Difference between revisions of "ckafyzda Mythos"

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==  Proposed Definitions And Examples ==
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* The "''ckafybarja'' papers" (in English): [http://www.lojban.org/files/texts/cafe_papers.txt]
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*The ''ckafybarja'' stories (collection): [http://selpahi.weebly.com/jbo/liste-lo-ckafybarja-lisri-poi-jai-puarno]
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For the real "Kalevala" see: http://www.sacred-texts.com/neu/kveng/
===  Template ===
 
 
 
;'''WORD''' (SELMAHO):  KEY Tags a sumti as fitting the NTH place of BRIVLA.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the BRIVLA place of NTH and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is LONGDESC the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also:
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''si'u'' ===
 
 
 
;'''si'u''' (BAI):  Aided by.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 1st place of sidju.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 1st place of sidju and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is aided or assisted in some way by the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: se si'u, te si'u, sidju
 
 
 
** Keywords: aided by, assisted by.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''si'u'' Usage ===
 
 
 
''.aicu'i ga nu mi tavla di'o la .ai,ar,si. gi nu mi dansyslugu'a si'u la .ritcrd .simyns.''<br />
 
 
 
It's either talking on IRC or dancersizing assisted by Richard Simmons.<br />
 
 
 
<br />
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''mi bevri lo pipno si'u la .djan. joi la .frank.''<br />
 
 
 
I carry the piano, helped by John and Frank.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''se si'u'' ===
 
 
 
;'''se si'u''' (BAI*):  Assisting.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 2nd place of sidju.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 2nd place of sidju and then fills it with the tagged sumti. In other words, the event described by the bridi is involved in assisting or aiding (in doing or acheiving something) the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: si'u, te si'u, sidju
 
 
 
** Keywords: Assisting.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''se si'u'' Usage ===
 
 
 
''coi bancus mi pu za gunka tu'a la bais se si'u do''<br />
 
 
 
"Hey Bancus, in a bit I'll work on Bais to help you out."<br />
 
 
 
<br />%
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''mi bevri lo pipno se si'u la .djan.''<br />
 
 
 
I carry the piano to help John.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''te si'u'' ===
 
 
 
;'''te si'u''' (BAI*):  Assisting in.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 3rd place of sidju.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 3rd place of sidju and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with assisting in or with doing or achieving the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: si'u, se si'u, sidju
 
 
 
** Keywords: Assisting in, assisting with.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''te si'u'' Usage ===
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''mi bevri lo pipno te si'u lo nu la .djan. kakne lo nu rapyzu'e''
 
 
 
I carry the piano so John can practice.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''va'u'' ===
 
 
 
;'''va'u''' (BAI):  Benefiting from.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 1st place of xamgu.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 1st place of xamgu and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with an object or event which is good and is the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: xamgu, se va'u, te va'u.
 
 
 
** Keywords: Benefiting from.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''va'u'' Usage ===
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''mi jerna lo jdini va'u lo nu lo kagni pikta be mi cu zenba lo vamji''
 
 
 
I earn money with the beneficial event of my stocks going up.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''se va'u'' ===
 
 
 
;'''se va'u''' (BAI*):  With beneficiary.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 2nd place of xamgu.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 2nd place of xamgu and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is a beneficiary, someone or something that benefits from it, and that beneficiary is the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: xamgu, va'u, te va'u.
 
 
 
** Keywords: With beneficiary.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''se va'u'' Usage ===
 
 
 
''le mi patfu cu ca xusra le du'u ri joi le mi mamta cu te vecnu lo gerku se va'u le mi mensi''
 
 
 
My father says that he and my mother will buy a dog for my sister.
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''mi pu terve'u lo nanba se va'u do''
 
 
 
I bought the bread for your benefit.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''te va'u'' ===
 
 
 
;'''te va'u''' (BAI*):  Goodness standard.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 3rd place of xamgu.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 3rd place of xamgu and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is good or beneficial in some way according to a standard indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: xamgu, va'u, se va'u.
 
 
 
** Keywords:  Goodness standard.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''te va'u'' Usage ===
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''mi dunda lo nanba do te va'u lo si'o lo nu sidju cu vrude''
 
 
 
I gave you bread, which is a good thing because helping is virtuous.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''fi'e'' ===
 
 
 
;'''fi'e''' (BAI):  Created by.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 1st place of finti.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 1st place of finti and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with the creation of something, and that the creator is the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: finti, se fi'e, te fi'e, ve fi'e.
 
 
 
** Keywords: Created by.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''fi'e'' Usage ===
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''mi pilno lo karce be fi'e la .ford.''
 
 
 
I use a car invented by Ford.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''se fi'e'' ===
 
 
 
;'''se fi'e''' (BAI*):  Creating work.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 2nd place of finti.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 2nd place of finti and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with the creation of the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: finti, fi'e, te fi'e, ve fi'e.
 
 
 
** Keywords: Creating work.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''se fi'e'' Usage ===
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''le tixnu cu cmila se fi'e lo lisri''
 
 
 
"The daughter's laughter is associated with a made-up story."
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''te fi'e'' ===
 
 
 
;'''te fi'e''' (BAI*):  Created for purpose.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 3rd place of finti.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 3rd place of finti and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with some event of creation, for a purpose indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: finti, fi'e, se fi'e, ve fi'e.
 
 
 
** Keywords: Creation for purpose.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''te fi'e'' Usage ===
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''la djan zbasu lo lisri lo se viska te fi'e lo nu le tixnu cu cmila''
 
 
 
John makes a story out of what they see, so that his daughter laughs.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''ve fi'e'' ===
 
 
 
;'''ve fi'e''' (BAI*):  Created from.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 4th place of finti.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 4th place of finti and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with an act of creation using pre-existing ideas or elements indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: finti, fi'e, se fi'e, te fi'e.
 
 
 
** Keywords: Created from.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''ve fi'e'' Usage ===
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''mi ciska lo lisri be ve fi'e lo ranmi''
 
 
 
I write a story using mythological elements.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''ci'o'' ===
 
 
 
;'''ci'o''' (BAI):  Emotionally felt by.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 1st place of cinmo.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 1st place of cinmo and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with the emotions of the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: cinmo, se ci'o, te ci'o.
 
 
 
** Keywords:
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''ci'o'' Usage ===
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''ci'o ko'a mi pu tavla do''
 
 
 
He/She/It was emotionally affected by my talking to you.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''se ci'o'' ===
 
 
 
;'''se ci'o''' (BAI*):  Emoting.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 2nd place of cinmo.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 2nd place of cinmo and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with the emotion indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: cinmo, ci'o, te ci'o.
 
 
 
** Keywords: Emoting, Feeling.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''se ci'o'' Usage ===
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''la .alis. cadzu se ci'o lo ka gleki''
 
 
 
Alice is walking and there is a happy feeling.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''te ci'o'' ===
 
 
 
;'''te ci'o''' (BAI*):  Emoting about.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 3rd place of cinmo.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 3rd place of cinmo and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with some feelings or emotions about the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: cinmo, ci'o, se ci'o.
 
 
 
** Keywords: Emoting about.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''te ci'o'' Usage ===
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''la .bab. cusku te ci'o la .alis.''
 
 
 
Bob spoke, with feelings for Alice.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''ri'i'' ===
 
 
 
;'''ri'i''' (BAI):  Experienced by.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 1st place of lifri.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 1st place of lifri and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is experienced by the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: lifri, se ri'i
 
 
 
** Keywords: Experienced by.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''ri'i'' Usage ===
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''le trene cu mutce sutra ri'i do''
 
 
 
The train is very fast, as you experienced.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''se ri'i'' ===
 
 
 
;'''se ri'i''' (BAI*):  Experiencing.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 2nd place of lifri.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 2nd place of lifri and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with an experience indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: lifri, ri'i
 
 
 
** Keywords: Experiencing.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''se ri'i'' Usage ===
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''mi gleki plipe se ri'i la'e di'u''
 
 
 
I jumped for joy when that happened.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''ra'i'' ===
 
 
 
;'''ra'i''' (BAI):  From source.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 1st place of krasi.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 1st place of krasi and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is from the source or origin or starting point indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: krasi, se ra'i
 
 
 
** Keywords: From source.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''ra'i'' Usage ===
 
 
 
''doi xod ra'i ma do smadi''
 
 
 
"Xod, on what basis did you guess [[jbocre: that|that]]?"
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''mi finti lo lisri ra'i lo nu mi pensi lo ranmi''
 
 
 
I write a story, based on my thinking about myths.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''se ra'i'' ===
 
 
 
;'''se ra'i''' (BAI*):  As an origin of.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 2nd place of krasi.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 2nd place of krasi and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with an origin or starting point of the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: krasi, ra'i
 
 
 
** Keywords: Origin of.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''se ra'i'' Usage ===
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''mi vitke la .torontos. pe se ra'i la .maik.maiyrs.''
 
 
 
I visit Toronto, which Mike Myers is from.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''ka'a'' ===
 
 
 
;'''ka'a''' (BAI):  Gone to by.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 1st place of klama.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 1st place of klama and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with the going of the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: klama, se ka'a, te ka'a, ve ka'a, xe ka'a.
 
 
 
** Keywords: Gone to by.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''ka'a'' Usage ===
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''mi vitke lo dinju be ka'a le jibri jatna be mi''
 
 
 
"I visit the building associated with the going of my boss."
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''se ka'a'' ===
 
 
 
;'''se ka'a''' (BAI*):  With destination. Tags a sumti as fitting the 2nd place of klama.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 2nd place of klama and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with a destination of going indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: klama, ka'a, te ka'a, ve ka'a, xe ka'a.
 
 
 
** Keywords: With destination.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''se ka'a'' Usage ===
 
 
 
''mi cliva se ka'a le zdani be mi .i mi ba xruti''
 
 
 
I'm leaving to go to my house; I'll be back later.
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''mi cadzu se ka'a le zarci''
 
 
 
I walk to the store.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''te ka'a'' ===
 
 
 
;'''te ka'a''' (BAI*):  With origin.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 3rd place of klama.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 3rd place of klama and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with an origin of going indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: klama, ka'a, se ka'a, ve ka'a, xe ka'a.
 
 
 
** Keywords: With origin.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''te ka'a'' Usage ===
 
 
 
May Be Artificial:
 
 
 
''la frank. bajra se ka'a je te ka'a le zdani''
 
 
 
Frank runs to and from the house.
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''mi cadzu te ka'a le zarci''
 
 
 
I walk from the store.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''ve ka'a'' ===
 
 
 
;'''ve ka'a''' (BAI*):  Via route.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 4th place of klama.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 4th place of klama and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with a route of going indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: klama, ka'a, se ka'a, te ka'a, xe ka'a.
 
 
 
** Keywords: Via route.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''ve ka'a'' Usage ===
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''mi cadzu ve ka'a le re moi dargu''
 
 
 
I walk via second street.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''xe ka'a'' ===
 
 
 
;'''xe ka'a''' (BAI*):  By transportation mode.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 5th place of klama.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 5th place of klama and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with a transportation mode or method indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: klama, ka'a, se ka'a, te ka'a, ve ka'a.
 
 
 
** Keywords: By transportation mode.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''xe ka'a'' Usage ===
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''mi vitke la .kalifornias. xe ka'a lo trene''
 
 
 
I visit California on a train.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''pu'a'' ===
 
 
 
;'''pu'a''' (BAI):  Pleased by.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 1st place of pluka.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 1st place of pluka and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with someone's being pleased by the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: pluka, se pu'a, te pu'a.
 
 
 
** Keywords: Pleased by.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''pu'a'' Usage ===
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''mi joi la .djen. casnu pu'a le nu ri cisma''
 
 
 
Jen and I discussed, and her smile was pleasant.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''se pu'a'' ===
 
 
 
;'''se pu'a''' (BAI*):  Pleasant to.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 2nd place of pluka.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 2nd place of pluka and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with something that is pleasant to or pleases the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: pluka, pu'a, te pu'a.
 
 
 
** Keywords: Pleasant to, In order to please.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''se pu'a'' Usage ===
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''do tavla mi se pu'a mi''
 
 
 
You talk to me; I find something (presumably said talking) pleasant.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''te pu'a'' ===
 
 
 
;'''te pu'a''' (BAI*):  Pleasing conditions.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 3rd place of pluka.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 3rd place of pluka and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with something being pleasant under condictions indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: pluka, pu'a, se pu'a.
 
 
 
** Keywords: Pleasing conditions, conditions for pleasantness.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''te pu'a'' Usage ===
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''do sazri le karce .ui sai te pu'a lo nu mi bilma''
 
 
 
You operate the car [[jbocre: Happiness!|Happiness!]] which is pleasant when I'm sick.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''be'i'' ===
 
 
 
;'''be'i''' (BAI):  Sent by.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 1st place of benji.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 1st place of benji and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with an act of sending or transferring initiated by the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: benji, se be'i, te be'i, ve be'i, xe be'i.
 
 
 
** Keywords: Sent by.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''be'i'' Usage ===
 
 
 
''ko cusku zo coi la noras be'i mi''
 
 
 
Say "hello" to Nora from me.
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''mi nelci le se dunda be be'i la .kim.''
 
 
 
I like the present Kim sent.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''se be'i'' ===
 
 
 
;'''se be'i''' (BAI*):  Sending.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 2nd place of benji.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 2nd place of benji and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with the transmission or sending of the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: benji, be'i, te be'i, ve be'i, xe be'i.
 
 
 
** Keywords: Sending, transmitting.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''se be'i'' Usage ===
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''la djan ckire le bruna se be'i lo xatra''
 
 
 
John thanks his brother with a sent letter.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''te be'i'' ===
 
 
 
;'''te be'i''' (BAI*):  Sent to.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 3rd place of benji.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 3rd place of benji and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with the transmission or sending of something to the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: benji, be'i, se be'i, ve be'i, xe be'i.
 
 
 
** Keywords: Sent to.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''te be'i'' Usage ===
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''ti tanxe te be'i le bruna''
 
 
 
This is a box sent-to the brother.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''ve be'i'' ===
 
 
 
;'''ve be'i''' (BAI*):  Transmission origin.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 4th place of benji.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 4th place of benji and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with the transmission or sending of something from the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: benji, be'i, se be'i, te be'i, xe be'i.
 
 
 
** Keywords: Transmission origin, Transmit origin.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''ve be'i'' Usage ===
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''la djan ckire le bruna ve be'i la paris''
 
 
 
John thanks his borther with-sent-from Paris.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''xe be'i'' ===
 
 
 
;'''xe be'i''' (BAI*):  Transmitted via.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 5th place of benji.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 5th place of benji and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with the transmission or sending of something using as a means or medium the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: benji, be'i, se be'i, te be'i, ve be'i.
 
 
 
** Keywords: Transmitted via.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''xe be'i'' Usage ===
 
 
 
''ma se cusku la lojbab. xe be'i la jboskes.''
 
 
 
What did Lojbab say on jboske?
 
 
 
(jboske is a e-mail list)
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''mi joi la .djan. casnu xe be'i lo skami''
 
 
 
John and I talk with transmission medium computer(s).
 
 
 
(this would more commonly be ve cu'u)
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''pi'o'' ===
 
 
 
;'''pi'o''' (BAI):  Used by.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 1st place of pilno.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 1st place of pilno and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with something being used by the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: pilno, se pi'o, te pi'o.
 
 
 
** Keywords: Used by.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''pi'o'' Usage ===
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''mi klama fu le karce be pi'o la .deivid.''
 
 
 
I go by means of the car used by David.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''se pi'o'' ===
 
 
 
;'''se pi'o''' (BAI*):  Using tool.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 2nd place of pilno.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 2nd place of pilno and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with the use of the tool indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: pilno, pi'o, te pi'o.
 
 
 
** Keywords: Using tool.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''se pi'o'' Usage ===
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''mi cusku se pi'o lo skami''
 
 
 
I express using a computer.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''te pi'o'' ===
 
 
 
;'''te pi'o''' (BAI*):  Usage for purpose.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 3rd place of pilno.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 3rd place of pilno and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with the use of a tool for a purpose indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: pilno, pi'o, se pi'o.
 
 
 
** Keywords: Usage for purpose.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''te pi'o'' Usage ===
 
 
 
''mi na djuno rau datni tepi'o le nu smadi''
 
 
 
I don't have enough information to guess.
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''mi ka'argau fi lo mudri te pi'o lo nu finti lo larcu dacti''
 
 
 
I cut wood (using a tool unspecified) for the purpose of creating an object of art.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''gau'' ===
 
 
 
;'''gau''' (BAI):  With active agent.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 1st place of gasnu.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 1st place of gasnu and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is performed by the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also:
 
 
 
** Keywords: gasnu, se gau.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''gau'' Usage ===
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''lo mlatu cu tarmi le mudri gau mi''
 
 
 
I caused the wood to be shaped like a cat.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''se gau'' ===
 
 
 
;'''se gau''' (BAI*):  With agentive result.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 2nd place of gasnu.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 2nd place of gasnu and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with an agent's action resulting in the event indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: gasnu, gau.
 
 
 
** Keywords: With agentive result, with agent in doing.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''se gau'' Usage ===
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''mi pilno lo dakfu se gau lo nu mi ka'argau fi le degji be fi mi''
 
 
 
I use a knife, with the result that I cut my finger.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''zu'e'' ===
 
 
 
;'''zu'e''' (BAI):  With actor.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 1st place of zukte.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 1st place of zukte and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is goalfully enacted by the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: zukte, se zu'e, te zu'e.
 
 
 
** Keywords: With actor.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''zu'e'' Usage ===
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''lo mlatu cu tarmi le mudri zu'e mi''
 
 
 
I caused, with some goal in mind, the wood to be shaped like a cat.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''se zu'e'' ===
 
 
 
;'''se zu'e''' (BAI*):  Goalfully acting by doing.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 2nd place of zukte.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 2nd place of zukte and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with some entity goalfulling enacting the actions indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: zukte, zu'e, te zu'e.
 
 
 
** Keywords: Goalfully acting by doing, Goalfully acting at.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''se zu'e'' Usage ===
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''lo tricu cu farlu se zu'e lo nu katna''
 
 
 
A tree fell, there having been cutting.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
 
 
===  Proposed Definition of ''te zu'e'' ===
 
 
 
;'''te zu'e''' (BAI*):  With goal.  Tags a sumti as fitting the 3rd place of zukte.  Augments the bridi in which it occurs, adding an extra, un-numbered place with the meaning of the 3rd place of zukte and then fills it with the tagged sumti.  In other words, the event described by the bridi is associated with some entity pursuing the goal indicated by the referent of the tagged sumti.  See also: zukte, zu'e, se zu'e.
 
 
 
** Keywords: With goal.
 
 
 
===  Examples of ''te zu'e'' Usage ===
 
 
 
''ca ku mi cliva te zu'e le nu cpacu lo cidjrpitsa''
 
 
 
Now, I leave to get a pizza.
 
 
 
Artificial:
 
 
 
''mi katna te zu'e lu no lo tricu cu farlu''
 
 
 
I cut to make the tree fall.
 
 
 
{BOX}
 
 
 
==  Notes ==
 
 
 
* Some of the examples suck.
 
 
 
* I marked artificial examples after the fact; I may be wrong.
 
 
 
==  Impact ==
 
 
 
==  Poll ==
 
 
 
{POLL(pollId=>19)}{POLL}
 

Latest revision as of 10:51, 1 June 2020

  • The "ckafybarja papers" (in English): [1]
  • The ckafybarja stories (collection): [2]

For the real "Kalevala" see: http://www.sacred-texts.com/neu/kveng/