BPFK Section: Dictionary Preface

From Lojban
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Stuff that should go here:

  • Magic word precedence


Some points to mention:

  • This book is the main result of the work of the BPFK
    • The BPFK was started in 2003 and ended in --
  • This book contains all the vocabulary necessary to read and write Lojban at a basic level. However, many words are omitted, and more are being created all the time.

General Info On Lojban

See [1]

How To Use This Book

See [2]

Also, a starting point might be

[3] .

Pronounciation Chart

IPA is must.

Word Category Notes

This section is for general issues surrounding an entire grammatical

category, or whatever. Stuff that would otherwise get repeated

many, many times in the various definitions.

This section needs a better name.

BAI Issues

This is a very rough draft, largely stolen from bancus.

BAI vs. FIhO + selbri + FEhU

Every BAI expression is equivalent to a FIhO + selbri + FEhU

expression. Both forms are valid in all places the each form is


This contradicts the CLLv1, but the CLLv1 clearly states the old

behaviour was due to parser limitations.


It has been determined that BAI is effectively fi'o BAPLI, and that the following

derivation exists:

  • SE BAI == fi'o SE BAPLI
  • BAInai == fi'o na BAPLI
  • na'eBAI == fi'o na'e BAPLI
  • to'eBAI == fi'o to'e BAPLI
BAI + SE/NAhE/NAI and Causals

This is shown as the following:

  • ri'a == with cause
  • ri'anai == not with cause
  • to'eri'a == prevented by
  • to'eri'anai == not prevented by (despite)


Putting KU immediately after a BAI tag is equivalent to "BAI zo'e"

in all respects. It is generally translated into English as an

adverb. For example, "mi klama bai ku" is "I compelledly go".

BAI + selbri

Putting a BAI tag immediately before the selbri is exactly the same

as putting BAI + KU immediately before the selbri.

BAI And Connectives

BAI can interact with connectives in various ways, which are mostly

beyond the scope of this document (see CLL or other Lojban learning

materials). In particular, BAI before a forethought connective

causes the BAI to have scope over the entire structure, and BAI + BO

after an afterthought connective causes the BAI to have scope over

the structure to the right (after the BAI + BO).

This is worth mentioning here because constructs like ".i ri'a bo"

meaning "because" (specifically a physical cause) are incredibly

common in Lojban.

Attitudinals (UI, CAI, others?)

Unless the individual word entries specify otherwise, interjections

are words that are used to express the emotional state of the

speaker directly, propositional attitude indicators are words that

are used to used to indicate the speaker's attitude toward the

factuality or likelihood of the action or condition expressed,

evidentials are words that are used to express how the speaker came

to know something, and discursives are metalinguistic claims by the

speaker about something said.

The effect of these words is associated with the referent of the

immediately preceding word, or construct started or terminated by

that word, even if the construct is otherwise empty (in which case

the exact thing the emotion is directed towards is unspecified).

At the end of the dictionary:

Rafsi Appendix

Sorted on rafsi. It's probably best to have these in an appendix, instead of

mixed with the bulk of the dictionary. In order to be helpful in decomposing

unknown lujvo, it would have to have all of the following entries (for example):

  • blo - blo lot lo'i bloti
  • lo'i - blo lot lo'i bloti
  • lot - blo lot lo'i bloti