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lo turtau are lo tanru or parts of lo tanru that have a fixed meaning, which depends on their structure.

turtau classes

Warning: in colloquiall Lojban lo tanru with turtau components may have meanings different from described here.

seltau: "x1 (entity)" (aka adjective/adverbial)

  1. barda seltau. lo barda broda = lo broda poi barda, lo broda that is big.
  2. cmalu seltau. lo cmalu broda = lo broda poi cmalu, lo broda that is small.
  3. zabna seltau.
  4. mabla seltau.
  5. blanu seltau

seltau: "x1 (clause)"

  1. cafne seltau. x1 cafne cadzu = x1 cadzu i ju'a nai lo nu go'i cu cafne, x1 often walks
  2. cerni/vanci seltau. x1 cerni sanmi, x1 is a breakfast
  3. zekri seltau. x1 zekri lebna, x1 steals

seltau: "x1 (entity), x2 (property of x1)"

  1. mutce seltau. x1 mutce broda unwraps into x1 mutce lo ka ce'u broda
  2. traji seltau. x1 traji broda unwraps into x1 traji lo ka ce'u broda


  1. disputable: simxu seltau. x1 simxu broda x2 expands into x1 ce x2 simxu lo ka ce'u broda ce'u, x1 and x2 reciprocally broda