BPFK Section: Scope cmavo

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Proposed Definitions And Examples

cmavo: bo (BO)

Proposed definition

Short scope link. Used in various grammatical constructions and acts as a high precedence link, overriding usual left-grouping rules. Chains linked with {bo} are grouped to the right.

See also

  • {ke}
  • {tu'e}

Proposed keywords

  • short scope link
  • hyphen

Usage examples

melbi cmalu bo nixli bo ckule
"Small school for girls which is beautiful"
.abu je by jabo cy
"A and (B or C)"
za'a na cumki fa le nu abuboi za'ure'u bartu le kumfa iseki'ubo abu tolgei uenai
"It was not possible for A. to be outside the room again; therefore A. was sad"
lo sezyjgidu'e noroi tirna na'ebo lo si'avla
"The arrogant never hear anything but praise"


cmavo: co (CO)

Proposed definition

tanru inversion operator. Reverses the order of the seltau and the tertau in a tanru. Any trailing sumti apply to the seltau.

See Also

Proposed keywords

  • tanru inversion
  • of type

Usage examples

le romei cazi zutse gi'e barda djine co se midju la smacu
"They all sat and formed a big ring around the Mouse"


cmavo: cu (CU)

Proposed definition

selbri separator. Separates the selbri of a bridi from any preceding sumti, allowing terminators for preceding constructs to be elided.

See Also

  • {vau}
  • {ku}

Proposed keywords

  • selbri separator

Usage examples

le nu kelci cu cfari
"The game begins"


cmavo: ke (KE)

Proposed definition

Start grouping. Used in various grammatical constructions to indicate grouping. Elements enclosed by {ke} and the elidable terminator {ke'e} are grouped together.

See also

  • {ke'e}
  • {bo}
  • {tu'e}

Proposed keywords

  • start grouping

Usage examples

melbi cmalu ke nixli ckule
"Beautifully small school for girls"
.abu je ke by ja cy
"A and (B or C)"


cmavo: ke'e (KEhE)

Proposed definition

Elidable terminator for KE.

See Also

  • {ke}

Proposed keywords

  • end grouping
  • terminator

Usage examples

ke melbi cmalu nixli ke'e je ckule
"Thing which is a school and a beautifully small girl"


cmavo: ku (KU)

Proposed definition

End sumti. Elidable terminator for description, modal, or negator sumti. Often elidable.

See Also

  • {cu}

Proposed keywords

  • end sumti
  • terminator

Usage examples

le lalxu ca'o tisna loi cipni ku joi loi danlu
"The lake continued to fill up with birds and animals."
caku mo
"Now what?"
roda naku su'ode rodi zo'u da de simsa di .ije da na'e du de
"For every thing, there is no other thing which is similar to the first in all ways"


cmavo: vau (VAU)

Proposed definition

End simple bridi. Elidable terminator for a simple bridi; in compound bridi (GA/GIhA bridi logical connections), sumti appearing after {vau} are common to all the component bridi.

See Also

  • {cu}

Proposed keywords

  • end simple bridi
  • terminator

Usage examples

lo patfu ca lo ca tcika cu ta'e voksa tcidu se va'u lo mamta gi'e su'o roi go'i se va'u lo ji'a mensi vau lo vanci karni
"The father at this time habitually reads aloud, for the benefit of the mother and sometimes also the sister, the evening paper".
ko sanga lu cakyrespa stasu li'u ta vau aipei doi slabu
"Sing her 'Turtle Soup', will you, old fellow?"

Notes

Impact