Difference between revisions of "basic English Word List"

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<noinclude>
 
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== Basic English Word List ==
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==== Please update this to include senses for every gloss where it may not be clear. ====
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PLEASE DO NOT INCLUDE METAPHOR OR OUTDATED COLLOQUIAL USAGE
 +
 
 +
* account - (as in bank) janta
 +
* account - (explanation) ve ciksi
 +
 
 +
* account - (judgement) se pajni
 +
* against - fapro, fa'a, (English def. is too loose, word is built into many gismu)
 +
 
 +
* almost - na'e (?), na'e ru'e, na ru'e, jibni
 +
* among - jbini
 +
 
 +
* amount - ni, klani
 +
* and - .e, je, ge, gi'e, jo'u, joi, fa'u, ce, jo'e
 +
 
 +
* any -
 +
* as - sometimes &amp;quot;du'i&amp;quot;
 +
 
 +
* at - zvati, bu'u
 +
* between - jbini (amidst), bi'i (connective)
 +
 
 +
* boy - nanla
 +
* branch - (literal) jimca
 +
 
 +
* by - finti, lamji, zo'a
 +
* chain - linsi
 +
 
 +
* change - galfi, stika, cenba
 +
* cheap - tolkargu
 +
 
 +
* cheese - cirla
 +
* chemical - xukmi
 +
 
 +
* chest - cutne
 +
* chief - ralju
 +
 
 +
* chin - (related to xedja)
 +
* church - (building) xriso malsi
 +
 
 +
* church - (community) xriso cecmu
 +
* circle - cuktai
 +
 
 +
* clean - (v: is clean) jinsa
 +
* clean - (n: to clean) lumci
 +
 
 +
* clear - klina
 +
* clock - junla
 +
 
 +
* cloth - bukpu
 +
* cloud - dilnu
 +
 
 +
* coal - kolme
 +
* coat - kosta
 +
 
 +
* cold - lenku (is cold)
 +
* collar - karli
 +
 
 +
* colour - skari
 +
* comb - komcu
 +
 
 +
* come - klama
 +
* comfort - kufra
 +
 
 +
* committee - kamni
 +
* common - fadni, kampu
 +
 
 +
* company - (corporation) kagni
 +
* company - (having people over) kansa
 +
 
 +
* comparison - nu karbi
 +
* competition - te jivna
 +
 
 +
* complete - mulno
 +
* complex - pluja
 +
 
 +
* condition - (a place in many gismu; be morse specific)
 +
* connection - terjo'e/te jorne
 +
 
 +
* conscious - cikna
 +
* control - jitro
 +
 
 +
* cook - jukpa
 +
* copper - tunka
 +
 
 +
* copy - fukpi
 +
* cord - skori
 +
 
 +
* cork - korka
 +
* cotton - mapni
 +
 
 +
* cough - kafke
 +
* country - (nation) gugde
 +
 
 +
* country - (countryside) nurma
 +
* cover - gacri
 +
 
 +
* cow - (bovine) bakni
 +
* cow - (female) fetsi
 +
 
 +
* crack - fenra
 +
* credit - dejni
 +
 
 +
* crime - zekri
 +
* cruel - kusra
 +
 
 +
* crush - marxa, zalvi
 +
* cry - klaku
 +
 
 +
* cup - kabri (for liquid); (???? -> hold closely and gently)
 +
* current - cabna
 +
 
 +
* curtain - murta
 +
* curve - kruvi
 +
 
 +
* cushion - kicne
 +
* damage - xrani (the result);xairgau (the action)
 +
 
 +
* danger - ckape
 +
* dark - manku
 +
 
 +
* daughter - tixnu
 +
* day - (24 hours) djedi
 +
 
 +
* day - (daytime) donri
 +
* dead - morsi
 +
 
 +
* dear - dirba
 +
* death - nu morsi
 +
 
 +
* debt - se dejni
 +
* decision - se jdice
 +
 
 +
* deep - condi
 +
* degree - gradu;julra'o;kelvo,jacke'o;
 +
 
 +
* delicate - ralci
 +
* dependent - lacri
 +
 
 +
* design - platu (verb); se platu (noun)
 +
* desire - djica
 +
 
 +
* destruction - nu daspo
 +
* detail - tcila
 +
 
 +
* development - farvi
 +
* different - frica
 +
 
 +
* digestion - canti
 +
* direction - farna
 +
 
 +
* dirty - toljinsa
 +
* discovery - te facki
 +
 
 +
* discussion - nu casnu
 +
* disease - te bilma
 +
 
 +
* disgust - se rigni
 +
* distance - ni darno (how far); ni jibni (how close)
 +
 
 +
* distribution - nu fatri
 +
* division - nu fendi
 +
 
 +
* do - gasnu (agentive); zukte (volitive goal-oriented)
 +
* dog - gerku
 +
 
 +
* door - vrogai
 +
* doubt - senpi (plus any NU for various senses)
 +
 
 +
* down - cnita
 +
* drain - te rinci (noun); ve rinci (force); rincygau (verb)
 +
 
 +
* drawer - dacru
 +
* dress - skaci
 +
 
 +
* drink - pinxe (verb); se pinxe (noun); xalka (alcohol); sodva (soda pop)
 +
* driving - ma'ersazri (to operate a vehicle); se marce (to be transported by vehicle); klama fu lo karce (going by car)
 +
 
 +
* drop - falcru; dirgo
 +
* dry - sudga
 +
 
 +
* dust - pulce
 +
* ear - kerlo
 +
 
 +
* early - clira; (experimental) xa'o
 +
* earth - terdi; dertu
 +
 
 +
* east - stuna
 +
* edge - korbi
 +
 
 +
* education - ctuca (teach); cilre (learn); tadni (study); ve ckule (being taught at a school)
 +
* effect - se rinka (the result of something happening)
 +
 
 +
* egg - sovda
 +
* elastic - pruni
 +
 
 +
* electric - dikca
 +
* end - fanmo
 +
 
 +
* engine - ve marce (thing propelling a vehicle)
 +
* enough - banzu; rau
 +
 
 +
* equal - dunli (see also mintu, panra)
 +
* error - srera
 +
 
 +
* even - lanxe (balanced); za'umai (futher more); do'anai (implying an extreme example)
 +
* event - fasnu; nu
 +
 
 +
* ever - Undefinable. Perhaps pujeca, pujeca'o, or similar.
 +
* every - ro (also 'each')
 +
 
 +
* example - mupli; mu'a 'for example'
 +
* exchange - canja
 +
 
 +
* existence - nu zasti
 +
* expansion - prenja (with NU)
 +
 
 +
* experience - lifri (verb); se lifri (noun)
 +
* expert - certu
 +
 
 +
* eye - kanla
 +
* face - flira
 +
 
 +
* fact - fatci
 +
* fall - farlu
 +
 
 +
* false - jitfa
 +
* family - lanzu
 +
 
 +
* far - darno; vu
 +
* farm - cange
 +
 
 +
* fat - plana
 +
* father - patfu
 +
 
 +
* fear - terpa
 +
* feather - pimlu
 +
 
 +
* feeble - ruble
 +
* feeling - nuncni; se ganse
 +
 
 +
* female - fetsi
 +
* fertile - ferti
 +
 
 +
* fiction - cfika
 +
* field - foldi
 +
 
 +
* fight -  damba
 +
* finger - degji
 +
 
 +
* fire - fagri; cecla
 +
* first - pamoi
 +
 
 +
* fish - finpe; fipkalte in agentive sense
 +
* fixed - nalmu'u 'unmoving' ;te lasna (something static which is attached to); pu cikre;pu lasna (in 'attached' sense); pu frati (in sense 'dealt with')
 +
 
 +
* flag - lanci; ??? in sense 'make specifically visible'
 +
* flame - fagri
 +
 
 +
* flat - pinta; plita; ??? in sense 'compact urban dwelling'
 +
* flight - nu vofli
 +
 
 +
* floor - loldi; lolgai in sense 'covering of bottom layer'; le darxi ku falgau (in sense 'strike down'; one might also be floored like {le nu desku ku falri'a})
 +
* flower - xrula; nu xrula, in event sense
 +
 
 +
* fly - vofli; sfani (insect sense)
 +
* fold - polje in causative sense; cinje, te polje in 'physical feature' sense
 +
 
 +
* food - cidja
 +
* foolish - bebna
 +
 
 +
* foot - jamfu; jmagutci in 'unit' sense
 +
* for - nothing. 'for X' might be te zu'e, fi'o tergu'a, fi'o tergunta; mukti; 'for x reason' = ki'u; &amp;quot;for each X, there is a Y which broda's X&amp;quot; -- use zo'u prenexes and da, de, di
 +
 
 +
* force - bapli 'compel'; danre, lafti, polje, se randa, te tinsa, ve rinci, se ranti, mosra, marxa, lanxe, jicla,  katna, se jdari, se fapro, desku, se torni for various kinds of forces being yielded to, resisted, ignored.
 +
* fork - forca; jimca in 'tree branch' sense; jimca pe'a in 'branch in path' sense;
 +
 
 +
* form - tarmi; binxo in sense 'create formation'; various places: binxo, se binxo, se banro, te marji - use a specific gismu eg boxfo, bolci, bliku if you want to say X is eg. of spherical form.; ??? in sense 'bureaucratic paperwork'
 +
* forward - ca'u (tense); crane
 +
 
 +
* fowl - cipni (bird); datka (duck); gunse (goose); jipci (chicken); xruki (turkey)
 +
* frame - greku (most general sense); selca'o 'window frame'; korbi dacti ('picture frame'); kinslexra/temslexra 'animation/film frame')
 +
 
 +
* free - zifre
 +
* frequent - cafne; cf. di'i
 +
 
 +
* friend - pendo
 +
* from - ra'i (origin); to'o (apart)
 +
 
 +
* front - crane
 +
* fruit - grute
 +
 
 +
* full - culno
 +
* future - ba, balvi
 +
 
 +
* garden - purdi
 +
* general - kampu
 +
 
 +
* get - cpacu (get); te dunda (receive)
 +
* girl - nixli; ninmu in some (inaccurate) English usage
 +
 
 +
* give - dunda
 +
* glass - blaci
 +
 
 +
* glove - gluta
 +
* go - klama, cliva ('leave')
 +
 
 +
* goat - kanba
 +
* gold - solji (metal); pelxu (colour)
 +
 
 +
* good - xamgu; vrude; se vecnu (a saleable good), se pleji, se janta, se cteki, se jdima; kanro, gleki, fadni &amp;quot;i'm good&amp;quot;
 +
* government - turni
 +
 
 +
* grain - gurni (general); tengu ('wood grain' /appearance/feel sense). se nanba, rarely
 +
* grass - srasu; xukmi in a colloquial sense
 +
 
 +
* great - banli, traji; mutce xamgu
 +
* green - crino
 +
 
 +
* grey - grusi
 +
* grip - jgari; jimpe 'get a grip on'
 +
 
 +
* group - girzu; ganzu fi lo girzu ('group together'/ put into a group)
 +
* growth - nu banro; banro in the sense of 'plant growth'
 +
 
 +
* guide - gidva
 +
* gun - cecla
 +
 
 +
* hair - kerfa
 +
* hammer - mruli; jusxai in sense 'severely damage'
 +
 
 +
* hand - xance
 +
* hanging - dandu 'hang'
 +
 
 +
* happy - gleki
 +
* harbour - marbi
 +
 
 +
* hard - jdari ('firm'); fu'inai (emotion); nandu (difficult)
 +
* harmony - sarxe (agreement)
 +
 
 +
* hat - mapku
 +
* hate - xebni
 +
 
 +
* have - ponse (own); bevri (to have on one's person); pu (past tense conjugation)
 +
* he - N/A (ko'a?)
 +
 
 +
* head - stedu
 +
* healthy - kanro
 +
 
 +
* hear - tirna
 +
* hearing - snaga'e
 +
 
 +
* heart - risna (organ); cnise'i (metaphorical 'emotional self')
 +
* heat - glare ('is hot'); glanejni ('heat'); glebre ('in heat' (sexual sense]
 +
 
 +
* help - sidju
 +
* high - galtu (elevation)
 +
 
 +
* history - citri
 +
* hole - kevna ('cave'/'cavity'); greke'a (passageway)
 +
 
 +
* hollow - nonvau ! nonce !
 +
* hook - genxu (shape)
 +
 
 +
* hope - a'o (emote); pacna (verb); se pacna (noun)
 +
* horn - jirna (body part); tabra (brass instrument); vruca'a (noise-maker)
 +
 
 +
* horse - xirma
 +
* hospital - spita
 +
 
 +
* hour - cacra
 +
* house - zdadi'u (building)
 +
 
 +
* how - ta'i (method); xokau (how many); sai (intensifier); mo (how are you?)
 +
* humour - zo'o (emotive); xajmi (amusing)
 +
 
 +
* I - mi
 +
* ice - bisli
 +
 
 +
* idea - sidbo; si'o
 +
* if - ni'igi (logical implication), ri'agi (non-agentive cause), mu'igi (motivation), ki'ugi (justification)
 +
 
 +
* ill - bilma
 +
* important - vajni
 +
 
 +
* impulse - djica suksa (sudden desire), muvdu bo temci je junta galfi (change in momentum)
 +
** We probably want a fu'ivla for change in momentum, as it's jargon.
 +
 
 +
* in - ne'i; nenri
 +
* increase - zengau, ba'orgau (agentive sense); nu zenba SUMTI, nu banro SUMTI (as in 'an increase in ..' or 'a growth of ..')
 +
 
 +
* industry - gundi
 +
* ink - xinmo
 +
 
 +
* insect - cinki
 +
* instrument - tutci; various (damri, flani, janbe, jgita, pipno, tabra, xagri) in 'musical' sense, possibly also {se damri}.
 +
 
 +
* insurance - binra
 +
* interest - a'u (emote); cinri
 +
 
 +
* invention - se finti
 +
* iron - tirse (metal); xulbuktci (clothing tool)
 +
 
 +
* island - daplu
 +
* jelly - jduli (consistency); rutpesxu (fruit spread)
 +
 
 +
* jewel - jemna (polished stone); jmeja'i (for adornment)
 +
* join - jorne
 +
 
 +
* journey - nu litru (journeying), nu farvi (spiritual or figurative journey)
 +
* judge - (person) pajni
 +
 
 +
* judge - (judgement) nu pajni
 +
* jump - plipe
 +
 
 +
* keep - ralte (possesion); ra'irgau (maintain condition); badydi'u (building)
 +
* kettle - patxu ('pot'); jacpatxu ! nonce ! (kettle)
 +
 
 +
* key - ckiku
 +
* kick - tikpa
 +
 
 +
* kind - xendo
 +
* kiss - cinba
 +
 
 +
* knee - cidni; cidni darxi (agentive sense, strike with one's knee)
 +
* knife - dakfu; dakfu gunta (agentive sense, to attack using a knife)
 +
 
 +
* knot - jgena
 +
* knowledge - se djuno
 +
 
 +
* land - tumla (parcel); ??? (what happens after flight/falling)
 +
* language - bangu
 +
 
 +
* last - fanmo (end); renvi (endure)
 +
* late - lerci (not on time)
 +
 
 +
* laugh - cmila
 +
* law - flalu
 +
 
 +
* lead - cnisa (metal); xlura (influence); gidva (guide); lidne (precede)
 +
* leaf - pezli
 +
 
 +
* learning - cilre
 +
* leather - bakskapi
 +
 
 +
* left - zunle (direction); stali (remain)
 +
* leg - tuple
 +
 
 +
* let - curmi (allow)
 +
* letter - xatra (missive); se mrilu (parcel); lerfu (character)
 +
 
 +
* level - pinta (horizontal/flat); klani (degree/amount)
 +
* library - ckusro
 +
 
 +
* lift - lafti; lafmuvgau (to lift)
 +
* light - gusni
 +
 
 +
* like - nelci (enjoy); simsa (similar)
 +
* limit - (v) jimte
 +
 
 +
* line - linji (maths); depypoi (queue)
 +
* linen - matli
 +
 
 +
* lip - ctebi
 +
* liquid - litki
 +
 
 +
* list - liste (physical list only)
 +
* little - cmalu
 +
 
 +
* living - jmive
 +
* lock - stela
 +
 
 +
* long - clani
 +
* look - catlu (examine); zgana (observe); viska (see)
 +
 
 +
* loose - kluza
 +
* loss - u'anai (emote); cirko (lose)
 +
 
 +
* loud - cladu
 +
* love - prami
 +
 
 +
* low - dizlo
 +
* machine - minji
 +
 
 +
* make - zbasu (build); finti (invent)
 +
* male - nakni
 +
 
 +
* man - nanmu
 +
* manager - jitro
 +
 
 +
* map - cartu
 +
* mark - barna (spot); ??? (verb)
 +
 
 +
* market - zarci
 +
* married - speni
 +
 
 +
* mass - gunma (aggregate); junta (weight); grake (gram)
 +
* match - mapti (compatibility); sacki (fire)
 +
 
 +
* material - marji
 +
* may - cumki (permission)
 +
 
 +
* meal - sanmi
 +
* measure - merli (to evaluate); platu (strategy/plan)
 +
 
 +
* meat - rectu
 +
* medical - mikce ('doctor'); ve mikce ('treatment')
 +
 
 +
* meeting - penmi (to meet at a place); jmaji (a group collecting at a location)
 +
* memory - morji
 +
 
 +
* metal - jinme
 +
* middle - midju
 +
 
 +
* military - bilni
 +
* milk - ladru
 +
 
 +
* mind - menli (thought); patpei (contrary opinion); jundi (attention)
 +
* mine - pe/po (possession); ponse (possession); te kunra (ore)
 +
 
 +
* minute - mentu
 +
* mist - dilnu (cloud); bumru (fog/vapor); bumgau (verb)
 +
 
 +
* mixed - jicla (stir); pluja (complex);
 +
* money - jdini
 +
 
 +
* monkey - smani
 +
* month - masti
 +
 
 +
* moon - lunra
 +
* morning - cerni
 +
 
 +
* mother - mamta
 +
* motion - some sense of 'muvdu'
 +
 
 +
* mountain - cmana
 +
* mouth - moklu
 +
 
 +
* move - muvdu (to displace); kelka'u (game); muvgau (agentive)
 +
* much - mutce
 +
 
 +
* muscle - sluji
 +
* music - zgike ('music'); selsa'a (something sung)
 +
 
 +
* nail - dinko (tool); degycalku (finger/toe)
 +
* name - cmene
 +
 
 +
* narrow - jarki
 +
* nation - natmi
 +
 
 +
* natural - rarna
 +
* near - jibni
 +
 
 +
* necessary - sarcu
 +
* neck - cnebo
 +
 
 +
* need - nitcu
 +
* needle - jesni
 +
 
 +
* nerve - nirna
 +
* net - julne (lit.)
 +
 
 +
* new - cnino (unfamiliar)
 +
* news - nuzba
 +
 
 +
* night - nicte
 +
* no - na go'i (disagree); je'enai
 +
 
 +
* noise - savru (clamor); te tirna (sound interference)
 +
* normal - cnano (average)
 +
 
 +
* north - berti
 +
* nose - nazbi
 +
 
 +
* not - na; na'e
 +
* note - notci (short letter); jundi (to notice); zgana (to observe)
 +
 
 +
* now - cabna; ca
 +
* number - namcu (quantity); lerfu (symbol)
 +
 
 +
* nut - narge
 +
* observation - se zgana
 +
 
 +
* of - pe
 +
* off - ganlo (switch)
 +
 
 +
* offer - friti
 +
* office - briju
 +
 
 +
* oil - ctile (petrol); grasu (grease); matne (butter)
 +
* old - tolci'o; laldo ! experimental !
 +
 
 +
* on - kalri (switch); cpana (upon)
 +
* only - steci; po'o (uniquely)
 +
 
 +
* open - kalri (state); kargau (action)
 +
* operation - sazri (to use/manipulate); micka'agau (surgery)
 +
 
 +
* opinion - se jinvi
 +
* opposite - dukti (contrary); to'e (grammar word)
 +
 
 +
* or - .a (OR), .onai (XOR)
 +
 
 +
* orange - narju (colour); najnimre (citrus)
 +
 
 +
* order - cticpe (a meal); minde (issue a command); tervencpe (request a product/service); cnici (arranged)
 +
* organization - ganzu (to organise); bende (group)
 +
 
 +
* ornament - jadni
 +
* other - drata
 +
 
 +
* out - bartu (exterior)
 +
* oven - toknu
 +
 
 +
* over - gapru (above); ga'u (tense); mu'o (radio)
 +
* owner - ponse
 +
 
 +
* page - papri (book); klacpe (summon)
 +
* pain - cortu
 +
 
 +
* paint - cinta (pigment); cintypu'i (agentive); pirlarfi'i (art)
 +
* paper - pelji
 +
 
 +
* parallel - panra
 +
* parcel - se mrilu
 +
 
 +
* part - pagbu (portion); sepli (separate)
 +
* past - purci
 +
 
 +
* paste - pesxu (texture/material); fukpu'i (computer)
 +
* payment - se pleji
 +
 
 +
* peace - panpi
 +
* pen - penbi
 +
 
 +
* pencil - pinsi
 +
* person - prenu
 +
 
 +
* physical - ro'o (emote); xadni (corporeal)
 +
* picture - pixra
 +
 
 +
* pig - xarju
 +
* pin - pijne (fastener); jongau (to attach)
 +
 
 +
* pipe - flevau (flow); tubnu ('tube')
 +
* place - stuzi (location); punji (put/place/set)
 +
 
 +
* plane - plita (2D form); vinji (aircraft)
 +
* plant - spati (noun); sombo (verb)
 +
 
 +
* plate - palta
 +
* play - kelci
 +
 
 +
* please - pe'u (vocative); pluka (pleasure)
 +
* pleasure - pluka
 +
 
 +
* plough - sombo (verb)
 +
* pocket - daski (pouch)
 +
 
 +
* point - farsni (non-agentive); mokca (vertex); degja'o (finger)
 +
* poison - vindu (noun)
 +
 
 +
* polish - spali (surface)
 +
* political - plajva (policy)
 +
 
 +
* poor - pindi (impoverished)
 +
* porter - bevri (carry)
 +
 
 +
* position - munje judri (physical position)
 +
* possible - cumki
 +
 
 +
* pot - patxu
 +
* potato - patlu
 +
 
 +
* powder - purmo
 +
* power - te tenfa (maths); nejni (energy)
 +
 
 +
* present - se dunda (gift); cabna (now)
 +
* price - jdima
 +
 
 +
* print - prina (noun)
 +
* prison - te pinfu
 +
 
 +
* private - sivni
 +
* probable - lakne
 +
 
 +
* process - pruce (non-agentive)
 +
* produce - cupra (production); stagi (vegetable)
 +
 
 +
* profit - prali (noun)
 +
* property - se ckaji
 +
 
 +
* prose - prosa
 +
* protest - pante
 +
 
 +
* public - gubni
 +
* pull - lacpu
 +
 
 +
* pump - pambe
 +
* punishment - ve sfasa
 +
 
 +
* purpose - te zukte
 +
* push - catke
 +
 
 +
* put - punji (place/set)
 +
* quality - se ckaji (trait)
 +
 
 +
* question - (n) preti, se danfu
 +
* question - (v) senpi ('i question the truth of that')
 +
 
 +
* question - cf what, where, when, why; cf pau, xu, ma, mo, ji, je'i, ge'i, gi'i, gu'i, cu'e, xo, fi'a, pei, kau, ki'a, go'i
 +
* quick - sutra
 +
 
 +
* quiet - smaji
 +
* quite - see 'very'
 +
 
 +
* rail - garna (support)
 +
* rain - carvi
 +
 
 +
* range - kuspe (extend)
 +
* rat - ratcu
 +
 
 +
* rate - parbi 'rate of X relative to Y'
 +
* ray - xadba linji (geometry), gusni linji (ray of light)
 +
 
 +
* reaction - selfra
 +
* reading - ca'o tcidu
 +
 
 +
* ready - bredi
 +
* reason - nibli (logical implication), rinka (non-agentive cause), mukti (motivation), krinu (justification)
 +
 
 +
* receipt - nu vecnu kei vreji
 +
* record - vreji
 +
 
 +
* red - xunre
 +
* regret - xenru (to regret), selxe'u (a regret)
 +
 
 +
* regular - dikni (cyclic), fadni (normal)
 +
* relation - terki'i
 +
 
 +
* religion - lijda
 +
* representative - krati
 +
 
 +
* request - e'o (emote); cpedu (petitions)
 +
* respect - io (emote); sinma (venerate)
 +
 
 +
* responsible - fuzme (accountable)
 +
* rest - surla (at east); selyli'a (remainder)
 +
 
 +
* reward - cnemu (verb); ve cnemu (noun)
 +
* rhythm - rilti (music)
 +
 
 +
* rice - rismi
 +
* right - pritu (direction); dragau (agentive 'correct'); krali (entitlement) !experimental!
 +
 
 +
* ring - djine (shape); degja'i (jewellery); ??? (sound)
 +
* river - rirxe
 +
 
 +
* road - dargu
 +
* rod - grana (shape)
 +
 
 +
* roll - cmananba (food); gurgau (dice); gunro (trundle)
 +
* roof - drudi
 +
 
 +
* room - kumfa
 +
* root - se tenfa (maths); genja (plants)
 +
 
 +
* rough - rufsu (texture)
 +
* round - cukla (2D); ??? ('round 1.34 to 1.3'); ??? ('round the edges of a block of wood');
 +
 
 +
??? ('as she rounds the corner,...' -- ie movement path )
 +
 
 +
* rub - satre (verb);
 +
* rule - javni
 +
 
 +
* run - bajra
 +
* sad - badri
 +
 
 +
* safe - snura (secure)
 +
* sail - falnu (noun); fankla (verb)
 +
 
 +
* salt - silna (noun)
 +
* same - mintu
 +
 
 +
* sand - canre
 +
* say - cusku (express);
 +
 
 +
* scale - ckilu (measurement); ??? (climb to top of..); ??? (lizard/fish)
 +
* school - ckule
 +
 
 +
* science - saske
 +
* scissors - relselba'e
 +
 
 +
* screw - klupe (tool)
 +
* sea - xamsi
 +
 
 +
* seat - stizu (chair); tsestu (generic 'sitting place')
 +
* second - snidu (time); remoi (order)
 +
 
 +
* secret - mipri
 +
* secretary - ci'arse'u
 +
 
 +
* see - viska
 +
* seed - tsiju
 +
 
 +
* seem - simlu
 +
* selection - se cuxna (choose)
 +
 
 +
* self - sevzi
 +
* send - benji
 +
 
 +
* sense - ganse
 +
* separate - seirgau (verb)
 +
 
 +
* serious - junri
 +
* servant - selfu
 +
 
 +
* sex - gletu; ??? (agentive 'determine the sex of' sense)
 +
* shade - ctino (shadow), selti'o (a shade), nu ctino kei gasnu (to shade something, agentive)
 +
 
 +
* shake - desku
 +
* shame - o'anai (emote); xenru (regret)
 +
 
 +
* sharp - kinli (cutting)
 +
* sheep - lanme
 +
 
 +
* shelf - kajna
 +
* ship - bloti
 +
 
 +
* shirt - creka
 +
* shock - jenca (stun); ??? (electrocuted)
 +
 
 +
* shoe - cutci
 +
* short - tordu
 +
 
 +
* shut - ganlo (state); ga'orgau (verb)
 +
* side - mlana (direction); mlapau (face)
 +
 
 +
* sign - sinxa
 +
* silk - silka
 +
 
 +
* silver - rijno (metal)
 +
* simple - sampu
 +
 
 +
* sister - mensi
 +
* size - cisni !experimental!; te merli
 +
 
 +
* skin - skapi
 +
* skirt - skaci (garment); mlakla (sidestep)
 +
 
 +
* sky - tsani
 +
* sleep - sipna
 +
 
 +
* slip - sakli
 +
* slope - salpo
 +
 
 +
* slow - masno
 +
* small - cmalu
 +
 
 +
* smash - marxa
 +
* smell - sumne (verb); se sumne (noun)
 +
 
 +
* smile - cisma
 +
* smoke - danmo (noun); damva'u (a cigarette)
 +
 
 +
* smooth - xutla (texture)
 +
* snake - since
 +
 
 +
* sneeze - senci
 +
* snow - snime
 +
 
 +
* so - mutce (very); ge'e (sentence beginning)
 +
* soap - zbabu
 +
 
 +
* society - cecmu (community); kluce'u (sharing culture)
 +
* sock - smoka (garment)
 +
 
 +
* soft - ranti
 +
* solid - sligu (state)
 +
 
 +
* some - su'o (number)
 +
* son - bersa (pref. verba). nanla more rarely
 +
 
 +
* song - se sanga
 +
* sort - ganzu; cf. porsi
 +
 
 +
* sound - sance
 +
* soup - stasu
 +
 
 +
* south - snanu
 +
* space - canlu (area); kensa (outer-space)
 +
 
 +
* spade - canpa
 +
* special - rirci (uncommon); steci (particular)
 +
 
 +
* sponge - panje
 +
* spoon - smuci
 +
 
 +
* spring - vensa (season); ??? (suddenly leap); ??? (coil)
 +
* square - kurtenfa (maths); kurfa (shape); ??? (business space)
 +
 
 +
* stage - tsina (platform)
 +
* stamp - prina (impression/image)
 +
 
 +
* star - tarci
 +
* start - cfari
 +
 
 +
* statement - midvla (comp.sci.); selsku (expression)
 +
* station - tcana
 +
 
 +
* steam - gapci
 +
* steel - gasta
 +
 
 +
* stem - stani (plant)
 +
* step - stapa (foot); serti (stairs)
 +
 
 +
* stick - snipa (adhere); grana (shape)
 +
* sticky - snipa
 +
 
 +
* stiff - tinsa (rigid)
 +
* still - za'o (continuing for too long), bifcau (without wind), na muvdu (not moving)
 +
 
 +
* stitch - velfe'o (fabric), sluji cortu stuzi (cramp)
 +
* stocking - smoka ??
 +
 
 +
* stomach - djaruntyrango (organ); betfu (abdomen)
 +
* stone - rokci
 +
 
 +
* stop - sisti
 +
* store - sorcu (deposit); zarci (market)
 +
 
 +
* story - lisri (tale); dijysenta (building)
 +
* straight - sirji (line)
 +
 
 +
* strange - cizra
 +
* street - klaji
 +
 
 +
* stretch - tcena
 +
* strong - tsali
 +
 
 +
* structure - stura (arrangement)
 +
* substance - xukmi (drug)
 +
 
 +
* such -
 +
* sudden - suksa
 +
 
 +
* sugar - sakta
 +
* suggestion - selti'i
 +
 
 +
* summer - crisa
 +
* sun - solri
 +
 
 +
* support - sarji
 +
* surprise - spaji (a surprise), spaji gasnu (to surprise)
 +
 
 +
* sweet - titla
 +
* swim - limna
 +
 
 +
* system - ciste
 +
* table - jubme
 +
 
 +
* tail - rebla
 +
* take - lebna
 +
 
 +
* talk - tavla (chat), bacru (utter)
 +
* tall - rajycla
 +
 
 +
* taste - vrusi (a food taste), nelci selji'i (an art taste), vrusi mupcpa (to taste/sample something)
 +
* tax - cteki
 +
 
 +
* teaching - ca'o ctuca
 +
* tendency - dikni lakne
 +
 
 +
* test - cipra (a test), cipra gasnu (to test something)
 +
* than - [[jbocre: no translation|no translation]]
 +
 
 +
* that - ta (that which the speaker is pointing at), go'a (that which has been expressed in the conversation), zo'e (something said purely for grammatical purposes)
 +
* the - le
 +
 
 +
* then - gi (separation of logically connected things), ba (later in time), ce'o (forming a sequence)
 +
* theory - velcki
 +
 
 +
* there - ta (pointed-at place)
 +
* thick - rotsu (opposite of thin), menli xarnu (dumb)
 +
 
 +
* thin - cinla (opposite of thick), to'e viknu (opposite of viscous)
 +
* thing - dacti (object), zo'e (something)
 +
 
 +
* this - ti (held/pointed-at thing)
 +
* thought - pensi sidbo (idea/concept), pu pensi (past think)
 +
 
 +
* thread - cilta
 +
* throat - galxe
 +
 
 +
* through - mulno [[jbocre: sort of|sort of]]
 +
* thumb - tamji
 +
 
 +
* thunder - lidysna
 +
* ticket - pikta
 +
 
 +
* tight - tagji (close fitting); trati (taut). {lo tagji} actually makes sense as a xelfanva for 'tights'
 +
* till - rupydacru?; plixa; (till, not 'til)
 +
 
 +
* time - temci (period of time); tcika (point in time); see 'day','night'
 +
* tin - tinci
 +
 
 +
* tired - tatpi
 +
* to - n/a mostly; sometimes bi'o seems to be meant, often &amp;quot;fa'a&amp;quot;
 +
 
 +
* toe - tamji
 +
* together - .a or JOI (almost any JOI; joi itself is most typical.) in
 +
 
 +
* some senses, kansa ; i'i
 +
* tomorrow - bavlamdei
 +
 
 +
* tongue - tance
 +
* tooth - denci
 +
 
 +
* top - drudi; se cpana (additional implications vs drudi); creka ('put on a top') -
 +
* touch - pensu; ganse for 'sense of touch'?; re'o (locational sense);&amp;quot;pencu&amp;quot;, kuspe *for 'spans X to Y, touching Z';
 +
 
 +
* town - tcadu
 +
* trade - canja; jibri; basti;
 +
 
 +
* train - trene (vehicular sense); jonpoi (physically-joined-objects sense);crezenzu'e, rapcreze'a
 +
* transport -  xe klama /xelkla, xe ka'a;se tcana?, &amp;quot;marce&amp;quot;, &amp;quot;bevri&amp;quot;
 +
 
 +
* tray - palne
 +
* tree - tricu
 +
 
 +
* trick - tcica, ticygau;
 +
* trouble - raktu
 +
 
 +
* trousers - palku
 +
* true - jetnu
 +
 
 +
* turn - carna, kruvi
 +
* twist - torni; sometimes carna
 +
 
 +
* umbrella - santa (u'i)
 +
* under - cnita; ni'a?
 +
 
 +
* unit - gradu
 +
* up - ga'u; sort of galtu
 +
 
 +
* use - pilno
 +
* value - vamji; ve vecnu, se jdima; steci
 +
 
 +
* verse - pemci; ??? (in sense delimited subset of text)
 +
* very - mutce; in some contexts traji might be meant; carmi.
 +
 
 +
* vessel - vasru; bloti; kabri; blutu'u
 +
* view - jvinu; se viska
 +
 
 +
* violent - ka vlile
 +
* voice - voksa
 +
 
 +
* waiting - nu denpa/denpa; nu djabeipre (IOW waiting on people; waiter.)
 +
* walk - cadzu
 +
 
 +
* wall - bitmu
 +
* war - jamna
 +
 
 +
* warm - mligla or glare, depending on level of exaggeration.
 +
* wash - lumci; flecu in sense 'wash of water/backwash'
 +
 
 +
* waste - festi, xaksu, vikmi
 +
* watch - zgana, catlu; mencti; junla; ??? (in sense 'a watch/patrol'; some kind of zgaku'i. bilzgaku'i?)
 +
 
 +
* water - djacu (a quantity of water), djacu je spati dunda (to water some plants)
 +
* wave - boxna
 +
 
 +
* wax - lakse
 +
* way - pluta/ve pluta (route), tadji (method)
 +
 
 +
* weather - tcima
 +
* week - jeftu (a week's duration), co'i jeftu (&amp;quot;the week&amp;quot;)
 +
 
 +
* weight - junta (not tilju, but it may be relevant.)
 +
* well - xamgu (good), jinto (water source), kanro (healthy), ke'u nai (continuing the discussion, &amp;quot;Well then, let's discuss the software package.&amp;quot;)
 +
 
 +
* west - vu'a (&amp;quot;west of...&amp;quot;), stici (the west (not meaning America/Europe]
 +
* wet - cilmo
 +
 
 +
* wheel - xislu
 +
* when - ca ma
 +
 
 +
* where - bu'u ma (physical location), vi ma (near-to physical location)
 +
* while - ca (at the same time as), ca'o (some time during)
 +
 
 +
* whistle - siclu (to make a whistling noise), se siclu (a whistling noise), se siclu tutci (a whistle)
 +
* white - blabi
 +
 
 +
* who - ma, ma kau (&amp;quot;I know who killed Johnny&amp;quot;)
 +
* why - ki'u ma (what is the justification), mu'i ma (what is the motivation), ri'a ma (what is the physical/non-agentive cause), ni'i ma (why is that true), se ja'e ma (what effected it) [[jbocre: also each with &amp;quot;kau&amp;quot; appended, as in &amp;quot;I know WHY it is&amp;quot;]]
 +
 
 +
* wide - ganra
 +
* will - ba (future tense), te zukte (the will to do something), morsi ke minde notci (legal will)
 +
 
 +
* wind - brife
 +
* window - canko
 +
 
 +
* wine - vanju
 +
* wing - nalci
 +
 
 +
* winter - dunra
 +
* wire - cilta (thin), skori (thick/braided)
 +
 
 +
* wise - prije
 +
* with - se pi'o (using), tugni (agree)
 +
 
 +
* woman - makcu ninmu
 +
* wood - mudri
 +
 
 +
* wool - sunla
 +
* word - valsi
 +
 
 +
* work - gunka (to labor), briju (location), te jerna (paid work), jibri (job), se finti (creation), tolpo'u (functioning), jai rinka (to be effective)
 +
* worm - curnu (invertebrate), lumbrinki (earthworm)
 +
 
 +
* wound - cagna (EXPERIMENTAL)/pilka je se cortu (a wound), xrani (to wound)
 +
* writing - ca'o ciska (to be writing), selci'a (a writing)
 +
 
 +
* wrong - jitfa (false), toldrani (not right), te venfu (immoral)
 +
* whip - bikla (sudden motion), bikla xarci (weapon)
 +
 
 +
* year - nanca
 +
* yellow - pelxu
 +
 
 +
* yes - go'i/ja'a
 +
* yesterday - prulamdei
 +
 
 +
* you - do (you, the listener), do'o (you, the listener, and others)
 +
* young - citno

Revision as of 16:43, 4 November 2013

Basic English Word List

Please update this to include senses for every gloss where it may not be clear.

PLEASE DO NOT INCLUDE METAPHOR OR OUTDATED COLLOQUIAL USAGE

  • account - (as in bank) janta
  • account - (explanation) ve ciksi
  • account - (judgement) se pajni
  • against - fapro, fa'a, (English def. is too loose, word is built into many gismu)
  • almost - na'e (?), na'e ru'e, na ru'e, jibni
  • among - jbini
  • amount - ni, klani
  • and - .e, je, ge, gi'e, jo'u, joi, fa'u, ce, jo'e
  • any -
  • as - sometimes &quot;du'i&quot;
  • at - zvati, bu'u
  • between - jbini (amidst), bi'i (connective)
  • boy - nanla
  • branch - (literal) jimca
  • by - finti, lamji, zo'a
  • chain - linsi
  • change - galfi, stika, cenba
  • cheap - tolkargu
  • cheese - cirla
  • chemical - xukmi
  • chest - cutne
  • chief - ralju
  • chin - (related to xedja)
  • church - (building) xriso malsi
  • church - (community) xriso cecmu
  • circle - cuktai
  • clean - (v: is clean) jinsa
  • clean - (n: to clean) lumci
  • clear - klina
  • clock - junla
  • cloth - bukpu
  • cloud - dilnu
  • coal - kolme
  • coat - kosta
  • cold - lenku (is cold)
  • collar - karli
  • colour - skari
  • comb - komcu
  • come - klama
  • comfort - kufra
  • committee - kamni
  • common - fadni, kampu
  • company - (corporation) kagni
  • company - (having people over) kansa
  • comparison - nu karbi
  • competition - te jivna
  • complete - mulno
  • complex - pluja
  • condition - (a place in many gismu; be morse specific)
  • connection - terjo'e/te jorne
  • conscious - cikna
  • control - jitro
  • cook - jukpa
  • copper - tunka
  • copy - fukpi
  • cord - skori
  • cork - korka
  • cotton - mapni
  • cough - kafke
  • country - (nation) gugde
  • country - (countryside) nurma
  • cover - gacri
  • cow - (bovine) bakni
  • cow - (female) fetsi
  • crack - fenra
  • credit - dejni
  • crime - zekri
  • cruel - kusra
  • crush - marxa, zalvi
  • cry - klaku
  • cup - kabri (for liquid); (???? -> hold closely and gently)
  • current - cabna
  • curtain - murta
  • curve - kruvi
  • cushion - kicne
  • damage - xrani (the result);xairgau (the action)
  • danger - ckape
  • dark - manku
  • daughter - tixnu
  • day - (24 hours) djedi
  • day - (daytime) donri
  • dead - morsi
  • dear - dirba
  • death - nu morsi
  • debt - se dejni
  • decision - se jdice
  • deep - condi
  • degree - gradu;julra'o;kelvo,jacke'o;
  • delicate - ralci
  • dependent - lacri
  • design - platu (verb); se platu (noun)
  • desire - djica
  • destruction - nu daspo
  • detail - tcila
  • development - farvi
  • different - frica
  • digestion - canti
  • direction - farna
  • dirty - toljinsa
  • discovery - te facki
  • discussion - nu casnu
  • disease - te bilma
  • disgust - se rigni
  • distance - ni darno (how far); ni jibni (how close)
  • distribution - nu fatri
  • division - nu fendi
  • do - gasnu (agentive); zukte (volitive goal-oriented)
  • dog - gerku
  • door - vrogai
  • doubt - senpi (plus any NU for various senses)
  • down - cnita
  • drain - te rinci (noun); ve rinci (force); rincygau (verb)
  • drawer - dacru
  • dress - skaci
  • drink - pinxe (verb); se pinxe (noun); xalka (alcohol); sodva (soda pop)
  • driving - ma'ersazri (to operate a vehicle); se marce (to be transported by vehicle); klama fu lo karce (going by car)
  • drop - falcru; dirgo
  • dry - sudga
  • dust - pulce
  • ear - kerlo
  • early - clira; (experimental) xa'o
  • earth - terdi; dertu
  • east - stuna
  • edge - korbi
  • education - ctuca (teach); cilre (learn); tadni (study); ve ckule (being taught at a school)
  • effect - se rinka (the result of something happening)
  • egg - sovda
  • elastic - pruni
  • electric - dikca
  • end - fanmo
  • engine - ve marce (thing propelling a vehicle)
  • enough - banzu; rau
  • equal - dunli (see also mintu, panra)
  • error - srera
  • even - lanxe (balanced); za'umai (futher more); do'anai (implying an extreme example)
  • event - fasnu; nu
  • ever - Undefinable. Perhaps pujeca, pujeca'o, or similar.
  • every - ro (also 'each')
  • example - mupli; mu'a 'for example'
  • exchange - canja
  • existence - nu zasti
  • expansion - prenja (with NU)
  • experience - lifri (verb); se lifri (noun)
  • expert - certu
  • eye - kanla
  • face - flira
  • fact - fatci
  • fall - farlu
  • false - jitfa
  • family - lanzu
  • far - darno; vu
  • farm - cange
  • fat - plana
  • father - patfu
  • fear - terpa
  • feather - pimlu
  • feeble - ruble
  • feeling - nuncni; se ganse
  • female - fetsi
  • fertile - ferti
  • fiction - cfika
  • field - foldi
  • fight - damba
  • finger - degji
  • fire - fagri; cecla
  • first - pamoi
  • fish - finpe; fipkalte in agentive sense
  • fixed - nalmu'u 'unmoving' ;te lasna (something static which is attached to); pu cikre;pu lasna (in 'attached' sense); pu frati (in sense 'dealt with')
  • flag - lanci; ??? in sense 'make specifically visible'
  • flame - fagri
  • flat - pinta; plita; ??? in sense 'compact urban dwelling'
  • flight - nu vofli
  • floor - loldi; lolgai in sense 'covering of bottom layer'; le darxi ku falgau (in sense 'strike down'; one might also be floored like {le nu desku ku falri'a})
  • flower - xrula; nu xrula, in event sense
  • fly - vofli; sfani (insect sense)
  • fold - polje in causative sense; cinje, te polje in 'physical feature' sense
  • food - cidja
  • foolish - bebna
  • foot - jamfu; jmagutci in 'unit' sense
  • for - nothing. 'for X' might be te zu'e, fi'o tergu'a, fi'o tergunta; mukti; 'for x reason' = ki'u; &quot;for each X, there is a Y which broda's X&quot; -- use zo'u prenexes and da, de, di
  • force - bapli 'compel'; danre, lafti, polje, se randa, te tinsa, ve rinci, se ranti, mosra, marxa, lanxe, jicla, katna, se jdari, se fapro, desku, se torni for various kinds of forces being yielded to, resisted, ignored.
  • fork - forca; jimca in 'tree branch' sense; jimca pe'a in 'branch in path' sense;
  • form - tarmi; binxo in sense 'create formation'; various places: binxo, se binxo, se banro, te marji - use a specific gismu eg boxfo, bolci, bliku if you want to say X is eg. of spherical form.; ??? in sense 'bureaucratic paperwork'
  • forward - ca'u (tense); crane
  • fowl - cipni (bird); datka (duck); gunse (goose); jipci (chicken); xruki (turkey)
  • frame - greku (most general sense); selca'o 'window frame'; korbi dacti ('picture frame'); kinslexra/temslexra 'animation/film frame')
  • free - zifre
  • frequent - cafne; cf. di'i
  • friend - pendo
  • from - ra'i (origin); to'o (apart)
  • front - crane
  • fruit - grute
  • full - culno
  • future - ba, balvi
  • garden - purdi
  • general - kampu
  • get - cpacu (get); te dunda (receive)
  • girl - nixli; ninmu in some (inaccurate) English usage
  • give - dunda
  • glass - blaci
  • glove - gluta
  • go - klama, cliva ('leave')
  • goat - kanba
  • gold - solji (metal); pelxu (colour)
  • good - xamgu; vrude; se vecnu (a saleable good), se pleji, se janta, se cteki, se jdima; kanro, gleki, fadni &quot;i'm good&quot;
  • government - turni
  • grain - gurni (general); tengu ('wood grain' /appearance/feel sense). se nanba, rarely
  • grass - srasu; xukmi in a colloquial sense
  • great - banli, traji; mutce xamgu
  • green - crino
  • grey - grusi
  • grip - jgari; jimpe 'get a grip on'
  • group - girzu; ganzu fi lo girzu ('group together'/ put into a group)
  • growth - nu banro; banro in the sense of 'plant growth'
  • guide - gidva
  • gun - cecla
  • hair - kerfa
  • hammer - mruli; jusxai in sense 'severely damage'
  • hand - xance
  • hanging - dandu 'hang'
  • happy - gleki
  • harbour - marbi
  • hard - jdari ('firm'); fu'inai (emotion); nandu (difficult)
  • harmony - sarxe (agreement)
  • hat - mapku
  • hate - xebni
  • have - ponse (own); bevri (to have on one's person); pu (past tense conjugation)
  • he - N/A (ko'a?)
  • head - stedu
  • healthy - kanro
  • hear - tirna
  • hearing - snaga'e
  • heart - risna (organ); cnise'i (metaphorical 'emotional self')
  • heat - glare ('is hot'); glanejni ('heat'); glebre ('in heat' (sexual sense]
  • help - sidju
  • high - galtu (elevation)
  • history - citri
  • hole - kevna ('cave'/'cavity'); greke'a (passageway)
  • hollow - nonvau ! nonce !
  • hook - genxu (shape)
  • hope - a'o (emote); pacna (verb); se pacna (noun)
  • horn - jirna (body part); tabra (brass instrument); vruca'a (noise-maker)
  • horse - xirma
  • hospital - spita
  • hour - cacra
  • house - zdadi'u (building)
  • how - ta'i (method); xokau (how many); sai (intensifier); mo (how are you?)
  • humour - zo'o (emotive); xajmi (amusing)
  • I - mi
  • ice - bisli
  • idea - sidbo; si'o
  • if - ni'igi (logical implication), ri'agi (non-agentive cause), mu'igi (motivation), ki'ugi (justification)
  • ill - bilma
  • important - vajni
  • impulse - djica suksa (sudden desire), muvdu bo temci je junta galfi (change in momentum)
    • We probably want a fu'ivla for change in momentum, as it's jargon.
  • in - ne'i; nenri
  • increase - zengau, ba'orgau (agentive sense); nu zenba SUMTI, nu banro SUMTI (as in 'an increase in ..' or 'a growth of ..')
  • industry - gundi
  • ink - xinmo
  • insect - cinki
  • instrument - tutci; various (damri, flani, janbe, jgita, pipno, tabra, xagri) in 'musical' sense, possibly also {se damri}.
  • insurance - binra
  • interest - a'u (emote); cinri
  • invention - se finti
  • iron - tirse (metal); xulbuktci (clothing tool)
  • island - daplu
  • jelly - jduli (consistency); rutpesxu (fruit spread)
  • jewel - jemna (polished stone); jmeja'i (for adornment)
  • join - jorne
  • journey - nu litru (journeying), nu farvi (spiritual or figurative journey)
  • judge - (person) pajni
  • judge - (judgement) nu pajni
  • jump - plipe
  • keep - ralte (possesion); ra'irgau (maintain condition); badydi'u (building)
  • kettle - patxu ('pot'); jacpatxu ! nonce ! (kettle)
  • key - ckiku
  • kick - tikpa
  • kind - xendo
  • kiss - cinba
  • knee - cidni; cidni darxi (agentive sense, strike with one's knee)
  • knife - dakfu; dakfu gunta (agentive sense, to attack using a knife)
  • knot - jgena
  • knowledge - se djuno
  • land - tumla (parcel); ??? (what happens after flight/falling)
  • language - bangu
  • last - fanmo (end); renvi (endure)
  • late - lerci (not on time)
  • laugh - cmila
  • law - flalu
  • lead - cnisa (metal); xlura (influence); gidva (guide); lidne (precede)
  • leaf - pezli
  • learning - cilre
  • leather - bakskapi
  • left - zunle (direction); stali (remain)
  • leg - tuple
  • let - curmi (allow)
  • letter - xatra (missive); se mrilu (parcel); lerfu (character)
  • level - pinta (horizontal/flat); klani (degree/amount)
  • library - ckusro
  • lift - lafti; lafmuvgau (to lift)
  • light - gusni
  • like - nelci (enjoy); simsa (similar)
  • limit - (v) jimte
  • line - linji (maths); depypoi (queue)
  • linen - matli
  • lip - ctebi
  • liquid - litki
  • list - liste (physical list only)
  • little - cmalu
  • living - jmive
  • lock - stela
  • long - clani
  • look - catlu (examine); zgana (observe); viska (see)
  • loose - kluza
  • loss - u'anai (emote); cirko (lose)
  • loud - cladu
  • love - prami
  • low - dizlo
  • machine - minji
  • make - zbasu (build); finti (invent)
  • male - nakni
  • man - nanmu
  • manager - jitro
  • map - cartu
  • mark - barna (spot); ??? (verb)
  • market - zarci
  • married - speni
  • mass - gunma (aggregate); junta (weight); grake (gram)
  • match - mapti (compatibility); sacki (fire)
  • material - marji
  • may - cumki (permission)
  • meal - sanmi
  • measure - merli (to evaluate); platu (strategy/plan)
  • meat - rectu
  • medical - mikce ('doctor'); ve mikce ('treatment')
  • meeting - penmi (to meet at a place); jmaji (a group collecting at a location)
  • memory - morji
  • metal - jinme
  • middle - midju
  • military - bilni
  • milk - ladru
  • mind - menli (thought); patpei (contrary opinion); jundi (attention)
  • mine - pe/po (possession); ponse (possession); te kunra (ore)
  • minute - mentu
  • mist - dilnu (cloud); bumru (fog/vapor); bumgau (verb)
  • mixed - jicla (stir); pluja (complex);
  • money - jdini
  • monkey - smani
  • month - masti
  • moon - lunra
  • morning - cerni
  • mother - mamta
  • motion - some sense of 'muvdu'
  • mountain - cmana
  • mouth - moklu
  • move - muvdu (to displace); kelka'u (game); muvgau (agentive)
  • much - mutce
  • muscle - sluji
  • music - zgike ('music'); selsa'a (something sung)
  • nail - dinko (tool); degycalku (finger/toe)
  • name - cmene
  • narrow - jarki
  • nation - natmi
  • natural - rarna
  • near - jibni
  • necessary - sarcu
  • neck - cnebo
  • need - nitcu
  • needle - jesni
  • nerve - nirna
  • net - julne (lit.)
  • new - cnino (unfamiliar)
  • news - nuzba
  • night - nicte
  • no - na go'i (disagree); je'enai
  • noise - savru (clamor); te tirna (sound interference)
  • normal - cnano (average)
  • north - berti
  • nose - nazbi
  • not - na; na'e
  • note - notci (short letter); jundi (to notice); zgana (to observe)
  • now - cabna; ca
  • number - namcu (quantity); lerfu (symbol)
  • nut - narge
  • observation - se zgana
  • of - pe
  • off - ganlo (switch)
  • offer - friti
  • office - briju
  • oil - ctile (petrol); grasu (grease); matne (butter)
  • old - tolci'o; laldo ! experimental !
  • on - kalri (switch); cpana (upon)
  • only - steci; po'o (uniquely)
  • open - kalri (state); kargau (action)
  • operation - sazri (to use/manipulate); micka'agau (surgery)
  • opinion - se jinvi
  • opposite - dukti (contrary); to'e (grammar word)
  • or - .a (OR), .onai (XOR)
  • orange - narju (colour); najnimre (citrus)
  • order - cticpe (a meal); minde (issue a command); tervencpe (request a product/service); cnici (arranged)
  • organization - ganzu (to organise); bende (group)
  • ornament - jadni
  • other - drata
  • out - bartu (exterior)
  • oven - toknu
  • over - gapru (above); ga'u (tense); mu'o (radio)
  • owner - ponse
  • page - papri (book); klacpe (summon)
  • pain - cortu
  • paint - cinta (pigment); cintypu'i (agentive); pirlarfi'i (art)
  • paper - pelji
  • parallel - panra
  • parcel - se mrilu
  • part - pagbu (portion); sepli (separate)
  • past - purci
  • paste - pesxu (texture/material); fukpu'i (computer)
  • payment - se pleji
  • peace - panpi
  • pen - penbi
  • pencil - pinsi
  • person - prenu
  • physical - ro'o (emote); xadni (corporeal)
  • picture - pixra
  • pig - xarju
  • pin - pijne (fastener); jongau (to attach)
  • pipe - flevau (flow); tubnu ('tube')
  • place - stuzi (location); punji (put/place/set)
  • plane - plita (2D form); vinji (aircraft)
  • plant - spati (noun); sombo (verb)
  • plate - palta
  • play - kelci
  • please - pe'u (vocative); pluka (pleasure)
  • pleasure - pluka
  • plough - sombo (verb)
  • pocket - daski (pouch)
  • point - farsni (non-agentive); mokca (vertex); degja'o (finger)
  • poison - vindu (noun)
  • polish - spali (surface)
  • political - plajva (policy)
  • poor - pindi (impoverished)
  • porter - bevri (carry)
  • position - munje judri (physical position)
  • possible - cumki
  • pot - patxu
  • potato - patlu
  • powder - purmo
  • power - te tenfa (maths); nejni (energy)
  • present - se dunda (gift); cabna (now)
  • price - jdima
  • print - prina (noun)
  • prison - te pinfu
  • private - sivni
  • probable - lakne
  • process - pruce (non-agentive)
  • produce - cupra (production); stagi (vegetable)
  • profit - prali (noun)
  • property - se ckaji
  • prose - prosa
  • protest - pante
  • public - gubni
  • pull - lacpu
  • pump - pambe
  • punishment - ve sfasa
  • purpose - te zukte
  • push - catke
  • put - punji (place/set)
  • quality - se ckaji (trait)
  • question - (n) preti, se danfu
  • question - (v) senpi ('i question the truth of that')
  • question - cf what, where, when, why; cf pau, xu, ma, mo, ji, je'i, ge'i, gi'i, gu'i, cu'e, xo, fi'a, pei, kau, ki'a, go'i
  • quick - sutra
  • quiet - smaji
  • quite - see 'very'
  • rail - garna (support)
  • rain - carvi
  • range - kuspe (extend)
  • rat - ratcu
  • rate - parbi 'rate of X relative to Y'
  • ray - xadba linji (geometry), gusni linji (ray of light)
  • reaction - selfra
  • reading - ca'o tcidu
  • ready - bredi
  • reason - nibli (logical implication), rinka (non-agentive cause), mukti (motivation), krinu (justification)
  • receipt - nu vecnu kei vreji
  • record - vreji
  • red - xunre
  • regret - xenru (to regret), selxe'u (a regret)
  • regular - dikni (cyclic), fadni (normal)
  • relation - terki'i
  • religion - lijda
  • representative - krati
  • request - e'o (emote); cpedu (petitions)
  • respect - io (emote); sinma (venerate)
  • responsible - fuzme (accountable)
  • rest - surla (at east); selyli'a (remainder)
  • reward - cnemu (verb); ve cnemu (noun)
  • rhythm - rilti (music)
  • rice - rismi
  • right - pritu (direction); dragau (agentive 'correct'); krali (entitlement) !experimental!
  • ring - djine (shape); degja'i (jewellery); ??? (sound)
  • river - rirxe
  • road - dargu
  • rod - grana (shape)
  • roll - cmananba (food); gurgau (dice); gunro (trundle)
  • roof - drudi
  • room - kumfa
  • root - se tenfa (maths); genja (plants)
  • rough - rufsu (texture)
  • round - cukla (2D); ??? ('round 1.34 to 1.3'); ??? ('round the edges of a block of wood');

??? ('as she rounds the corner,...' -- ie movement path )

  • rub - satre (verb);
  • rule - javni
  • run - bajra
  • sad - badri
  • safe - snura (secure)
  • sail - falnu (noun); fankla (verb)
  • salt - silna (noun)
  • same - mintu
  • sand - canre
  • say - cusku (express);
  • scale - ckilu (measurement); ??? (climb to top of..); ??? (lizard/fish)
  • school - ckule
  • science - saske
  • scissors - relselba'e
  • screw - klupe (tool)
  • sea - xamsi
  • seat - stizu (chair); tsestu (generic 'sitting place')
  • second - snidu (time); remoi (order)
  • secret - mipri
  • secretary - ci'arse'u
  • see - viska
  • seed - tsiju
  • seem - simlu
  • selection - se cuxna (choose)
  • self - sevzi
  • send - benji
  • sense - ganse
  • separate - seirgau (verb)
  • serious - junri
  • servant - selfu
  • sex - gletu; ??? (agentive 'determine the sex of' sense)
  • shade - ctino (shadow), selti'o (a shade), nu ctino kei gasnu (to shade something, agentive)
  • shake - desku
  • shame - o'anai (emote); xenru (regret)
  • sharp - kinli (cutting)
  • sheep - lanme
  • shelf - kajna
  • ship - bloti
  • shirt - creka
  • shock - jenca (stun); ??? (electrocuted)
  • shoe - cutci
  • short - tordu
  • shut - ganlo (state); ga'orgau (verb)
  • side - mlana (direction); mlapau (face)
  • sign - sinxa
  • silk - silka
  • silver - rijno (metal)
  • simple - sampu
  • sister - mensi
  • size - cisni !experimental!; te merli
  • skin - skapi
  • skirt - skaci (garment); mlakla (sidestep)
  • sky - tsani
  • sleep - sipna
  • slip - sakli
  • slope - salpo
  • slow - masno
  • small - cmalu
  • smash - marxa
  • smell - sumne (verb); se sumne (noun)
  • smile - cisma
  • smoke - danmo (noun); damva'u (a cigarette)
  • smooth - xutla (texture)
  • snake - since
  • sneeze - senci
  • snow - snime
  • so - mutce (very); ge'e (sentence beginning)
  • soap - zbabu
  • society - cecmu (community); kluce'u (sharing culture)
  • sock - smoka (garment)
  • soft - ranti
  • solid - sligu (state)
  • some - su'o (number)
  • son - bersa (pref. verba). nanla more rarely
  • song - se sanga
  • sort - ganzu; cf. porsi
  • sound - sance
  • soup - stasu
  • south - snanu
  • space - canlu (area); kensa (outer-space)
  • spade - canpa
  • special - rirci (uncommon); steci (particular)
  • sponge - panje
  • spoon - smuci
  • spring - vensa (season); ??? (suddenly leap); ??? (coil)
  • square - kurtenfa (maths); kurfa (shape); ??? (business space)
  • stage - tsina (platform)
  • stamp - prina (impression/image)
  • star - tarci
  • start - cfari
  • statement - midvla (comp.sci.); selsku (expression)
  • station - tcana
  • steam - gapci
  • steel - gasta
  • stem - stani (plant)
  • step - stapa (foot); serti (stairs)
  • stick - snipa (adhere); grana (shape)
  • sticky - snipa
  • stiff - tinsa (rigid)
  • still - za'o (continuing for too long), bifcau (without wind), na muvdu (not moving)
  • stitch - velfe'o (fabric), sluji cortu stuzi (cramp)
  • stocking - smoka ??
  • stomach - djaruntyrango (organ); betfu (abdomen)
  • stone - rokci
  • stop - sisti
  • store - sorcu (deposit); zarci (market)
  • story - lisri (tale); dijysenta (building)
  • straight - sirji (line)
  • strange - cizra
  • street - klaji
  • stretch - tcena
  • strong - tsali
  • structure - stura (arrangement)
  • substance - xukmi (drug)
  • such -
  • sudden - suksa
  • sugar - sakta
  • suggestion - selti'i
  • summer - crisa
  • sun - solri
  • support - sarji
  • surprise - spaji (a surprise), spaji gasnu (to surprise)
  • sweet - titla
  • swim - limna
  • system - ciste
  • table - jubme
  • tail - rebla
  • take - lebna
  • talk - tavla (chat), bacru (utter)
  • tall - rajycla
  • taste - vrusi (a food taste), nelci selji'i (an art taste), vrusi mupcpa (to taste/sample something)
  • tax - cteki
  • teaching - ca'o ctuca
  • tendency - dikni lakne
  • test - cipra (a test), cipra gasnu (to test something)
  • than - no translation
  • that - ta (that which the speaker is pointing at), go'a (that which has been expressed in the conversation), zo'e (something said purely for grammatical purposes)
  • the - le
  • then - gi (separation of logically connected things), ba (later in time), ce'o (forming a sequence)
  • theory - velcki
  • there - ta (pointed-at place)
  • thick - rotsu (opposite of thin), menli xarnu (dumb)
  • thin - cinla (opposite of thick), to'e viknu (opposite of viscous)
  • thing - dacti (object), zo'e (something)
  • this - ti (held/pointed-at thing)
  • thought - pensi sidbo (idea/concept), pu pensi (past think)
  • thread - cilta
  • throat - galxe
  • through - mulno sort of
  • thumb - tamji
  • thunder - lidysna
  • ticket - pikta
  • tight - tagji (close fitting); trati (taut). {lo tagji} actually makes sense as a xelfanva for 'tights'
  • till - rupydacru?; plixa; (till, not 'til)
  • time - temci (period of time); tcika (point in time); see 'day','night'
  • tin - tinci
  • tired - tatpi
  • to - n/a mostly; sometimes bi'o seems to be meant, often &quot;fa'a&quot;
  • toe - tamji
  • together - .a or JOI (almost any JOI; joi itself is most typical.) in
  • some senses, kansa ; i'i
  • tomorrow - bavlamdei
  • tongue - tance
  • tooth - denci
  • top - drudi; se cpana (additional implications vs drudi); creka ('put on a top') -
  • touch - pensu; ganse for 'sense of touch'?; re'o (locational sense);&quot;pencu&quot;, kuspe *for 'spans X to Y, touching Z';
  • town - tcadu
  • trade - canja; jibri; basti;
  • train - trene (vehicular sense); jonpoi (physically-joined-objects sense);crezenzu'e, rapcreze'a
  • transport - xe klama /xelkla, xe ka'a;se tcana?, &quot;marce&quot;, &quot;bevri&quot;
  • tray - palne
  • tree - tricu
  • trick - tcica, ticygau;
  • trouble - raktu
  • trousers - palku
  • true - jetnu
  • turn - carna, kruvi
  • twist - torni; sometimes carna
  • umbrella - santa (u'i)
  • under - cnita; ni'a?
  • unit - gradu
  • up - ga'u; sort of galtu
  • use - pilno
  • value - vamji; ve vecnu, se jdima; steci
  • verse - pemci; ??? (in sense delimited subset of text)
  • very - mutce; in some contexts traji might be meant; carmi.
  • vessel - vasru; bloti; kabri; blutu'u
  • view - jvinu; se viska
  • violent - ka vlile
  • voice - voksa
  • waiting - nu denpa/denpa; nu djabeipre (IOW waiting on people; waiter.)
  • walk - cadzu
  • wall - bitmu
  • war - jamna
  • warm - mligla or glare, depending on level of exaggeration.
  • wash - lumci; flecu in sense 'wash of water/backwash'
  • waste - festi, xaksu, vikmi
  • watch - zgana, catlu; mencti; junla; ??? (in sense 'a watch/patrol'; some kind of zgaku'i. bilzgaku'i?)
  • water - djacu (a quantity of water), djacu je spati dunda (to water some plants)
  • wave - boxna
  • wax - lakse
  • way - pluta/ve pluta (route), tadji (method)
  • weather - tcima
  • week - jeftu (a week's duration), co'i jeftu (&quot;the week&quot;)
  • weight - junta (not tilju, but it may be relevant.)
  • well - xamgu (good), jinto (water source), kanro (healthy), ke'u nai (continuing the discussion, &quot;Well then, let's discuss the software package.&quot;)
  • west - vu'a (&quot;west of...&quot;), stici (the west (not meaning America/Europe]
  • wet - cilmo
  • wheel - xislu
  • when - ca ma
  • where - bu'u ma (physical location), vi ma (near-to physical location)
  • while - ca (at the same time as), ca'o (some time during)
  • whistle - siclu (to make a whistling noise), se siclu (a whistling noise), se siclu tutci (a whistle)
  • white - blabi
  • who - ma, ma kau (&quot;I know who killed Johnny&quot;)
  • why - ki'u ma (what is the justification), mu'i ma (what is the motivation), ri'a ma (what is the physical/non-agentive cause), ni'i ma (why is that true), se ja'e ma (what effected it) [[jbocre: also each with &quot;kau&quot; appended, as in &quot;I know WHY it is&quot;]]
  • wide - ganra
  • will - ba (future tense), te zukte (the will to do something), morsi ke minde notci (legal will)
  • wind - brife
  • window - canko
  • wine - vanju
  • wing - nalci
  • winter - dunra
  • wire - cilta (thin), skori (thick/braided)
  • wise - prije
  • with - se pi'o (using), tugni (agree)
  • woman - makcu ninmu
  • wood - mudri
  • wool - sunla
  • word - valsi
  • work - gunka (to labor), briju (location), te jerna (paid work), jibri (job), se finti (creation), tolpo'u (functioning), jai rinka (to be effective)
  • worm - curnu (invertebrate), lumbrinki (earthworm)
  • wound - cagna (EXPERIMENTAL)/pilka je se cortu (a wound), xrani (to wound)
  • writing - ca'o ciska (to be writing), selci'a (a writing)
  • wrong - jitfa (false), toldrani (not right), te venfu (immoral)
  • whip - bikla (sudden motion), bikla xarci (weapon)
  • year - nanca
  • yellow - pelxu
  • yes - go'i/ja'a
  • yesterday - prulamdei
  • you - do (you, the listener), do'o (you, the listener, and others)
  • young - citno