BPFK Section: Indirect Referers

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This page is imported from version 24 of the page BPFK Section: Indirect Referers from the lojban Tiki.

Proposed Proposed Definitions

cmavo: la'e (LAhE)

Proposed Definition

Indirect reference. It converts a sumti into another sumti. The converted sumti points to the referent of the referent of the unconverted sumti.

See Also

  • {lu'e}
  • {sinxa}

Proposed Keywords

  • the referent of

Usage Examples

mi e do kakne lo nu pagre le cimdilnu i la'e di'u se nibli lo du'u mi'o mutce jarmau le cimdilnu
Both you and I could walk through the fog. That was because we were much harder than the fog.
u'u mi na kakne lo nu xagmau cusku de'u sei la alis clite mutce spuda ki'u lo nu zu'u mi na jimpe la'e de'u
I'm afraid I can't put it more clearly,' Alice replied very politely, 'for I can't understand it myself to begin with [...]


cmavo: lu'e (LAhE)

Proposed Definition

Symbol. It converts a sumti into another sumti. The converted sumti points to a symbol for the referent of the unconverted sumti.

See Also

  • {la'e}
  • {sinxa}

Proposed Keywords

  • the symbol for

Usage Examples

fi lo ro sinxa pe la xisymivyxru lo sovda no'u lu'e lo ka ferti e lo ka cnino jmive cu traji lo ka dubju'o ce'u
Of all the symbols associated with Easter the egg, the symbol of fertility and new life, is the most identifiable.


cmavo: tu'a (LAhE)

Proposed Definition

Abstraction. It converts a sumti into another sumti. The converted sumti points to an abstraction that has the referent of the unconverted sumti as an argument.

See Also

  • {jai}
  • {fai}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

le bimxra cu ralci tu'a le skari be le tsanybargu
the wall-painting nuances in rainbow colours...
.iki'ubo zu'u so'iroiku mi terpa tu'a lei rigni jvinu be lei nanca poi tcena le purci
for at times I feel appalling vistas of years stretching behind me


cmavo: lu'a (LAhE)

Proposed Definition

Individual. (Member.) 1. It converts a sumti into another sumti. The converted sumti points to the referents of the unconverted sumti, removing any indication of collectivization if there was any. 2. If the unconverted sumti is a set, the converted sumti refers to the members of the set.

See Also

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

lei ci nanmu ku noi lu'a ke'a cu dasni lo mapku cu bevri le pipno
The three men, who are individually wearing hats, carry the piano together.
lu'a A ku'a B du lu'a A e B
A member of the intersection of A and B is a member of A and of B.
la alis ca le nu tolcliva cu te cpedu le nu jdice le cuntu kei ro lu'a le cimei
The moment Alice appeared, she was appealed to by all three to settle the question


cmavo: lu'o (LAhE)

Proposed Definition

Mass. Collective. It converts a sumti into another sumti. It indicates that the referents of the unconverted sumti fit the slot they occupy non-distributively (collectively).

See Also

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

le ci nanmu ku noi lu'o ke'a bevri le pipno cu dasni lo mapku
The three men, who carry the piano together, are wearing hats.


cmavo: lu'i (LAhE)

Proposed Definition

Set. It converts a sumti into another sumti. The converted sumti points to a set whose members are the referents of the unconverted sumti.

See Also

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

su'oci da cmima lu'i ma'a
At least three are members of the set of us.


cmavo: vu'i (LAhE)

Proposed Definition

Sequence. It converts a sumti into another sumti. The converted sumti points to a sequence whose members are the referents of the unconverted sumti.

See Also

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

ro da poi cuxna cu benji lo cuxste po'u vu'i lo da se cuxna
Each voter submits a ballot that gives his preferences among the candidates.


cmavo: lu'u (LUhU)

Proposed Definition

Terminator for LAhE and for NAhE BO.

See Also

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.i xu tu'a mi lu'u fanza
Am I bothering? (Is the event involving me bothering?)


cmavo: me'o (LI)

Proposed Definition

Numerical expression. It converts a mathematical or numerical expression (MEX) into a sumti. The sumti refers to the expression itself. It is usually a mathematical expression, but it may be any expression consisting of operands and operators.

See Also

  • {li}
  • {lo'o}

Proposed Keywords

  • mathematical expression
  • numerical expression

Usage Examples

le pimumei co lurba'otai pe bu'u le jubme cu se tarmi me'o .vav. bu
The croissant half on the table has the shape of the letter Vau.
i mi mutce lo ka nelci lo sance be me'o ky lo'o .e me'o ty
I like a lot the sound of the letter K and the letter T.


cmavo: li (LI)

Proposed Definition

Number. It converts a mathematical or numerical expression (MEX) into a sumti. The sumti refers to the value of the numerical expression. It is usually a numerical value, but it may be any referent of a numerical expression, for example a date.

See Also

  • {lo'o}

Proposed Keywords

  • number
  • number article

Usage Examples

li vo cu sumji li re li re
Four is the sum of two and two.


cmavo: lo'o (LOhO)

Proposed Definition

Terminator for LI.

See Also

  • {li}

Proposed Keywords

  • terminator

Usage Examples

i mi mutce lo ka nelci lo sance be me'o ky lo'o .e me'o ty
I like a lot the sound of the letter K and the letter T.


Formal definitions

LAhE
la'e sumti = lo se sinxa be sumti
lu'e sumti = lo sinxa be sumti
tu'a sumti = lo su'u sumti co'e
lu'a sumti = lo me sumti / lo cmima be sumti [noi selcmi] / lo se gunma be sumti [noi gunma]
lu'o sumti = loi me sumti
lu'i sumti = lo'i me sumti
vu'i sumti = lo porselcmi be sumti enai lo na me sumti
LI
me'o mex lu mex li'u lo mekso po'u lu mex li'u
li mex la'e lu mex li'u lo namcu po'u la'e lu mex li'u

Notes

  • These definitions are in agreement with CLL.

Impact