lojban Mini-Lesson Exercises

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Mini-Lesson Exercises

In the following exercises, the numbers on the exercises refer to

the section number where the key point of the exercise was

explained.

1.   a.  Look at the example sentence in the diagram for Section 1.  What

part of speech are "John" and "Sam"?  What part of speech is used to

describe the relationship between them?

b.  In Lojban, what is the whole statement called?

2.   Where can you find the place structure for a ''gismu'' given?

3.   a.  What English letter corresponds to the sound of the Lojban

apostrophe?

b.  Which Lojban vowel is never stressed?

Which syllable in the following words is stressed?

c.  ''cmalu''

d.  ''brivla''

e.  ''bardymau''

f.  ''bardyma'i''

g.  ''mai''

4.   Translate the following into English:

a.  ''mi tavla do ti ma''

b.  ''do tavla mi ta tu''

c.  ''do tavla zo'e ma zo'e''

d.  ''do tavla ta zo'e ti''

e.  ''mi tavla zo'e zo'e zo'e''

f.  ''zo'e tavla zo'e mi zo'e''

g.  ''mi tavla ta do ti''

Translate the following into Lojban:

h.  Someone talks to me about you in some language.

i.  This person talks to that person about me in some language.

j.  Who is talking to you about me in this language?

k.  You talk to me about you in this language.

l.  Who is talking to whom about whom in what language?

5.   Rewrite the Lojban sentences given in section 4, as well as the ones

you wrote for section 4, ellipsizing as many "''zo'e''"s as you can

without changing the meaning of the sentences.  (Reminder: only

trailing "''zo'e''"s may be dropped in this way.)

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

f.

g.

h.

i.

j.

k.

l.

6.   a.  Rewrite the sentence  "''mi tavla da ti ma''"  in four different forms

by changing the position of the ''selbri''.

-

-

-

-

b.  According to the principles given in section 6, how many different

forms can the sentence  "''mi tavla do''"  have?  Do not count any

variations made by adding "''zo'e''"s to the end of the sentence.

c.  How many forms can  "''mi klama ta ti ma do''"  

have?  The ''selbri'' here is "''klama''".

7.   Show the "''se''" forms of the following <em

class="lojban">bridi</em>.

Examples:

''mi tavla do ti''           answer:   ''do se tavla mi ti''

''do klama ma ti zo'e''      answer:   ''ma se klama do ti zo'e''

a.  ''do tavla mi''

b.  ''ti tavla do ma''

c.  ''da klama ti ta zo'e mi''

d.  ''mi tavla mi''

e.  ''do catlu tu''

Show the "''te''" forms of the following ''bridi''.

Examples:

''mi klama ta ti''           answer:   ''ti te klama ta mi''

''do tavla mi ma zo'e''      answer:   ''ma te tavla mi do zo'e''

''do mi ma zo'e tavla''      answer:   ''ma mi do zo'e te tavla''

(Don't be frightened by this one.  The ''selbri'' is in a different

position, which does not affect the order of the ''sumti''.  The "''te''"

simply switches the first and third ''sumti''.

f.  ''do klama mi ta zo'e''

g.  ''ti ta tu zo'e tavla''

h.  ''mi tavla zo'e do ti''

i.  ''da klama tu zo'e zo'e''

j.  ''mi tu klama ta zo'e do''

8.   Give a translation of the following ''selbri''.

Examples:

''sutra cutci''      _s{SUB()}1{SUB}_ is a fast shoe

''cutra se tavla''   _s{SUB()}1{SUB}_ is a fast talked-to person/thing, talked to

by _s{SUB()}2{SUB}_ about subject

_s{SUB()}3{SUB}_ in language _s{SUB()}4{SUB}_

a.  ''cutci tavla''

b.  ''cutci te tavla''

c.  ''se tavla cutci''

d.  ''sutra cutci ve tavla''

Definition:  ''blanu''     _s{SUB()}1{SUB}_ is blue/is a blue thing.

e.  ''blanu cutci''

f.  ''sutra blanu''

g.  ''tavla blanu''

9.   Translate the following ''sumti''.

Examples:

''le cutci''         the shoe

''le ve tavla''      the language (someone talks in)

''le sutra tavla''   the fast shoe

a.  ''le te tavla''

b.  ''le se tavla''

c.  ''le sutra''

d.  ''le cutci tavla''

e.  ''le blanu te tavla''

f.  ''le sutra cutci''

10.  In which of the following can the "''cu''" be dropped without changing the

meaning:

a.  ''le sutra cutci cu tavla''

b.  ''mi cu sutra''

c.  ''mi do le cutci cu tavla''

d.  ''mi le cutci do cu tavla''

e.  ''mi do cu tavla le cutci''

11.  Translate the following common English names from Lojban to English.

a.  ''normen.''

b.  ''meris.''

c.  ''kar,l.''

d.  ''tcarlis.''

e.  ''ker,l.''

Transcribe these names into Lojban:

f.  Tom

g.  Ray

h.  Sylvia

i.  Marilyn

Which of the following are legal Lojban names?  Suggest a possible

change for each invalid name that would make it legal.

j.  ralf.

k.  alan.

l.  lora.

m.  mark.

n.  niks,n.

o.  konendoil.

Lojbanize the following names (these are more challenging)

p.  Carla

q.  Herblock

r.  Lana

s.  Billy

t.  D'Oyly Carte

u.  Poindexter

12.  Translate the following sentences:

a.  ''ko cutci''

b.  ''doi bab. ko kurji mi''

c.  ''ko se tavla mi''

d.  ''ko tavla ko le cutci la lojban.''

e.  ''ko kurji ti''

f.  ''mi ko do tavla''

g.  ''ko kurji mi''

h.  ''mi kurji ko''

i.  ''ko sutra kurji le cutci''

13.  (No exercises)

14.  Give the meanings of the following attitudinals:

a.  ''.iusai''

b.  ''.a'ocai''

c.  ''.uinai''

d.  ''.e'oru'e''

e.  ''.oicu'i''

f.  ''.a'o''

g.  ''.oi''

h.  ''.ua.oiru'e''

i.  ''.uinairu'e''

j.  ''.a'onaicai''

k.  ''.a'onai.uucai''

Translate the following sentences:

Examples:

''.e'o ko sutra''                   Please, be fast!

''.uasai mi cutci''                 Aha!  I'm a shoe!

''.a'o do mi tavla le cutci .iu''   (I hope) you are talking to me

about the shoe (I love the shoe!)

l.  ''.ui do tavla mi''

m.  ''.uacai le cutci cu tavla mi''

n.  ''ko .uu se tavla mi''

o.  ''.e'o ko sutra tavla mi le cutci''

p.  ''.e'ocai ko mi .uu kurji''

15.  Please answer in Lojban:

Examples:

''xu do tavla      mi tavla''

''xu do kanro      go'i''

''xu do cutci      mi na cutci''

a.  ''xu do tavla mi''

b.  ''do le cutci xu cu kurji''

c.  ''xu le cutci cu sutra''

d.  ''xu mi sutra''

e.  ''do mi tavla le sutra cutci xu''

f.  ''xu do tavla mi la lojban. la lojban.''

g.  ''xu zo'e zo'e do te tavla la lojban.''

[email protected] end your answers and comments. We do not have an answer key, unfortunately, but your answers and comments will assist in a forthcoming revision of this minilesson.