''malglico '' is Lojban for 'damned English', and is the concise way for Lojbanists to indicate they consider an expression or construction to be a poor carry-over from English, which is either erroneous (grammatically or semantically), or conveys inappropiate cultural bias.
* [[ User:tsali| tsali]] has an excellent [http:// arj. nvg.org/ lojban/ malglico.html iscussion of the concept, with examples] * [[jbocre: malglico examples|malglico examples]] that should get a jbopre thrown out of lojbanistan.
==== [[jbocre: malglico|malglico]] (The following is a static copy of [http://c2.com/cgi/wiki/wiki?MalGlico,] which see for updates.) ==== ''Meta-comment: I think such copying an exceedingly bad idea; a cross-reference should surely have been enough, and would have prevented drift between the two versions of the same text -- [[User:Nick Nicholas|nitcion]].'' [[jbocre: I only did it because they erased the category it was in...|I only did it because they erased the category it was in...]] ''The internal structure of the c2.com wiki is beside the point; the link to MalGlico still works...'' Malglico is a LojbanLanguage term, best translated as ****ing English, used to refer to uses of the LojbanLanguage which actually fit better with the EnglishLanguage and are obvious examples of AmericanCulturalAssumption. Malglico uses of the LojbanLanguage are not tolerated by its speakers, as LojbanLanguage is trying to be a CulturallyNeutralLanguage. Malglico uses of it prevent such CulturalNeutrality. ''I'm curious how much malglico is actually spotted by non-English-speakers? It wouldn't surprise me if it was just self-deprecation on the part of some particularly whiny Americans.'' A question - are there similar terms for Lojban misuse in the style of other natural languages like French, or Japanese? I agree with the sentiment that a so-called neutral language is somewhat hypocritical if it singles out a particular natural language as singularly bad. No instances have occurred, but when we get a more diverse population I'm sure they will. I find it unlikely that with (so far) an English speaking population with only one or two non-native EnglishLanguage speakers we'll see terms like ''malxurdo'' popping up, but it could happen later when native Urdu speakers learn lojban. * ''Actually, I would bet that by the time such words like ''malxurdo'' would begin to appear, ''malglico'' would evolve to a more general term: it currently means making faulty English in Lojban, and would probably evolve to mean making faulty Lojban, period. Then again, it's also possible to use ''malprenu'', or some-such, as well.'' * [[User:Nick Nicholas ick|nitcion ick]] used "charmingly maldotco" to describe [[Zamenhof|Zamenhof]]'s style in writing [[jbocre: Esperanto|Esperanto]]; of course, this is not a use ''within'' Lojban yet. * If it's charming, it's certainly not mabla. Maybe something like "charmingly dotydu'e" would be better. ''I guess I'm questioning the need to associate ''incorrect Lojban'' with a specific native language. What benefit is it to tag something as MalGlico versus <Lojban for incorrect grammar> ??'' '''genselsrera''' Bad grammar is a different thing entirely from trying to turn lojban into your native language. Since all of us speak English fluently (so far), MalGlico is the most common misuse. But people do misuse the grammar - but that happens in every language. In lojban, the grammar is so alien that malglico occurs, and it is worth remarking for one simple reason:
** As a newbie, I did not understand what malglico was, and it took a long time to figure it out. Here it is nicely explained for us.
** Bad grammar is common to every language. I know what bad grammar is. I did not know what malglico meant, we don't have it in English.
''I still do not see why it is deemed necessary to have the pejorative contain the native language name. Why not just call it ''natural grammar'' or something that does not appear to condemn the specific natural language? It smacks of a political agenda to do otherwise '' --PeteHardieA specifically English construction is malglico. A construction unique to Germanic languages has been dubbed malbrasmudotco. Natural Grammar would imply that these constructions are not unique to one language, but to all natural languages. This is patently false. If a malxurdo (see above) example and a malglico example of the same idea were seen side by side, they would look different, and we like to be specific. Yes, we do have a political agenda: Not showing any cultural bias. We have to point out the bias when it shows up before we can eliminate it entirely. And we have to say what it is. Maintaining a separate culture is a common challenge to language communities nowadays, and complete isolationism is a path many take. It's a pity Lojban couldn't go some other way, though. ''I guess I don't see the value of identifying the parent language of a misconstruction so specifically. It seems to veer too close to both an appearance of Lojban bias against specific mother tongues, and the syndrome of everything having a very specific name, but the remedy being the same - to restate the correct formation. '' --PeteHardie ---- Isn't it a little odd that an language that prides itself on being culturally neutral is the only one I'm aware of that has an apparently common curse word dealing with people who speak the language poorly? (See NorJbo.) EnglishLanguage has terms like "Spanglish" and "Engrish", and I've heard my high school Spanish teacher refer to malglico-like constructions in Spanish as "anglicisms", but neither of them translate into anything that has to be bleeped. In fact, the popularity of "malglico" seems to completely negate the cultural neutrality of the language. ''actually a deficiency of English that it has to be ****d. In Lojban it's not a swear word, but English is unable to express certain sentiments without cursing. '' '''The people who translate the word could describe the undesirability of "mal-" any number of ways. The fact that they invariably choose TheFword, or at least words you can't say in school, reflects an overly emphatic attitude. ''' ''Quite simply, English cannot espress perjoratives without swearing, except in specific cases which don't happen to include the name of the language. '' Bad, pathetic, stupid, horrible, hateful, unwanted. ''Sure, and I myself have used 'damned English' to translate ''malglico''. Cf. Esperanto -acx- '' And I think it's not good for the language, from a political standpoint, that it would make such a big fuss about anglicisms being "not tolerated by its speakers." Let's face it; if I'm someone who's at all nervous about learning a new language (which I'm not), or if I'm someone who's at all timid about experimenting with a new language around people who are fluent in it (which I totally am), why would I spend my time on a language where I perceive that I'll be cussed out if I make a mistake or fall back on features of my native language? It's probably quite an easy assumption to make, considering a lot of Lojban-related web pages I've visited in the last month have mentioned malglico in very visible places, almost always translating it with one curse word or another. And I'd like to compare this to my timidity in other languages. I learned Spanish in high school for four years, which means I'm totally not fluent in it. High school language classes are the kind of environment where you get grades not by expressing thoughts or by being understood, but by getting grammatical nit-picks correct, so by the time I've grammar-checked "�Cuando llega el autob�s?", the bus has already arrived and left without me because I've been flipping through my dictionary. JapaneseLanguage, with its myriad rules of etiquette, had originally scared me, until people assured me that with my big round blue eyes I'd be forgiven for many breaches of etiquette on the grounds that I'm a Western barbarian and Japanese is pridefully difficult. And I'm probably more confident and competent speaking in French thanks to FrenchInAction, though I've had bad experiences at a French chatters' club where there was this one lady there who seemed to think I was the only one who was not allowed to fall back on English when I didn't know the French. And a few days ago I started exercising my EsperantoLanguage on IRC, consulting my dictionary almost as constantly as I was apologizing for wild guesses I made about things I didn't want to look up, but the people there were very nice. Probably because Esperanto colture seems to be very laid-back and welcoming. While I've occasionally read about points of grammar English-speakers have trouble with, I get the impression that berating English-speakers low on the learning curve isn't a part of Esperanto culture.As for how native English-speakers treat people who speak EnglishAsaSecondLanguage, that's probably a rich enough topic for another web page. But suffice it to say, my AmericanCulturalAssumption is that when I go to some other country and speak one of these other languages, if I do make a mistake, there will be some kind of Ladka effect and women will think I'm cute. Except in Lojbanistan, where if I commit the crime of malglico, I will be put in the stocks, and be forced to sew a giant lowercase "m" on all my clothing, and women will spit on me as they walk past. (See the book "Me Talk Pretty One Day" by David Sedaris) --NickBensema (p.s. What's Lojban for "AllYourBaseAreBelongToUs"? )(''ro ledo jicmu du le se ponse be mi'a'' has been suggested. ) No, Nick, we don't get mad at poor lojban, I do just fine on the list and my lojban isn't the best. But MalGlico is frowned upon because it is the opposite of what lojban stands for. .i ti patfu mi means the same as .i ti du le mi patfu, but the most common form of MalGlico is saying the latter, which ''implies '' this is mathematically equal to my father. Quite simply, MalGlico typically encompasses a total disuse of the ''loj'' part of ''lojban''. If you need to check the gismu list and stick to simple bridi, fine. but if you ignore the grammar, a throwback to your NativeLanguage, then we will politely explain how to say it better if you're new at it , an otherwise you will be advised to get out a nice asbestos suit. ''And you know, friendliness to beginners is all well and good, but only works when you've got an established norm, and a community of fluent language speakers. In a language community as pathological (or if you prefer, non-prototypical) and fragile as Lojbanistan, this kind of vigilance does more good than harm. This is less of an issue in Esperanto, but still enough of one for Esperantists to warn against transference from other languages; there have been satires of Hungarisms in the early poems of such acknowledged Masters as Julio Baghy, for example. So the comparison of learning Lojban and learning Spanish is unfair, I'd say. '' ----
Could you please analyze