle on the floor.
Related words: drata

se'o [interjection]I know from a dream, vision, or personal revelation

i se'o do ba snadaI have a feeling you will succeed.
Comment: za'a is for expressing external experience, se'o is for expressing internal experience.
Related words: senva

se'u [terminator] — ends a construct started with: sei

seftax1(entity) is a surface of object x2(entity) ...

lo sefta — surface.
i lo sefta be le najnimre cu xutlaThe orange has a soft surface.
Related words: tengu, crane, flira, plita, bliku

sei — turn verb into interjection

i sei mi morji do samplaAs I remember, you are a programmer.
i sei mi bebna le zarci cu se stuzi lo drataSilly me, the store is in another place.
Comment: ends in a selbri (main verb).

seksix1(entity) in activity or state x2(property of x1) exhibits biological or social sexuality x3(property of x1)

lo seksi — sexy. lo se seksi — sexual activity. lo te seksi — social gender, biological gender.
i ti noi finpe ca seksi lo ka punji lo sovda vau lo ka fetsiThis fish demonstrates its female sexuality by laying eggs.
i do seksi lo ka se asna vau lo ka ninmuYou took a sexy feminine pose.
i le tigni cu seksi lo ka dasni pa tordu skaci vau lo ka ninmuThe actor shows her female sexuality by wearing a short skirt.
Related words: gletu, nakpinji, plibu, vibna, vlagi

selbrivlax1(text) is a morphologically defined predicate word, verb word

lo selbrivla — verb word.
i zo mlatu selbrivlamlatu is a selbrivla.
Comment: mlatu, e'ande, zildukse are selbrivla.
Related words: lujvo, gismu, zi'evla, cmavo

selcix1(entity) is a cell, atom, basic subunit of body x2(entity)

lo selci — indivisible, cell, atom, basic subunit.
i mu'o nai do ro selci be lo xadni cu cmima pa lo so'i klesiFurthermore, each cell in the body belongs to one out of many classes.
Comment: kantu allows to express properties of particles.
Related words: kantu, ratni, gradu

selfux1(entity) serves x2(entity) with service x3(property of x1)

lo selfu — servant. lo se selfu — master. lo te selfu — service.
i le gerku cu selfu mi lo ka bevri lo cutciThe dog serves me by bringing shoes.
Related words: sidju, sarji, gunka
  1. N/A

sencix1(entity) sneezes

i gau ko ganlo fa lo moklu be do ca lo nu do senci gi'a kafkeCover your mouth when you sneeze or cough.
Related words: bilma, kafke

senpix1(entity) doubts that x2(proposition) is true

lo senpi — irresolute.
i mi senpi le du'u ba carviI doubt if it will rain.
i lo jalge ca'o se senpiThe result is still in doubt.
Related words: jinvi, krici, djuno, birti

sentax1(entity) is a layer of material x2(entity) within structure x3(entity)

lo senta — layer.
i ti senta lo spati lo cmana jo'u lo vacriThis is a layer of plants between the mountain and the air.
Related words: flu'ente, nenri, rirxe, sepli, snuji, jbini, bitmu, sruri, skalera

senvax1(entity) dreams about x2(clause)

lo senva — dreamer. lo se senva — dream.
i mi senva lo nu mi vofli ne'i lo dilnuI dream about flying in the clouds.
i mi senva tu'a lo sance be lo carviI dream the sound of rain.
Related words: sipna, xanri

seplix1(entity) is separate from x2(entity), separated by x3(entity)

lo sepli — separate, alone.
i zo i te sepli lo jufra lo jufrai separates sentence from sentence.
i lo briju pe mi cu sepli lo zdani be mi zo'ei ze'a lo cacraMy office is one hour away from my home.
i lo xamsi ti ma sepliWhat is the distance to the sea?
Related words: bitmu, snuji, senta, fendi, curve, jinsa, bitmu, marbi

setcax1(entity) inserts or puts x2(entity) into x3(entity)

lo se setca — inserted.
i le mikce cu setca pa jesni pa birka be la alis se gau lo nu le xukmi cu muvdu lo cibluThe doctor inserted the needle into Alice's arm so that the chemical got into the blood.
Related words: rinci, tisna, punji, jbini, nenri, jmina, culno, kunti, catlu

sevzix1(entity) is a self of x2(entity: by default x1)

i mi lumci lo sevziI wash myself.
Comment: sevzi is usually used in lujvo. Outside lujvo lo nei is usually used instead.
Related words: mi, prenu, menli, jgira

sfanix1(entity) is a fly of species x2(taxon)

lo sfani — fly (insect).
i xu lo vi sfani cu ckapeAre these flies dangerous?
Related words: cinki, bifce

sfasax1(entity) punishes x2(entity) for x3(property of x2) with punishment x4(property of x1)

lo se sfasa — punished. lo te sfasa — reason for punishment. lo ve sfasa — punishment.
i le rirni pu sfasa le verba lo ka jai gau spofu fai lo palta vau lo ka na e'ande vo'e lo ka kelci bu'u lo zdaniThe parent punished the child for breaking the plate by not allowing playing at home.
Related words: cnemu, pleji, venfu, zekri, canja, dunda, jdima, jerna, kargu, prali, dapma, cirko, jinga

sfofax1(entity) is a sofa

lo sfofa — sofa.
i au mi te vecnu lo pa sfofaI would like to buy a sofa.
Related words: nilce

sfubux1(entity) dives or swoops to x2(entity) from x3(entity)

lo sfubu — diver.
i mi pu sfubu lo lenku djacu lo korbi be lo lalxuI dived to the cold water from the shore of the lake.
Related words: farlu

si — erases one last Lojban word. non-Lojban text is treated as one word

i au mi citka lo pa kokso si perliI'd like to eat a coconut, no, pear!
i mi pu cusku zoi gy.hello, friends!.gy. si zoi gy.hello, kids!.gy.I said "Hello, friends!", ehm, no, "Hello, kids!"

si'a [interjection]similarly, si'a nainot similarly

i mi si'a pu vitke le tcadu i sa'u go'i ca pa drata nancaI also visited the city (just in another year).
i mi nelci lo finpe si'a naiBut i like fish.
Comment: ji'a means additionally, si'a means similarly implying that there is another salient difference.
Related words: simsa, panra

si'au [interjection]It seems

i si'au le fetsi cu xebni doIt seems, she hates you.
i si'au le ctuca pu na pacnaIt seems, the teacher was disappointed.

si'e [verb] — turn number into verb denoting portion of a mass

i lo stati cu kakne lo ka zukte lo zabna i ku'i lo stati cu mo'a si'e loi se gugdeSmart people can do nice things. But they represent a too small fraction of citizens.
Comment: x1(entity) is the n-th part of mass x2(entity). The number (n) is put in front of si'e, pi mu here would mean 0.5, i.e. half.

si'o [clause prefix] — turn clause into verb

i mi nelci lo si'o xunreI like the color red.
Comment: x1 (clause) is a concept described in the clause that follows.

si'u [preposition from sidju]with the help of ...

i le verba ca kakne lo ka cadzu vau si'u lo rirniThe child is able to walk now with the help of parents.
Comment: in the clause where si'u is used x1 is the one being helped, the help itself is described by the clause.

si'u nai [preposition from na sidju]without help, adverb: oneself

i mi kakne lo ka punji si'u naiI can put it myself.

siclux1(entity) whistles sound x2(sound, text)

lo se siclu — whistled.
i le nakni pu ca'o siclu lo claduHe was whistling something loud.
Related words: sance, tonga, sanga, zgike, savru

sicnix1(entity) is a coin ...

lo sicni — coin.
i ti me lo sicni poi jdini loi fraso turniThis is a coin issued by French government.
i mi pu cpacu ci lo sicni poi rupnu li paI got three coins one dollar each in value.
Related words: fepni, jdini, rupnu

sidbox1(proposition) is an idea about x2(entity) by thinker x3(entity)

lo sidbo — idea.
i mi pu na te sidbo do lo ka se la'u li xo kau ka'e xendo miI had no idea of how kind to me you can be.
Related words: ciksi, jijnu, mucti, jinvi, nabmi, pensi, xanri, si'o

sidjux1(entity) helps x2(entity) do x3(property of x2)

lo sidju — helper.
i pei e'o do sidju mi lo ka tadni lo cmaciCould you help me in studying math?
Related words: si'u, rirni, sarji, vipsi, ferti, selfu

sigjax1(entity) is a cigar or cigarette ...

lo sigja — cigar, cigarette.
i xu le smani ca'o damva'u lo sigjaIs the monkey smoking a cigarette?
Related words: danmo, jelca, tanko, marna

silkax1(entity) is a silk produced by x2(entity)

lo silka — silk.
i la alis pu dasni pa silka pastuAlice was wearing a silk dress.
i lo silka be lo ankabuta ka'e tsaliSpider's silk can be durable.
Related words: curnu, bukpu, cilta

silnax1(entity) is some salt, NaCl ...

lo silna — salt.
i e'o ko te cpacu lo silna miPlease, pass me the salt.
i lo silna be lo sodna cu cidjaA salt of Sodium is a food.
Related words: sakta

simlux1(entity) seems to have x2(property of x1) to observer x3(entity) ...

i mi te simlu fi do fe lo ka se la'u li du'e tadniIt seems to me that you are studying too hard.
i le nu troci pu simlu lo ka na sarcuThe attempt seemed to be unnecessary.
Related words: catlu, viska, simsa, zgana, ganse, jarco

simsax1(entity) is similar to x2(entity) in x3(property of x1 and x2 with kau)

lo simsa — similar.
i lo skapi be le ninmu pu simsa lo snime lo ka blabiHer skin was white as snow.
i mi simsa lo'e cipni lo ka zifreI am free as a bird.
i do simsa fi so'i da fe lo mensi be miYou are a lot like my sister.
i pa pendo be mi mi simsa lo ka xabju ma kau i pa pendo be mi mi jibni lo ka xabju ma kauMy friend and I live in similar apartments. My friend and I live nearby.
Comment: jibni is used when the difference is something generally measurable, whereas simsa is about difference in quality.
Related words: dunli, frica, mintu, panra, simlu, vrici

simxux1(entity group) mutually do x2(relation between members of x1, contains two places for ce'u)

lo se simxu — done mutually.
i do jo'u mi simxu lo ka pramiYou and I love each other.
Related words: kampu, mintu

sincex1(entity) is a snake of species x2(taxon)

lo since — snake.
i ko na terpa lo sinceDon't be afraid of snakes.
Related words: curnu, danlu, respa, vindu

sinmax1(entity) respects x2(entity)

lo se sinma — respected, venerated.
i no prije cu se sinma lo se gugde be lo gugde be vo'aNo wise man is respected by inhabitants of his own country.
Related words: banli, censa, misno, nelci, prami, salci, jgira

sinsox1(number) is the trigonometric sine of angle x2(number)

lo sinso — sine.
i li no sinso lo radno be li pai0 is the sine of "pi" radians.
Related words: tanjo

sinxax1(entity, text) is a sign meaning x2(property of x1) to observer x3(entity)

lo sinxa — sign. lo se sinxa — meaning of a sign.
i fi lo karce e lo cadzu fa lo xunre gusni cu sinxa lo ka bilga lo ka co'u muvduFor cars and pedestrians red light is a sign that they must stop.
Related words: lerfu, tcita, barna, mifra, smuni

sipnax1(entity) is asleep, sleeps

lo sipna — asleep.
i le verba ca'o sipnaThe child is sleeping.
Related words: senva, tatpi, cikna, sanji

sirjix1(entity) is straight or direct between x2(entity) ...

lo sirji — straight, direct (straight).
i le dargu cu sirji lo snanu jo'u lo bertiThe road goes straight from the south to the north.
Related words: korcu, linji, kuspe

siskux1(entity) searches for x2(property of x3) among x3(entity)

i mi sisku lo ka te ciska vau lo nenri be le nilceI'm searching in the furniture for something that one can write on.
Related words: mitysisku, zvafa'i, facki, snada, fliba

sistix1(entity) ceases or stops x2(property of x1)

lo se sisti — ceased, stopped.
i ko sisti lo ka bebna tavlaStop babbling!
Related words: fanmo, mulno, cfari, denpa, fliba

sitnax1(entity) is a quotation, citation, reference to source x2(entity) citing information x3(proposition)

lo se sitna — quoted source.
i mi cusku lo sitna be la alis bei lo du'u le mamta nau nu'o tsuku le zdaniI quoted Alice referring to the fact that the mother is not yet at home .
Related words: krasi

sivnix1(entity) is private, personal to x2(entity)

lo sivni — private.
i lo tadji be lo nu zbasu lo poi tai kukte vau stasu cu sivni miHow to make such a tasty soup is a secret to me.
Related words: gubni, mipri

skacix1(entity) is a skirt ...

lo skaci — skirt.
i mi pu te vecnu pa tordu skaciI bought a short skirt.
Related words: taxfu, palku

skalerax1(entity) are stairs with steps x2(entity)

lo skalera — stairway, stairs. lo se skalera — step of stairs.
i ti skalera lo ci jarkiThese are stairs with three narrow steps.
Related words: stapa, loldi, senta

skamix1(entity) is a computer ...

lo skami — computer.
i lo skami pe mi cu spofuMy computer is broken.
Related words: kancu, minji, pensi

skapix1(entity) is a skin, leather, bark from x2(entity)

lo skapi — skin, leather, bark (of tree).
i lo skapi be lo cnebo be mi cu xunreThe skin on my neck is red.
Comment: pilka is a more general term.
Related words: pilka, calku, kerfa

skarix1(entity) is of colour x2(entity) as perceived by observer x3(entity) ...

lo skari — coloured, colored. lo se skari — colour, color.
i le dacti cu skari lo xunreIt is colored red.
i le xrula cu skari lo tsani miTo me the flower has the color of the sky.
Comment: x2 is the prototype having the color, e.g. lo tsani (sky) or lo xunre (red)
Related words: blanu, bunre, cicna, cinta, crino, grusi, narju, nukni, pelxu, xunre, zirpu, carmi, kandi, xekri, blabi

skicux1(entity) tells about, describes x2(entity) to x3(entity) with description x4(proposition)

lo skicu — describer. lo se skicu — described, told about. lo ve skicu — description.
i le gidva pu skicu fi mi'a fe lo nu mi'a cliva ca lo lerci vau lo nu lo aftobuso pu'o tsukuThe guide explained to us that we would leave later in that the bus hadn't yet arrived.
i mi pu skicu pa cinri lisri pa panzi be miI told an interesting story to my child.
Comment: skicu is to tell, cusku is to say, tavla is to talk, benji lo notci is to notify. The second place of skicu is filled with a topic like skicu lo dansu (tell about dancers), the second place of cusku is filled with a text like cusku zo dansu (to say "dance"")
Related words: lisri, tavla

skijix1(entity) is a skate or ski for surface x2(entity) of sled x3(entity)

lo skiji — skate, ski, runner on a sled. lo te skiji — sled, ski kit.
i ai mi se marce lo skiji be lo djacuI am going to water ski.
i ei mi cikre lo skiji be lo djacu bei tiI should repair runners of this water sled.
Comment: sometimes lo te skiji (ski kit) consists of lo skiji (runners) only.
Related words: sakli, marce, cutci

skinax1(entity) is a video clip, movie about x2(entity) ...

lo skina — movie, film, video clip. lo se skina — plot of a movie.
i mi pu zgana pa skina be lo cridaI watched a movie about magical beings.
Comment: can be applied to streaming video.
Related words: tivni, vidni, pixra, finti

skorix1(entity) is rope of filaments or material x2(entity)

lo skori — rope, cable. lo se skori — filament of a rope, filament of a cable.
i ti skori bi daThis cable consists of 8 filaments.
i tu skori lo jinmeThat is a metal cable.
Comment: describes the object as consisting of more than one filament unlike cilta.
Related words: cilta, jgena, marna, bikla, li'anzi

skurox1(entity) is a groove in x2(entity)

lo skuro — groove, trench. lo se skuro — grooved surface.
i le skuro be lo dertu cu ganraThe trench in the ground is wide.
Related words: plixa

slabux1(entity) is familiar to observer x2(entity) in x3(property of x1) ...

i mi na se slabu la kevinI'm not familiar with Kevin.
i la alis cu slabu mi lo ka jukpa lo kukte tortaAlice is familiar to me in cooking tasty cakes.
Related words: fange, clani, citno, cnino, se djuno

slakax1(text) is a syllable in language x2(entity)

lo slaka — syllable.
i zoi zoi.sla.zoi slaka la lojban"sla" is a syllable in Lojban.
Related words: sance, valsi, bangu

slamix1(entity) is a quantity of acid ...

lo slami — acid.
i lo slami pu jai rinka lo nu lo xance be mi cu cortuThe acid made my hand hurt.
Related words: slari, nimre

slanux1(entity) is a cylinder ...

lo slanu — cylinder.
i mi zgana lo nu lo karce pe mi zi'e pe lo xa mei slanu cu zmadu lo laldo karce pe mi lo ka vlipa vau so'i daI notice that my 6-cylinder car is much more powerful than my old car.
Related words: kamju, gunro

slarix1(entity) is sour to x2(entity)

lo slari — sour.
i lo limxone cu slari so'e remnaLemon is sour to most people.
i le ladru cu sutra lo ka slariThe milk turns sour fast.
Related words: slami, titla, kurki, nimre

slasix1(entity) is some plastic ...

lo slasi — plastic.
i ti noi dakli cu slasiThis bag is plastic.
Related words: rutni, boxfo, bukpu

sligux1(entity) is solid ...

lo sligu — solid.
i le ladru mo'u dunja gi'e ca sliguThe milk froze and is now solid.
Related words: runta, litki, gapci, jdari, dunja, pulce, jduli

slilux1(entity) oscillates with period x2(entity) through states x3(clause)

lo slilu — oscillating. lo se slilu — period of oscillation.
i le gerku pu jersi le jatna fau lo ka jai gau slilu lo rebla be vo'aThe dog followed the master, wagging its tail.
i pa bombila pu slilu lo snidu lo ka te gusni lo xunre jo'u lo blanuA light bulb was flickering every second changing from red to blue light.
i le re nanla pu slilu fi lo ka bajra se ka'a jo'u te ka'aThe two boys were running to and fro.
Related words: dikni, rilti, morna, desku, janbe, boxna

slirix1(entity) is a quantity of sulfur

lo sliri — sulphur.
i lo sliri cu se pilno fi lo ka zbasu lo sackiSulfur is used for making matches.
Related words: xukmi, panci, pelxu

slujix1(entity) is a muscle controlling body part x2(entity) ...

lo sluji — muscle.
i ko palpi lo sluji be lo birka be miTouch and feel the muscle of my arm.
Related words: rectu, xadni, zajba

slunix1(entity) is an onion of species x2(taxon)

lo sluni — onion.
i ai mi co'e lo tamca jo'u lo sluniI'm going to have a tomato and an onion.
i ti noi stasu cu se vrusi lo sluniThis soup tastes of onions.
Related words: stagi

smacux1(entity) is a mouse of species x2(taxon)

lo smacu — mouse.
i pa mlatu mo'u kavbu pa smacuA cat has caught a mouse.
Related words: ratcu

smadix1(entity) guesses, conjectures x2(proposition) is true about x3(entity)

lo se smadi — guess (hypothesis).
i mi na birti lo se smadi be mi bei lo tcimaI'm not sure in my guess about the weather.
i mi smadi lo nu mi'o ba bai ze'u cadzuI guess you and I will have to walk for long time.
Related words: djuno, facki, jijnu, sruma

smajix1(entity) is quiet at observation point x2(entity) ...

lo smaji — silent.
i do e'o smajiPlease, be quiet.
i le xamsi cu simlu lo ka smaji tiThe sea looks quiet in sound from here.
Related words: kerlo, panpi, savru, tirna

smakax1(entity) feels the taste x2(entity)

i mi smaka lo tasta be le najnimreI taste the taste of the orange.
i mi smaka pa najnimreI taste an orange.
i mi smaka su'o titlaI feel something sweet.
Related words: tasta, vrusi, ganse, palpi, viska

smanix1(entity) is a monkey or ape of species x2(taxon)

lo smani — monkey.
i le boske cu culno lo smaniThe forest is full of monkeys.
Related words: mabru, danlu

smokax1(entity) is a sock ...

lo smoka — sock.
i mi fliba lo ka zvafa'i lo smoka pe miI can't find my socks.
Related words: cutci, taxfu

smucix1(entity) is a spoon or scoop for x2(clause) ...

lo smuci — spoon, scoop.
i ko citka se pi'o lo pa smuciEat with a spoon.
i ti smuci lo nu kakpa lo dertuThis is a scoop for digging ground.
Related words: dakfu, forca, tutci

smunix1(entity, text) is a meaning of x2(entity, text) accepted by observer x3(entity)

lo smuni — meaning. lo se smuni — meaningful.
i ma lojbo smuni zoi sy.hola.sy. poi spanoWhat is the Lojban for Spanish "hola"?
i mi pu te smuni zoi zoi.y.zoi lo nu mi na birtiBy saying y I meant that I wasn't sure.
Related words: jimpe, sinxa, valsi, tanru, gismu, lujvo, cmavo, jufra

smuskux1(entity) says x2(clause) for audience x3(entity)

lo smusku — who says. lo te smusku — audience.
i la jasmin pu smusku lo jitfa doJasmine lied to you.
i la kevin pu smusku lo nu do nitcu lo nu mi sidju doKevin said that you need my help.
Comment: x2 is a clause, not a quote (unlike cusku)
Related words: cusku, retsku, spusku, spuda, cu'u, bacru, tavla, casnu, bangu, dapma, jufra, pinka

snadax1(entity) succeeds at x2(property of x1) because of effort x3(property of x1)

lo te snada — successful effort.
i mi pu snada lo ka gasnu tu'a lo fagri vau lo ka jai gau mosra pa grana pa granaI succeeded in producing fire by rubbing one stick against another.
Related words: fliba, troci, jgira

snanux1(entity) is to the south of x2(entity) (entity) ...

lo snanu — southern.
i lo pendo be mi cu xabju bu'u lo snanu be tiMy friend live to the south of this place.
Related words: berti, stuna, stici, farna

snidux1(clause) is x2(number) seconds long ...

lo snidu — second-long event.
i lo nu mi pu bajra cu snidu li pa muI ran in 15 seconds.
Comment: if x2 is not used denotes one second in duration
Related words: cacra, junla, mentu, tcika, centi

snimex1(entity) is some snow

lo snime — snow.
i le snime cu lenkuThe snow is cold.
Related words: bratu, carvi, bisli

snipax1(entity) sticks or adheres to x2(entity)

lo snipa — sticky, glue.
i lo cirla pu snipa lo moklu be miThe cheese sticked to my mouth.
Related words: tarla, viknu

snujix1(entity) is a sandwich of x2(entity) sandwiched between x3(entity group)

lo snuji — sandwich.
i mi pu citka pa snuji be lo rectu bei lo nanbaI ate a bread sandwich with meat inside.
Related words: midju, nenri, sepli, senta, jbini, bitmu, sruri

snurax1(entity) is safe from threat x2(entity)

lo snura — safe from a threat.
i mi'o snura lo ka se gunta lo bramlatuWe are safe from a possible attack of big cats.
Related words: ckape, kajde, marbi, terpa, xalni, bandu

snutix1(property of x2) is an accident on the part of x2(entity)

lo snuti — accident.
i lo ka darxi la alis pu to'e snuti la kevinIt was deliberate on the part of Kevin to hit Alice.
i le ka srera pu snuti le lanliThe error happened accidentally on the part of the researcher.
Related words: zukte, cunso

so [digit/number]9, nine

i so tadni ca catlu doThere are 9 students looking at you.

so'a [digit/number]almost all

i so'a prenu ca zukcfu no daAlmost all people are idle now.
i le se gunka se la'u li so'a mulnoThe work is almost done.

so'e [digit/number]most

i so'e prenu cu nelci lo pliseMost people like apples.

so'i [digit/number]many

i so'i prenu ca pindiMany people are poor.

so'o [digit/number]several

i mi pu tavla so'o prenuI talked to several people.

so'u [digit/number]few

i so'u prenu ca zvati le zarciThere are a few people now in the store.

sobdex1(entity) is some soya of species x2(taxon)

lo sobde — soya.
i ti stasu lo sobdeThis is a soya soup.
Related words: dembi, gurni

sodnax1(entity) is a quantity of alkali metal ...

lo sodna — alkali metal.
i la natriium cu sodnaSodium (Na) is an alkali metal.
Related words: jilka, jinme

sodvax1(entity) is a quantity of soda, carbonated beverage of brand x2(taxon)

lo sodva — soda.
i mi pu pinxe lo sodva be lo bisli krujiI was drinking an ice cream soda.
Related words: jilka, jinme

soljix1(entity) is a quantity of gold

lo solji — gold.
i lo solji cu karguGold is expensive.
i lo letri te jorne poi lo solji cu sefta cu xe benji se la'u li rauElectrical junctions with gold surfaces are good transmitters.
Related words: ricfu, rijno, narju, pelxu

solrix1(entity) is the sun of home planet x2(entity) ...

lo solri — sun.
i ti solri so'o barda planetaThis is a home star of several big planets.
Related words: gusni, lunra, mluni, planeta, santa, terdi, tarci

sombox1(entity) sows x2(entity) in x3(entity)

lo se sombo — sown.
i xu do mo'u sombo le tsiju lo dertuHave you sown the seeds in the ground?
Related words: crepu, tsiju

soncix1(entity) is a soldier of army x2(entity)

lo sonci — soldier. lo se sonci — army of soldiers.
i ti se sonci pa ki'o ji'i daThis is an army of approximately 1000 soldiers.
Related words: damba, jenmi, xarci, pulji

sorcux1(entity) is a store or deposit of x2(entity) ...

lo sorcu — store, deposit, stockpile.
i ei mi klama lo sorcu be lo cidjaI should go to a food store.
i xu le sorcu be lo datni cu aktiIs the data store active?
Comment: vreji is record of information or computer file, lo sorcu is bound to a location, lo se sabji is stored, reserved that is not necessarily tied to a location.
Related words: banxa, panka

sorgux1(entity) is sorghum of species x2(taxon)

lo sorgu — sorghum.
i ra pu jai gau farvi fai lo sorgu te zu'e lo ka jai gau citka lo jipciHe was growing sorghum to feed chickens.
Related words: gurni

sortax1(entity) sorta is/does x2(property of x1)

lo sorta — sorta, sort of.
i mi sorta lo ka glekiI'm sort of happy.
Related words: simsa, klesi

sovdax1(entity) is an egg or pollen from organism x2(entity)

lo sovda — egg.
i mi pu lebna so'o sovda be lo jipciI took several hen eggs.
Comment: sovda is pollen, tsiju is spore or embryo-containing egg. Hen eggs used as food are usually unfertilized and thus are sovda.
Related words: ganti, gutra, mamta, patfu, rorci, lanbi, tarbi

spajix1(clause) surprises x2(entity)

lo spaji — surprising event. lo se spaji — surprised.
i mi se spaji lo nu do kakne lo ka zgipli lo tabraI am surprised that you can play the horn.
Related words: marvele, jenca, bredi, suksa

spalix1(entity) polishes x2(entity) with polish x3(entity) ...

lo te spali — polish.
i le ninmu cu spali lo xadni be vo'a lo caklaThe woman polished her body with a chocolate.
Related words: mosra, sraku, xutla

spanox1(entity) is Spanish in x2(property of x1)

lo spano — Spanish.
i xu le ninmu cu spanoIs she Spanish?
Related words: ketco

spatix1(entity) is a plant of species x2(taxon)

lo spati — plant (organism).
i le spati cu banroThe plant is growing.
Related words: genja, grute, gurni, latna, rozgu, stagi, tricu, tsiju, tujli, xruba, xrula, pezli, srasu

spenix1(entity) is married to x2(entity) under custom x3(proposition) ; x1 is a spouse of x2

lo speni — spouse, wife, husband.
i lo speni be mi cu se jibri lo ka mikceMy spouse works as a doctor.
Related words: prami, gletu

spisax1(entity) is a portion or piece of x2(entity)

lo spisa — portion, piece. lo se spisa — portioned.
i ko sabji lo pa spisa be lo plise miGive me a piece of an apple.
Related words: pagbu

spitax1(entity) is a hospital treating patient x2(entity) for condition x3(property of x2)

lo spita — hospital. lo se spita — patient of a hospital.
i tu spita lo verba lo te bilma pe gau lo vidruThat is a hospital treating children for viral diseases.
Related words: bilma, mikce

spofux1(entity) is broken in function x2(property of x1)

lo spofu — broken. lo se spofu — broken function.
i le molki cu spofu lo ka cupra lo purmoThe mill is broken and is not producing the flour.
Related words: daspo, katna, porpi, se xrani, cikre

spojax1(entity) explodes or bursts into pieces x2(entity)

lo spoja — exploding.
i le jbama pu spoja lo pagbuThe bomb exploded into pieces.
Related words: porpi, pagbu, cecla, jakne, jbama

spudax1(entity) responds or answers to stimulus x2(entity) with response x3(property of x1)

lo spuda — responder. lo se spuda — stimulus for a response. lo te spuda — response.
i mi pu spuda lo se retsku lo ka spusku zo je'uI responded to the question by replying "Yes."
i le prenu pu spuda lo se friti be le fetsi lo ka cmilaThe person responded to her offer with laughter.
i le skami na spudaThe computer is not responding.
Related words: cusku, retsku, nabmi, danfu, spuda, cpedu

spuskux1(entity) responds with x2 x2(text) to x3(entity)

lo spusku — responder. lo se spusku — reply, response, answer.
i au la jasmin ba spusku zo je'u miI wish Jasmine replies "Yes" to me.
Related words: cusku, spuda, bacru, tavla, casnu, cu'u, bangu, dapma, jufra, pinka

srajix1(entity) is vertical in reference frame x2(entity)

lo sraji — vertical.
i le grana cu simlu lo ka sraji miThe rod seems to be standing vertically from my position.
Related words: sanli, pinta

srakux1(entity) scratches x2(entity)

lo sraku — abrasive, cutting (abrasive), scratching. lo se sraku — scratched.
i mi pu sraku lo stedu be miI scratched my head.
Comment: sraku does not imply that material is removed, kakpa implies that, though.
Related words: guska, katna, mosra, plixa, kakpa, spali

sralox1(entity) is Australian in x2(property of x1)

lo sralo — Australian.
i xu tu noi nixli cu sraloIs that girl Australian?
Related words: glico

sranax1(entity) is relevant to x2(entity)

lo srana — relevant.
i e'o do ciska lo srana be lo fatci se lifri be doPlease write about related to your real experience.
i xu le nu do litru cu srana lo jibri be doIs your journey a business trip?
Related words: ckini, ponse, steci

srasux1(entity) is a blade of grass of species x2(taxon)

lo srasu — blade of grass.
i lo bakni cu nitcu lo srasuCows need grass.
Comment: expanse of grass is loi srasu.
Related words: spati

srerax1(entity) errs in doing x2(property of x1) ...

lo se srera — error, mistake.
i mi pu srera lo ka cuxna ma kau noi speni miI made a mistake in choosing my spouse.
i mi pu srera lo ka klama la madridI made a mistake by going to Madrid.
Comment: when using kau x2 can specify the actual act considered an error.
Related words: drani, cfila, fliba

srumax1(entity) assumes that x2(property of x3) is true about x3(entity)

lo se sruma — assumed.
i mi sruma lo nu racli vau lo nu ca'o smajiI think it'd be rational to continue keeping silence.
Related words: smadi, birti

srurix1(entity) encloses or surrounds x2(entity) in direction x3(entity)

lo sruri — enclosing. lo se sruri — enclosed.
i le ckule cu se sruri lo cmana joi lo lalxu lo ro korbiThe school is surrounded by mountains and lakes from all sides.
Related words: karli, senta, snuji, vanbi, se nenri, se jbini, bartu, djine

stacex1(entity) is honest with x2(entity) about x3(property of x1)

lo stace — honest.
i ko stace mi lo ka pu smusku lo nu do pu zukte ma kauBe honest with me in saying what you did.
i sei mi stace mi na djunoFrankly, I don't know.
i sei mi stace na vajni miFrankly, it's not important to me.
Related words: tcica, jetnu, jitfa, mipri

stagix1(entity) is an edible part of plant ...

i au stasu lo stagiI'd like a vegetable soup.
i ti noi genja cu patlu stagiThis root is a vegetable of potato plant.
Comment: includes edible fruits, vegetables, seeds, roots, leaves, stems, flowers, buds.
Related words: grute, kobli, narge, sluni, spati, sunga, tamca

stakux1(entity) is a ceramics ...

lo staku — ceramic.
i mi se cinri tu'a lo jungo stakuI have an interest in Chinese ceramics.
Related words: kliti

stalix1(entity) stays or remains at x2(entity)

lo stali — staying, remaining.
i mi te mukti lo ka stali vi ku ze'a lo djedi be li ciI am going to stay here for three days.
Related words: vitno, zasni, ralte, stodi, xabju, stuzi, renvi

stanix1(entity) is a stem or trunk of plant x2(entity)

lo stani — stem, trunk. lo se stani — plant with a stem (organism).
i pa cribe ca'o cpare lo stani be pa clani tricuA bear is climbing up a trunk of a high tree.
Related words: tuple, mudri

stapax1(entity) steps on surface x2(entity) using limbs x3(entity)

i le xirma pu jundi stapa lo bisli lo suftiThe horse carefully stepped on the ice with her hoofs.
i mi pu stapa se ka'a le cripuI stepped to the bridge.
Related words: bajra, plipe, cadzu, skalera

stasux1(entity) is some soup with ingredients x2(entity)

lo stasu — soup. lo se stasu — ingredient of a soup.
i mi pu citka lo stasu be lo dembi jo'u lo silnaI ate a bean soup with salt.
Related words: sanmi, mixre, salta, sanso

statix1(entity) has talent for doing x2(property of x1)

lo stati — talented. lo se stati — talent.
i ra stati lo ka zbasu lo bambolaShe has talent for making dolls.
Related words: jinzi, certu, rarna, larcu, kakne

stebax1(entity) feels frustration about x2(clause)

lo steba — frustrated. lo se steba — frustrating situation.
i le nakni pu steba lo nu la alis di'i panteHe was frustrated of Alice's regular complaints.
Related words: cinmo

stecix1(property of x2 and x3) is specific only to x2(entity) among x3(entity) ; x2 is the only one, are the only ones being or doing x1 among x3

lo steci — specific feature. lo se steci — having a specific feature.
i fi lo jmive fa lo remna cu se steci lo ka pilno lo xisluAmong living beings, only humans use wheel.
Related words: po'e, srana, se ponse, ckini, tcila, tutra

stedux1(entity) is a head of x2(entity)

lo stedu — head.
i lo stedu be le verba cu glareThe child's head is hot.
Related words: drudi, mebri, xedja, besna, flira, mapku

stelax1(entity) is a lock for sealing x2(entity), with mechanism x3(property of x1)

lo stela — lock. lo se stela — sealed with a lock. lo te stela — locking mechanism.
i ti stela ti noi tanxe vau lo ka te setca lo mapti ckikuThis is a lock for sealing this box; a suitable key is to be inserted into it.
Comment: x3 describes how this mechanism works to open/close x1.
Related words: ckiku

sterox1(entity) is x2(number) steradians ...

i lo te kojna be fi ti cu stero li paThe vertex of this cone subtends 1 steradian.
Related words: centi

sticix1(entity) is to the west of x2(entity) in frame of reference x3(entity)

lo stici — western.
i la amerik cu stici la afrik tiAmerica is to the west of Africa when viewed from here.
Related words: stuna, berti, snanu, farna

stidix1(entity) suggests x2(property of x3) to x3(entity)

lo stidi — advisor. lo se stidi — piece of advice, suggestion, proposal.
i da'i do stidi tu'a ma noi gustaWhat restaurant would you recommend?
i lo se stidi be le fetsi pu du lo nu daspo le dinjuHer proposal was to destroy the building.
Related words: tcica, xlura

stikax1(entity) adjusts, makes x2(property of nonce place) change, vary in degree x3(entity)

lo stika — regulating event. lo se stika — adjusted.
i lo nu vlile brife cu stika lo se zukte be mi lo so'i meiStormy winds change my actions a lot.
Comment: binxo describes that entity turns into another entity, galfi is to turn one entity into another one. cenba describes how entity changes its state while remaining the same entity, stika is to make entity change its state.
Related words: cenba, galfi, binxo, zasni, stodi

stizux1(entity) is a seat, bench, chair

lo stizu — seat, chair, bench.
i e'a do jai gau muvdu fai le stizu ti gi'e zutseFeel free to move the chair here and be seated.
Related words: nilce, zutse, jubme, ckana

stodix1(entity) is static, constant, unchanging in x2(property of x1) ...

lo stodi — constant.
i ra stodi lo ka jinvi ma kauHe is stable in is views.
Related words: cenba, stika, stali, vitno, manfo, zasni, tinsa, jdari

stomaxux1(entity) is a stomach, digestive organ of x2(entity)

lo stomaxu — stomach.
i lo stomaxu be mi cu culnoI am full.
Related words: rango, betfu, moklu, risna, livga

stunax1(entity) is to the east of x2(entity) in frame of reference x3(entity)

lo stuna — eastern.
i lo nurma zdani be mi cu stuna le tcadu zdani tiMy rural house is to the west of the city apartment when viewed from here.
Related words: stici, berti, snanu, farna

sturax1(entity) is a structure, arrangement with components x2(entity group)

lo stura — structure. lo se stura — structured.
i lo dinju cu stura lo blikuBuildings are structures made of bricks.
i lo jufra cu stura lo valsiSentence is a structure made of words.
Comment: x2 describes the whole set. For a particular member of a set use cmima.
Related words: ganzu, morna, ciste, lujvo, greku, gerna

stuzix1(entity) is an inherent site of x2(entity)

lo stuzi — site, place (location).
i ma stuzi lo spitaWhere is a hospital?
Comment: unlike zvati the verb stuzi describes inherent places.
Related words: jmive, diklo, bu'u, zvati, tcini, xabju, jibni, judri, lamji, mokca, stali

su'a [interjection]I generalize, su'a naiin particular

i lo speni be mi be'o poi du la alis cu xebni lo birje i je su'a ro ninmu cu xebni lo birjeAlice, which is my wife, hates beer. And that shows that all women hate beer.
i mi nelci lo ninmu y ju'e su'a nai la alisI like women ... Alice in particular.
Comment: su'a is generalizing, extrapolating from specific cases, induction. su'a nai is making the most likely explanations from some premises, abduction. ja'o is applying general rules, all of the premises to specific cases, deduction..

su'e [digit/number]at most ..., no more than ...

i su'e re prenu ca zvati le dinjuThere are at most two people in the building.

su'iplus, addition operator (symbol + in math)

i li pa ci su'i mu du li pa bi13 + 5 = 18.

su'o [digit/number]at least ..., no less than ...

i su'o ci prenu pu cliva le zdaniAt least three people left the building.
i su'o prenu ca jundiAt least one person is attentive now.
i mi pu xagji se la'u li su'oI was hungry to some degree.

su'u [clause prefix] — turn clause into verb

i lo su'u mi tadni vau be lo pruce cu nanduMy learning is hard process.
i lo nu catlu lo pindi vau be lo se lifri pu cizraIt was a strange experience to look at the poor man.
Comment: x1 (clause) is the clause (that follows) that has the type x2. Allows to specify the type of the clause.

sudgax1(entity) is dry of liquid x2(entity)

lo sudga — dry.
i le grute cu sudga lo jisraThe fruit is dry of juice.
Related words: cilmo, litki, runta

suftix1(entity) is a hoof of x2(entity)

lo sufti — hoof.
i ei do lasna le cutci lo sufti be le xirma lo dinkoYou should fit the shoe to the horse's hoof with nails.
Related words: xirma

suksax1(entity) is sudden at x2(property of x1) ...

lo suksa — sudden.
i mi pu suksa lo ka co'a ciknaI suddenly waked up.
Related words: spaji, vitci, vlile

sumjix1(entity) is the sum of x2(same type as x1) plus x3(same type as x1) plus x4(same type as x1) ...

lo sumji — sum. lo se sumji — summand.
i li bi sumji li mu li ci8 = 5 + 3.
Comment: can have any number of places. Starting from x2 they represent summands.
Related words: jmina, jalge, mulno, pilji

sumnex1(entity) smells the scent x2(entity)

lo se sumne — scent.
i mi sumne lo panci be lo xrulaI smell the scent of flowers.
i mi sumne lo xrulaI feel a flower scent.
Related words: nazbi, panci, cpina, ganse, zgana

sumtix1(text) is an argument, noun / name / pronoun of predicate x2(property of nonce place) filling place x3(text)

lo sumti — noun, name, pronoun, verb argument. lo se sumti — verb, predicate. lo te sumti — place of a verb argument.
i zo mi sumti lo ka dunda vau zo fimi is the third argument of the verb dunda.
Comment: x3 quotes a preposition (like fa or to'o) that puts the argument into its position.
Related words: brisni, darlu, gismu

sungax1(entity) is some garlic of species x2(taxon)

lo sunga — garlic.
i lo sunga cu se panci lo carmiGarlic gives off a strong odor.
Related words: stagi

sunlax1(entity) is some wool from x2(entity)

lo sunla — wool.
i lo sunla be lo lanme cu xutlaLamb's wool is soft.
Related words: kosta, kumte, lanme, kanba, bukpu, kerfa

surlax1(entity) relaxes by doing x2(property of x1)

i mi surla lo ka vreta pa sfofaI relax myself by lying on a sofa.
Related words: dunku, tatpi, zukcfu, vreta

sutrax1(entity) is fast or quick at doing x2(property of x1)

lo sutra — fast, quick. lo se sutra — done fast.
i la alis pu sutra lo ka punji le botpi le tanxeAlice was fast enough in putting the bottle into the box.
Related words: masno

sy [pronoun]s (letter)

Comment: prefixed with me'o is a quotation of the letter. When used alone refers to the last noun with the verb starting with this letter like sy is for the last lo sanmi used.

ta [pronoun]that (near you)

i e'o do dunda ta noi penbiPlease, give me that pen near you.

ta'a [vocative] — Shows that the speaker interrupts the dialog

i ta'a lo nobli ma se zvati lo sivni kumfaPardon for interrupting, but where is the toilet?

ta'e [preposition of aspect]habitually (habitual aspect)

i mi ta'e citka lo pliseI used to eat apples.
i lo verba ta'e ze'i co'a tatpiChildren tend to quickly get tired.

ta'i [preposition from tadji]by method ..., adverb: methodically

i ta'i ma do pu tsuku tiHow did you get here?
Comment: the clause describes the event happening via this method.

ta'o [interjection]by the way, ta'o naireturning to main point

i ta'o do nanca maBy the way, how old are you?
i ta'o nai mi platu lo ka vitke la moskov de'i li jy dy reBack to the point, I'm planning to visit Moscow on Tuesday.
Related words: ni'o, vajni

tabnox1(entity) is a quantity of carbon

lo tabno — carbon.
i lo kolme cu marji lo tabnoCoal consists of carbon.
Related words: kolme

tabrax1(entity) is a musical horn, trumpet

lo tabra — trumpet, horn (musical instrument).
i lo xanto cu bacru lo simsa be lo sance be lo tabraElephants produce sounds similar to trumpet.
Related words: zgike

tadjix1(property of nonce place) is a method for doing x2(property of nonce place) ...

lo tadji — method. lo se tadji — done methodically.
i lo nu jai gau glare cu tadji lo nu jukpa lo sovdaHeating is how you cook an egg.
Related words: ciste, pruce, zukte, pluta, ta'i

tadnix1(entity) is a student of x2(entity)

lo tadni — student. lo se tadni — studied.
i mi tadni lo cmaciI study math.
Related words: ckule, cilre, ctuca

tagjix1(entity) is tight, snug on x2(entity) in x3(property of x1) ...

lo tagji — tight, snug.
i le kosta cu tagji le verba lo ka bekpi se pagbuThe coat is tight on the child in its back part.
Related words: trati, jarki, kluza, rinju

tai [preposition from tasmi]like ..., in manner ..., resembling ...

i la kevin cu zukte ro da tai i ja'e bo mi jimpe no deKevin does everything in such a way I can't understand anything.
i ba zi lo nu lo vorme co'a kalri vau le nakni pu klama lo nenri tai lo nu mi'a ca'o denpa tu'a le nakniAs soon as the door opened, he got in as if we were waiting for him.
Comment: the clause describes the event happening in this manner.

taksix1(entity) is a taxi

lo taksi — taxi.
i ai mi klama fu lo taksiI'm going to take a taxi.
Related words: aftobuso, tcadu, karce

talsax1(entity) challenges x2(entity) at x3(property of x2)

i mi pu talsa le nakni lo ka facki lo danfuI challenged him in finding the answer.
Related words: jinga, damba, darlu, jivna, nandu

tamcax1(entity) is a tomato of species x2(taxon)

lo tamca — tomato.
i mi na nelci lo tasta be lo tamcaI don't like the taste of tomatoes.
Related words: grute, stagi

tamjix1(entity) is a thumb or big toe on limb x2(entity) ...

lo tamji — thumb.
i mi pu darxi lo tamji be mi se pi'o pa mruliI hit my thumb with a hammer.
Related words: degji, tance, xance, jamfu

tamnex1(entity) is a cousin to x2(entity) by bond x3(proposition)

lo tamne — cousin.
i do tunba mi lo ka patfu be lo patfuYou are my cousin since we have the same paternal grandfather.
Related words: dzena, famti, mensi, bruna, tunba

tanbox1(entity) is a board or plank ...

lo tanbo — board, plank.
i ne'a lo tanbo pu sanli fa lo nixli noi lo flira zo'u darsi cismaA girl with a cheeky smile on her face was standing at the blackboard.
Related words: bliku, kubli

tancex1(entity) is a tongue of x2(entity)

lo tance — tongue.
i gau ko punli fa lo tancePut the tongue out.
Related words: moklu, bangu, nazbi, tamji, degji

tanjox1(number) it a tangent of angle x2(number)

lo tanjo — tangent.
i li pa tanjo lo radno be li pai fe'i vo1 is the tangent of "pi/4" radians.
Related words: sinso

tankox1(entity) is a quantity of tobacco of species x2(taxon)

lo tanko — tobacco.
i ra vasxu lo tankoHe smokes tobacco.
Related words: sigja, marna

tanrux1(text) is a compound verb formed with component x2(text) that modifies x3(text) (entity, text) ...

lo tanru — compound verb, tanru.
i lu sutra bajra li'u cu tanru zo sutra zo bajramelbi ractu is a tanru (compound verb) with seltau sutra and tertau bajra.
i zoi gy.drip fry.gy. tanru"drip fry" is a tanru.
Related words: gismu, smuni

tansix1(entity) is a pan, shallow basin, sink for contents x2(entity) ...

lo tansi — shallow basin, pan, sink. lo se tansi — contents of a pan.
i ti tansi lo saltaThis is a bowl for salad.
Related words: baktu, palne, palta, patxu, kabri, botpi

tanxex1(entity) is a box or crate for contents x2(entity) ...

lo tanxe — box. lo se tanxe — contents of a box.
i ra pu bevri pa tanxe be lo penbiHe brought a box of pens.
Related words: bakfu, botpi, cutne, dacru

taplax1(entity) is a tile ...

lo tapla — tile.
i lo sefta be le dargu cu vasru lo taplaThe road pavement contains tiles.
Comment: for tapla the third dimension is uniform and relatively thin, for karda the third dimension is insignificant.
Related words: bliku, kubli, matci, karda, bliku, kurfa, matci, plita, tarmi

tarbix1(entity) is an embryo with mother x2(entity) and father x3(entity)

lo tarbi — embryo. lo se tarbi — mother of an embryo. lo te tarbi — father of an embryo.
i le ninmu pu cusku fi le nanmu fe lu ti tarbi mi do pe na ku li'uShe said to him "It's not your baby." (about her not yet born child).
Related words: gutra, mamta, patfu, sovda, rorci, tsiju, grute

tarcix1(entity) is a star ...

lo tarci — star.
i xu nai pluka fa lo ka catlu lo tarci ca lo nicteIsn't it pleasant to look at stars at night?
Related words: solri, tsani

tarlax1(entity) is a quantity of tar ...

lo tarla — tar.
i mi na kakne lo ka lumci lo creka lo tarlaI can't clean my shirt of the tar.
Related words: kolme, pesxu, snipa

tarmix1(entity) is the shape of x2(entity)

lo tarmi — shape, form (figure), look (appearance). lo se tarmi — having a shape.
i lo balnema cu se tarmi lo finpeWhales have the form of fishes.
Comment: lo te marji is physical shape.
Related words: nejni, te marji, tapla, bliku, kubli, kurfa, cukla, mapti, morna, sarlu

tartix1(entity) behaves oneself in manner x2(property of x1) ...

lo se tarti — behaviour, behavior.
i traji xamgu se tarti do fa lo ka da'i smajiThe best behaviour for you would be keeping silence.
Related words: cnano, spuda, tcaci, cilce, jikca, marde

taskex1(entity) thirsts for x2(entity)

lo taske — thirsty.
i mi taskeI'm thirsty.
i mi mutce taske lo jisraI'm dying for a juice!
Related words: nitcu, djica, xagji, pinxe

tasmix1(clause) is the way or manner in which x2(clause) happens

lo tasmi — manner.
i lo ka plipe ga'u lo bitmu pu tasmi lo nu mi pu tsuku le purdiJumping over the fence, this is how l got into the garden.
Related words: tai, ta'i, tadji

tastax1(entity) is a taste of x2(entity)

lo tasta — taste.
i lo tasta be le nanba cu titlaThe bread has a sweet taste.
Related words: smaka, vrusi, kukte, silna

tatpix1(entity) is tired of x2(clause, property of x1)

lo tatpi — tired. lo se tatpi — tiring.
i mi tatpi lo nu do so'i roi panteI'm tired of your numerous complaints.
Related words: cikna, sipna, surla

tatrux1(entity) is a breast of x2(entity)

lo tatru — breast.
i ra se tatru lo bardaShe has big boobs.
Related words: ladru, mabru

tavlax1(entity) talks to x2(entity) about x3(entity, text) in language x4(entity)

lo te tavla — subject of a talk.
i ko smaji ca lo nu mi tavla la alis fo la lojban fi lo nu pramiKeep silence when I'm talking to Alice in Lojban about love.
Comment: skicu is to tell, cusku is to say, tavla is to talk, benji lo notci is to notify. The second place of skicu is filled with a topic like skicu lo dansu (tell about dancers), the second place of cusku is filled with a text like cusku zo dansu (to say "dance"")
Related words: bacru, casnu, darlu, ciksi, bangu

taxfux1(entity) is a garment worn by x2(entity) ...

lo taxfu — garment.
i ti noi sunla kosta cu taxfu lo zvati be lo cmana gi'e jai bandu fi lo nu lenkuThis fur coat is used by those who are in mountains and protects from cold.
Related words: creka, cutci, daski, dasni, gluta, kosta, mapku, palku, pastu, skaci, smoka, lunbe

tcacix1(property of x2) is a custom or habit of x2(entity) ...

lo tcaci — custom, habit. lo se tcaci — having a habit.
i ra se ke xlali tcaci lo ka batci lo jgaluHe has a bad habit of biting his fingernails.
Related words: fadni, kampu, lakne, jinzi, ckaji, cnano, tarti, ritli, javni, zekri

tcadux1(entity) is a city or town of area x2(entity) ...

lo tcadu — city, town.
i lo ralju tcadu be lo bu'u gugde cu darno tiThe main city of this country is far away from here.
Related words: jarbu, nurma, cecmu

tcanax1(entity) is a station, node for component x2(entity) of a network

lo tcana — network station, network node. lo se tcana — network with a station.
i ti tcana lo treneThis is a train station.
Related words: dargu, litru, pluta, trene, ciste, ve mrilu, tivni, cradi, ve benji, fonxa, letri, fatri

tcatix1(entity) is some tea brewed from x2(entity)

lo tcati — tea. lo se tcati — leaf of tea.
i mi pinxe lo tcati be lo crino pezliI'm drinking tea brewed from green leaves.
Related words: ckafi

tcemix1(entity) is compared with x2(entity)

i mi poi tcemi do bardaI am big compared to you.
Related words: zmadu

tcenax1(entity) extends to range x2(entity) in x3(property of x1) from range x4(entity)

lo tcena — stretchy.
i lo bratu carvi cu tcena fo ti fe lo drata gugde lo vlileThe violent hail spreads from here to another country.
Related words: kuspe, pruni, preja, ranji, trati

tcicax1(clause) tricks or misleads x2(entity) into x3(property of x2)

lo tcica — misleading event. lo se tcica — tricked, misled.
i lo nu lo jbari cu xunre cu tcica mi lo ka pensi lo nu to'e se ckape lo ka citka le jbariThe red color of the berry misled me into thinking that it's safe to eat it.
Related words: stace, xlura, stidi, kajde

tcidux1(entity) reads x2(text) from medium x3(entity)

lo tcidu — reader. lo se tcidu — readable, text to be read. lo te tcidu — document to be read.
i mi mo'u tcidu lo se ciska le bitmuI have read what is written on the wall.
Related words: ciska, cukta, karni

tcikax1(number) is the time of x2(clause) happening at place or timezone x3(entity) ...

lo tcika — time of day. lo te tcika — time zone.
i le fetsi pu tsuku mo'u le se tcikaShe arrived on time.
i mi tsuku ba'o le se tcikaI arrived in time.
i li cy pa ci tcika lo nu ei mi'o cliva1 pm is when we should leave.
i li cy so my ci no tcika lo nu lo zarci co'a aktiShops start working at 9:30
i li cy pa no my mu sy re ze tcika le nu le jakne co'a vofli vau la nipon10:05:27 (Japanese timezone) is when the rocket started the flight.
Comment: in x1 cy is put before hours, my is put before minutes, sy is put before seconds.
Related words: detri, de'i, cacra, cerni, donri, djedi, junla, nicte, mentu, snidu, temci, vanci, dirba, mokca

tcilax1(entity) is a detail of x2(entity)

lo tcila — detail, feature. lo se tcila — detailed, having features.
i lo bangu cu ro roi vajni tcila le cecmuLanguage is always an important detail of a society.
Related words: diklo, steci

tcilokoiotlix1(entity) is a pumpkin of species x2(taxon)

lo tcilokoiotli — pumpkin.
i xu do pu'i smaka lo sanso be lo tcilokoiotliHave you ever tasted pumpkin sauce?
Related words: grute

tcimax1(clause) is the weather at place x2(entity)

lo tcima — weather.
i lu ma tcima la moskov ca lo cabdei li'u lu lo solri li'u"What is the weather today in Moscow?" "It is sunny."
Related words: brife, bumru, carvi, dilnu, bratu

tcinix1(property of x2) are the circumstances of x2(entity)

lo tcini — situation, circumstances, condition (state), chance (condition).
i ma tcini le nu do pu farluHow did you fell down (what were the circumstances of your falling)?
i lo nu tadni lo saske poi lo no'a na nelci cu cizra tciniStudying a branch of science that you don't like is a crazy situation.
Related words: stuzi, zvati, vanbi, ve pruce, ckaji, zasni

tcitax1(entity) is a label of x2(entity) showing information x3(property of x2)

lo tcita — tag, label. lo se tcita — tagged, labelled. lo te tcita — information on a tag.
i ti noi sinxa cu tcita lo valsi lo ka cninoThis symbol labels words as being new.
Related words: sinxa, cmene, judri

te [place converter] — switches 1st and 3rd places of verb

i mi pu te vecnu pa karce pa pendo be miI bought a car from my friend.
i va'i pa pendo be mi pu vecnu pa karce miIn other words, my friend sold a car to me.

te be'i [preposition from te benji]sent to ...

i le prenu pu cusku da te be'i miHe said something to me.
Comment: in the clause where te be'i is used x1 is the sender.

te fi'e [preposition from te finti]created with purpose ...

i le za'u mei ba'o pilno lo minji pe te fi'e lo nu cpacu lo ctileThey no longer use machines created to get oil.

te ka'a [preposition from te klama]going from ...

i mi pu bajra te ka'a le za'u meiI ran away from them.
Comment: in the clause where teka'a is used x1 is the one who goes.

te rai [preposition from te traji]preferring out of ...

i lo fragari cu se nelci mi te rai lo jbariOut of berries, I like strawberries most.
Comment: x1 of the clause describes the most one in this comparison, the clause itself describes the comparison.

te zu'e [preposition from te zukte]with a goal of ..., adverb: for a purpose

i le prenu cu gunka te zu'e lo ka co'u morjiHe works in order to forget.

te'ai [subscript] — subscript prefix, attaches a numeral showing dimension of a measurement verb

i lo vi foldi cu mitre te'ai re li pa no noThis field is 100 square meters.
Comment: mitre te'ai re is square meters, mitre te'ai ci is cubic meters.

te'o [digit/number]exponential e (approximately 2.71828)

i li te'o te'a vei ka'o pi'i pai ve'o du li ni'u pae(i × π) = -1.

temcix1(clause) is the elapsed time from x2(clause) to x3(clause)

i lo cacra be li ci cu temci le nu mi mo'u cliva le dinju vau le nu lo mamta mo'u tsuku le dinjuThree hours passed from the time I left the building till the time the mother arrived at it.
Related words: cacra, cedra, citsi, ranji, tcika, junla, renvi

tendex1(entity) tends to do or be x2(property of x1)

lo tende — having tendency.
i le nakni cu tende lo ka smusku lo jitfaHe tends to lie.
Related words: lakne, zukte, fanta, ckaji, tcaci, cafne, fadni, cnano

tenfax1(entity, number) is the exponential result of x2(same type as x1) to the power of x3(number)

lo tenfa — exponential result. lo se tenfa — exponential base. lo te tenfa — exponent.
i li so tenfa li ci li re9 is the exponential result of 3 to the power 2.
Related words: dugri

tengux1(property of x2) is a texture of x2(entity)

lo tengu — texture. lo se tengu — having a texture.
i lo pilka be le tricu cu se tengu lo ka rufsuThe rind of the tree has a rough texture.
Related words: sefta, rufsu, xutla

terdix1(entity) is the home planet of inhabitants x2(entity)

lo terdi — home planet, earth (planet).
i ti terdi lo remnaThis is the planet of humans.
Comment: lo dertu is ground, dirt. But bu'u lo terdi is on the ground.
Related words: lunra, planeta, solri, kensa, tsani

terpax1(entity) fears x2(clause)

lo terpa — fearful, afraid of. lo se terpa — causing fear.
i mi terpa lo nu lo mamta cu viska tiI'm afraid that my mom will see this.
Related words: snura, xalni, xanka, virnu

tertox1(entity) is a trillion, 1012 of x2(same type as x1) in x3(property of x1)

i ti noi tcana cu terto lo bitni be li bi lo ka vasruThis network station stores 1 Terabyte of data.
Related words: centi

ti [pronoun]this (near me, here)

i ma jdima tiWhat is the price of this?
i ko stali tiStay here.

ti'a [preposition of cardinal direction]to the rear of ..., adverb: behind

i ti'a do karceThere is a car behind you.

ti'e [interjection]I hear (hearsay)

i ti'e ba carviThey say it will rain.
i ti'e le prenu cu zabna mikceShe is said to be a good doctor.
Related words: tirna, sitna, tcidu

tignix1(entity) performs x2(property of x1) for audience x3(entity)

lo tigni — performer. lo se tigni — performance. lo te tigni — audience of a performance.
i le za'u mei cu tigni lo ka sutra dansu vau lo tadniThey are performing a fast dance before students.
Related words: jarco

tiljux1(entity) is heavy or massive in x2(property of x1)

lo tilju — heavy.
i ti noi tanxe cu je'a tilju lo ka gau muvdu re'o lo loldiThis box is really heavy in dragging it on the floor.
Related words: linto, carmi, bunda, junta

tinbex1(entity) obeys rule x2(property of x1) made by x3(entity)

lo se tinbe — rule obeyed.
i mi tinbe lo te minde doI obey your command.
Related words: tolpro, minde, lacri, javni, flalu, zekri

tincix1(entity) is some tin

lo tinci — tin.
i le tanxe cu marji lo tinciThe box is made of tin.
Related words: lante, boxfo, cnisa, jinme

tinsax1(entity) is rigid, stiff in direction x2(entity) against force x3(clause) ...

lo tinsa — rigid, stiff.
i le falnu cu tinsa lo pinta le brifeThe sail is rigid in horizontal direction against the wind.
Related words: toltinsa, bapli, jdari, nandu, torni, trati, xarnu, danre, stodi

tirnax1(entity) hears x2(entity) ...

lo se tirna — heard.
i mi pu tirna lo sance be pa palta poi ca'o porpiI heard the sound of a plate breaking.
Related words: kerlo, sance, smaji, savru, voksa, ganse, zgana

tirsex1(entity) is a quantity of iron

lo tirse — iron.
i lo solji ne se mau lo tirse cu tiljuGold is heavier than iron.
Related words: jinme, gasta, molki

tisnax1(entity) is filled with material x2(entity, property of x1) ; x2 pours into x1

i le kicne cu tisna lo pimluThe cushion is filled with feathers.
Related words: culno, kunti, rinci, setca

titlax1(entity) is sweet or sugary to x2(entity)

lo titla — sweet, sugary.
i le badna cu titla miThe banana tastes sweet to me.
Related words: sakta, slari, kurki

tivnix1(entity) is a video camera or TV center streaming x2(entity) via medium x3(entity) to TV receiver x4(entity)

lo tivni — streaming video camera, streaming TV center. lo se tivni — streamed video.
i ti ca'o tivni pa skina la internet lo skami pe lo zdani be miThis camera is streaming video via the internet to my home computer.
Related words: cradi, skina, vidni, benji, tcana

tixnux1(entity) is a daughter of x2(entity)

lo tixnu — daughter. lo se tixnu — parent of a daughter.
i ma nuzba lo tixnu be doHow is your daughter?
Related words: bersa, se rirni, verba, nixli, fetsi, mamta, mensi

toto ... toi are parentheses, mark parenthetical comments

i lei verba to lei rirni pu zvati lo zarci toi pu klama lo bartuThe children (the parents were at the store) went outside.

to'e [left scalar particle]anti- (opposite on the scale). Modifies the construct to the right

i mi to'e ri'a nai snadaDespite that, I succeeded.
i to'e cafne fa lo nu carvi bu'u tiIt rains here seldom.
i mi to'e nelci lo perliI hate pears.

to'o [preposition of place]directly away from ...

i da pu renro pa rokci to'o le bitmuSomeone threw a stone from the direction of the fence.

to'u [interjection]in short, to'u naiin detail

i to'u mi na djuno lo danfuIn short, I don't know the answer.
i to'u nai mi cliva ca lo lamji vanciIn detail, I leave this evening.
Related words: tordu, clani, tcidu

toi [terminator] — ends a construct started with: to

toknux1(entity) is an oven for heating x2(entity)

lo toknu — oven. lo se toknu — baked in an oven.
i ti toknu lo cidjaThis is an oven for cooking food.
i tu toknu lo mudriThat is a wood burning stove.
Related words: jukpa, cidja, nanba

tolckirex1(entity) feels resentment, bitterness towards x2(entity) for action x3(property of x2)

lo tolckire — resentful.
i mi pu tolckire le ninmu lo ka tarti lo xlaliI felt resentful of this lady's bad behavior.
Related words: to'e, ckire

toldix1(entity) is a butterfly or moth of species x2(taxon)

lo toldi — butterfly, moth.
i mi zgana lo tarmi be lo nu lo toldi cu vofliI observe how butterflies fly.
Related words: cinki

tolna'ex1(proposition) confirms, is an evidence for x2(proposition)

lo tolna'e — evidence.
i le du'u la kevin na xagji cu tolna'e le du'u la kevin pu citka lo tortaThe fact that Kevin is not hungry is the evidence that he ate a cake.
i tolna'e le du'u mi ba na jingaIt's clear that I won't win.
Related words: natfe, nibli, tugni, zanru, xusra

tolpo'ux1(entity) is capable of performing functions x2(property of x1)

lo tolpo'u — functional, usable.
i le minji cu tolpo'uThe machine is functional.
Related words: to'e, spofu, akti, kakne

tolprox1(entity) surrenders, yields to x2(entity) in x3(entity, property of x1) ; x1 consents to do x3

i mi pu tolpro lo pendo lo ka klama lo dinju be lo nu skinaI accepted my friend's proposal to go to the cinema.
Comment: tugni is to agree with some statement, tolpro is to accept something and actually do it.
Related words: fapro, tugni, i'a, vi'o, bradi, darlu, damba, lanxe

tolrinsax1(entity) says goodbye, bids farewell to x2(entity) ; x1 sees x2 off

i so'i pendo cu tolrinsa la alisThere were many friends seeing Alice off.
Related words: rinsa, friti, a'oi, coi, co'o, di'ai

toltinsax1(entity) is flexible in direction x2(entity) under force x3(clause)

lo toltinsa — flexible.
i do simlu lo ka toltinsa lo ka tarti ma kau vau lo se cpedu be lo se prami be doYou seem to be flexible in your behavior under requests of your loved one.
Related words: tinsa, bapli, jdari, nandu, torni, trati, xarnu, danre, stodi

tolxankax1(entity) calm about x2(clause)

lo tolxanka — calm, tranquil, serene . lo se tolxanka — calm situation.
i e'o do tolxankaPlease, calm down.
Related words: xanka, surla, denpa, oi nai

tolycladux1(entity) has quiet sound at observation point x2(entity)

lo tolycladu — quiet (producing soft sound), soft (of sound).
i mi'a pu tolycladu tavlaWe talked quiet.
i e'o tolycladuPlease, be quiet!
i lo bu'u purdi cu tolycladuThis garden is a quiet place.
i le minji cu tolycladu lo bartuThe machine has a soft sound when listening from the outside.
Related words: cladu, sance, smaji, savru

tolzdix1(clause) is boring, dreary, wearisome, tedious to x2(entity) in x3(property of x1)

lo tolzdi — boring, tiresome, dreary, dull (boring). lo se tolzdi — bored.
i tolzdi se cau lo zgikeIt's boring without music.
i mi se tolzdiI'm bored.
Comment: lo zdile has the opposite meaning, amuzing
Related words: zdile, cinri, panka, kelci

tongax1(sound) is a tone of pitch x2(entity) ...

lo tonga — tone. lo se tonga — tone pitch.
i le cipni ta'e bacru lo tonga be lo bardaThe bird produces a high pitch.
i lo bakni cu bacru lo tonga be lo cmaluCows produces low pitch.
Related words: rilti, zgike, janbe, siclu

tordux1(entity) is short in length/width etc. x2(property of x1) ...

lo tordu — short.
i ti noi uenzi cu tordu lo ka se pagbu xo kau valsiThis text is short in the number of words.
Comment: the first largest dimension. tordu, jarki and cinla specify the three dimensions of objects.
Related words: cmalu, jarki, caxno, cinla, clani

tornix1(entity) twists under force x2(clause)

lo torni — twisting.
i mi mo'u jai se torni lo tornozeloI twisted my ankle.
Related words: tinsa, trati

tornozelox1(entity) is an ankle of x2(entity)

lo tornozelo — ankle.
i lo djacu pu lamji lo tornozelo be raThe water reached her ankles.
Related words: cidni, jamfu, tuple, jorne

tortax1(entity) is a cake containing ingredients x2(entity)

lo torta — cake, torte, tart, pie, flan.
i ti pu torta lo grute e lo kruji e lo nanbaThis was a cake made of fruits, cream and bread.
Related words: nanba, panlo, toknu

tradukix1(entity) translates x2(text) to x3(text)

lo traduki — translator, interpreter. lo se traduki — text translated.
i do traduki zoi gy.Yay, hello!.gy. ma noi lojboHow would you translate "Yay, hello!" to Lojban?
i mi pu traduki lu coi ui li'u noi lojbo zoi gy.yay, hello!.gy. noi glicoI translated Lojban coi ui to English as "Yay, hello!"
i mi traduki lo glico lo lojboI translate from English to Lojban.
Comment: x2 and x3 can be filled with names denoting languages e.g. glico.
Related words: uenzi, cusku

trajix1(entity) is utmost in x2(property of x3) among x3(entity) ...

lo traji — utmost, most.
i la alis cu traji lo ka clani vau lo nixli pe ti noi ckuleAlice is the tallest among girls of this school.
Comment: milxe and mutce don't have similar x3.
Related words: rai, jimte, milxe, mutce, banli, curve, fanmo, krasi, manfo, prane, zmadu, mleca

tranox1(entity) is a quantity of nitrogen

lo trano — nitrogen.
i lo vacri cu vasru lo kijno e lo tranoThe air consists of oxygen and nitrogen.
Related words: vacri

tratix1(entity) is taut, strained in direction x2(property of x1)

lo trati — taut, strained.
i le taxfu cu tarti lo ka pintaThe dress is strained in horizontal direction.
Related words: tinsa, torni, tagji, tcena, kluza

trenex1(entity) is a caravan, a train of connected cars x2(entity group) on the route or railroad x3(entity) ...

lo trene — caravan, train (of cars). lo se trene — member of a caravan, car of a train, carriage (of a train).
i ti trene lo mu meiThis train consists of 5 cars.
i so'i da trene lo kumte la silka darguThere are many camel caravans on the Silk Road.
Related words: tcana, kumte

tricux1(entity) is a tree of species x2(taxon)

lo tricu — tree.
i lo cribe cu kakne lo ka cpare lo tricuBears can climb trees.
Related words: cindu, ckunu, pezli, mudri, spati

trinax1(entity) attracts x2(entity) with x3(property of x1)

lo trina — attractive. lo se trina — attracted.
i le jibri cu trina mi lo nu mi zifre lo ka cliva lo briju ca lo nu mi djicaThe job attracts me in that I may leave the office when I want.
Related words: djica, nelci, rigni, xlura, magneti

trixex1(entity) is behind x2(entity) in frame of reference x3(entity)

i le karce cu trixe le tricu le cankoThe car is behind the tree when viewed from the window.
Related words: crane, rebla, mlana, pritu, zunle

trocix1(entity) tries to do x2(property of x1) ...

lo se troci — something tried.
i mi ba troci lo ka cpare le tricuI will try to climb the tree.
i lo troci ku po'o cu snada i ku'i lo troci po'o cu flibaOnly the one who tries succeeds. But the one who only tries fails.
Related words: fliba, snada, cipra

tsalix1(entity) is strong in property x2(property of x1) ...

lo tsali — strong.
i ei do tsali lo ka tadniYou should study hard.
i do tsali lo ka lafti lo tiljuYou are strong in lifting heavy objects.
Related words: ralci, ruble, carmi, vlipa

tsanix1(entity) is the sky at place x2(entity)

lo tsani — sky.
i lo tsani be le xamsi cu klina gi'e banliThe sky in the sea is clean and magnificent.
Related words: gapru, kensa, tarci, terdi

tsapix1(entity) is a spice or seasoning causing flavor x2(entity)

lo tsapi — spice, seasoning. lo se tsapi — flavour of a seasoning, flavor of a seasoning.
i ti noi cidja cu culno lo tsapi be lo cpinaThis food is rich in hot spices.
Related words: vrusi

tsijux1(entity) is a seed, fertilized cell of organism x2(entity) for producing offspring x3(entity)

lo tsiju — seed, fertilized cell, spore.
i ti tsiju lo manti lo mamtaThis is a fertilized cell producing ant queen.
Comment: sovda is pollen, tsiju is spore or embryo-containing egg.
Related words: tarbi, dembi, grute, jbari, sombo, spati

tsinax1(entity) is a platform or stage at x2(entity) supporting x3(entity) ...

lo tsina — platform, stage.
i lo tsani cu tsina pe'a lo galtu lo tarciThe sky is a high "pedestal" for stars.
Related words: greku, jubme

tsukux1(entity) arrives at x2(entity, property of x1) via x3(entity) ; x1 reaches x2

lo se tsuku — place of arrival.
i mi tsuku lo xotli lo ralju klajiI arrived at the hotel via the main street.
i mi kakne lo ka tsuku le cmanaI can reach the mountain.
i le nu mi tsuku pu spaji le za'u meiMy arrival surprised them.

tu [pronoun]that over there (not near me or you)

i xu tu du lo aftobuso pe mi'aiIs that our bus?
i u'e cai tu moOh my, what is that over there?

tu'a — refers to a noun inside an abstraction noun. "tu'a [noun]" is equivalent to "lo nu co'e [noun]", e.g. djica tu'a lo pa plise = djica lo nu co'e lo pa plise

i mi djica tu'a lo pa pliseI want an apple. I want something to happen with an apple (maybe, I want to eat it).

tu'etu'e ... tu'u — brackets for grouping sentences

i mi cadzu ka'ai le gerku i je ba tu'e mi jukpa lo nanba i ja ca bo mi lumci le kumfa tu'uI will walk with the dog. And then I will either cook the bread or clean the room or doth both at the same time.

tu'o [digit/number] — prefix for uncountable nouns, null operand (used in unary mekso operations)

i tu'o sluni cu zvati le patxuThere is a mash of onions in the pot.
Comment: outside math formulae indicates that number can't be applied to the noun.
Related words: zi'o

tu'u [terminator] — ends a construct started with: tu'e

tubnux1(entity) is a tube made of x2(entity) with the hole made of x3(entity)

lo tubnu — tube, sleeve, hose. lo se tubnu — material of a tube. lo te tubnu — content of a tube.
i ti noi ponjo se sanmi cu tubnu lo rismi lo sovda be lo finpeThis Japanese meal is a tube of rice with caviar as its filling.
Comment: x3 can be air, water, etc.
Related words: kevna, canlu, slanu, kamju

tugnix1(entity) agrees with x2(entity) that x3(proposition) is true ...

i mi tugni do lo nu ti noi purdi cu melbiI agree with you that this is a beautiful garden.
Related words: sarxe, mapti, darlu, natfe, panpi, sarji

tujlix1(entity) is a tulip of species x2(taxon)

lo tujli — tulip.
i le tujli ba zi se xrula daThe tulips will bloom soon.
Related words: spati

tumlax1(entity) is a parcel of land at x2(entity)

lo tumla — terrain, parcel of land.
i ti tumla pa drata gugdeThis is a land of another country.
Related words: vacri, xamsi, tutra, gugde, xamsi

tunbax1(entity) is a sibling of x2(entity) by bond x3(property of x1)

lo tunba — sibling.
i do tunba mi lo ka se mamta gi'e se patfuYou are my sibling since we are born from the same mother and father.
Related words: bruna, mensi, tamne

tunkax1(entity) is a quantity of copper

lo tunka — copper.
i xu lo tunka cu narjuIs copper orange?
Related words: jinme, lastu, ransu

tunlox1(entity) swallows

i ra pu tunloHe made a swallowing movement.
Related words: citka, pinxe, galxe

tuntax1(entity) pokes, stabs, pricks x2(entity)

i le dakfu cu tunta lo tuple be miThe knife is poking my leg.
Related words: balre, dakfu, darxi, fanza, jicla, katna

tuplex1(entity) is a leg of x2(entity)

lo tuple — leg.
i je'u ma'a se tuple vo daWe actually have four legs.
Related words: stani, zbepi, jamfu, jimca, sanli

turnix1(entity) governs people or domain x2(entity)

lo turni — governor.
i ra turni lo bu'u gugdeHe governs this country.
Related words: catni, minde, tutra, jecta, gugde, ponse, jitro

tutcix1(entity) is a tool used for x2(property of x1)

lo tutci — tool. lo se tutci — purpose of a tool.
i lo vlaste cu plixau tutci lo nu tadni lo banguDictionary is a useful tool for studying languages.
Comment: basic tool types: salpo, pulni, cfine, klupe, jendu, xislu, vraga, balre, mruli, cinza, garna, pijne, pambe, canpa, utensils: forca, smuci, dakfu.
Related words: cabra, minji, lo se pilno, zukte, sazri

tutrax1(entity) is territory controlled by x2(entity)

lo tutra — territory.
i lo tutra be lo manti cu zenbaThe territory controlled by ants is extending.
Comment: needs not be land.
Related words: catni, turni, jecta, gugde, ponse, steci, tumla

ty [pronoun]t (letter)

Comment: prefixed with me'o is a quotation of the letter. When used alone refers to the last noun with the verb starting with this letter like ty is for the last lo tutra used.

u [conjunction for nouns]whether or not

i coi lo jbopre u lo certuHello, Lojbanists (whether or not you are experts).
Related words: ju, a, e, ji, o, u

u bu [pronoun]u (letter)

Comment: prefixed with me'o is a quotation of the letter. When used alone refers to the last noun with the verb starting with this letter like u bu is for the last lo uenzi used.

u'a [interjection] — gain, u'a nai — loss

i u'a sinxa lo nu mi pu draniAha, that's a sign that I was right.
i u'a nai la rob pu zabna gerkuSnif, Rob was a good dog.
i u'a nai mi pu nu'o mo'u pinxe lo stasuI haven't eaten up soup.
Related words: jinga, cnemu, prali, cirko

u'e [interjection]Ooh! (wonder), u'e naiPff! (commonplace)

i u'e le lalxu cu je'a melbiWow, the lake is really beautiful.
i u'e nai lalxuSo what? It's just a lake.
i u'e ti noi jbari so'i mei cu je'a kukteWow, these berries are indeed tasty.
Related words: marvele, fadni

u'i [interjection]Ha-ha! (amusement), u'i naiBlah (weariness)

i u'i pa mlatu cu troci lo ka kavbu lo rebla be vo'aHa-ha, a cat is trying to capture its tail.
i u'i nai mi pu tirna lo xajmi lisri pe doBoring, I heard your funny story.
Related words: se zdile, se xajmi, xalbo

u'o [interjection] — courage, boldness, u'o cu'i — timidity, shyness, u'o nai — cowardice

i u'o mi do ba jai gau snuraI'm coming to your rescue!
i u'o cu'i xu mi zifre lo ka staliErm, may I stay here?
i u'o nai mi na klama lo nenriOh no, I'm not going to enter.
Related words: virnu

u'u [interjection]Sorry! (repentance)

i u'u mi pu sreraSorry, I made a mistake.
Related words: xenru, zungi

ua [interjection]Aha! Eureka! I get it! (discovery), ua naiDuh! I don't get it! (confusion)

i ua nai ma smuni lo se cusku be doHuh, what's the meaning of your words?
i ua le penbi cu nenri le tanxeOh, the pen is inside the box.
Related words: facki, cfipu, sisku

ue [interjection]Dear me! Yow! Hey?! Wow! (surprise), ue cu'i — not really surprised, ue nai — expectation

i ue do xa'o zvati tiHey, you are already here!
i ue cu'i do ca'o sipnaWell, no surprises, you are still sleeping.
i ue nai ro da cu praneEverything is perfect, just as I expected.
Related words: spaji

uencux1(entity) is a document containing, describing x2(entity)

lo uencu — document. lo se uencu — content of a document.
i mi jinvi lo du'u lo vi uenci be lo nu farvi fa le bangu cu mutce lo ka vajniI think that these documents containing the development of the language are very important.
Related words: uenzi, jaspu, xatra, pikta, karni, papri, pelji, vreji, cukta, ciska, tcidu

uenzix1(text) is a text about x2(entity)

lo uenzi — text. lo se uenzi — content of a text.
i ti uenzi lo vajni fasnuThis is a text about important events.
Related words: cusku, traduki, bangu, tcidu, lerfu, ciska

ui [interjection]Yay! Hooray! Yippie! Yahoo! Whee! (happiness), ui naiAlas! (unhappiness)

i ui mi pu jai zu'e penmi le fetsiYay, I had a meeting with her.
i ui nai mi flibaAlas, I failed.
Related words: gleki, fu'au

uo [interjection]Voila! (completion), uo nai — incompleteness

i uo mi facki pa danfuVoila, I found a solution!
i uo nai do tu na ru'e darxiOh, you almost hit it.
Related words: mulno, mansa, fanmo, snada

uu [interjection]Oh dear! Poor thing! (pity, compassion), uu naiMwa ha ha! (cruelty)

i uu a'o do ba jinga ca lo drataOh you poor thing, I hope you will win another time.
i uu nai do ba me lo selfu be miMwa ha ha, you will be my slave!
Comment: in English the word pity is often connected with the feeling of superiority which would be uu ga'i — pity combined with a sense of superiority, or uu vu'e — pity combined with a sense of virtue


Related words: kecti

va [preposition of group VA]... space units apart

i le prenu cu sanli va lo mitre be li re ki miThe man is standing two meters away from me.
i lo va tanxe cu vasru lo pliseThat box contains apples.
Comment: specifies the distance, e.g. in meters .

va'e [verb] — turn number into verb denoting position on scale

i ro prenu cu su'o va'e lo ka bebnaEvery person is stupid to some degree.
Comment: x1(entity) is at n-th position on scale x2(property of nonce place with kau). The number (n) is put in front of va'e.

va'i [interjection]in other words

i mi ponse so'u jdiniI have little money.
i va'i mi pindiIn other words, I'm poor.
Related words: cusku, te smuni

va'o [preposition from vanbi]provided that ..., on condition that ..., under conditions ..., in environment ...

i da'i mi ba zukte i va'o bo do staliI would do it provided that you stay.

vacmursex1(entity) happens at the twilight of day x2(entity)

lo vacmurse — twilight.
i ca lo vacmurse be lo prulamdei le festi pu tsuku lo dinju pe miYesterday at twilight, she arrived at my house.
Related words: cerni, kandi, vanci

vacrix1(entity) is some air from place x2(entity) ...

lo vacri — air.
i mi vasxu lo noi culno lo kijno jo'u lo pluka panci vau vacri be lo purdiI breathe the air of the garden full of oxygen and pleasant scents.
Related words: gapci, kijno, trano, tumla, vasxu, xamsi

vai [digit/number] — hex digit F (decimal 15), fifteen

i mi ba penmi do de'i li cy vaiI will meet you at 3pm.

vajnix1(entity) is important to x2(entity) in x3(property of x1)

lo vajni — important.
i na vajni miI don't care.
i lo nu do di'i tavla fo la lojban cu vajni mi lo ka se jalge lo nu do certu tu'a la lojbanRegularly talking in Lojban is important to me in that it results in you becoming an expert in Lojban.
Related words: banli, ralju, vamji, dirba, kargu, pajni

valsix1(text) is a word meaning x2(property of nonce place) in language x3(entity)

lo valsi — word. lo se valsi — meaning of a word.
i zoi sy.parte.sy. valsi lo ka pagbu vau lo spano"parte" means "part" in Spanish language.
Related words: slaka, bangu, cmavo, cmene, gismu, jufra, rafsi, smuni

vamjix1(entity, property of x2) is what x2(entity) is worth of to x3(entity) for use x4(property of x2)

lo vamji — value. lo se vamji — having value.
i ti noi cukta cu se vamji lo barda mi lo nu mi lanli ce'uThis book is worth a lot to me for studying.
i ti noi cukta cu se vamji lo ka carmi zanru ce'uThis book is worth high praising.
Related words: jdima, jerna, vecnu, dirba, janta, kargu, pleji, vajni

vamtux1(entity) vomits x2(entity)

i le verba cu vamtu lo pu se citka vo'aThe child vomited what he had eaten.
Related words: rigni, kafke, flu'ente, sputu

vanbix1(entity) is part of environment x2(entity)

lo vanbi — part of an environment. lo se vanbi — environment.
i le vanbi cu so'i meiThere are many factors.
i lo se vanbi be le jufra cu sinxa lo nu lo cusku pu na junriThe context of this sentence is a sign that the author wasn't serious.
Related words: va'o, sruri, jibni, jbini, ferti, tcini

vancix1(entity) happens in the evening of day x2(entity) ...

lo vanci — evening.
i vanci coiGood evening!
i vanciIt's evening.
i ai ca lo vanci be lo bavlamdei mi vitke lo mamta be miI'm going to visit my mother tomorrow evening.
Related words: cerni, cermurse, vacmurse, tcika

vanjbax1(entity) is a grape of plant x2(taxon)

lo vanjba — grape.
i tu vasru lo plise e lo vanjba e lo tcilokoiotli e lo drata gruteIt contains apples, grapes, pumpkin and other fruits.
Related words: vanju, jbari, grute, tsiju, narge

vanjux1(entity) is some wine from grapes x2(entity)

lo vanju — wine. lo se vanju — wine grape.
i ti vanju lo xunre vanjbaThis is wine from red grapes.
Related words: barja, birje, xalka, jikru, fusra

vasrux1(entity) is a container or vessel containing x2(entity)

lo vasru — container, vessel. lo se vasru — contents of a vessel, contained.
i le tanxe pu vasru so'i cuktaThe box was full of books.
Related words: bartu, jbini, nenri, zvati, cpana, botpi, lanka

vasxux1(entity) breathes x2(entity)

lo se vasxu — breathed.
i e'u mi'o vasxu lo so'o vifne vacriLet's breathe some fresh air.
Related words: fepri, kijno, vacri

vau [1st meaning] — in a clause with one main verb shows the end of that clause

i mi jinga vau uiI won, yay!

vau [2nd meaning] — in a clause with several main verbs all the sumti after vau are applied to every main verb

i mi so'o roi masno cadzu gi'e so'o roi bajra vau to'o lo ckuleSometimes I walk slowly from the school, sometimes I run away from it.

ve [place converter] — switches 1st and 4th places of verb

i le ve pluta cu torduThe route is short.

ve'a [preposition of group VEhA]covering some space ...

i da lalxu ve'a lo kramu be li re ki'o lo ka mitreThere is a lake covering 2,000 square meters.

ve'e [preposition of group VEhA]covering the whole space

i bu'u le kumfa ve'e dertuIt's dirty all over the room.

ve'i [preposition of group VEhA]covering a small space ...

i lo tapla poi farlu fi le drudi cu porpi lo ve'i spisaThe tiles that fell from the roof broke into small pieces.
i lo va ve'i cmana cu se gacri lo srasuThat hill is covered with grass.
i da lalxu ve'i lo kramu be li re bei lo ka mitreThere is a puddle covering two square meters.

ve'o [terminator] — ends a construct started with: vei

ve'u [preposition of group VEhA]covering a large space ...

i lei verba pu zbasu pa ve'u snimeChildren made a snowball.
i xu do pu'i jibni lo ve'u xamsiHave you ever been near the ocean?

vecnux1(entity) sells goods or service x2(property of x3) to x3(entity) for goods or service x4(property of x1)

lo vecnu — seller, vendor. lo se vecnu — sold. lo ve vecnu — price of something sold.
i mi pu te vecnu lo plise lo rupnu be li reI bought apples for 2 dollars.
i mi pu te vecnu lo ka se ctuca fi la lojban ze'a lo cacra be li ciI bought three hours of Lojban lessons.
i mi pu te vecnu lo ka jorne lo kibroI bought an internet connection.
Related words: canja, dunda, janta, pleji, jerna, kargu, prali, zarci, vamji, jdima, fepni, friti, jerna, rupnu

vedlix1(entity) remembers experience x2(clause)

lo vedli — witness.
i mi vedli lo ka kansa la alis bu'u tiI remember being with Alice at this place.
Comment: morji describes memory of general knowledge (facts, concepts), vedli describes personal experience, autobiographical events, episodic memory.
Related words: morji, lifri

veivei ... ve'o — brackets for math expressions

i li vei ci su'i pa ve'o pi'i re du li bi(3 + 1) x 2 = 8.
i li ci su'i pa pi'i re du li mu3 + 1 x 2 = 5.

venfux1(entity) takes revenge against x2(entity) for wrong x3(property of x2) by doing x4(property of x1)

lo te venfu — reason for revenge. lo ve venfu — vengeance (act).
i la kevin pu venfu la alis lo ka kusru la kevin vau lo ka cinba la alis re'o pa li'anpiHe took a revenge on Alice being rude to him by kissing her on the cheek.
Related words: sfasa, cnemu

vensax1(entity) is spring of year x2(entity) at location x3(entity)

lo vensa — springtime.
i ca lo vensa be lo re no no mu moi bei la australiias mi pu na zvati lo zdani be mi gugdeDuring Australian winter of year 2005 I wasn't in my home country.
Related words: citsi, crisa, critu, dunra

verbax1(entity) is a child aged x2(clause) immature in x3(property of x1)

lo verba — child.
i ti noi mlatu cu verba lo masti be li ci lo ka ca'o pinxe lo ladru pe lo mamtaThis cat of three months old is still a kitten since he still drinks mother's milk.
Related words: cifnu, makcu, citno, panzi, nanla, nixli, se rirni, bersa

vi [preposition of group VA]... space units apart, adverb: near

i le prenu cu sanli vi lo mitre be li re ki miThe man is standing near, only two meters away from me.
i lo vi plise cu titlaThis apple is sweet.
Comment: ne'a mi means near me. vi specifies the distance, e.g. in meters .

vi'a [preposition of group VIhA]throughout an area (in 2-dimensional space)

i mi pu litru vi'a le gugdeI travelled across the country.
i mi pu klama vi'a le tcaduI moved around the city.

vi'e [preposition of group VIhA]throughout a space-time (in 4-dimensional interval)

i xu do pensi lo vi'e pixraAre you thinking of the whole picture?
i lo prenu vi'e cenbaPeople change in time and space.

vi'i [preposition of group VIhA]along a line (in 1-dimensional space)

i ai mi cadzu vi'i le klajiI'm going to walk along the street.
Comment: curved lines can also be specified with vi'i.
Related words: sirji

vi'o [vocative]will do that, wilco (expresses compliance)

i lu ko lumci le kumfa li'u lu vi'o do li'u"Clean the room." "Will do."

vi'u [preposition of group VIhA]throughout a space (in 3-dimensional space)

i lo fagri pu preja vi'u le zdaniThe fire spread across the building in all directions.

vibnax1(entity) is a vagina of x2(entity)

lo vibna — vagina.
i xu ti pixra lo vibna be pa bakniIs this a picture of a cow's vagina?
Related words: seksi, gletu, nakpinji, plibu, vlagi, mabla

vidnix1(entity) is a screen, video monitor for function x2(property of x1)

lo vidni — screen, video monitor. lo se vidni — function of a screen.
i ti vidni lo ka jai gau zgana lo se klani be lo livlaThis is the screen for showing the amount of fuel.
Related words: skina, ve tivni

vidrux1(entity) as a virus of species x2(taxon) capable of infecting x3(entity)

lo vidru — virus.
i ti vidru la rotavirus lo remnaThis is Rotavirus that infects humans.
Related words: jurme

vifnex1(entity) is fresh or unspoiled

lo vifne — fresh, unspoiled.
i xu le finpe cu vifneIs the fish fresh?
Related words: fusra

vikmix1(entity) excretes waste x2(entity) from x3(entity) via x4(entity)

lo se vikmi — excreted waste, excrement.
i le verba cu vikmi lo pinca lo xadni lo nakpinjiThe child excretes the urine from the body via the penis.
Related words: cigla, kalci, pinca, xasne

viknux1(entity) is viscous, of thick consistency ...

lo viknu — viscous, thick (viscous).
i le jisra cu viknuThe juice is thick.
Related words: denmi, snipa

vimcux1(entity) removes or subtracts x2(property of x3) from x3(entity) leaving x4(entity)

lo se vimcu — removed. lo ve vimcu — remainder after removal.
i no ladru cu ve vimcuNo milk left.
i mi pu vimcu lo jbari le torta lo matneI removed berries from the cake leaving the butter.
Related words: lebna, muvdu, cpacu, canci, cliva, jdika

vindux1(entity) is poisonous or toxic to x2(entity)

lo vindu — toxic, poisonous.
i lo cakla cu vindu lo gerkuChocolate is a poison to dogs.
Related words: cidja, since

vinjix1(entity) is an aircraft for carrying x2(entity) ...

lo vinji — airplane, aircraft. lo se vinji — cargo of an aircraft, passenger of an aircraft.
i mi pu ca'o vofli bu'u pa vinji be lo prenuI was flying in a passenger's airplane.
Related words: vofli, sabnu

vipsix1(entity) is a vice in x2(property of x1) to principal x3(entity)

lo vipsi — subordinate, vice-president, vice-.
i la kevin cu vipsi fi mi fe lo ka platuKevin is my vice in planning.
Related words: krati, sidju

virnux1(entity) is brave in x2(property of x1) ...

lo virnu — brave. lo se virnu — done bravely.
i do pu virnu lo ka klama lo nenri be lo jelca dinjuIt was brave of you to enter the burning house.
Related words: terpa, darsi

viskax1(entity) sees x2(entity) ...

lo se viska — seen.
i pa plise zo'u mi viska lo se skari be ri i le plise cu skari lo xunreThere is an apple. I see a color of it. The apple is colored red.
i mi viska lo tarmi be pa najnimre i ri se tarmi lo cuklaI see the form of an orange. The orange is round.
i mi pu viska lo nu le fetsi cu limnaI saw her swim.
Related words: catlu, jvinu, kanla, minra, simlu, djuno, jimpe, zgana, ganse

vitcix1(entity) is intermittent in x2(property of x1)

lo vitci — irregular, intermittent.
i le bombila cu vitci lo ka te gusni i ja'o le bombila cu spofuThe light bulb gives an intermittent light. It must be broken.
Related words: ranji, rufsu, suksa

vitkex1(entity) is a guest of x2(entity) at x3

lo vitke — guest.
i mi vitke lo mensi be mi bu'u la moskovI visited my sister in Moscow.
i ko vitke mi lo zdani be miBe my guest at my home!
i mi pu'o cpedu lo ka vitke mi lo zdani be mi vau so'o pendoI am about to invite a few friends to my home.
Comment: x3 marks not necessarily where the visit actually takes place but to where the guest was invited.
Related words: friti, klama, zasni, xabju, zvati

vitnox1(entity) is permanent in property x2(property of x1) ...

lo vitno — permanent.
i ti noi senta lo dertu cu vitno lo ka bisliThis layer of soil is permanently frozen.
Related words: stodi, cimni, zasni, manfo, stali

vlagix1(entity) is a vulva of x2(entity)

lo vlagi — vulva.
i lo vlagi be ti noi bakni cu jai se bilmaThe vulva of this cow has symptoms of a disease.
Related words: seksi, gletu, nakpinji, plibu, vibna, mabla

vlastex1(text) is a dictionary with words x2(entity)

lo vlaste — dictionary.
i lo se cukta be ti cu vlaste lo lojboThis book is a Lojban dictionary.
Related words: valsi, liste, slaka, bangu, cmavo, cmene, gismu, jufra, rafsi, smuni

vlilex1(entity) is violent; x1 is an act of violence

lo vlile — violence.
i lo brife pu vlileIt was a storm.
Related words: suksa, jursa

vlipax1(entity) has the power to bring about x2(clause) ...

lo vlipa — powerful. lo se vlipa — power, might.
i ma vlipa lo nu co'a carviWho is powerful enough to cause rain?
Comment: kakne is able to do something or to be someone, vlipa is to be powerful enough to bring about events in other entities
Related words: kakne, tsali, jitro, ruble

vo [digit/number]4, four

i vo manti ca plipe le tricuThere are 4 ants climbing the tree.

vo'a [pronoun] — refers to the 1st noun of the main clause of the current sentence

i la kevin cu zvati lo zdani be vo'aKevin is at home.
i la alis cu se pluka lo ka tavla vo'aAlice likes to talk about herself.

vo'e [pronoun] — refers to the 2nd noun of the main clause of the current sentence

i mi tavla do ba'e vo'eI'm talking to you about YOU!

vo'i [pronoun] — refers to the 3rd noun of the main clause of the current sentence

i xu do pu cusku fi mi fe zo'e pe vo'iDid you say to me something about me?

vo'o [pronoun] — refers to the 4th noun of the main clause of the current sentence

i mi tavla fo la lojban fi vo'oI'm talking in Lojban about Lojban.

vo'u [pronoun] — refers to the 5th noun of the main clause of the current sentence

i mi pu klama fu lo karce fe lo patfu be mi be'o noi ta'o pu dunda vo'u miI went by car to my father who, by the way, had granted me it.

voflix1(entity) flies using means x2(entity)

i lo toldi cu vofli lo nalciButterflies fly using wings.
Related words: cipni, klama, vinji

voi — turn clause into relative clause: what I describe as being or doing ...

i lo ca vanci cu pluka i lo tai ditcu voi vanci na cafneThis evening is pleasant. Such time that is this evening doesn't happen often.
Comment: lo gerku voi blabi is There are dogs whom I describe as being white..

voksax1(sound) is the voice of x2(entity)

lo voksa — voice.
i lo voksa be le ninmu cu to'e claduThe woman's voice is quiet.
Related words: sance, tirna, bacru

voltax1(entity) returns to x2(entity, property of x1) from x3(entity, property of x1)

i mi volta lo ka finti lo pemci vau lo ka finti lo prosaI return to writing poems after writing prose.
i mi volta la kaliforniias la niponI returned to California from Japan.
i ko jai gau volta fai le jdiniReturn the money.
Related words: trixe, krefu, benji, rapli

vormex1(entity) is a doorway between x2(entity group) ...

lo vorme — doorway.
i ti du lo vorme poi ve klama le zarciThis is the doorway to the store.
i tu noi kevna cu vorme lo re kumfaThat hole is a doorway between the two rooms.
Related words: canko, ganlo, kalri, murta, pagre, bitmu, kuspe

vragax1(entity) is a lever for doing x2(property of x1) with fulcrum x3(entity) and arm x4(entity)

lo vraga — lever. lo se vraga — purpose of a lever. lo te vraga — fulcrum of a lever. lo ve vraga — arm of a lever.
i ti noi jinci cu vraga lo ka se pi'o ce'u katna lo pelji vau lo midju lo re meiThese scissors is a lever for cutting paper with the fulcrum in the middle and two arms.
Related words: tutci, pulni

vrejix1(entity) is a record of x2(entity) about x3(entity) in medium x4(entity)

lo vreji — record (file), file (record). lo se vreji — recorded information. lo te vreji — information storage medium, data carrier.
i ti vreji lo pu se cusku be mi lo skami lo peljiThis is a paper record of what I said in past about computers.
Related words: sorcu, datni, papri

vretax1(entity) lies, reclines on x2(entity)

i do pu vreta lo ckana ji lo sfofaWere you lying on the bed or on the sofa?
Related words: cpana, surla, zutse, ckana, lazni

vricix1(entity) is miscellaneous in x2(property of x1)

lo vrici — miscellaneous, assorted.
i lo za'u vi mlatu cu vrici lo ka skari ma kauThese cats vary in color.
Related words: vrici, klesi, girzu, frica, simsa, panra

vrudex1(entity) is virtuous in x2(property of x1)

lo vrude — virtuous.
i ra vrude lo ka sidju lo prenuHe is virtuous in helping people.
i la kevin na ji'e vrudeKevin isn't moral to such degree.
Related words: palci, xamgu, marde, zabna

vrusix1(entity) is a taste or flavor of x2(entity)

lo vrusi — taste, flavor. lo se vrusi — having a taste.
i lo vrusi be le finpe cu carmiThe fish has a strong flavour.
Comment: vrusi can describe a combination of taste and smell.
Related words: kukte, tsapi, cpina, panci

vu [preposition of group VA]... space units apart, adverb: far away

i le prenu ca zvati vu ci trene tcana ki miThe man is now far away, three train stations from me.
Comment: specifies the distance, e.g. in meters .

vu'e [interjection] — expressing virtue, vu'e nai — expressing sin

i ie vu'e sarcu fa lo nu le tcadu cu se daspoIt's my virtue, I agree that the city should be destroyed.
i mi djica vu'e nai lo nu do na clivaMy sin, I don't want you to leave.
i ui vu'e nai mi pu citka pa titla poi mi pu zekri lebnaYay, I ate a candy that I had stolen.
Related words: vrude, zungi

vu'o [terminator] — ends place consisting of several nouns so that a relative clause or an interjection can be put after it making it apply to the whole place

i zo oi e zo ua vu'o poi do pu cusku cu srana xu lo jibri be doAre "Ouch" and "Eureka" that you said related to your job?

vu'uminus, subtraction operator (symbol in math)

i li pa pa vu'u bi du li ci11 - 8 = 3.

vy [pronoun]v (letter)

Comment: prefixed with me'o is a quotation of the letter. When used alone refers to the last noun with the verb starting with this letter like vy is for the last lo vacri used.

vy bu [pronoun]w (letter)

xa [digit/number]6, six

i xa cipni ca vofliThere are 6 birds flying.

xa'o [preposition of aspect]already, describes what started before the given point and still taking place

i mi pu xa'o citka pa tortaI ate a cake too early.
i ue do ti xa'o zvatiWow, you are already here.

xabjux1(entity) dwells or lives in x2(entity)

lo xabju — inhabitant. lo se xabju — home.
i do xabju ma noi gugdeWhat country do you live in?
i do xabju ma noi tcaduWhat city do you live in?
Comment: a synonym to se zdani.
Related words: ginka, zdani, zvati, stuzi, jmive, stali, vitke

xadbax1(entity) is half of x2(same type as x1) ...

lo xadba — 1/2, half.
i mi pu katna le plise lo re xadbaI cut the apple in half.
i lo pa xadba be le plise cu fusraHalf of the apple is rotten.
Related words: mulno, pagbu

xadnix1(entity) is a body or corpse of x2(entity)

lo xadni — body (corpse).
i lo xadni be le ninmu cu claniThe woman's body is long.
Related words: menli, pruxi, sluji, mulno, cutne

xagjix1(entity) is hungry for x2(entity)

lo xagji — hungry.
i mi xagji lo rectuI am hungry for meat.
Related words: cidja, citka, djica, nitcu, taske

xagrix1(entity) is a pipe, reed musical instrument ...

lo xagri — reed instrument, pipe, oboe, saxophone, clarinet. lo se xagri — reed (of a musical instrument).
i le nixli pu zgipli lo xagriThe girl was playing the pipe.
Related words: zgike

xajmix1(entity, text) is funny to x2(entity) in x3(property of x1)

lo xajmi — funny.
i le verba gerku cu xajmi mi lo ka plipe tai ma kauThe puppet seems funny to me in how it jumps.
Related words: bebna, cisma, cmila, fenki, zdile

xaksux1(entity) consumes or uses up x2(entity)

lo xaksu — consumer. lo se xaksu — consumed.
i le karce cu xaksu lo so'i livlaThe car consumes a lot of fuel.
Related words: citka, festi, daspo, livla, pinxe

xalbox1(entity) is frivolous about x2(property of x1)

lo xalbo — frivolous, non-serious.
i mi pu xalbo lo ka stidi lo nu ra gidva mi'oI wasn't serious in suggesting that he guides us.
Related words: junri, linto

xalkax1(entity) is a quantity of alcohol of components x2(entity) ...

lo xalka — alcohol.
i ti xalka lo se zbasu be fi lo vanjbaThis is alcohol made of grapes.
Related words: birje, jikru, vanju

xalnix1(entity) panics about x2(clause)

lo xalni — alarmist, panic-monger. lo se xalni — panic situation.
i le fetsi pu xalni lo ka da'i nai pu se cinba pa fange nanmuShe panicked when she was kissed by an unfamiliar man.
Related words: ckape, snura, terpa, xanka

xamgux1(entity) is beneficial to x2(entity) ...

lo xamgu — good (beneficial).
i ba zi ku mi se xamguSoon I'll be okay.
i lo plise cu xamgu lo nu kanro i ji'a je lo plise cu kukteApples are good for your health. And, in addition, they taste great.
Related words: melbi, xlali, vrude, zabna

xampox1(entity) is x2(number) amperes ...

i ti noi minji cu xampo li reThis machine has a current of 2 amperes.
Related words: letri, flu'ente, centi

xamsix1(entity) is a sea or ocean at place x2(entity) ...

lo xamsi — sea.
i ti xamsi lo bertiThis is a northern sea.
Related words: daplu, djacu, lalxu, rirxe, tumla, vacri, zbani, ctaru

xancex1(entity) is a hand of x2(entity)

lo xance — hand.
i lo xance be do cu jai pluka fai lo ka se palpiYour hands are pleasant to the touch.
Related words: birka, degji, jitro, xlura, jamfu, tamji

xankax1(entity) worries about x2(clause) ...

lo xanka — nervous, anxious. lo se xanka — nervous situation.
i mi xanka lo nu do se la'u li xo kau kanroI am concerned for your health.
Related words: xalni, terpa, raktu

xanrix1(clause) is imaginary to x2(entity)

lo xanri — imaginary event.
i mi na kakne lo ka se xanri lo nu mi sazri lo treneI can't imagine myself driving a train.
Related words: fatci, senva, zasti, cfika, dacti, menli, sidbo

xantox1(entity) is an elephant of species x2(taxon)

lo xanto — elephant.
i lo xanto cu se nazbi lo claniElephants have long noses.
Related words: mabru, barda

xarcix1(entity, property of x3) is a weapon for use against x2(entity) used by x3(entity)

lo xarci — weapon.
i lo ka dunda lo titla cu xarci lo verba lo makcuGiving sugar sweets is a weapon against children used by grown-ups.
Related words: jenmi, sonci, catra

xarjux1(entity) is a pig of species x2(taxon)

lo xarju — pig.
i xu lo xarju cu simsa lo remnaAre pigs similar to humans?
Related words: mabru, cange

xarnux1(entity) stubbornly opposes x2(entity) about x3(clause) ; x1 is obstinate

lo xarnu — obstinate.
i le nakni cu xarnu lo mamta be vo'a lo ka na volta lo zdaniHe was obstinate in front of his mother in not returning home.
i le fetsi ca xarnu fi lo ka jinvi ma kauShe is obstinate in her opinion.
Related words: tinsa, pante, bapli, fapro

xaslix1(entity) is a donkey of species x2(taxon)

lo xasli — donkey.
i lo xasli ne se mau lo xirma cu tsaliDonkeys are stronger than horses.
Related words: xirma, kumte

xasnex1(entity) is sweat from x2(entity) (entity) ...

lo xasne — sweat. lo te xasne — sweat gland.
i lo xasne be ra cu se cigla tiHis sweat is secreted by these glands.
Related words: pinca, vikmi, cigla

xatrax1(entity) is a letter to x2(entity) from x3(entity) with content x4(text)

lo xatra — letter (message). lo se xatra — recipient of letter. lo te xatra — sender of a letter. lo ve xatra — contents of a letter.
i ti xatra la alis mi lo se du'u mi prami la alisThis is a letter to Alice from me where I as saying I loved her.
Comment: lo notci is any message. xatra emphasizes the communication between author and recipient, the content of the letter may not easily be categorized to a 'subject'.
Related words: notci, ciska, mrilu, papri

xatsix1(entity) is 10-18 of x2(same type as x1) in x3(property of x1)

i le vidru cu xatsi lo grake lo ka tiljuWeight of the virus is 1 attogram.
Related words: centi

xau [preposition from se xamgu]for ..., for the benefit of ...

i mi mo'u tsuku xau doI arrived for you.
Comment: beneficiary case tag.

xazdox1(entity) is Asian in x2(property of x1)

lo xazdo — Asiatic.
i le tcaci cu steci lo xazdo gugdeThe custom is specific to Asian countries.
Related words: friko, jungo, rusko, ropno

xe [place converter] — switches 1st and 5th places of verb

i mi xebni lo kibro xe mriluI hate internet mail system.

xebnix1(entity) hates or despises x2(clause)

i mi xebni lo ka zgana lo nu do se tasmi lo simsaI hate seeing you like this.
Related words: djica, nitcu, rigni, prami, nelci

xectox1(entity) is a hundred of x2(same type as x1) in x3(property of x1)

lo xecto — 100, hundred.
i le rirxe cu xecto lo mitre lo ka condiThe river is 100 meters deep.
Related words: centi

xedjax1(entity) is a jaw of x2(entity)

lo xedja — jaw.
i mi pu carmi cmila i ja'e bo mi na ru'e jai se torni lo xedjaI was laughing so hard that I nearly dislocated my jaw.
Related words: stedu

xei [digit/number] — hex digit E (decimal 14), fourteen

i mi ba cliva de'i li cy xeiI will leave at 2pm.

xekrix1(entity) is black

lo xekri — black.
i nandu fa lo nu zvafa'i lo xekri mlatu bu'u lo manku kumfaIt's hard to find a black cat in a dark room.
Related words: blabi, grusi, manku, skari, xekri, kandi, carmi, blanu, bunre, cicna, crino, narju, nukni, pelxu, xunre, zirpu

xendox1(entity) is kind to x2(entity) in doing x3(property of x1)

lo xendo — kind (generous), warm-hearted. lo te xendo — act of kindness.
i ra pu xendo mi lo ka dunda pa sanmi miHe was kind to me in providing me with a meal.
Related words: cinmo, kecti, pendo, kusru

xenrux1(entity) regrets x2(clause, property of x1)

lo se xenru — regretted.
i do ba xenru lo ka lazniYou will regret your laziness.
Related words: u'u, zungi

xexsox1(entity) is 1018 of x2(same type as x1) in x3(property of x1)

i lo xexso be lo snidu bei lo ka ditcu cu gigdo lo nanca be li ji'i ci re bei lo ka ditcu1 exasecond is approximately 32 billion years.
Related words: centi

xi [subscript] — subscript prefix, attaches a numeral to a pronoun, preposition, place converter or a verb word giving new meanings

i mi se xi ba'e pa prami la kevinI love (love!) Kevin (not that he loves me).
i mi do se xi vei pa e re pramiI love you, and you love me.
i fa xi xo'e mi fa xi xo'e do viskaYou, I see (maybe you see me, maybe I see you, context will tell).
Comment: se xi re is the same as se, se xi ci is the same as te. se xi pa just emphasizes the normal order of places as if there wasn't se xi pa put here.

xindox1(entity) is Hindi in x2(property of x1)

lo xindo — belonging to Hindi.
i le uenzi cu xindoThe text is in Hindi.

xinmox1(entity) is some ink of color x2(entity) used by writing device x3(entity)

lo xinmo — ink. lo se xinmo — color of ink. lo te xinmo — ink pen.
i lo penbi pe mi co'u te xinmo fi daMy pen has run out of ink.
i ti xinmo lo blanuThis is blue ink.
Related words: penbi

xirmax1(entity) is a horse of species x2(taxon)

lo xirma — horse.
i le grusi xirma pu'i sutraThe gray horse is fast.
Related words: sufti, xasli, kumte

xislux1(entity) is a wheel of vehicle x2(entity) ...

lo xislu — wheel. lo se xislu — wheeled.
i xu do mo'u cikre le xisluHave you fixed the wheel?
Related words: carce, karce, pulni, tutci

xlalix1(entity) is detrimental to x2(entity) ...

lo xlali — bad.
i lo nu lo speni be mi cu bilma cu xlali da'i miAn illness of my spouse would be bad for me.
Related words: palci, mabla, xamgu, betri

xlurax1(entity) lures or influences x2(entity) into x3(property of x2) ...

i do pu xlura sa'u mi lo ka te vecnu ti noi dinju vau ta'i lo ka jai gau cenba fai lo jdimaYou just lured me into buying this house by changing the price.
Related words: djica, mukti, trina, jitro, sazri, tcica, xance, stidi, kajde, magneti

xo [digit/number] — asks for the digit or number (that should go into the place to which xo is put)

i xo prenu ba zvati le nu penmiHow many people will be present at the meeting?
i lu do nanca li xo li'u lu pa ci li'u"How old are you?" "Thirteen."

xo'e [digit/number] — a number unspecified or known from context

i re xo'e prenu pu zvati le kumfa20 - 29 people were present in the room.
Related words: tu'o, xo, zo'e, co'e, do'e

xo'o [interjection modifier] — verbal irony, xo'o naiI mean it! (sincerely)

i je'u xo'o do ne se mau djunoYes, of course, you know better (sarcastically)!
i xo'o nai sai do pu se la'u li rau gunkaWith full sincerity, I can tell you that you worked enough.
Comment: For xo'o the intended meaning is the opposite of that expressed by the words used, in xo'o nai it explicitely marks the intended meaning as matching the words. Sarcasm isn't necessarily implied.

xotlix1(entity) is a hotel or inn ...

lo xotli — hotel.
i la uestern poi xotli cu zvati maWhere is "Western" hotel?
Related words: barja, gusta

xrabox1(entity) is Arabic in x2(property of x1)

lo xrabo — Arabic.
i lo pendo be mi cu xraboMy friend is Arabic.

xranix1(entity) injures x2(entity) ...

i le nanla pu xrani lo cidni be vo'a ja'e lo nu ri cortuThe boy injured his knee so that it hurt.
i lo jalge be le nu xrani cu ckapeThe injury is dangerous.
Related words: cortu, daspo, spofu, katna, porpi

xrisox1(entity) is Christian in x2(property of x1)

lo xriso — Christian.
i le nanmu pu klama pa malsi be lo xrisoThe woman went to a Christian temple.
Related words: jegvo, lijda

xrubax1(entity) is some buckwheat of species x2(taxon)

lo xruba — buckwheat.
i bu'u la nipon lo prenu cu citka lo xruba nudleIn Japan people like eating buckwheat noodles.
Related words: spati

xrukix1(entity) is a turkey of species x2(taxon)

lo xruki — turkey.
i xu do pu su'o roi citka lo xrukiHave you ever eaten turkey?
Related words: cipni

xrulax1(entity) is a flower of plant or species x2(taxon)

lo xrula — flower.
i lo se xrula poi do viska cu rozguThis flower is a rose.
i ti noi xrula cu rozguThis flower is a rose.
Related words: spati

xu [interjection] — true-false question, xu nai — false-true question

i xu do pu djunoDid you know?
i xu nai do pu djunoDidn't you know?

xukmix1(entity) is the chemical x2(entity) with purity x3(property of x1)

lo xukmi — chemical.
i ti noi djine cu xukmi lo solji li pi mu bi muThis ring is 58.5% pure gold (58.5 out of 100 parts is pure gold).
Related words: curve, cidro, marna, nimre

xunrex1(entity) is red

lo xunre — red.
i ko dunda le xunre cukta miGive me the red book.
Related words: skari, blabi, xekri, kandi, carmi, nukni, narju, rozgu, zirpu

xusrax1(entity) claims, asserts that x2(proposition) is true

lo xusra — claimant. lo se xusra — claim.
i lo djuno be lo zmadu cu xusra lo se zmaduWho knows more claims less.
i xu do xusra le du'u le terdi cu carna le solriAre you asserting that the Earth goes round the Sun?
Related words: natfe, nupre

xutlax1(entity) is smooth

lo xutla — smooth.
i le djacu cu simlu lo ka xutla tai lo ka blaciThe water looks smooth as glass.
Related words: plita, rufsu, tengu, dikni, pinta, sakli, spali

xy [pronoun]x (letter)

Comment: prefixed with me'o is a quotation of the letter. When used alone refers to the last noun with the verb starting with this letter like xy is for the last lo xendo used.

yErr, hesitation noise

i mi te vecnu lo vi plise e y lo vu perliI'm buying these apples and, umm, the pears over there.
Comment: maintains the floor while speaker decides what to say next.

y bu [pronoun]y (letter)

Comment: prefixed with me'o is a quotation of the letter. When used alone refers to the last noun with the verb starting with this letter like y bu is for the last la yrl used.

y'y [pronoun] — ' (apostrophe; letter)

za [preposition of group ZI] — (time units) ... ago or in ... (time units), adverb: some time ago (unspecified or known from context) or in some time

i mi ba volta za lo djedi be li ciI will return in three days.
i mi pu volta za lo nanca be li muI returned 5 years ago.
Comment: often used after pu or ba.
Related words: zi, za, zu

za'a [interjection]I observe

i oi nai za'a melbi tcimaOh, what a nice weather.
i za'a le aftobuso cu jai lerciApparently, the bus is late.
i za'a cladu bu'u lo bartuI can hear the loud sound outside.
i ja'o carmi carviSo it must be raining heavily.
Comment: za'a is for expressing external experience, se'o is for expressing internal experience.
Related words: zgana, lanli

za'e [left interjection] — marks the following construct as nonce (made up for this specific context) or as used not in its usual meaning

i mi pu za'e derpi i va'i mi pu smusku lo jai se bebnaI "derped". In other words, I said something stupid.
Related words: ba'e, za'e

za'o [preposition of aspect] — still lasting after the given point

i mi pu za'o citka lo titla ba lo nu mi mo'u citka lo sanmi pe miI kept eating candies after my meal was over.

za'u [digit/number]greater than ... (number follows); by default denotes plural number

i le za'u verba ca'o citka le kumfaThe children are eating in the room.
i za'u prenu pu'o klamaMore people are about to come.
i xu do djica za'u djacuDo you want more water?

za'u re'u [preposition] — adverb: again

i e'o do za'u re'u cuskuCould you repeat that?

zabnax1(entity) is superb, admirable in x2(property of x1) ...

lo zabna — superb, admirable.
i le jisra cu zabna lo ka se tastaThe juice is superb in taste.
i ra zabna lo ka se sanceHer voice is cool.
Related words: mabla, xamgu, funca, vrude, banli

zajbax1(entity) is a gymnast performing x2(property of x1)

lo zajba — gymnast. lo se zajba — gymnastic feat.
i ra zajba lo ka se rilti muvduHe is a rhythmic gymnast.
Related words: sluji, dansu

zalvix1(entity) grinds x2(entity) into powder x3(entity)

lo te zalvi — powder produced by grinding.
i mi'a zalvi lo maxri lo purmoWe grind wheat into flour.
Related words: daspo, purmo, marxa, pulce, canre, molki

zanrux1(entity) approves of x2(clause)

i mi zanru le se platu be doI approve of your plan.
Related words: natfe

zarcix1(entity) is a market selling x2(entity) ...

lo zarci — market (trading site).
i le zarci be lo rectu de'i li cy vo co'u aktiThe butchery closes at 4 o'clock.
Related words: vecnu, canja, dinju, banxa

zargux1(entity) is a buttock of x2(entity)

lo zargu — buttocks.
i le ninmu mo'u batci lo zargu be le nanmu se pi'o lo xanceShe pinched his buttocks with a hand.
Related words: ganxo, mabla

zasnix1(entity) is temporary in property x2(property of x1) ...

lo zasni — temporary.
i ti noi dinju ba zasni lo ka mi xabjuI will temporarily live in this building.
Related words: vitno, stodi, cenba, galfi, binxo, stika, stali, tcini, vitke

zastix1(entity) exists or is real to x2(entity) under metaphysics x3(proposition)

lo zasti — existing.
i do zasti mi lo se senva be miYou are real for me in my dreams.
Related words: fatci, xanri

zbabux1(entity) is some soap(entity) ...

lo zbabu — soap.
i ti noi zbabu cu se zbasu fi lo jilka jo'u lo grasu jo'u lo djacuThis soap is made of alkali, fat and water.
Related words: lumci, fonmo

zbanix1(entity) is a bay of coast x2(entity)

lo zbani — bay. lo se zbani — coast, shore.
i ti zbani lo tumla pe la niponThis is a coast of the Japanese land.
Related words: lalxu, xamsi

zbasux1(entity) makes or assembles x2(entity) from parts x3(entity)

lo zbasu — assembler.
i zbasu lo cirla lo ladruCheese is made from milk.
i xu do mo'u zbasu le dinjuHave you finished building the house?
Related words: cupra, larcu, rutni, finti, gundi

zbepix1(entity) is a pedestal, stand supporting x2(entity) ...

lo zbepi — pedestal, stand.
i ti zbepi lo tansiThis is a stand for the pan.
Related words: jamfu, jicmu, jubme, tuple, ckana, cpana, loldi, sanli

zdanix1(entity) is a home of x2(entity) ; x2 inhabits x1

lo zdani — home. lo se zdani — inhabitant.
i lo zdani be mi cu zdani be doMy home is your home.
Related words: dinju, ginka, kumfa, se xabju

zdilex1(clause) is amusing to x2(entity) in x3(property of x1)

lo zdile — amusing. lo se zdile — amused.
i le verba mlatu cu zdile mi lo ka tai ma kau plipeThe kitten is amusing in how it jumps.
Comment: lo xajmi is funny.
Related words: cinri, panka, kelci

ze [digit/number]7, seven

i li cy ze tcika tiIt's 7 o'clock.

ze'a [preposition of group ZEhA]during ... , adverb: for some time (unspecified or known from context)

i mi pu ze'a sipnaI slept for a while.
Related words: ze'i, ze'a, ze'u, ze'e

ze'e [preposition of group ZEhA]eternally

i mi ba ze'e prami doI will always love you.
i mi ze'e prami doI loved, love and will love you.
Related words: ze'i, ze'a, ze'u, ze'e

ze'ei — being put before two words creates a word with the meaning of the word to the left and the grammar of the word to the right

i panpi ze'ei coiPeace to you! (as a greeting).
Comment: binds two arbitrary words together to form a nonce word whose semantics are indicated by the left word and whose grammar is the same as that of the right word. Useful for creating function words without having to allocate experimental cmavo forms.
Related words: zei

ze'i [preposition of group ZEhA]during ... (a short time), adverb: for a short time

i ai mi ze'i sipnaI'm going to take a nap (to sleep for a short time).
Related words: ze'i, ze'a, ze'u, ze'e

ze'o [preposition of place]across, outwards, beyond ...

i da tricu ze'o le rirxeThere is a tree across the river.

ze'u [preposition of group ZEhA]during ... (a long time), adverb: for a long time

i mi pu ba lo ka citka ze'u sipnaI took a long nap after eating.
Related words: ze'i, ze'a, ze'u, ze'e

zei — makes one single word out of two

i loi certu pu pilno lo xy zei kantuExperts used X-rays.
Related words: ze'ei

zekrix1(property of nonce place) is a crime to x2(entity)

lo zekri — crime.
i xu lo ka catra lo mabru cu zekri doIs killing mammals a crime to you?
Related words: flalu, sfasa, zungi, palci, lijda, pajni, javni, tcaci, marde, pulji, tinbe

zenbax1(entity) increases in x2(property of x1) by amount x3(entity)

lo zenba — increasing.
i mi zenba lo ka se cfipu vau so'i daMy confusion increased a lot.
i e'o do zenba lo ka masno lo ka tavla i e'o do zenba masno tavlaWould you please speak more slowly?
Related words: jdika, zmadu, banro, jmina

zeptix1(entity) is 10-21 of x2(same type as x1) in x3(property of x1)

i lo xa no re selci be lo marji cu zepti lo molro lo ka se canluOne zeptomole (zmol) of substance contains 602 particles.
Related words: centi

zetrox1(entity) is 1021 of x2(same type as x1) in x3(property of x1)

i lo djacu po lo xamsi be le terdi cu zetro lo litce be li ji'i pa pi vo lo ka se canluThe volume of seawater in the Earth's oceans is approximately 1.4 zettalitres (ZL).
Related words: centi

zganax1(entity) observes x2(entity) using sense x3(property of x1) ...

lo zgana — observer, spectator.
i mi zgana koShow yourself.
i mi zgana lo zgike e lo skinaI'm listening to the music and watching a movie.
i mi zgana le tcini lo ka tirnaI'm monitoring the situation by listening.
i le ctuca pu jai se zgana fai lo ka zvati pa barjaThe teacher was spotted in a bar.
Related words: ga'a, ganse, viska, catlu, tirna, pencu, sumne, kurji, canci, catlu, jarco, lanli, pinka, simlu

zgikex1(sound) is music performed by x2(entity)

lo zgike — music.
i lo zgike be le za'u cipni na claduThe music of the birds isn't loud.
Related words: damri, dansu, flani, janbe, jgita, pipno, rilti, tabra, tonga, xagri, siclu

zgiplix1(entity) plays on a musical instrument x2(entity) music x3(entity)

lo zgipli — musician. lo se zgipli — musical instrument.
i do certu lo ka zgipli lo flani lo melbiYou are a pro in playing beautiful melodies on the flute.
Related words: zgike, pilno

zi [preposition of group ZI]recently or soon

i mi ba volta ba zi lo cacra be li paI will return soon, in an hour.
i gau mi do ba djuno ba zi lo nu mi tsukuI will inform you as soon as I arrive.
Comment: often used after pu or ba.
Related words: zi, za, zu

zi'e [connective for relative clauses]and

i le prenu poi pu tavla do zi'e noi blondine cu bruna mi vau ue peiThe man that talked to you and who is blond is my brother, surprised?
Related words: je, e, gi'e

zi'evlax1(text) is a zi'evla

lo zi'evla — zi'evla.
i zo zigzagi zi'evlazigzagi is a zi'evla word.
Comment: zi'evla is a type of Lojban verb defined by the form of the word.
Related words: selbrivla, gismu, lujvo, cmavo

zi'o [pronoun] — marks the place as deleted from the place structure, not applicable thus forming a new verb

i zi'o traduki zo coi zoi gy.hello!.gy.coi is translated as "Hello!"
i lo jmive cu se zbasu zi'o lo selciLiving beings are made from cells.
Comment: a place marked with zi'o becomes irrelevant.

zifrex1(entity) is at liberty or free to do or be x2(property of x1) ...

lo zifre — free to ... (at liberty).
i mi zifre lo ka zukte lo se nelci be miI am free to do what I like.
Related words: pinfu, rinju, bilga, e'ande, kakne, frili

zigzagix1(entity) is a line with the shape of a zigzag

lo zigzagi — zigzag.
i le pluta be le cmana pu zigzagiThe route to the mountain zigzagged.
Related words: boxna, linji

zilduksex1(entity) is in excess, is too much for x2(property of x1) to take place

lo zildukse — excess.
i le nu mi tatpi cu zildukse lo nu mi sidju doI'm too tired to help you.
Related words: bancu, banzu, ricfu, zmadu

zinkix1(entity) is a quantity of zinc

lo zinki — zinc.
i le cidja cu vasru lo zinkiThe food contains zinc.
Related words: jinme

zirpux1(entity) is purple

lo zirpu — purple, violet.
i le taxfu cu zirpuThe dress is purple.
Related words: skari, blabi, xekri, kandi, carmi, nukni, blanu, xunre

zivlex1(entity) invests resources x2(entity) into x3(entity, property of x1) expecting profit x4(entity)

lo zivle — investor. lo se zivle — invested. lo ve zivle — interest (financial).
i ra pu zivle lo jdini lo ka sidju pa cnino sangaHe invested money in a new singer.
i ai mi zivle lo nejni lo ka prami do vau lo nu do prami miI take a chance on loving you so that you will love me.
Related words: prali, canja, jbera, dejni, ponse

zmadux1(entity) exceeds or is more than x2(entity) in x3(property of x1 and x2 with kau) by amount x4(entity)

lo zmadu — more. lo se zmadu — less.
i ra zmadu mi lo ka tilju vau lo ki'ogra be li pa noHe weighs ten more kilograms than I do.
Related words: mau, mleca, zenba, jmina, bancu, zildukse, traji

zmikux1(entity) is automatic in function x2(property of x1) ...

lo zmiku — robot, automatic. lo se zmiku — function of a robot.
i le vorme cu zmiku lo ka co'a kalriThe door opens automatically.
Related words: macnu

zo — turn verb into noun that is a quote

i zo gleki cmene miGleki is my name.
Comment: zo and one single Lojban word after it make a quotation, it works as a noun. To quote compound particles, compound verbs and phrases use lu ...li'u. To quote arbitrary sequences of words use lo'u ... le'u.
Related words: zoi, la'o, zo, lu ... li'u, lo'e, lo'u, mu'oi

zo'a [preposition of place]alongside, by the side of ...

i mi pu cliva le karce zo'a le malsiI left the car by the side of the temple.

zo'e [pronoun] — noun unspecified or known from context

i zo'e carviIt's raining.
i la edvard pu cusku zo'e pe le pa gerkuEduard said something about the dog.

zo'eisomething about ..., something associated with ...

i mi pu na djuno zo'ei le nabmiI didn't know of the problem.
Comment: equivalent to zo'e pe.
Related words: tu'a

zo'i [preposition of place]on this side of ...

i mi sanli bu'u lo klaji zo'i le muzgaI'm standing on the street on this side of the museum.
i mi zutse lo korbi be pa lalxu zo'i pa laldo cinduI'm sitting by the lake on this side of an old oak.

zo'o [interjection modifier]Kidding... (humorously), zo'o cu'i — that might be either serious or a joke, zo'o naiseriously

i zo'o peiAre you kidding?
i e'u zo'o renro la kevin ti noi kevnaLet's throw Kevin into this hole (kidding ...).
i mi kakne lo ka plipe fi le ve'i cmana vau zo'o cu'iI might be able to jump from the hill.
i zo'o nai do jai fanzaSeriously, you are annoying.
Related words: xajmi, junri

zo'u — separates topic and comment

i lo danlu zo'u mi nelci lo mlatuAs for animals, I like cats.
i vo da poi gerku vau re de poi prenu zo'u da batci deThere are four da (that are dogs) and there are two de (that are men) such that each dog (da) bites the two men (de).
Related words: zoi, la'o, zo, lu ... li'u, lo'e, lo'u, mu'oi

zoi — turn foreign text into noun that is a quote

i lu coi ro do li'u se traduki fi zoi gy.hello, everyone!.gy. noi glicocoi ro do is translated to English as "Hello, everyone!"
Comment: quotes a text that can be not Lojbanic. The quotation is to be wrapped with pauses from both sides and with an additional Lojbanic word around them from both sides (this word must not be used within the text quoted). Usually the separating Lojbanic word is the first letter of the language in the quotation.
Related words: zoi, la'o, zo, lu ... li'u, lo'e, lo'u, mu'oi

zu [preposition of group ZI]long ago or in a long time

i la alis pu cliva zu lo nanca be li pa noAlice left ten years ago (a long time).
Comment: often used after pu or ba.
Related words: zi, za, zu

zu'a [preposition of cardinal direction]to the left of ..., adverb: leftwards

i ko catlu pa karce pe zu'a doLook at a car to the left of you.

zu'ai [pronoun] — shows mutual activity between this place and the first place of the current clause

i mi tavla do lo mlatu i je do tavla mi lo mlatu i va'i mi jo'u do tavla zu'ai lo mlatuI talk to you about cats, and you talk to me about cats. In other words, we talk to each other about cats.
i do jo'u la alis jo'u mi tavla zu'aiYou, Alice and I talk to each other.
i do jo'u mi jo'u la alis pu damba zu'aiYou, I and Alice had a battle royale.
Comment: the mass of members is described in the first place (e.g. by connecting nouns with jo'u).

zu'e [preposition from zukte]with an actor ..., adverb: via a free will

i ko jai zu'e tirna miListen to me!
i zu'e ko viska le pixraLook at the picture!
i zu'e mi tirna lo zgikeI listened to the music.
Comment: the clause describes the event done by the actor.

zu'i [pronoun] — noun typical for this place

i mi pu penmi zu'i bu'u zu'iI met the usual people at the usual place.

zu'u [interjection]on the one hand, zu'u naion the other hand

i zu'u le jufra cu satci lo ka se smuniOn the one hand, the sentence is exact in meaning.
i zu'u nai se la'u li du'e claniOn the other hand, it is too long.
Related words: tcemi, frica, dukti

zukcfux1(entity) is busy doing x2(property of x1) for purpose x3(property of x1)

lo zukcfu — busy.
i mi zukcfu lo ka jai gau bredi fai lo cidja vau lo ka jai gau citka fai le gerku pe miI am busy preparing food to feed my dog.
Related words: zukcfu, surla

zuktex1(entity) takes action x2(property of x1) for purpose x3(property of x1)

lo zukte — actor. lo se zukte — action taken. lo te zukte — purpose of action.
i mi zukte lo se gunka be mi tu'a miI'm doing my own work for myself.
i xu do ca'o zukte lo cipraAre you performing a test?
i mi zukte lo ka darxi le nakniI intentionally hit him.
i mi ba zukte ro sarcu lo nu do nelci miI would do everything so that you like me.
Comment: lo zukte is who do something themselves, lo gasnu is agent who causes something.
Related words: zu'e, gasnu, snuti, bapli, gunka, jalge, krinu, mukti, rinka, fasnu, minji, prenu, ciksi, jibri, pilno, pluta, tadji, tutci

zumrix1(entity) is some corn or maize of species x2(taxon)

lo zumri — maize.
i mi sombo lo samcu e lo zumriI plant yams and maize.
Related words: gurni

zungix1(entity) feels guilty about x2(clause, property of x1)

i mi zungi lo ka pu smusku lo jitfaI feel guilty about having told a lie.
Related words: u'u, cinmo, xenru, zekri

zunlex1(entity) is to the left of x2(entity) in frame of reference x3(entity)

lo zunle — left (in direction).
i le dinju cu zunle le rokci tiThe house is to the left of the rock if viewed from here.
Related words: zu'a, pritu, mlana, crane, trixe, farna

zuntix1(entity) interferes with or disrupts x2(entity) due to x3(property of x1)

lo se zunti — hindered, disrupted.
i le gerku cu zunti lo nu mi lumci lo kumfa vau lo ka plipeThe dog leaping hinders me from cleaning the room.
Related words: fanta, dicra, fliba, fanza, raktu, klina, bandu, cfipu, ganlo

zutsex1(entity) sits on x2(entity)

i e'a do zutse lo stizuYou may sit down on the chair.
Related words: stizu, cpana, vreta

zvafa'ix1(entity) finds x2(property of x1) at x3

lo se zvafa'i — found (in possesion).
i mi pu zvafa'i le penbi tu noi kumfaI found the pen in that room.
Related words: facki, ralte, sisku, cirko, penmi, claxu

zvatix1(entity) is present at x2(entity)

i lo sivni kumfa cu zvati maWhere is the toilet?
i mi pu zvati pa nu penmiI was at a meeting.
Comment: stuzi is for a stable/inherent location. cabna is time equivalent of zvati
Related words: stuzi, jbini, nenri, se vasru, cpana, diklo, jibni, cabna, lamji, tcini, xabju, jmive, jundi, vitke

zy [pronoun]z (letter)

Comment: prefixed with me'o is a quotation of the letter. When used alone refers to the last noun with the verb starting with this letter like zy is for the last lo zvati used.