BPFK Section: Case sumtcita as of 16 Jun 2005

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Contents

Proposed Definitions And Examples

Template

WORD (SELMAHO)
KEY Tags a sumti as fitting the NTH place of BRIVLA. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the BRIVLA place of NTH and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is LONGDESC the referent of the tagged sumti. See also:

Proposed Definition of si'u

si'u (BAI)
Aided by. Tags a sumti as fitting the 1st place of sidju. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 1st place of sidju and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is aided or assisted in some way by the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: se si'u, te si'u, sidju
    • Keywords: aided by, assisted by.

Examples of si'u Usage

Artificial:

mi bevri lo pipno si'u la .djan. joi la .frank.

I carry the piano, helped by John and Frank.

Proposed Definition of se si'u

se si'u (BAI*)
Assisting. Tags a sumti as fitting the 2nd place of sidju. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 2nd place of sidju and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is involved in assisting or aiding (in doing or acheiving something) the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: si'u, te si'u, sidju
    • Keywords: Assisting.

Examples of se si'u Usage

Artificial:

mi bevri lo pipno se si'u la .djan.

I carry the piano to help John.

Proposed Definition of te si'u

te si'u (BAI*)
Assisting in. Tags a sumti as fitting the 3rd place of sidju. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 3rd place of sidju and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with assisting in or with doing or achieving the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: si'u, se si'u, sidju
    • Keywords: Assisting in, assisting with.

Examples of te si'u Usage

Artificial:

mi bevri lo pipno te si'u lo nu la .djan. kakne lo nu rapyzu'e

I carry the piano so John can practice.

Proposed Definition of va'u

va'u (BAI)
Benefiting from. Tags a sumti as fitting the 1st place of xamgu. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 1st place of xamgu and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with an object or event which is good and is the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: xamgu, se va'u, te va'u.
    • Keywords: Benefiting from.

Examples of va'u Usage

Artificial:

mi jerna lo jdini va'u lo nu lo kagni pikta be mi cu zenba lo vamji

I earn money with the beneficial event of my stocks going up.

Proposed Definition of se va'u

se va'u (BAI*)
With beneficiary. Tags a sumti as fitting the 2nd place of xamgu. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 2nd place of xamgu and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is a beneficiary, someone or something that benefits from it, and that beneficiary is the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: xamgu, va'u, te va'u.
    • Keywords: With beneficiary.

Examples of se va'u Usage

le mi patfu cu ca xusra le du'u ri joi le mi mamta cu te vecnu lo gerku se va'u le mi mensi

My father says that he and my mother will buy a dog for my sister.

Artificial:

mi pu terve'u lo nanba se va'u do

I bought the bread for your benefit.

Proposed Definition of te va'u

te va'u (BAI*)
Goodness standard. Tags a sumti as fitting the 3rd place of xamgu. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 3rd place of xamgu and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is good or beneficial in some way according to a standard indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: xamgu, va'u, se va'u.
    • Keywords: Goodness standard.

Examples of te va'u Usage

Artificial:

mi dunda lo nanba do te va'u lo si'o lo nu sidju cu vrude

I gave you bread, which is a good thing because helping is virtuous.

Proposed Definition of fi'e

fi'e (BAI)
Created by. Tags a sumti as fitting the 1st place of finti. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 1st place of finti and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with the creation of something, and that the creator is the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: finti, se fi'e, te fi'e, ve fi'e.
    • Keywords: Created by.

Examples of fi'e Usage

Artificial:

mi pilno lo karce be fi'e la .ford.

I use a car invented by Ford.

Proposed Definition of se fi'e

se fi'e (BAI*)
Creating work. Tags a sumti as fitting the 2nd place of finti. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 2nd place of finti and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with the creation of the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: finti, fi'e, te fi'e, ve fi'e.
    • Keywords: Creating work.

Examples of se fi'e Usage

Artificial:

le tixnu cu cmila se fi'e lo lisri

"The daughter's laughter is associated with a made-up story."

Proposed Definition of te fi'e

te fi'e (BAI*)
Created for purpose. Tags a sumti as fitting the 3rd place of finti. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 3rd place of finti and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with some event of creation, for a purpose indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: finti, fi'e, se fi'e, ve fi'e.
    • Keywords: Creation for purpose.

Examples of te fi'e Usage

Artificial:

la djan zbasu lo lisri lo se viska te fi'e lo nu le tixnu cu cmila

John makes a story out of what they see, so that his daughter laughs.

Proposed Definition of ve fi'e

ve fi'e (BAI*)
Created from. Tags a sumti as fitting the 4th place of finti. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 4th place of finti and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with an act of creation using pre-existing ideas or elements indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: finti, fi'e, se fi'e, te fi'e.
    • Keywords: Created from.

Examples of ve fi'e Usage

Artificial:

mi ciska lo lisri be ve fi'e lo ranmi

I write a story using mythological elements.

Proposed Definition of ci'o

ci'o (BAI)
Emotionally felt by. Tags a sumti as fitting the 1st place of cinmo. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 1st place of cinmo and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with the emotions of the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: cinmo, se ci'o, te ci'o.
    • Keywords:

Examples of ci'o Usage

Artificial:

ci'o ko'a mi pu tavla do

He/She/It was emotionally affected by my talking to you.

Proposed Definition of se ci'o

se ci'o (BAI*)
Emoting. Tags a sumti as fitting the 2nd place of cinmo. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 2nd place of cinmo and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with the emotion indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: cinmo, ci'o, te ci'o.
    • Keywords: Emoting, Feeling.

Examples of se ci'o Usage

Artificial:

la .alis. cadzu se ci'o lo ka gleki

Alice is walking and there is a happy feeling.

Proposed Definition of te ci'o

te ci'o (BAI*)
Emoting about. Tags a sumti as fitting the 3rd place of cinmo. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 3rd place of cinmo and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with some feelings or emotions about the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: cinmo, ci'o, se ci'o.
    • Keywords: Emoting about.

Examples of te ci'o Usage

Artificial:

la .bab. cusku te ci'o la .alis.

Bob spoke, with feelings for Alice.

Proposed Definition of ri'i

ri'i (BAI)
Experienced by. Tags a sumti as fitting the 1st place of lifri. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 1st place of lifri and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is experienced by the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: lifri, se ri'i
    • Keywords: Experienced by.

Examples of ri'i Usage

Artificial:

le trene cu mutce sutra ri'i do

The train is very fast, as you experienced.

Proposed Definition of se ri'i

se ri'i (BAI*)
Experiencing. Tags a sumti as fitting the 2nd place of lifri. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 2nd place of lifri and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with an experience indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: lifri, ri'i
    • Keywords: Experiencing.

Examples of se ri'i Usage

Artificial:

mi gleki plipe se ri'i la'e di'u

I jumped for joy when that happened.

Proposed Definition of ra'i

ra'i (BAI)
From source. Tags a sumti as fitting the 1st place of krasi. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 1st place of krasi and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is from the source or origin or starting point indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: krasi, se ra'i
    • Keywords: From source.

Examples of ra'i Usage

doi xod ra'i ma do smadi

"Xod, on what basis did you guess that?"

Artificial:

mi finti lo lisri ra'i lo nu mi pensi lo ranmi

I write a story, based on my thinking about myths.

Proposed Definition of se ra'i

se ra'i (BAI*)
As an origin of. Tags a sumti as fitting the 2nd place of krasi. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 2nd place of krasi and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with an origin or starting point of the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: krasi, ra'i
    • Keywords: Origin of.

Examples of se ra'i Usage

Artificial:

mi vitke la .torontos. pe se ra'i la .maik.maiyrs.

I visit Toronto, which Mike Myers is from.

Proposed Definition of ka'a

ka'a (BAI)
Gone to by. Tags a sumti as fitting the 1st place of klama. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 1st place of klama and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with the going of the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: klama, se ka'a, te ka'a, ve ka'a, xe ka'a.
    • Keywords: Gone to by.

Examples of ka'a Usage

Artificial:

mi vitke lo dinju be ka'a le jibri jatna be mi

"I visit the building associated with the going of my boss."

Proposed Definition of se ka'a

se ka'a (BAI*)
With destination. Tags a sumti as fitting the 2nd place of klama. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 2nd place of klama and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with a destination of going indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: klama, ka'a, te ka'a, ve ka'a, xe ka'a.
    • Keywords: With destination.

Examples of se ka'a Usage

mi cliva se ka'a le zdani be mi .i mi ba xruti

I'm leaving to go to my house; I'll be back later.

Artificial:

mi cadzu se ka'a le zarci

I walk to the store.

Proposed Definition of te ka'a

te ka'a (BAI*)
With origin. Tags a sumti as fitting the 3rd place of klama. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 3rd place of klama and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with an origin of going indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: klama, ka'a, se ka'a, ve ka'a, xe ka'a.
    • Keywords: With origin.

Examples of te ka'a Usage

May Be Artificial:

la frank. bajra se ka'a je te ka'a le zdani

Frank runs to and from the house.

Artificial:

mi cadzu te ka'a le zarci

I walk from the store.

Proposed Definition of ve ka'a

ve ka'a (BAI*)
Via route. Tags a sumti as fitting the 4th place of klama. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 4th place of klama and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with a route of going indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: klama, ka'a, se ka'a, te ka'a, xe ka'a.
    • Keywords: Via route.

Examples of ve ka'a Usage

Artificial:

mi cadzu ve ka'a le re moi dargu

I walk via second street.

Proposed Definition of xe ka'a

xe ka'a (BAI*)
By transportation mode. Tags a sumti as fitting the 5th place of klama. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 5th place of klama and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with a transportation mode or method indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: klama, ka'a, se ka'a, te ka'a, ve ka'a.
    • Keywords: By transportation mode.

Examples of xe ka'a Usage

Artificial:

mi vitke la .kalifornias. xe ka'a lo trene

I visit California on a train.

Proposed Definition of pu'a

pu'a (BAI)
Pleased by. Tags a sumti as fitting the 1st place of pluka. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 1st place of pluka and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with someone's being pleased by the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: pluka, se pu'a, te pu'a.
    • Keywords: Pleased by.

Examples of pu'a Usage

Artificial:

mi joi la .djen. casnu pu'a le nu ri cisma

Jen and I discussed, and her smile was pleasant.

Proposed Definition of se pu'a

se pu'a (BAI*)
Pleasant to. Tags a sumti as fitting the 2nd place of pluka. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 2nd place of pluka and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with something that is pleasant to or pleases the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: pluka, pu'a, te pu'a.
    • Keywords: Pleasant to, In order to please.

Examples of se pu'a Usage

Artificial:

do tavla mi se pu'a mi

You talk to me; I find something (presumably said talking) pleasant.

Proposed Definition of te pu'a

te pu'a (BAI*)
Pleasing conditions. Tags a sumti as fitting the 3rd place of pluka. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 3rd place of pluka and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with something being pleasant under condictions indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: pluka, pu'a, se pu'a.
    • Keywords: Pleasing conditions, conditions for pleasantness.

Examples of te pu'a Usage

Artificial:

do sazri le karce .ui sai te pu'a lo nu mi bilma

You operate the car Happiness! which is pleasant when I'm sick.

Proposed Definition of be'i

be'i (BAI)
Sent by. Tags a sumti as fitting the 1st place of benji. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 1st place of benji and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with an act of sending or transferring initiated by the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: benji, se be'i, te be'i, ve be'i, xe be'i.
    • Keywords: Sent by.

Examples of be'i Usage

ko cusku zo coi la noras be'i mi

Say "hello" to Nora from me.

Artificial:

mi nelci le se dunda be be'i la .kim.

I like the present Kim sent.

Proposed Definition of se be'i

se be'i (BAI*)
Sending. Tags a sumti as fitting the 2nd place of benji. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 2nd place of benji and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with the transmission or sending of the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: benji, be'i, te be'i, ve be'i, xe be'i.
    • Keywords: Sending, transmitting.

Examples of se be'i Usage

Artificial:

la djan ckire le bruna se be'i lo xatra

John thanks his brother with a sent letter.

Proposed Definition of te be'i

te be'i (BAI*)
Sent to. Tags a sumti as fitting the 3rd place of benji. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 3rd place of benji and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with the transmission or sending of something to the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: benji, be'i, se be'i, ve be'i, xe be'i.
    • Keywords: Sent to.

Examples of te be'i Usage

Artificial:

ti tanxe te be'i le bruna

This is a box sent-to the brother.

Proposed Definition of ve be'i

ve be'i (BAI*)
Transmission origin. Tags a sumti as fitting the 4th place of benji. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 4th place of benji and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with the transmission or sending of something from the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: benji, be'i, se be'i, te be'i, xe be'i.
    • Keywords: Transmission origin, Transmit origin.

Examples of ve be'i Usage

Artificial:

la djan ckire le bruna ve be'i la paris

John thanks his borther with-sent-from Paris.

Proposed Definition of xe be'i

xe be'i (BAI*)
Transmitted via. Tags a sumti as fitting the 5th place of benji. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 5th place of benji and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with the transmission or sending of something using as a means or medium the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: benji, be'i, se be'i, te be'i, ve be'i.
    • Keywords: Transmitted via.

Examples of xe be'i Usage

ma se cusku la lojbab. xe be'i la jboskes.

What did Lojbab say on jboske?

(jboske is a e-mail list)

Artificial:

mi joi la .djan. casnu xe be'i lo skami

John and I talk with transmission medium computer(s).

(this would more commonly be ve cu'u)

Proposed Definition of pi'o

pi'o (BAI)
Used by. Tags a sumti as fitting the 1st place of pilno. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 1st place of pilno and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with something being used by the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: pilno, se pi'o, te pi'o.
    • Keywords: Used by.

Examples of pi'o Usage

Artificial:

mi klama fu le karce be pi'o la .deivid.

I go by means of the car used by David.

Proposed Definition of se pi'o

se pi'o (BAI*)
Using tool. Tags a sumti as fitting the 2nd place of pilno. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 2nd place of pilno and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with the use of the tool indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: pilno, pi'o, te pi'o.
    • Keywords: Using tool.

Examples of se pi'o Usage

Artificial:

mi cusku se pi'o lo skami

I express using a computer.

Proposed Definition of te pi'o

te pi'o (BAI*)
Usage for purpose. Tags a sumti as fitting the 3rd place of pilno. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 3rd place of pilno and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with the use of a tool for a purpose indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: pilno, pi'o, se pi'o.
    • Keywords: Usage for purpose.

Examples of te pi'o Usage

mi na djuno rau datni tepi'o le nu smadi

I don't have enough information to guess.

Artificial:

mi ka'argau fi lo mudri te pi'o lo nu finti lo larcu dacti

I cut wood (using a tool unspecified) for the purpose of creating an object of art.

Proposed Definition of gau

gau (BAI)
With active agent. Tags a sumti as fitting the 1st place of gasnu. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 1st place of gasnu and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is performed by the referent of the tagged sumti. See also:
    • Keywords: gasnu, se gau.

Examples of gau Usage

Artificial:

lo mlatu cu tarmi le mudri gau mi

I caused the wood to be shaped like a cat.

Proposed Definition of se gau

se gau (BAI*)
With agentive result. Tags a sumti as fitting the 2nd place of gasnu. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 2nd place of gasnu and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with an agent's action resulting in the event indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: gasnu, gau.
    • Keywords: With agentive result, with agent in doing.

Examples of se gau Usage

Artificial:

mi pilno lo dakfu se gau lo nu mi ka'argau fi le degji be fi mi

I use a knife, with the result that I cut my finger.

Proposed Definition of zu'e

zu'e (BAI)
With actor. Tags a sumti as fitting the 1st place of zukte. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 1st place of zukte and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is goalfully enacted by the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: zukte, se zu'e, te zu'e.
    • Keywords: With actor.

Examples of zu'e Usage

Artificial:

lo mlatu cu tarmi le mudri zu'e mi

I caused, with some goal in mind, the wood to be shaped like a cat.

Proposed Definition of se zu'e

se zu'e (BAI*)
Goalfully acting by doing. Tags a sumti as fitting the 2nd place of zukte. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 2nd place of zukte and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with some entity goalfulling enacting the actions indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: zukte, zu'e, te zu'e.
    • Keywords: Goalfully acting by doing, Goalfully acting at.

Examples of se zu'e Usage

Artificial:

lo tricu cu farlu se zu'e lo nu katna

A tree fell, there having been cutting.

Proposed Definition of te zu'e

te zu'e (BAI*)
With goal. Tags a sumti as fitting the 3rd place of zukte. Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 3rd place of zukte and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with some entity pursuing the goal indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti. See also: zukte, zu'e, se zu'e.
    • Keywords: With goal.

Examples of te zu'e Usage

ca ku mi cliva te zu'e le nu cpacu lo cidjrpitsa

Now, I leave to get a pizza.

Artificial:

mi katna te zu'e lu no lo tricu cu farlu

I cut to make the tree fall.

Notes

  • Some of the examples suck.
  • I marked artificial examples after the fact; I may be wrong.

Impact

Poll

{POLL(pollId=>19)}{POLL}