Relate SW to other currents in linguistic relativism
''The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis'' (SWH, in Lojban language '''lo se sruma be la sapir e la uorf''') is a hypothesis in linguistics, stating that there are notable differences in thought patterns of speakers of different languages, and that the way people's brains function is strongly affected by their native languages.
It's a very controversial theory, championed by linguist Edward Sapir and his student Benjamin Whorf.
First discussed by Sapir in 1929, the hypothesis became popular in the 1950s following posthumous publication of Whorf's writings on the subject. In 1955, Dr. [[JCB|James Cooke Brown]] created the [[Loglan]] language (which led to the offshoot Lojban) in order to test the hypothesis. After vigorous attack from followers of Noam Chomsky in the following decades, the hypothesis
is now only believed by linguists with a grain of salt; that thought processes are somewhat affected by language, but that differences aren't that notable.
Central to the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis is the idea of linguistic relativity: distinctions of meaning between related terms in a language are often arbitrary and particular to that language. Sapir and Whorf took this one step further by arguing that a person's whole world view is determined by the vocabulary and syntax available in his or her language.