jbovlaste import lujvo mentioned in the word lists lang en

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This page contains a list of lujvo that I (Robin Powell) created programmatically. All the lujvo listed here (that say "not found in database", at least) are those that are mentioned in the gismu or cmavo lists but don't have active definitions in jbovlaste.

If you make one of these words, it is polite to remove it here, but don't worry about it *too* much.

-Robin

Also, some of these lujvo are not actually in the canonical (lowest-scoring) form. Please check their canonicity with jvocuhadju or some such.

-Arnt Richard

{jvsv balzgibe'e}

bende bed be'e crew ' band '

x1 is a crew/team/gang/squad/band of persons x2

directed/led by x3 organized for purpose x4

(x1 is a mass; x2 is a set completely specified);

~np~[also orchestra (= zgibe'e, balzgibe'e), outfit; x3

conductor; business, not necessarily incorporated (=

cajbe'e, venbe'e)]~/np~; (cf. gunma, girzu, dansu, jatna,

jitro, kagni, kamni, minde, ralju, cecmu, gidva)

{jvsv basysakta}

sakta sat sugar ' sucrose '

x1 is made of/contains/is a quantity of sugar ~np~[sweet

edible]~/np~ from source x2 of composition x3

~np~[also sucrose, fructose, glucose, galactose, lactose,

etc.; saccharine/aspartame/sugar substitute (basysakta

or sakybasti, ticysakta); x3: composition including

x3, which need not be complete specification]~/np~;

(cf. silna, titla)

{jvsv batygre}

batci bat bite

x1 bites/pinches x2 on/at specific locus x3 with x4

~np~[bite through (= ka'arbatci, batygre); pinch (=

cinzybatci)]~/np~; (cf. denci, jgalu, guska, citka)

{jvsv bavla'ima'i}

masti ma'i month

x1 is x2 months in duration (default is 1 month)

by month standard x3

~np~[this month (= cabma'i); next month (= bavla'ima'i);

last month (= prula'ima'i)]~/np~; (cf. detri, djedi,

jeftu, nanca)

{jvsv bavlamcerni}

cerni cer morning

x1 is a morning ~np~[dawn until after typical

start-of-work for locale]~/np~ of day x2 at location x3

~np~[this morning (= cabdeicerni); tomorrow morning

(= bavlamcerni); yesterday morning (= prulamcerni,

prulamdeicerni)]~/np~(cf. vanci, murse, tcika)

{jvsv bavlamcte}

nicte cte night

x1 is a nighttime of day x2 at location x3;

(adjective:) x1 is at night/nocturnal

~np~[tonight (= cabycte); tomorrow night (= bavlamcte,

even when tonight is still in the future); last night

(= prulamcte)]~/np~; (cf. donri, djedi, tcika)

{jvsv bavlamna'a}

nanca na'a year

x1 is x2 years in duration (default is 1 year)

by standard x3; (adjective:) x1 is annual

~np~[this year (= cabna'a); next year (= bavlamna'a); last

year (= prulamna'a)]~/np~; (cf. detri, djedi, jeftu, masti)

{jvsv be'ejda}

lijda jda religion

x1 is a religion of believers including x2 sharing

common beliefs/practices/tenets including x3

~np~[also mythos, creed, traditional beliefs,

x2 people(s), adherents; (adjective:) x1, x2,

x3 are religious/ecclesiastic in nature; x2 is a

believer in/of x1, an adherent/follower of x1 (=

seljda for reordered places); x2 is a practitioner

of x3 (= selterjda for reordered places); x3 is a

tenet/belief/ritual/creed of x1/x2 (= terjda for

reordered places); priest/clerical (= jdaca'i,

jdaka'i, jdaja'a); organized church/religion

(= be'ejda); congregation (= jdabe'e, jdagri)]~/np~;

(cf. budjo, censa, cevni, crida, dadjo, jegvo,

krici, latna, malsi, marde, muslo, pruxi, ranmi,

ritli, xriso, zekri)

{jvsv befctirango}

betfu bef be'u abdomen ' belly '

x1 is a/the abdomen/belly/lower trunk ~np~[body-part]~/np~

of x2; ~np~metaphor: midsection~/np~

~np~[also stomach (= djaruntyrango), digestive tract

(= befctirango, befctirangyci'e)]~/np~; (cf. cutne,

livga, canti)

{jvsv befctirangyci'e}

betfu bef be'u abdomen ' belly '

x1 is a/the abdomen/belly/lower trunk ~np~[body-part]~/np~

of x2; ~np~metaphor: midsection~/np~

~np~[also stomach (= djaruntyrango), digestive tract

(= befctirango, befctirangyci'e)]~/np~; (cf. cutne,

livga, canti)

{jvsv bi'agla}

glare gla hot ' warm '

x1 is hot/~np~warm~/np~ by standard x2

~np~warm (= mligla), feverish (= '''bi'agla''')~/np~; (cf. lenku)

{jvsv bilpre}

bilni bil military

x1 is military/regimented/is strongly

organized/prepared by system x2 for purpose x3

~np~[also paramilitary; soldier in its broadest sense -

not limited to those trained/organized as part of

an army to defend a state (= bilpre)]~/np~; (cf. jenmi

for a military force, sonci, ganzu, pulji)

{jvsv bilpulji}

pulji police

x1 is a police officer/~np~enforcer/vigilante~/np~ enforcing

law(s)/rule(s)/order x2

~np~[police officer, as an agent of authority (=

ca'irpulji, ka'irpulji), as part of a police force (=

puljysoi, as part of puljyselsoi); military police

(= jempulji, bilpulji)]~/np~; (cf. catni, sonci, bilni,

flalu, bandu, jemna, zekri, krati)

{jvsv binryvelve'u}

binra insure

x1 insures/indemnifies x2 (person) against peril x3

(event) providing benefit(s) x4 (event)

~np~[also x3 loss; sell/purchase insurance (= binryve'u),

premium (= binrydi'a, or binryvelve'u)]~/np~; (cf. bandu,

cirko, betri, basti, bilma)

{jvsv birgutci}

gutci guc cubit ' foot '

x1 is x2 (default 1) short local distance unit(s)

~np~non-metric~/np~, standard x3, x4 subunits

~np~[foot (= jmagutci); yard (= cibjmagutci), pace (=

tapygutci), inch (= degygutci), cubit (= birgutci)]~/np~;

(additional subunit places may be added as x5, x6,

...); (cf. mitre, clani, ganra, condi, rotsu, rupnu,

fepni, dekpu, minli, merli, bunda, kramu)

{jvsv blikubli}

bliku bli block

x1 is a block ~np~3-dimensional shape/form~/np~ of material

x2, surfaces/sides x3

~np~[x3 sides/surfaces should include number, size, and

shape; also polyhedron (= pitybli having flat/planar

sides/surfaces)]~/np~, regular polyhedron (= kubybli,

blikubli), brick (= kitybli); (cf. tapla, kubli,

tanbo, canlu, kojna, sefta, bolci, kurfa, tarmi)

{jvsv blixra}

pixra pir xra picture

x1 is a picture/illustration representing/showing x2,

made by artist x3 in medium x4

~np~[also (adjective:) x1 is pictorial/illustrative;

drawing (= xraselci'a), x1 draws x2 (=

xraci'a/xraci'a), image (= xratai), photo (=

kacmyxra), take a photo (= kacmyterxra, kacmyxragau,

kacmyxrazu'e); sculpture, relief (= blixra)]~/np~;

(cf. ciska, cinta, prina, mupli, barna, skina)

{jvsv bonka'u}

kantu ka'u quantum

x1 is a quantum/ray/elementary particle/smallest

measurable increment of property/activity x2

~np~quantum ray (= '''bonka'u''')~/np~; (cf. selci for masses

and most objects; ratni, gradu, gusni, nejni, linji)

{jvsv ca'ermuvgau}

catke ca'e shove

x1 ~np~agent~/np~ shoves/pushes x2 at locus x3

~np~move by pushing/shoving (= '''ca'ermuvgau''')~/np~; (cf. danre

for non-agentive force, lacpu)

{jvsv ca'irpulji}

pulji police

x1 is a police officer/~np~enforcer/vigilante~/np~ enforcing

law(s)/rule(s)/order x2

~np~[police officer, as an agent of authority (=

ca'irpulji, ka'irpulji), as part of a police force (=

puljysoi, as part of puljyselsoi); military police

(= jempulji, bilpulji)]~/np~; (cf. catni, sonci, bilni,

flalu, bandu, jemna, zekri, krati)

{jvsv cabdeicerni}

cerni cer morning

x1 is a morning ~np~[dawn until after typical

start-of-work for locale]~/np~ of day x2 at location x3

~np~[this morning (= cabdeicerni); tomorrow morning

(= bavlamcerni); yesterday morning (= prulamcerni,

prulamdeicerni)]~/np~(cf. vanci, murse, tcika)

{jvsv cabjeftu}

jeftu jef week

x1 is x2 weeks in duration (default is 1 week)

by standard x3

~np~[re. x3, a week may be more or less than seven days,

classically being tied to the time between trips

to the marketplace; this week (= cabjeftu); next

week (= bavlamjeftu); last week (= prulamjeftu)]~/np~;

(cf. detri, djedi, masti, nanca)

{jvsv cabvanci}

vanci vac evening

x1 is an evening ~np~[from end-of-work until sleep

typical for locale]~/np~ of day x2 at location x3

~np~[this evening (= cabvanci); tomorrow evening (=

bavlamvanci); yesterday evening (= prulamvanci)]~/np~;

(cf. cerni, murse, tcika)

{jvsv cabycte}

nicte cte night

x1 is a nighttime of day x2 at location x3;

(adjective:) x1 is at night/nocturnal

~np~[tonight (= cabycte); tomorrow night (= bavlamcte,

even when tonight is still in the future); last night

(= prulamcte)]~/np~; (cf. donri, djedi, tcika)

{jvsv cackle}

cmoni cmo co'i moan

x1 utters moan/groan/howl/scream ~np~[non-linguistic

utterance]~/np~ x2 expressing x3 (property)

~np~[also shriek, most animal sounds, e.g. bark, cackle,

meow, neigh, moo, honk, baa, crow]~/np~ (cf. krixa, bacru,

cusku, cortu)

{jvsv cacryra'o}

radno ra'o radian

x1 is x2 radian(s) ~np~metric unit~/np~ in angular measure

(default is 1) by standard x3

~np~[measured in degrees (julra'o); right ascension

NOT HANDLED: ~np~jbovlaste import: astronomical measurement~/np~ (= cacryra'o) lang en] (cf. jganu,

kilto, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti,

gotro, gutci, litce, megdo, mikri, milti, minli,

nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso,

zepti, zetro)

{jvsv cacyzei}

zekri zer zei crime

x1 (event/state) is a crime/~np~taboo/offense/sin~/np~

to people/culture/judges/jury x2 8d 24 ~np~[

kluzei, cacyzei); sin (= madzei, jdamadzei); heresy

(= jdazei)]~/np~; (cf. flalu, sfasa, zungi, palci, lijda,

pajni, javni, tcaci, marde, pulji, tinbe)

{jvsv caifle}

flecu fle flow ' flush '

x1 is a current/flow/river of/in x2 flowing in

direction to/towards x3 from direction/source x4

~np~[[x1 is a stream of x2; x2 is a fluid [jbovlaste import: gas or liquid]]~/np~

(= selfle for reordered places); x1 flushes toward

x3; flush (= caifle, sukfle) lang en]; (cf. rirxe, senta

where no directionality is implied, rinci, xampo,

dikca, sakci, gapci, litki, ciblu)

{jvsv cajbe'e}

bende bed be'e crew ' band '

x1 is a crew/team/gang/squad/band of persons x2

directed/led by x3 organized for purpose x4

(x1 is a mass; x2 is a set completely specified);

~np~[also orchestra (= zgibe'e, balzgibe'e), outfit; x3

conductor; business, not necessarily incorporated (=

cajbe'e, venbe'e)]~/np~; (cf. gunma, girzu, dansu, jatna,

jitro, kagni, kamni, minde, ralju, cecmu, gidva)

{jvsv cakyjme}

jemna jme gem

x1 is a gem/polished stone/pearl of type x2 from

gemstone/material/source x3

~np~[also jewel (= jmeja'i); gemstone (= x2, x3, or

jmero'i, jmekunra); pearl (= selcakyjme - a gem

found inside a shell, tercakyjme - a gem made of

shell material, boijme - any ball-shaped gem),

mother-of-pearl (= cakyjme)]~/np~; (cf. kunra, rokci,

jadni, dirba, kargu, krili, pulji)

{jvsv camgu'i}

carmi cam cai intense

x1 is intense/bright/saturated/brilliant in property

(ka) x2 as received/measured by observer x3

~np~[also lustrous, gleaming, sparkling, shining (all

probably better metaphorically combined with gusni:

gusycai or camgu'i); in colors, refers principally

to increased saturation (with opposite kandi)]~/np~;

(cf. denmi, gusni, kandi, ruble, skari, tilju,

tsali, mutce, blabi, blanu, bunre, cicna, crino,

grusi, narju, nukni, pelxu, xekri, xunre, zirpu)

{jvsv capfanta}

.o'i UI1 caution

attitudinal: caution - rashness

(cf. capyrivbi, capfanta, srerivbi, srefanta,

naldarsi, seljde)

{jvsv capyrivbi}

.o'i UI1 caution

attitudinal: caution - rashness

(cf. capyrivbi, capfanta, srerivbi, srefanta,

naldarsi, seljde)

{jvsv cesyvu'e}

vrude vud vu'e virtue

x1 is virtuous/saintly/~np~[fine/moral/nice/holy/morally

good]~/np~ by standard x2

~np~holy/saintly (= '''cesyvu'e''')~/np~; (cf. palci, xamgu,

marde, zabna)

{jvsv cfaprucabna}

purci pur pru past ' earlier '

x1 is in the past of/earlier than/before x2 in time

sequence; x1 is former; x2 is latter

~np~[time ordering only (use lidne otherwise); aorist

in that x1 may overlap in time with x2 as long

as it starts before, x1 starts before x2 but is

continuing during x2 (= cfaprucabna); non-aorist

before, i.e. x1 is over/ended before x2 starts (=

fampru), x1 is completed before x2 starts (= mulpru)]~/np~;

(cf. lidne, balvi, cabna, farna)

{jvsv ci'erkei}

kelci kel kei play

x1 ~np~agent~/np~ plays with plaything/toy x2

~np~[play game (= ci'erkei), play competitively (=

jvikei)]~/np~; (cf. jivna, jinga, zdile)

{jvsv ci'ersaptai}

tarmi tam tai shape ' form '

x1 ~np~ideal~/np~ is the conceptual shape/form of

object/abstraction/manifestation x2 (object/abstract

~np~[also pattern; x1 is the mathematical or theoretical

ideal form, while x2 is an object/event manifesting

that form; e.g. circular/circle-shaped (= cukseltai)

vs. circle (=cuktai, while cukla alone is ambiguous);

model (= ci'ersaptai, saptai, ci'ersmitai, smitai)]~/np~;

(cf. nejni, morna; te marji for physical shape, tapla,

bliku, kubli, kurfa, cukla, mapti, morna, sarlu)

{jvsv ci'ersmitai}

tarmi tam tai shape ' form '

x1 ~np~ideal~/np~ is the conceptual shape/form of

object/abstraction/manifestation x2 (object/abstract

~np~[also pattern; x1 is the mathematical or theoretical

ideal form, while x2 is an object/event manifesting

that form; e.g. circular/circle-shaped (= cukseltai)

vs. circle (=cuktai, while cukla alone is ambiguous);

model (= ci'ersaptai, saptai, ci'ersmitai, smitai)]~/np~;

(cf. nejni, morna; te marji for physical shape, tapla,

bliku, kubli, kurfa, cukla, mapti, morna, sarlu)

{jvsv cibjmagutci}

gutci guc cubit ' foot '

x1 is x2 (default 1) short local distance unit(s)

~np~non-metric~/np~, standard x3, x4 subunits

~np~[foot (= jmagutci); yard (= cibjmagutci), pace (=

tapygutci), inch (= degygutci), cubit (= birgutci)]~/np~;

(additional subunit places may be added as x5, x6,

...); (cf. mitre, clani, ganra, condi, rotsu, rupnu,

fepni, dekpu, minli, merli, bunda, kramu)

{jvsv cildadre'e}

trene ren re'e train

x1 is a train ~np~vehicle~/np~ of cars/units x2 (mass)

for rails/system/railroad x3, propelled by x4

~np~[a railed vehicle or train of vehicles; also subway

(tu'unre'e), metro, trolley, tramway (= lajre'e),

roller coaster; monorail (= dadre'e); cable car,

sky car, ski lift (= cildadre'e)]~/np~; (cf. tcana)

{jvsv cimnyteikai}

cimni infinite

x1 is infinite/unending/eternal in property/dimension

x2, to degree x3 (quantity)/of type x3

~np~[also everlasting, eternity, (= cimnytei), eternal (=

cimnyteikai or temcimni)]~/np~ (cf. vitno, renvi, munje,

fanmo, sisti)

{jvsv cinfriti}

cinse cin sexual

x1 in activity/state x2 exhibits

sexuality/gender/sexual orientation x3 (ka) by

standard x4

~np~[also: x1 courts/flirts; x3 could be a ka[jbovlaste import: gender

or role]~/np~, ka~np~attraction to a gender~/np~, or ka~np~[type of

activity]~/np~, etc.; (adjective:) x1 is sexual/sexy; x1

is flirted with/courted by x2 (= cinfriti, cinjikca) lang en];

(cf. gletu, pinji, plibu, vibna, vlagi)

{jvsv cinjikca}

cinse cin sexual

x1 in activity/state x2 exhibits

sexuality/gender/sexual orientation x3 (ka) by

standard x4

~np~[also: x1 courts/flirts; x3 could be a ka[jbovlaste import: gender

or role]~/np~, ka~np~attraction to a gender~/np~, or ka~np~[type of

activity]~/np~, etc.; (adjective:) x1 is sexual/sexy; x1

is flirted with/courted by x2 (= cinfriti, cinjikca) lang en];

(cf. gletu, pinji, plibu, vibna, vlagi)

{jvsv cinzybatci}

batci bat bite

x1 bites/pinches x2 on/at specific locus x3 with x4

~np~[bite through (= ka'arbatci, batygre); pinch (=

cinzybatci)]~/np~; (cf. denci, jgalu, guska, citka)

{jvsv cirsau}

slabu sau familiar

x1 is old/familiar/well-known to observer x2 in

feature x3 (ka) by standard x4

~np~[This can cover both meanings of old. Old in years,

i.e. age, can be conveyed through x2 = the world,

life, existence (= loi nu zasti); in usage this has

been a common default for ellipsis. However slabu is

not the opposite of ' young ' (= nalci'o, tolci'o),

but the opposite of 'new' (= tolni'o); also ancient

(= tcesau), age (= nilsau); x2 is used to x1 (=

selsau for reordered places); historic/historical (=

cirsau, cirselcedra; also vaipru)]~/np~; (cf. clani, citno,

cnino, se djuno; not the opposite of citno, djuno)

{jvsv cirselcedra}

slabu sau familiar

x1 is old/familiar/well-known to observer x2 in

feature x3 (ka) by standard x4

~np~[This can cover both meanings of old. Old in years,

i.e. age, can be conveyed through x2 = the world,

life, existence (= loi nu zasti); in usage this has

been a common default for ellipsis. However slabu is

not the opposite of ' young ' (= nalci'o, tolci'o),

but the opposite of 'new' (= tolni'o); also ancient

(= tcesau), age (= nilsau); x2 is used to x1 (=

selsau for reordered places); historic/historical (=

cirsau, cirselcedra; also vaipru)]~/np~; (cf. clani, citno,

cnino, se djuno; not the opposite of citno, djuno)

{jvsv cirtermo'i}

citri cir history

x1 is a history of x2 according to x3 (person)/from

point-of-view x3

~np~also historic/historical (= '''cirtermo'i''', cirvai)~/np~;

(cf. muzga)

{jvsv cirvai}

citri cir history

x1 is a history of x2 according to x3 (person)/from

point-of-view x3

~np~also historic/historical (= cirtermo'i, '''cirvai''')~/np~;

(cf. muzga)

{jvsv cismyfra}

cisma smile

x1 smiles/grins (facial expression)

~np~smile/grin at something (= '''cismyfra''')~/np~; (cf. xajmi,

cmila, frumu)

{jvsv citsydei}

citsi season

x1 is a season/is seasonal ~np~cyclical interval~/np~,

defined by interval/property x2, of year(s) x3

~np~[also anniversary (= citsydei, na'arcitsydei),

jubilee (= mumnoncitsi); the period of time may be

short or long as indicated by x2, and may occur every

year or every nth year as indicated by x3 (default

every year); (x2 and/or x3 may need metaphorical

restriction: djecitsi, pavdeicitsi; also equinox,

solstice, time of year]~/np~; (cf. cedra, crisa, critu,

dunra, ranji, temci, vensa, jbena)

{jvsv citsyti'a}

tcima tim ti'a weather ' climate '

x1 is weather at place/region x2; (adjective:)

x1 is meteorological

~np~climate (= '''citsyti'a''', timymo'a)~/np~; (cf. brife, bumru,

carvi, dilnu, bratu)

{jvsv citxarju}

xarju xaj pig ' hog '

x1 is a pig/hog/swine/~np~boar~/np~ ~np~pork/ham/bacon-producer~/np~

of species/breed x2

~np~[sow (= fetxarju), boar (= nakyxarju), pork (=

xajre'u), piglet (= citxarju)]~/np~; (cf. mabru, cange)

{jvsv claboi}

sovda sov so'a egg ' ovum '

x1 is an egg/ovum/sperm/pollen/gamete of/from organism

~np~mother/father~/np~ x2

~np~[(poorly metaphorical only due to gender- and species-

being unspecified): ovoid, oblate (= pevyso'aseltai,

but better: claboi); egg, specifically female (=

fetso'a), of a bird (= cpifetso'a, cpiso'a), of a

chicken (= jipcyfetso'a, jipcyso'a]~/np~ (but note that

Lojban does not require specificity, just as English

doesn't for either milk or eggs; "sovda" is fine for

most contexts); ~np~if fertilized, then tsiju or tarbi~/np~;

(cf. ganti, gutra, mamta, patfu, rorci, tsiju, lanbi,

tarbi; also djine, konju for shape, tarbi)

{jvsv cneselsku}

va'i UI3 in other words

discursive: in other words - in the same words

(cf. cneselsku)

{jvsv cneterta'a}

ta'o UI3 by the way

discursive: by the way - returning to main point

(cf. denpa, cneterta'a)

{jvsv cnicru}

ri'e UI5 release of emotion

attitudinal modifier: release of emotion - emotion

restraint

(cf. cniri'u, cnicru)

{jvsv cnijmi}

dai UI5 empathy

attitudinal modifier: marks empathetic use of

preceding attitudinal; shows another's feelings

(cf. cnijmi)

{jvsv cnilanxe}

.o'u UI1 relaxation

attitudinal: relaxation - composure - stress

(cf. surla, cnilanxe, dunku)

{jvsv cniri'u}

ri'e UI5 release of emotion

attitudinal modifier: release of emotion - emotion

restraint

(cf. cniri'u, cnicru)

{jvsv cnise'i}

risna heart ' cardiac '

x1 is a/the heart ~np~[body-part]~/np~ of x2; ~np~[emotional/shape

metaphors are NOT culturally neutral]~/np~

~np~[(adjective:) x1 is cardiac; emotional 'heart'

(= cnise'i)]~/np~; (cf. pambe, ciblu)

{jvsv co'urji'e}

morsi mro dead 'mort-'

x1 is dead/has ceased to be alive

~np~die/mortal (= mrobi'o, '''co'urji'e''')~/np~; (cf. jmive,

catra, betri)

{jvsv comymu'u}

muvdu muv mu'u move

x1 (object) moves to destination/receiver x2 ~np~away~/np~

from origin x3 over path/route x4

~np~[also mobile (= comymu'u, for the non-specific

opposite of immobile); after a muvdu, object is

alienated from/no longer at origin (unless physically

returned there, per litru or slilu); agentive move

(= muvgau, muvzu'e), non-agentive transitive move (=

muvri'a), self-propelled (= sezmuvgau), motion of a

part of the object (= pagmu'u), having a moving part

(= muvypau, muvyselpau); apparent motion (= mlumu'u)]~/np~;

(cf. rinci, klama (which differs in that the means

of motion is explicit), litru, cliva, fatri; dunda,

benji for agentive movement that does not necessarily

imply alienation from origin, preja for similar

movement with no agent implied, bevri, vimcu)

{jvsv cpanygle}

gletu let gle copulate ' coitus '

x1 copulates/fucks/mates/has coitus/sexual intercourse

with x2

~np~x1 and x2 are symmetrical; mounts (= '''cpanygle''')~/np~;

(cf. cinse, pinji, plibu, vibna, vlagi, mabla, speni)

{jvsv cpifetso'a}

sovda sov so'a egg ' ovum '

x1 is an egg/ovum/sperm/pollen/gamete of/from organism

~np~mother/father~/np~ x2

~np~[(poorly metaphorical only due to gender- and species-

being unspecified): ovoid, oblate (= pevyso'aseltai,

but better: claboi); egg, specifically female (=

fetso'a), of a bird (= cpifetso'a, cpiso'a), of a

chicken (= jipcyfetso'a, jipcyso'a]~/np~ (but note that

Lojban does not require specificity, just as English

doesn't for either milk or eggs; "sovda" is fine for

most contexts); ~np~if fertilized, then tsiju or tarbi~/np~;

(cf. ganti, gutra, mamta, patfu, rorci, tsiju, lanbi,

tarbi; also djine, konju for shape, tarbi)

{jvsv cpiso'a}

sovda sov so'a egg ' ovum '

x1 is an egg/ovum/sperm/pollen/gamete of/from organism

~np~mother/father~/np~ x2

~np~[(poorly metaphorical only due to gender- and species-

being unspecified): ovoid, oblate (= pevyso'aseltai,

but better: claboi); egg, specifically female (=

fetso'a), of a bird (= cpifetso'a, cpiso'a), of a

chicken (= jipcyfetso'a, jipcyso'a]~/np~ (but note that

Lojban does not require specificity, just as English

doesn't for either milk or eggs; "sovda" is fine for

most contexts); ~np~if fertilized, then tsiju or tarbi~/np~;

(cf. ganti, gutra, mamta, patfu, rorci, tsiju, lanbi,

tarbi; also djine, konju for shape, tarbi)

{jvsv ctitu'o}

tunlo tul tu'o swallow

x1 gulps/swallows

~np~[[x1 swallows down [jbovlaste import: food/drink]]~/np~ x2 (= tulpinxe,

tulcti, ctitu'o (the latter two are more general -

for food or beverage); swallow/engulf (= galxycti,

galxynerbi'o, galxygre lang en]; (cf. citka, pinxe, galxe)

{jvsv cukseltai}

tarmi tam tai shape ' form '

x1 ~np~ideal~/np~ is the conceptual shape/form of

object/abstraction/manifestation x2 (object/abstract

~np~[also pattern; x1 is the mathematical or theoretical

ideal form, while x2 is an object/event manifesting

that form; e.g. circular/circle-shaped (= cukseltai)

vs. circle (=cuktai, while cukla alone is ambiguous);

model (= ci'ersaptai, saptai, ci'ersmitai, smitai)]~/np~;

(cf. nejni, morna; te marji for physical shape, tapla,

bliku, kubli, kurfa, cukla, mapti, morna, sarlu)

{jvsv cuncu'a}

cunso cun cu'o random ' chance '

x1 is random/fortuitous/unpredictable under conditions

x2, with probability distribution x3

~np~[also accidental, chancy, by chance, adventitious,

arbitrary (also = cuncu'a, cunselcu'a, cunjdi,

cunseljdi; based on "unpredictable")]~/np~; (cf. cnici,

lakne, funca, kalsa, snuti)

{jvsv cunjdi}

cunso cun cu'o random ' chance '

x1 is random/fortuitous/unpredictable under conditions

x2, with probability distribution x3

~np~[also accidental, chancy, by chance, adventitious,

arbitrary (also = cuncu'a, cunselcu'a, cunjdi,

cunseljdi; based on "unpredictable")]~/np~; (cf. cnici,

lakne, funca, kalsa, snuti)

{jvsv cunselcu'a}

cunso cun cu'o random ' chance '

x1 is random/fortuitous/unpredictable under conditions

x2, with probability distribution x3

~np~[also accidental, chancy, by chance, adventitious,

arbitrary (also = cuncu'a, cunselcu'a, cunjdi,

cunseljdi; based on "unpredictable")]~/np~; (cf. cnici,

lakne, funca, kalsa, snuti)

{jvsv cunseljdi}

cunso cun cu'o random ' chance '

x1 is random/fortuitous/unpredictable under conditions

x2, with probability distribution x3

~np~[also accidental, chancy, by chance, adventitious,

arbitrary (also = cuncu'a, cunselcu'a, cunjdi,

cunseljdi; based on "unpredictable")]~/np~; (cf. cnici,

lakne, funca, kalsa, snuti)

{jvsv cuptai}

clupa cup loop

x1 is a loop/circuit of x2 ~np~material~/np~

~np~[also noose (= skoclupa, saljgeclupa; there is

no indication of shape, but merely that the ends

join/meet); closed curve defined by set of points

(= cuptai)]~/np~; (cf. djine)

{jvsv cuvbi'o}

lumci lum lu'i wash

x1 (agent) washes/cleanses x2 of soil/contaminant

x3 in/with cleaning material(s) x4

~np~agentless washing/cleansing (= '''cuvbi'o''', jisybi'o)~/np~;

(cf. djacu, jinru, litki, zbabu, jinsa, curve)

{jvsv da'ergau}

danre da'e pressure

x1 (force) puts pressure on/presses/applies force

to x2

~np~agentive press/depress (= '''da'ergau''', da'erzu'e)~/np~;

(cf. catke, bapli, prina, tinsa)

{jvsv da'erzu'e}

danre da'e pressure

x1 (force) puts pressure on/presses/applies force

to x2

~np~agentive press/depress (= da'ergau, '''da'erzu'e''')~/np~;

(cf. catke, bapli, prina, tinsa)

{jvsv dadja'i}

dandu dad hang 'dangle, suspend'

x1 hangs/dangles/is suspended from x2 by/at/with

joint x3

~np~[pendant (= dadja'i); also dependent (original

meaning)]~/np~ (cf. lasna, jorne)

{jvsv dadre'e}

trene ren re'e train

x1 is a train ~np~vehicle~/np~ of cars/units x2 (mass)

for rails/system/railroad x3, propelled by x4

~np~[a railed vehicle or train of vehicles; also subway

(tu'unre'e), metro, trolley, tramway (= lajre'e),

roller coaster; monorail (= dadre'e); cable car,

sky car, ski lift (= cildadre'e)]~/np~; (cf. tcana)

{jvsv dafspufli}

fliba fli fail ' baffle '

x1 fails at doing x2 (state/event); x1 is a failure

at its role in x2

~np~[baffled (= pesfli, jmifli, dafspufli, menfli, among

other senses); also x2 ceases/does not complete/fails

to continue due to failure on the part of x1]~/np~;

(cf. cfila, snada, srera, troci, sisti, ranji, denpa,

bebna, zunti)

{jvsv dairmo'a}

morna mon mo'a pattern ' form '

x1 is/reflects/represents a pattern of forms/events

x2 arranged according to structure x3

~np~[[x3 is a [jbovlaste import: model]]~/np~ for x1 (= termontai, or the more

abstract = termonsi'o); image (= gusmo'a, nenmo'a,

dairmo'a, selylenmo'a, selmirmo'a, velmirmo'a, but

also all of these -tai instead of -mo'a for the

ideal) lang en]; (cf. ciste, ganzu, marji, slilu, stura,

tarmi, boxna, cimde, gidva, jimpe, rilti)

{jvsv de'acni}

.o'o UI1 patience

attitudinal: patience - mere tolerance - anger

(cf. fengu, to'ersteba, de'acni

{jvsv degycauglu}

gluta glu glove

x1 is a mitten/glove ~np~hand and lower arm garment~/np~

of material x2

~np~mitten (= '''degycauglu''')~/np~; (cf. taxfu)

{jvsv degygutci}

gutci guc cubit ' foot '

x1 is x2 (default 1) short local distance unit(s)

~np~non-metric~/np~, standard x3, x4 subunits

~np~[foot (= jmagutci); yard (= cibjmagutci), pace (=

tapygutci), inch (= degygutci), cubit (= birgutci)]~/np~;

(additional subunit places may be added as x5, x6,

...); (cf. mitre, clani, ganra, condi, rotsu, rupnu,

fepni, dekpu, minli, merli, bunda, kramu)

{jvsv dikslicai}

dikni dik regular ' cyclical '

x1 is regular/cyclical/periodic in property

(ka)/activity x2 with period/interval x3

~np~also uniform; resonant (= '''dikslicai''')~/np~; (cf. slilu,

rilti, xutla, manfo, boxna)

{jvsv djaruntyrango}

betfu bef be'u abdomen ' belly '

x1 is a/the abdomen/belly/lower trunk ~np~[body-part]~/np~

of x2; ~np~metaphor: midsection~/np~

~np~[also stomach (= djaruntyrango), digestive tract

(= befctirango, befctirangyci'e)]~/np~; (cf. cutne,

livga, canti)

{jvsv drijunri}

junri jur serious

x1 (person) is serious/earnest/has gravity about x2

(event/state/activity)

~np~also solemn (= '''drijunri''', ri'irjunri, tcejunri)~/np~;

(cf. tilju, xalbo, badri, ritli)

{jvsv dusxaksu}

xaksu xak use up

x1 (event) uses up/depletes/consumes/~np~wastes~/np~ x2

~np~resource~/np~

~np~waste (= fesxaksu, '''dusxaksu''')~/np~; (cf. citka, festi,

daspo, livla, pinxe)

{jvsv dzejbo}

lojbo lob jbo Lojbanic

x1 reflects ~np~Loglandic~/np~/Lojbanic

language/culture/nationality/community in aspect x2

~np~pre-Lojban forms of Loglan (= '''dzejbo''')~/np~ (cf. bangu,

logji)

{jvsv fairgau}

fatri fai distribute

x1 is distributed/allotted/allocated/shared among

x2 with shares/portions x3; (x2/x3 fa'u)

~np~[also spread, shared out, apportioned; agentive

distribution (= fairgau, fairzu'e)]~/np~; (cf. cmavo list

fa'u, fendi, preja, katna, tcana)

{jvsv fairzu'e}

fatri fai distribute

x1 is distributed/allotted/allocated/shared among

x2 with shares/portions x3; (x2/x3 fa'u)

~np~[also spread, shared out, apportioned; agentive

distribution (= fairgau, fairzu'e)]~/np~; (cf. cmavo list

fa'u, fendi, preja, katna, tcana)

{jvsv falri'a}

farlu fal fa'u fall

x1 falls/drops to x2 from x3 in gravity well/frame

of reference x4

~np~[note: things can fall in spin, thrust, or tide as

well as gravity; (agentive "drop" = one of two lujvo:

falcru and falri'a)]~/np~ (cf. lafti, cpare, klama, sfubu)

{jvsv fampru}

purci pur pru past ' earlier '

x1 is in the past of/earlier than/before x2 in time

sequence; x1 is former; x2 is latter

~np~[time ordering only (use lidne otherwise); aorist

in that x1 may overlap in time with x2 as long

as it starts before, x1 starts before x2 but is

continuing during x2 (= cfaprucabna); non-aorist

before, i.e. x1 is over/ended before x2 starts (=

fampru), x1 is completed before x2 starts (= mulpru)]~/np~;

(cf. lidne, balvi, cabna, farna)

{jvsv farli'i}

linji lij li'i line

x1 is a line/among lines ~np~1-dimensional shape/form~/np~

defined by set of points x2

~np~ray/vector ('''farli'i''' or porli'i)~/np~; (cf. kruvi, sirji,

jganu, kantu, mokca)

{jvsv faurpaijdi}

pajni pai judge

x1 judges/referees/arbitrates/is a judge

determining/deciding matter x2 (abstract)

~np~[x2 includes jei = rule (jetpai), ni = estimate

(lairpai), ka = evaluate (kairpai or vampai), or

nu = referee/arbitrate (faurpai); single events of

judging including specific decisions/judgements (=

paijdi, jetpaijdi, lairpaijdi, kairpaijdi, vampaijdi,

faurpaijdi); jury (= pairkamni), serve on a jury (=

kamnypai, as part of mass x1)]~/np~; (cf. cuxna, jdice,

vajni, cipra, zekri, manri, mansa)

{jvsv faurti'i}

stidi sid ti'i suggest

x1 (agent) suggests/proposes idea/action x2 to

audience x3; x1 (event) inspires x2 in/among x3

~np~[event which inspires/suggests/is suggestive (=

faurti'i, sidyfau)]~/np~; (cf. cmavo list ti'i, tcica,

xlura)

{jvsv febjicla}

febvi feb boil

x1 boils/evaporates at temperature x2 and pressure x3

~np~roil (= '''febjicla''')~/np~; (cf. dunja, lunsa, runme)

{jvsv fesxaksu}

xaksu xak use up

x1 (event) uses up/depletes/consumes/~np~wastes~/np~ x2

~np~resource~/np~

~np~waste (= '''fesxaksu''', dusxaksu)~/np~; (cf. citka, festi,

daspo, livla, pinxe)

{jvsv fesygau}

festi fes waste

x1(s) is/are waste product(s) ~np~left to waste~/np~ by x2

(event/activity)

~np~[also shit, crap; agentive wasting (= fesygau,

fesyzu'e)]~/np~; (cf. xaksu, kalci, pinca)

{jvsv fesyzu'e}

festi fes waste

x1(s) is/are waste product(s) ~np~left to waste~/np~ by x2

(event/activity)

~np~[also shit, crap; agentive wasting (= fesygau,

fesyzu'e)]~/np~; (cf. xaksu, kalci, pinca)

{jvsv fetso'a}

sovda sov so'a egg ' ovum '

x1 is an egg/ovum/sperm/pollen/gamete of/from organism

~np~mother/father~/np~ x2

~np~[(poorly metaphorical only due to gender- and species-

being unspecified): ovoid, oblate (= pevyso'aseltai,

but better: claboi); egg, specifically female (=

fetso'a), of a bird (= cpifetso'a, cpiso'a), of a

chicken (= jipcyfetso'a, jipcyso'a]~/np~ (but note that

Lojban does not require specificity, just as English

doesn't for either milk or eggs; "sovda" is fine for

most contexts); ~np~if fertilized, then tsiju or tarbi~/np~;

(cf. ganti, gutra, mamta, patfu, rorci, tsiju, lanbi,

tarbi; also djine, konju for shape, tarbi)

{jvsv fetxarju}

xarju xaj pig ' hog '

x1 is a pig/hog/swine/~np~boar~/np~ ~np~pork/ham/bacon-producer~/np~

of species/breed x2

~np~[sow (= fetxarju), boar (= nakyxarju), pork (=

xajre'u), piglet (= citxarju)]~/np~; (cf. mabru, cange)

{jvsv finzgi}

zgike zgi gi'e music

x1 is music performed/produced by x2 (event)

~np~[x2 event may be person playing instrument, singing,

musical source operating/vibrating, etc.; instrument

(= zgica'a); play an instrument (= zgica'apli,

zgiterca'a, selzgigau, selzgizu'e); song (= sagzgi,

selsa'a); voice, as used musically (= zgivo'a);

composed music (= finzgi)]~/np~; (cf. damri, dansu,

flani, janbe, jgita, pipno, rilti, tabra, tonga,

xagri, siclu)

{jvsv fitselve'u}

vecnu ven ve'u sell ' vend '

x1 ~np~seller~/np~ sells/vends x2 ~np~goods/service/commodity~/np~

to buyer x3 for amount/cost/expense x4

~np~[x1 is a salesperson/salesman/vendor; x3 buys x2

from x1 (= terve'u for reordered terms); x4 is the

price of x2 to x3 (= velve'u for reordered terms);

for sale (= fitselve'u, selvenfriti); x2 may be a

specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a

property; pedantically, for objects/commodities,

this is sumti-raising from ownership of the

object/commodity (= posyve'u, posyselve'u for

unambiguous semantics)]~/np~; (cf. canja, dunda, janta,

pleji, jerna, kargu, prali, zarci, vamji, jdima;

see note at jdima on cost/price/value distinction,

fepni, friti, jerna, rupnu)

{jvsv frufra}

frumu fru frown

x1 frowns/grimaces (facial expression)

~np~x1 frowns/grimaces at/in reaction to x2 (= '''frufra''')~/np~;

(cf. cmila, cisma)

{jvsv gacyse'a}

tisna tis fill ' stuff '

x1 (object) fills/becomes stuffed ~np~up~/np~/inflates/blows

up with material x2; x2 pours into x1

~np~[implies some relative degree of fullness will result;

agentive filling (= tisyse'a, tisygau, tisyzu'e);

inflate/become inflated/blow up (= gacytisna, agentive

gacyse'a); pour into (= liktisna, agentive likse'a)]~/np~;

(cf. culno, kunti, rinci, setca)

{jvsv gacytisna}

tisna tis fill ' stuff '

x1 (object) fills/becomes stuffed ~np~up~/np~/inflates/blows

up with material x2; x2 pours into x1

~np~[implies some relative degree of fullness will result;

agentive filling (= tisyse'a, tisygau, tisyzu'e);

inflate/become inflated/blow up (= gacytisna, agentive

gacyse'a); pour into (= liktisna, agentive likse'a)]~/np~;

(cf. culno, kunti, rinci, setca)

{jvsv gadysu'i}

gadri gad article

x1 is an article/descriptor labelling description x2

(text) in language x3 with semantics x4

~np~[x2 is the noun phrase/sumti without the

article/descriptor; description [x1 with x2) =

gadysu'i); note: ' determiner ' has become the

accepted general linguistics term, displacing

'article'; however, 'determiner' includes all words

that can introduce a noun phrase/sumti, whether a

description or not, such as pronoun possessives like

lemi, quantifiers (especially in indefinites) like

ci and su'o, and demonstratives like ti, ta, and tu;

the term 'descriptor' in Lojban, is limited to words

that introduce descriptions (excluding indefinites),

such as those of selma'o LA and LE, their common

compounds such as lemi, and possibly lenu]~/np~;

'article' typically refers only to a single word;

Lojban assumes the broader meaning]~/np~ (cf. valsi, cmavo)

{jvsv galxycti}

tunlo tul tu'o swallow

x1 gulps/swallows

~np~[[x1 swallows down [jbovlaste import: food/drink]]~/np~ x2 (= tulpinxe,

tulcti, ctitu'o (the latter two are more general -

for food or beverage); swallow/engulf (= galxycti,

galxynerbi'o, galxygre lang en]; (cf. citka, pinxe, galxe)

{jvsv galxygre}

tunlo tul tu'o swallow

x1 gulps/swallows

~np~[[x1 swallows down [jbovlaste import: food/drink]]~/np~ x2 (= tulpinxe,

tulcti, ctitu'o (the latter two are more general -

for food or beverage); swallow/engulf (= galxycti,

galxynerbi'o, galxygre lang en]; (cf. citka, pinxe, galxe)

{jvsv galxynerbi'o}

tunlo tul tu'o swallow

x1 gulps/swallows

~np~[[x1 swallows down [jbovlaste import: food/drink]]~/np~ x2 (= tulpinxe,

tulcti, ctitu'o (the latter two are more general -

for food or beverage); swallow/engulf (= galxycti,

galxynerbi'o, galxygre lang en]; (cf. citka, pinxe, galxe)

{jvsv gensle}

jufra juf ju'a sentence ' phrase '

x1 (text) is a sentence/statement about x2

~np~topic/subject/predicate/focus~/np~ in language x3

~np~phrase (= jufpau, suzrelvla, suzvla, '''gensle''')~/np~;

(cf. valsi, bangu, gerna, cusku, smuni)

{jvsv gimpoi}

gismu gim gi'u root word

x1 is a (Lojban) root word expressing relation x2

among argument roles x3, with affix(es) x4

~np~[gismu list, if physical object (= (loi) gimste);

referring to the mental construct (e.g. propose adding

a new gismu to the gismu list = gimpoi, gimselcmi,

gimselste)]~/np~; (cf. cmavo, cmene, lujvo, smuni, sumti,

tanru, valsi)

{jvsv gimselcmi}

gismu gim gi'u root word

x1 is a (Lojban) root word expressing relation x2

among argument roles x3, with affix(es) x4

~np~[gismu list, if physical object (= (loi) gimste);

referring to the mental construct (e.g. propose adding

a new gismu to the gismu list = gimpoi, gimselcmi,

gimselste)]~/np~; (cf. cmavo, cmene, lujvo, smuni, sumti,

tanru, valsi)

{jvsv gimselste}

gismu gim gi'u root word

x1 is a (Lojban) root word expressing relation x2

among argument roles x3, with affix(es) x4

~np~[gismu list, if physical object (= (loi) gimste);

referring to the mental construct (e.g. propose adding

a new gismu to the gismu list = gimpoi, gimselcmi,

gimselste)]~/np~; (cf. cmavo, cmene, lujvo, smuni, sumti,

tanru, valsi)

{jvsv glajukpa}

jukpa jup cook

x1 cooks/prepares food-for-eating x2 by recipe/method

x3 (process)

~np~[cook with heat (= glajukpa, glaterjukpa), bake (=

tokyjukpa); fry (= rasyjukpa)]~/np~; (cf. cupra, bredi)

{jvsv glaterjukpa}

jukpa jup cook

x1 cooks/prepares food-for-eating x2 by recipe/method

x3 (process)

~np~[cook with heat (= glajukpa, glaterjukpa), bake (=

tokyjukpa); fry (= rasyjukpa)]~/np~; (cf. cupra, bredi)

{jvsv gligli}

glico gic gli English

x1 is English/pertains to English-speaking culture

in aspect x2

~np~[generally assume broadest sense of 'English';

may refer to 'English', pertaining to the

country/people/culture of England (normally requiring

constraint = gligu'e, or simply redundancy = gligli-);

British English, the norm language of the UK (=

gliglibau)]~/np~; (cf. brito which refers to the United

Kingdom as a whole or to the British empire, merko,

sralo, kadno, skoto)

{jvsv gliglibau}

glico gic gli English

x1 is English/pertains to English-speaking culture

in aspect x2

~np~[generally assume broadest sense of 'English';

may refer to 'English', pertaining to the

country/people/culture of England (normally requiring

constraint = gligu'e, or simply redundancy = gligli-);

British English, the norm language of the UK (=

gliglibau)]~/np~; (cf. brito which refers to the United

Kingdom as a whole or to the British empire, merko,

sralo, kadno, skoto)

{jvsv grecta}

catlu cta look

x1 looks

at/examines/views/inspects/regards/watches/gazes at x2

~np~[also look through (= grecta, ravycta, bacycta);

note that English "look" often means a more generic

"observe"]~/np~; (cf. jvinu, minra, simlu, viska, lanli,

zgana, setca, viska)

{jvsv gritrukamni}

kamni committee

x1 (mass) is a committee with task/purpose x2 of

body x3

~np~[board of directors/trustees/cabinet (= trukamni,

gritrukamni)]~/np~ (cf. bende, kagni)

{jvsv grumlo}

molki mlo mill

x1 is a mill/foundry/industrial plant/~np~assembly line~/np~

performing process x2

~np~[(unlike fanri,) need not produce a product; grain

mill (= grumlo), grinding mill (= zalmlo, zalmlotci,

zalmloca'a)]~/np~; (cf. gasta, gurni, tirse, fanri, zalvi)

{jvsv grupu'o}

purmo pum pu'o powder

x1 is a powder of material x2

~np~flour (= '''grupu'o''', xripu'o)~/np~; (cf. pulce, zalvi)

{jvsv gu'etro}

jitro tro control

x1 has control over/harnesses/manages/directs/conducts

x2 in x3 (activity/event/performance)

~np~[x2 are aspects/individuals controlled within

activity/event x3; manage (= selzuktro, selzukfu'e,

gu'etro, gunfu'e, xaktro, xakfu'e) (as distinct

from manager/boss = gunterbe'e, gunja'a, gunmi'e,

gunca'i)]~/np~; (cf. cmavo list ji'o, bapli, te bende,

gidva - which does not necessarily control or command,

jatna, macnu, minde, ponse, ralju, rinka, sazri,

turni, vlipa, xance, xlura)

{jvsv guksurla}

.a'i UI1 effort

attitudinal: effort - no special effort - repose

(cf. gunka, slunandu, guksurla, troci, selprogunka)

{jvsv gunca'i}

jitro tro control

x1 has control over/harnesses/manages/directs/conducts

x2 in x3 (activity/event/performance)

~np~[x2 are aspects/individuals controlled within

activity/event x3; manage (= selzuktro, selzukfu'e,

gu'etro, gunfu'e, xaktro, xakfu'e) (as distinct

from manager/boss = gunterbe'e, gunja'a, gunmi'e,

gunca'i)]~/np~; (cf. cmavo list ji'o, bapli, te bende,

gidva - which does not necessarily control or command,

jatna, macnu, minde, ponse, ralju, rinka, sazri,

turni, vlipa, xance, xlura)

{jvsv gunfu'e}

jitro tro control

x1 has control over/harnesses/manages/directs/conducts

x2 in x3 (activity/event/performance)

~np~[x2 are aspects/individuals controlled within

activity/event x3; manage (= selzuktro, selzukfu'e,

gu'etro, gunfu'e, xaktro, xakfu'e) (as distinct

from manager/boss = gunterbe'e, gunja'a, gunmi'e,

gunca'i)]~/np~; (cf. cmavo list ji'o, bapli, te bende,

gidva - which does not necessarily control or command,

jatna, macnu, minde, ponse, ralju, rinka, sazri,

turni, vlipa, xance, xlura)

{jvsv gunja'a}

jitro tro control

x1 has control over/harnesses/manages/directs/conducts

x2 in x3 (activity/event/performance)

~np~[x2 are aspects/individuals controlled within

activity/event x3; manage (= selzuktro, selzukfu'e,

gu'etro, gunfu'e, xaktro, xakfu'e) (as distinct

from manager/boss = gunterbe'e, gunja'a, gunmi'e,

gunca'i)]~/np~; (cf. cmavo list ji'o, bapli, te bende,

gidva - which does not necessarily control or command,

jatna, macnu, minde, ponse, ralju, rinka, sazri,

turni, vlipa, xance, xlura)

{jvsv gunmi'e}

jitro tro control

x1 has control over/harnesses/manages/directs/conducts

x2 in x3 (activity/event/performance)

~np~[x2 are aspects/individuals controlled within

activity/event x3; manage (= selzuktro, selzukfu'e,

gu'etro, gunfu'e, xaktro, xakfu'e) (as distinct

from manager/boss = gunterbe'e, gunja'a, gunmi'e,

gunca'i)]~/np~; (cf. cmavo list ji'o, bapli, te bende,

gidva - which does not necessarily control or command,

jatna, macnu, minde, ponse, ralju, rinka, sazri,

turni, vlipa, xance, xlura)

{jvsv gunterbe'e}

jitro tro control

x1 has control over/harnesses/manages/directs/conducts

x2 in x3 (activity/event/performance)

~np~[x2 are aspects/individuals controlled within

activity/event x3; manage (= selzuktro, selzukfu'e,

gu'etro, gunfu'e, xaktro, xakfu'e) (as distinct

from manager/boss = gunterbe'e, gunja'a, gunmi'e,

gunca'i)]~/np~; (cf. cmavo list ji'o, bapli, te bende,

gidva - which does not necessarily control or command,

jatna, macnu, minde, ponse, ralju, rinka, sazri,

turni, vlipa, xance, xlura)

{jvsv guntrusi'o}

turni tru govern

x1 governs/rules/is ruler/governor/sovereign/reigns

over people/territory/domain/subjects x2

~np~[x2 need not be complete specification of set of

governed; reign/rule (= noltru); king/queen/sovereign

(= nolraitru); pure democracy (= roltrusi'o),

representative democracy (= rolka'itrusi'o), viceroy

(= ka'itru), pure communism (= guntrusi'o), board of

directors/trustees, steering committee (= trukamni);

government (= trugunma, trugri (emphasizing the

components), truci'e (emphasizing the organization]~/np~;

(cf. catni, minde, tutra, jecta, gugde, ponse, jitro)

{jvsv gusmo'a}

morna mon mo'a pattern ' form '

x1 is/reflects/represents a pattern of forms/events

x2 arranged according to structure x3

~np~[[x3 is a [jbovlaste import: model]]~/np~ for x1 (= termontai, or the more

abstract = termonsi'o); image (= gusmo'a, nenmo'a,

dairmo'a, selylenmo'a, selmirmo'a, velmirmo'a, but

also all of these -tai instead of -mo'a for the

ideal) lang en]; (cf. ciste, ganzu, marji, slilu, stura,

tarmi, boxna, cimde, gidva, jimpe, rilti)

{jvsv jabdesku}

janbe jab bell

x1 is a bell/chime/~np~tuning fork~/np~ ~np~[tuned percussion

instrument]~/np~ producing sound/note x2

~np~[also: x1 rings/tolls (i.e. if it rings, then it

is a bell); resonates (one sense, = jabdesku)]~/np~;

(cf. zgike, tonga, desku, slilu)

{jvsv jacfanxi'u}

falnu fan sail

x1 is a sail for gathering propelling material x2

on vehicle/motor x3

~np~waterwheel (= '''jacfanxi'u''')~/np~; (cf. bloti)

{jvsv jaupli}

djacu jac jau water 'aqua-'

x1 is made of/contains/is a quantity/expanse of water;

(adjective:) x1 is aqueous/~np~aquatic~/np~

~np~aquatic (= '''jaupli''')~/np~; (cf. lalxu, rirxe, xamsi,

limna, litki, lumci, bumru, jinto)

{jvsv jdabe'e}

lijda jda religion

x1 is a religion of believers including x2 sharing

common beliefs/practices/tenets including x3

~np~[also mythos, creed, traditional beliefs,

x2 people(s), adherents; (adjective:) x1, x2,

x3 are religious/ecclesiastic in nature; x2 is a

believer in/of x1, an adherent/follower of x1 (=

seljda for reordered places); x2 is a practitioner

of x3 (= selterjda for reordered places); x3 is a

tenet/belief/ritual/creed of x1/x2 (= terjda for

reordered places); priest/clerical (= jdaca'i,

jdaka'i, jdaja'a); organized church/religion

(= be'ejda); congregation (= jdabe'e, jdagri)]~/np~;

(cf. budjo, censa, cevni, crida, dadjo, jegvo,

krici, latna, malsi, marde, muslo, pruxi, ranmi,

ritli, xriso, zekri)

{jvsv jdaca'i}

lijda jda religion

x1 is a religion of believers including x2 sharing

common beliefs/practices/tenets including x3

~np~[also mythos, creed, traditional beliefs,

x2 people(s), adherents; (adjective:) x1, x2,

x3 are religious/ecclesiastic in nature; x2 is a

believer in/of x1, an adherent/follower of x1 (=

seljda for reordered places); x2 is a practitioner

of x3 (= selterjda for reordered places); x3 is a

tenet/belief/ritual/creed of x1/x2 (= terjda for

reordered places); priest/clerical (= jdaca'i,

jdaka'i, jdaja'a); organized church/religion

(= be'ejda); congregation (= jdabe'e, jdagri)]~/np~;

(cf. budjo, censa, cevni, crida, dadjo, jegvo,

krici, latna, malsi, marde, muslo, pruxi, ranmi,

ritli, xriso, zekri)

{jvsv jdagri}

lijda jda religion

x1 is a religion of believers including x2 sharing

common beliefs/practices/tenets including x3

~np~[also mythos, creed, traditional beliefs,

x2 people(s), adherents; (adjective:) x1, x2,

x3 are religious/ecclesiastic in nature; x2 is a

believer in/of x1, an adherent/follower of x1 (=

seljda for reordered places); x2 is a practitioner

of x3 (= selterjda for reordered places); x3 is a

tenet/belief/ritual/creed of x1/x2 (= terjda for

reordered places); priest/clerical (= jdaca'i,

jdaka'i, jdaja'a); organized church/religion

(= be'ejda); congregation (= jdabe'e, jdagri)]~/np~;

(cf. budjo, censa, cevni, crida, dadjo, jegvo,

krici, latna, malsi, marde, muslo, pruxi, ranmi,

ritli, xriso, zekri)

{jvsv jdaja'a}

lijda jda religion

x1 is a religion of believers including x2 sharing

common beliefs/practices/tenets including x3

~np~[also mythos, creed, traditional beliefs,

x2 people(s), adherents; (adjective:) x1, x2,

x3 are religious/ecclesiastic in nature; x2 is a

believer in/of x1, an adherent/follower of x1 (=

seljda for reordered places); x2 is a practitioner

of x3 (= selterjda for reordered places); x3 is a

tenet/belief/ritual/creed of x1/x2 (= terjda for

reordered places); priest/clerical (= jdaca'i,

jdaka'i, jdaja'a); organized church/religion

(= be'ejda); congregation (= jdabe'e, jdagri)]~/np~;

(cf. budjo, censa, cevni, crida, dadjo, jegvo,

krici, latna, malsi, marde, muslo, pruxi, ranmi