# Difference between revisions of "Lojban Ideography. Japanese kanji"

started June, 1995
last revision July 22, 2000

## Structures

### Set, group, mass

 girzu group 群 gunma jointly “mass” 共 cmima member 員 pagbu part 部 klesi class ? jbini between ? cuxna choose 選 mupli example 例 basti replace “substitute” 換 kampu common ? fadni ordinary 並 rirci rare 珍 ralju principal ? steci specific “special” 特 manfo uniform 均 vrici miscellaneous “various” 雑 cnano norm 準 bende crew “band” 隊

## Chaos/order

 stura structure ? ciste system 制 morna pattern “form” 様 ganzu organize ? cnici orderly “neat” 整 kalsa chaotic 沌 cunso random “chance” ? pluja complicated “complex” 複 sampu simple 単 krati represent “proxy” 代 sarxe harmonious ? vanbi environment “ambient” 境 javni rule 則

## Linear order

 porsi sequence 列 liste list ? fatne reverse 逆 lidne precede “leader” ?

## Range

 korbi edge “border, curb” 際 jimte limit 限 traji superlative “extreme” 最 milxe mild 柔 bancu beyond ?

### Comparison

 karbi compare 比 mapti fit “match” ? cimni infinite ? zasni temporary “transient” 仮 mutce much 多 barda big “large” 大 cmalu small 小 zmadu more ? mleca less ? zenba increase “augment” 増 jdika decrease 減 stodi constant “stable” ? cenba vary ? banro grow 伸 ctaru tide 潮 jmina add “augment” 殖 banzu suffice 充 dukse excess 超 claxu without “lack” 欠 dunli equal 等 simsa similar 似 drata other 他 mintu same “identical” 同 frica differ 違 dukti opposite “contrary” 反

### Mathematics

 cmaci mathematics ? mekso MEX ? namcu number 数 kancu count ? kanji calculate “reckon” 算 saclu decimal ? sumji sum ? vimcu remove 退 pilji multiply “multiply” ? dilcu quotient “division” ? frinu fraction ? tenfa exponential ? dugri logarithm ? fancu function ? sumti argument ? sinso sine ? tanjo tangent ? xadba half 半 judri address ?

## Information

### Language

 bangu language 語 sinxa sign 号 fanva translate 訳 cmavo structure word ? gadri article 詞 gerna grammar ? jufra sentence “phrase” 句 rafsi affix ? rimni rhyme 韻 slaka syllable ? tanru phrase compound ? valsi word ? broda predicate var 1 ? brode predicate var 2 ? brodi predicate var 3 ? brodo predicate var 4 ? brodu predicate var 5 ? cmene name 名 gismu root word ? lujvo affix compound ? lerfu letteral 字 pandi punctuate ?

### Information carriers

 ciska write “scribe” 書 tcidu read 読 cukta book 本 xatra letter ? karni journal 誌 cartu chart 図 benji transfer “send” 送 cradi radio ? tivni television ? fonxa telephone ? skami computer ? vidni video ? kacma camera ?

### Message

 notci message “note” ? mifra code “cipher” ? mipri secret 秘 mrilu mail 郵 tcita label “tag” 札 citri history 歴 lisri story ? cusku express 言 tavla talk “palaver” 話 skicu describe 描 stidi suggest 提 jarco show 現 cmoni moan 唸 frumu frown 顰 cisma smile ? pinka comment 注

### Communication

 casnu discuss 論 spuda reply “respond” 返 preti question “query” 問 danfu answer 答 cpedu request 需 darlu argue ? fraxu forgive ? friti offer ? kajde warn “caution” 諭 nupre promise ? pante protest ? pikci beg “supplicate” 頼 rinsa greet ? tcica deceive “cheat, trick” 欺

### Cognition

 mucti immaterial ? menli mind “mental” ? xanri imaginary “unreal” ? pruxi spirit 霊 sanji conscious ? pensi think “pensive” 思 prenu person ? sevzi self 自 sidbo idea 想 nabmi problem ? cilre learn 習 ctuca teach 教 ckule school 校 datni data ? djuno know 知 facki discover “find” ? fatci fact ? jdice decide 決 jetnu true 真 jitfa false 偽 jijnu intuit 勘 jimpe understand “comprehend” 解 jinvi opine ? kanxe conjunction ? krici believe “creed” 信 logji logic 理 morji remember “memory” 覚 natfe deny 否 nuzba news 報 senpi doubt “skeptic” 疑 sitna cite ? smadi guess “surmise” 察 sruma assume ? tugni agree ? vlina alternation ? vreji record 録 xusra assert ? zasti exist 在 bridi predicate ? birti certain 確 ciksi explain 説 cipra test “proof” 試 lanli analyze ? saske science 科 sucta abstract ? tadji method 方 tadni study 学 jicmu basis 基 manri reference ? mansa satisfy ? simlu seem ? smuni meaning 意 srana pertain “concerns” 関

## Space

 cimde dimension ? canlu space “volume” ? diklo local ? stuzi site “position” 所

### Relative position

 nenri in “inner” 内 bartu out 外 mlana side “lateral” 側 lamji adjacent 隣 pritu right 右 zunle left 左 crane front 前 trixe behind 後 cpana upon 上 gapru above “up” ? cnita beneath 下 dizlo low 低 galtu high 高 ragve across 向 berti north 北 snanu south 南 stici west 西 stuna east 東 darno far 遠 jibni near 近 sruri surround 囲 vasru contain “vessel” 含 kalri open 開 ganlo closed 閉 jorne joined ? kruca intersect “cross” 交 midju middle 中 sepli apart “separate” 別

### Orientation

 sraji vertical “upright” 縦 pinta level “horizontal” 横 salpo slope 坂

### Range

 tcena stretch ? kuspe range “span” ? loldi floor ? drudi roof ?

### Dimensions

 tordu short 短 clani long 長 jarki narrow 狭 ganra broad 広 cinla thin “lean” 細 rotsu thick “stout” 太 plana plump 肥 condi deep 深 caxno shallow 浅

### Forms

 tarmi shape “form” 形

#### Point

 mokca point “moment” ? jipno tip “point” 端 kojna corner 隅

#### Line

 linji line 線 sirji straight 直 kruvi curve 曲 clupa loop ? sarlu spiral 螺 jgena knot 結 jimca branch “limb” 支

#### Surface

 sefta surface 面 jganu angle ? plita plane ? kurfa square ? karda card 刺 cukla round “circular” 丸 djine ring ? punli swelling 瘤 kevna cavity “cave” 窪

#### Body

 bliku block ? kubli cube ? tanbo board 板 konju cone 錐 slanu cylinder 筒 tubnu tube 管 lenjo lens ? cfine wedge 楔

#### Material shapes

 gacri cover 被 lunbe bare 裸 derxi heap ? bolci ball 球 dirgo drop 滴 boxfo sheet “foil” 箔 karli collar 襟 cilta thread “filament” 糸 tapla tile 瓦 cinje wrinkle 皺 fenra crack 罅 foldi field 原 senta layer “stratum” 層 snuji sandwich ? panlo slice ? papri page “paper” 頁 bakfu bundle “pack” 束 skuro groove “furrow” ? bidju bead ? genxu hook ? grana rod 棒 jesni needle 針 calku shell 甲 pilka crust “peel” 殻 dasri ribbon 綬 culno full 満 kunti empty “vacant” 空 tagji snug “tight” ? kluza loose “blouse” ? trati taut ? korcu bent “crooked, corkscrew” 歪 bargu arch 弧

## Time

 cabna now 今 balvi future “later” ? purci past “earlier” ? temci time 時 citno young “junior” 若 clira early 早 lerci late 遅

### Day

 djedi full day 日 cerni morning 朝 donri daytime 昼 nicte night 夜 vanci evening 晩 murse glimmering 昏

### Calendar

 detri date ? jeftu week 週 masti month 月 nanca year 年 cedra era 世 citsi season 季 dunra winter 冬 vensa spring “vernal” 春 crisa summer 夏 critu autumn 秋

### Clock

 junla clock ? tcika time of day ? cacra hour ? mentu minute 分 snidu second 秒

## Processes

 pruce process ? fasnu event “happen” ? tcini situation “state” ? tarti behave ? lifri experience “life” ? bapli force “compel” ? cfari initiate 始 ranji continue 続 fanmo end “final” 末 rapli repeat ? kansa with “accompany” 従 cumki possible “maybe” ? lakne probable “likely” ? fanta prevent ? binxo become 成 canci vanish 消 farvi develop “evolve” 進 cafne often ? dikni regular “cyclical” ? vitci irregular “intermittent” ? dimna fate “doom” 縁 xaksu use up ? festi waste 屑 krefu recur ? rarna natural ? renvi survive ? rilti rhythm ? stika adjust ? suksa sudden 急 vitno permanent “eternal” 永

### Causality

 gasnu do 為 jalge result ? krinu reason 故 mukti motive 志 nibli necessitate ? rinka cause 因 zukte act ? krasi source “origin” 元 sarcu necessary 必 nitcu need 要

### Controlling processes

 jitro control ? gidva guide 導 xlura influence “lure” ? bredi ready ? denpa wait “pause” 待 sisti cease 止 dicra interrupt “disturb, disrupt” 遮 zunti interfere “hinder” 障 fliba fail “baffle” 損 frili easy “freely” 易 nandu difficult “hard” 難 vlipa powerful ? kakne able “can” 能 sutra fast “swift” 速 masno slow ? platu plan “plot” 企 prali profit 益 randa yield “surrender” ? snada succeed “accomplish” ? snuti accidental ? srera err 誤 troci try 努

### Interactive activity

 cuntu affair 事 lacri rely ? selfu serve 務 pleji pay 払 sidju help “aid” 助

#### Command

 jatna captain 将 minde command 令 tinbe obey ? curmi let “permit” 許 fuzme responsible ? sfasa punish “spank, castigate” 罰

#### Conflict

 fapro oppose ? damba fight “combat” 闘 jinga win “gain” 勝 nutli neutral ? panpi peace 和 jivna compete “rival” 競 bradi enemy “adversary” 敵 venfu revenge “avenge” 讐

## Movement

 farna direction ? penmi meet 逢

### Self-moving

#### Abstract

 klama come 行 litru travel 旅 cliva leave 残 xruti return 帰 pluta route 路 stali remain “stay” 留

#### Active movement

 bajra run 走 cadzu walk 歩 cpare climb 登 stapa step 踏 plipe leap 跳 vofli flight “fly” 飛 limna swim 泳 sfubu dive “swoop” 潜 carna turn 回 jersi chase “pursue” 追 rivbi avoid “evade” 避 pagre pass through 越 sakli slide “slip” 滑 spoja explode 爆 porpi break 割 preja spread 敷 bikla whip “beat, lash” 鞭 gunro roll “trundle” 転

#### Equilibrium

 zvati at ? lanxe balance ? cando idle 怠 vreta reclining “rest” 凭 sarji support ? fulta float 浮 dandu hang “dangle, suspend” 架 jinru immerse ? zutse sit 座 sanli stand 立

#### Passive motion

 farlu fall 降 torni twist “torsion” 捻 slilu oscillate 振 flecu flow “flush” 流 jetce jet 噴

### Manipulating objects

 galfi modify “alter” ? sisku seek 探 jmaji gather 集 sabji provide “supply” 備 fatri distribute 配 fendi divide 離

#### Move

 simxu mutual 互 muvdu move 動 ralte retain 保 jgari grasp “grip” 握 bevri carry “bear” 担 renro throw 投 cecla launcher ? punji put 置 lafti lift ? setca insert 挟 catke shove ? rinju restrain ? danre pressure 圧 desku shake ? janli collide ? tunlo swallow 呑 daspo destroy “despoil” 破 kavbu capture “catch” 捕 lacpu pull 引

#### Surface

 cinba kiss “buss” ? pencu touch 触 darxi hit 打 batci bite 噛 sraku scratch 掻 guska scrape 擦 polje fold 折 prina print 刷 barna mark 印 spali polish 磨 mosra friction “rub” 摩 tikpa kick 蹴

#### Volume

 satre stroke 撫 zalvi grind “pulverize” 研 katna cut 切 kakpa dig 掘 plixa plow 耕 marxa mash 潰 tisna fill “stuff” 詰

#### Fluids

 sputu spit ? jicla stir ? cokcu soak up ? rinci drain ? sakci suck 吸

## Physical world

### Ontology

 dacti object “thing” 物 spisa piece ? ckini related “akin, kin” ? tcila detail ? ckaji quality 質 jinzi innate ? panra parallel ?

### Basic notions

 ratni atom ? kantu quantum ? selci cell 胞 nejni energy ? dirce radiate ? boxna wave 波 maksi magnet 磁 dikca electric “charge” 電

### Physical properties

 jdari firm “hard” 固 tsali strong 強 ruble weak “feeble” 弱 tinsa stiff 硬 ranti soft 軟 ralci delicate “fragile” ? pruni elastic “springy” 嫋 junta weight 量 linto lightweight 軽 tilju heavy “weighty” 重 glare hot “warm” 熱 lenku cold “cool” 寒 cilmo moist 湿 sudga dry 乾 denmi dense 濃 viknu viscous “thick” 稠 snipa sticky 粘 kinli sharp “keen” 鋭 klina clear 鮮 minra reflect “mirror” 鏡 tengu texture 肌 xutla smooth ? rufsu rough 粗

### Measures

 merli measure ? ckilu scale ? gradu unit “degree, grad” 度 klani quantity ? parbi ratio “rate” 率 satci exact “precise” ?

#### Metric

 mitre meter ? radno radian ? stero steradian ? litce liter ? grake gram ? molro mole ? kelvo kelvin ? xampo ampere ? delno candela “candle-power” ?

#### Non-metric

 gutci cubit “foot” 尺 minli mile 里 kramu acre 畝 bunda pound 斤 dekpu gallon “peck” 斗

#### Exponents of 10

 dekto 10 metric “deka” 十 xecto 100 metric “hecto” 百 kilto 1000 metric “kilo” 万 megdo 1E6 metric “mega” 億 gigdo 1E9 metric “giga” 兆 terto 1E12 metric “tera” 京 petso 1E15 metric “peta” 垓 xexso 1E18 metric “exa” 杼 zetro 1E21 “zetta” 穣 gotro 1E24 “yotta” 溝 decti .1 metric “deci” ? centi .01 metric “centi” 釐 milti .001 metric “milli” 毫 mikri 1E-6 metric “micro” 絲 nanvi 1E-9 metric “nano” 忽 picti 1E-12 metric “pico” 微 femti 1E-15 metric “femto” 纎 xatsi 1E-18 metric “atto” 沙 zepti 1E-21 “zepto” 塵 gocti 1E-24 “yocto” 埃

### Substances

 marji material “matter” ? fagri fire 火 lindi lightning ?

#### Aggregate state

 sligu solid ? panje sponge ? pulce dust “pulverized” ? purmo powder 粉 pesxu paste 糊 jduli jelly ? litki liquid 液 lakse wax 蝋 fonmo foam 泡 gapci gas 気 danmo smoke 煙

#### Phase transitions

 runme melt “runny” 鎔 dunja freeze “jell” 凍 runta dissolve 溶 lunsa condense ? febvi boil 沸 jelca burn 燃

#### Chemical categories

 xukmi chemical ? jilka alkali ? slami acid 酸 jinme metal ? jinsa clean 清 mixre mixture ?

#### Chemical elements

 cidro hydrogen ? kijno oxygen ? trano nitrogen ? tabno carbon 炭 sliri sulfur 硫 kliru chlorine ? navni neon ? sodna sodium ? margu mercury ? rijno silver “argent” 銀 solji gold 金 tunka copper 銅 nikle nickel ? tinci tin 錫 zinki zinc ? tirse iron 鉄 cnisa lead 鉛 romge chrome ?

## Nature

### Cosmos

 munje universe ? tarci star 星 plini planet ? mluni satellite “moon” ? kensa outer space 宙 solri solar 陽 terdi earth “terrestrial” 地 lunra lunar 陰

### Earth

 tumla land 陸 cmana mountain 山

#### Hydrosphere

 djacu water “aqua-” 水 xamsi sea 海 zbani bay 湾 daplu island 島 jmifa shoal “reef” 礁 rirxe river 河 jinto well 泉 lalxu lake “lagoon” 湖

#### Atmosphere

 tsani sky 天 vacri air ? tcima weather “climate” ? brife breeze 風 dilnu cloud 雲 bumru fog 霧 carvi rain 雨 snime snow 雪 bisli ice 氷 bratu hail 霰

#### Minerals

 kunra mineral “mined” 鉱 rokci rock 石 krili crystal 晶 jemna gem 珠 kliti clay ? canre sand 砂 bakri chalk ? silna salt 塩 kolme coal ? ctile petroleum “oil” 油 tarla tar ? dertu dirt 垢

## Life

 jutsi species 属 jmive live 生 morsi dead “mort-” 死 catra kill “slaughter” 殺 makcu mature 熟 xadni body 体 panzi offspring 仔 jgina gene ? lanbi protein “albumin” 蛋 cecmu community ? fusra rotten “rot” 腐 ferti fertile 沃 jurme germ 菌 vidru virus ?

### Plants

 spati plant 植 tricu tree 木 ckunu conifer “cone” ? srasu grass 草 clika mossy 苔 mledi mold 黴

#### Body parts

 genja root 根 balji bulb “bulge” ? stani stalk 茎 pezli leaf 葉 xrula flower 花 grute fruit 果 tsiju seed 種 narge nut 実 jbari berry ? dembi bean 豆 gurni grain 粒 stagi vegetable “stalky” 菜

#### Flowers

 rozgu rose 薔 tujli tulip ? latna lotus 蓮

#### Fruits

 badna banana 芭 nimre citrus “lime” 橘 plise apple 檎 perli pear 梨 guzme melon 瓜 figre fig ?

#### Vegetables

 kobli cabbage “cole-” ? tamca tomato ? sluni onion 葱 sunga garlic 蒜 patlu potato 芋 samcu cassava “yam” ?

#### Grain

 bavmi barley ? cunmi millet 粟 mavji oats ? maxri wheat 麦 mraji rye ? sobde soya ? sorgu sorghum 黍 xruba buckwheat “rhubarb” ? zumri maize ? rismi rice 米

#### Other particular plants

 cindu oak 樫 tanko tobacco 莨 marna hemp “marijuana” 麻

### Animals

 danlu animal 獣 cilce wild 荒

#### Classes of animals

 curnu worm ? cinki insect 虫 finpe fish “fin” 魚 banfi amphibian ? respa reptile 爬 cipni bird 鳥 mabru mammal 哺

#### Particular animals

 jukni spider “arachnid” 蜘 jalra cockroach ? sfani fly 蝿 toldi butterfly 蝶 manti ant 蟻 bifce bee 蜂 civla louse 虱 since snake 蛇 jipci chicken 鶏 xruki turkey ? datka duck 鴨 gunse goose 鵞 ractu rabbit 兎 ratcu rat 鼠 smacu mouse ? xanto elephant 象 xarju pig “hog” 豚 bakni bovine “ox” 牛 lanme sheep “lanolin, lamb” 羊 kanba goat “kid, billy, baa” ? mirli deer 鹿 kumte camel 駱 xirma horse 馬 xasli donkey “ass” 驢 cribe bear 熊 mlatu cat 猫 cinfo lion 獅 tirxu tiger 虎 gerku dog 犬 labno wolf “lobo” 狼 lorxu fox 狐 smani monkey “simian” 猿 remna human 人

#### Body parts

 rango organ ? stedu head 頭 flira face 顔 mebri brow 額 kanla eye “ocular” 目 nazbi nose “nasal” 鼻 kerlo ear “aural, earlobe” 耳 moklu mouth “oral” 口 ctebi lip “labial” 唇 tance tongue 舌 xedja jaw 顎 denci tooth “dental” 歯 galxe throat “gullet” 喉 cnebo neck 首 janco shoulder 肩 birka arm 腕 tuple leg 脚 xance hand 手 jamfu foot 足 cidni knee 膝 degji finger “digit” 指 tamji thumb ? cinza tongs ? nalci wing 翼 cutne chest ? tatru breast “teat” 胸 betfu abdomen “belly” 腹 plibu pubic ? pinji penis ? vlagi vulva ? zargu buttock “arse” 尻 ganxo arsehole” 肛 rebla tail 尾

#### Skin derivatives

 kerfa hair 髪 sunla wool 毛 pimlu feather “plume” 羽 jgalu claw “talon” 爪 sufti hoof 蹄 jirna horn 角

#### Internal organs

 ciblu blood 血 bongu bone 骨 sluji muscle 筋 nirna nerve ? cigla gland 腺 besna brain 脳 risna heart “cardiac” 心 fepri lung “pulmonary” 肺 canti gut “entrails” 臓 livga liver 肝 vibna vagina 膣 gutra womb “uterus” 胎 ganti testicle “testes” 睾

### Physiology

 vasxu breathe “vascular” ? kafke cough 咳 senci sneeze 嚏 xasne sweat 汗

#### Digestion

 citka eat 食 pinxe drink 飲 cidja food “feed” ? vindu poison “venom” 毒 vikmi excrete ? kalci feces “shit” 糞 pinca urine “piss” 尿 vamtu vomit 吐

#### Reproduction

 cinse sexual 性 fetsi female “fem-” 雌 nakni male “masculine” 雄 rorci procreate ? gletu copulate “coitus” ? sovda egg “ovum” 卵 tarbi embryo 胚 cifnu infant 幼 verba child 子 jbena born “bear” 産

#### Health/Decease

 kanro healthy 健 bilma ill 病 jinku vaccine ? kenra cancer 癌 spita hospital ?

#### Behaviour

 frati react ? bacru utter 鳴 krixa cry out 叫 cikna awake ? sipna sleep 寝 kalte hunt 狩 kelci play 遊 tcaci custom “habit” 慣 xabju dwell “inhabit” 住 zdani nest “den” 家

### Perception

 ganse sense 感 tunta poke “stab” 突 zgana observe 観 carmi intense 厳 kandi dim 曇 savru noise “clamor” 響 kukte delicious “cooked, tasty” ? cpina pungent 辛

#### Hearing

 sance sound 音 tirna hear 聞 cladu loud ? smaji quiet “silent” 静 siclu whistle ? tonga tone ? voksa voice 声

#### Vision

 gusni illumine “light” 照 viska see “vision” 見 catlu look 調 jvinu view 景 manku dark 闇 ctino shadow “shade” 影 skari color 色 xekri black 黒 blabi white 白 grusi gray 灰 xunre red 赤 pelxu yellow 黄 crino green 緑 blanu blue 青 bunre brown ? cicna cyan 藍 narju orange 橙 nukni magenta “fuchsin” ? zirpu purple 紫

#### Odor

 panci odor “fragrance” 香 sumne smell 臭

#### Taste

 vrusi taste “flavor” 味 titla sweet 甘 kurki bitter “acrid” 苦 slari sour ?

#### Others

 cortu pain “hurt” 痛 xagji hunger 飢 taske thirst 渇 tatpi tired 眠

## Psychology

### Emotions, Affects

 cinmo emotion 情 badri sad 悲 ckeji ashamed 恥 jgira pride 誇 kecti pity 哀 kufra comfort 安 manci wonder 奇 prami love 愛 steba frustration ? zungi guilt ? cinri interesting “interests” ? burna embarrassed ? cumla humble “humility” 謙 kucli curious ? xebni hate 嫌 xalni panic ? xanka nervous “anxious” ? dunku anguish ? dirba dear ? gleki happy “gay” 嬉 jilra jealous 妬 junri serious ? klaku weep 泣 terpa fear “terror” 恐 xenru regret “rue” 悔 fengu angry 怒 pluka pleasant 快 raktu trouble ? spaji surprise 驚 jenca shock ? zdile amusing “amused” 戯 rigni disgusting “repugnant” ? xajmi funny “comic” ? betri tragedy “tragic” ? fanza annoy 煩

### Attitude

 zanru approve ? xalbo levity “frivolous” ? vajni important “significant” ? trina attract ? talsa challenge 挑 surla relax 寛 senva dream “reverie” 夢 ranxi irony ? pendo friend 友 pacna hope 望 nelci fond “likes” 好 jundi attentive “attend” ? kurji take care of “care” 構 djica desire 欲 dapma curse “damn” 呪 ckire grateful 忝 ckasu ridicule “scoff” 嘲 cfipu confusing ? cizra strange “bizarre” 変 cmila laugh “smile” 笑

### Evaluation

 xrani injure “hurt” 害 zabna favorable 善 xarnu stubborn 頑 xendo kind 懇 xamgu good 良 xlali bad “mal-” 悪 vifne fresh 爽 virnu brave “valiant, virtue” 勇 stati talent 才 stace honest 誠 snura secure ? sinma esteem 貴 prane perfect 完 mulno complete 全 misno famous ? melbi beautiful 美 mabla derogative 蔑 lazni lazy ? kusru cruel 酷 jursa severe “harsh” ? vlile violent 激 juxre clumsy “awkward” 拙 funca luck “fortune” 運 fenki crazy “frenzy” 狂 drani correct “right” 正 fange alien “foreign” ? darsi audacity “dare” 僭 curve pure 純 cnino new 新 slabu old 古 clite polite 寧 ckape peril 禍 bandu defend 防 marbi shelter “harbor” 泊 banli great “grand” 偉 basna emphasize “accent” ? racli sane “rational” ? prije wise “sage” 賢 bebna foolish “boob” 愚 bilga obliged ? zifre free ? marde morals ? palci evil 邪 vrude virtue 徳 certu expert ? cfila flaw 瑕
```name="tth_sEc11"  Socium
```
 jikca socialize “social” ? sivni private 私

### Family

 lanzu family “clan” 族 speni married “spouse” 婚 ninmu woman “women” 女 nanmu man 男 dzena elder 祖 rirni parent “rear” 親 mamta mother “mom” 母 patfu father “pop, padre” 父 nanla boy “lad” ? nixli girl ? bersa son 息 tixnu daughter 娘 bruna brother 兄 mensi sister 姉 tunba sibling ? famti aunt or uncle 伯 tamne cousin ?

### Social Institutions

 ritli rite 式 salci celebrate 祝 nobli noble 尊 mikce doctor “medic” 医 zajba gymnast ? vitke guest “visit” 客 xotli hotel ?

#### Governement

 turni govern 治 kamni committee 委 catni authority 権 vipsi deputy “vice” 副 jecta polity “state” ? jansu diplomat “consul” ? jaspu passport 券 pikta ticket 票

#### Law

 flalu law 法 pajni judge 判 zekri crime 罪 pulji police 警 pinfu prisoner “captive” 囚

#### War

 gunta attack 襲 jamna war 戦 bilni military 武 jenmi army 軍 sonci soldier 侍

### Economics

#### Property

 gubni public 公 ponse possess 持 cpacu get “acquire” 得 cirko lose 失 jbera borrow 借 dunda give “donate” ? lebna take ? pindi poor “indigent” 貧 ricfu rich 富 dejni owe “debt-or” 負 cerda heir 嗣

#### Money

 jdini money “dinero” ? sicni coin “specie” ? rupnu dollar “ruble” 円 fepni cent “penny” 銭 banxa bank ? zivle invest ?

 canja exchange ? vamji value 価 jdima price 値 vecnu sell “vend” 売 kargu costly ? janta account ? cnemu reward 賞

 kagni company 社 cteki tax 税 zarci market “mart” 市 jibri job 職 jerna earn 稼 briju office “bureau” 局 binra insure ? gusta restaurant ? barja bar ?

## Human Culture

### Nations, Cultures

 kulnu culture ? natmi nation 民

### Geography

 tutra territory 領 gugde country 国 jarbu suburb ? tcadu city “town” 町 nurma rural 野 panka park 園 bemro North American ? dzipo Antarctican ? friko African ? ketco South American “Quechua” ? xazdo Asiatic 亜 ropno European 欧

### Multi-ethnic cultures

 glico English ? softo Soviet 蘇 xispo Hispanic ? xrabo Arabic ? baxso Malay-Indonesian “Bahasa” ? polno Polynesian ? semto Semitic ? spano Spanish ? srito Sanskrit ? latmo Latin ? lojbo Lojbanic ?

### Nationalities

 brito British 英 filso Palestinian “Philistine” ? gento Argentinian ? jerxo Algerian ? jordo Jordanian ? kadno Canadian ? libjo Libyan ? lubno Lebanese ? merko American ? mexno Mexican ? misro Egyptian “Mizraim” ? morko Moroccan ? rakso Iraqi ? sadjo Saudi ? sirxo Syrian ? sralo Australian 濠 bengo Bengali ? bindo Indonesian ? brazo Brazilian ? dotco German “Deutsch” ? fraso French “France” ? jungo Chinese 華 kisto Pakistani ? meljo Malaysian ? ponjo Japanese “Nippon” ? porto Portuguese ? rusko Russian ? skoto Scottish ? slovo Slavic ? vukro Ukrainian ? xebro Hebrew ? xelso Greek “Hellas” ? xindo Hindi ? xurdo Urdu ?

### Religion

 lijda religion 宗 cevni god “divinity” 神 censa holy “sacred” 聖 makfa magic 魔 malsi temple 寺 crida fairy 仙 ranmi myth ?

#### Particular religions

 budjo Buddhist 仏 dadjo Taoist ? jegvo Jehovist ? muslo Islamic ? xriso Christian ?

### Art

 larcu art 芸 muzga museum ? cfika fiction ? pemci poem 詩 prosa prose ? pixra picture 絵 draci drama 劇 tigni perform 演 skina cinema ? zgike music 楽 sanga sing 歌 dansu dance 舞 damri drum 鼓 flani flute 笛 jgita guitar “guitar” 琴 pipno piano ? tabra trumpet “brass” 喇 xagri reed 葦

## Technology

### Technological processes

 fenso sew 縫 jivbu weave 織 nivji knit 編 lasna fasten “lash” 繋 gundi industry 業 fanri factory “foundry” ? cange farm “grange, agrarian” 農 purdi garden 庭 crepu harvest “reap” 穫 sombo sow 蒔 spofu broken ? cikre repair “fix” 繕 gunka work 働 cupra produce 作 finti invent ? zbasu make 造 fukpi copy ? jadni adorn 飾 jukpa cook 煮 macnu manual ? zmiku automatic ? lumci wash 洗 molki mill ? pilno use “employ” 使 sazri operate ? sorcu store 庫

### Artificial substances

 zbabu soap 鹸 jalna starch ?

#### Materials

 blaci glass 硝 staku ceramic 陶 gasta steel 鋼 lastu brass ? ransu bronze ? ckabu rubber ? slasi plastic ? bukpu cloth 布 mapni cotton 綿 matli linen ? silka silk 絹 korka cork ? mudri wood “lumber” 材 skapi pelt “skin” 皮 cinta paint 塗

#### Beverages

 xalka alcohol 酒 jikru liquor 酎 vanju wine ? birje beer ? jisra juice 汁 sodva soda ? ckafi coffee 珈 tcati tea 茶

#### Foods

 sanmi meal 餐 rectu meat “flesh” 肉 grasu grease 脂 ladru milk “lactic” 乳 kruji cream ? matne butter 酪 cirla cheese ? sakta sugar “sucrose” 糖 cakla chocolate ? nanba bread ? salta salad ? sanso sauce ? stasu soup “stew” ? tsapi seasoning ? sigja cigar ?

### Artifacts

 rutni artifact ?

#### Tools, Devices

 tutci tool 具 mruli hammer 槌 dinko nail 釘 pijne pin ? burcu brush ? balre blade 刃 canpa shovel 鋤 dakfu knife 刀 jinci shears 鋏 klupe screw ? komcu comb 櫛 pinsi pencil ? penbi pen 筆 xinmo ink 墨 pelji paper “page” 紙 smuci spoon 匙 forca fork 叉 sacki match ? janbe bell 鈴 lanci flag “banner” 旗 matci mat 畳 julne net 網 murta curtain 幕

#### Containers

 dacru drawer ? baktu bucket 桶 botpi bottle 瓶 tanxe box “trunk” 箱 lante can 缶 dakli sack 袋 kabri cup 杯 lanka basket 籠 patxu pot 鍋 palne tray “pan, platter” 盆 palta plate “platter” 皿 tansi pan ?

#### Machines, Apparatus

 minji machine 機 cabra apparatus 械 matra motor ? livla fuel 薪 pambe pump ? toknu oven ? xarci weapon “arms” ? jbama bomb ? danti projectile 弾

### Machine parts

 greku frame 枠 tsina stage ? zbepi pedestal “base” 台 kamju column 柱 garna rail “bar” ? kajna shelf “counter” 棚 batke button 釦 xislu wheel 輪 jabre brake ? linsi chain “links” 鎖 pulni pulley ? skori cord 索 jendu axle “spindle” 軸 vraga lever 梃

### Transport

 dargu road 道 klaji street “avenue” 街 naxle canal ? vinji airplane ? skiji ski ? falnu sail 帆 carce cart ? cripu bridge 橋 jakne rocket ? tcana station 駅 marce vehicle ? sabnu cabin ? bloti boat 船 trene train ? karce car 車

### House

 ginka camp ? dinju building ? kumfa room 室 bitmu wall 壁 vorme door 戸 canko window 窓 balni balcony ? serti stairs 段 nilce furniture ? jubme table 机 stizu chair “stool” 椅 ckana bed ? sfofa sofa ? kicne cushion ? stela lock 錠 ckiku key 鍵

### Dress

 dasni wear 着 taxfu garment 衣 kosta coat ? pastu robe “tunic” ? skaci skirt 袴 creka shirt ? palku pants ? daski pocket 懐 gluta glove ? cutci shoe 靴 smoka sock ? mapku cap 帽 santa umbrella 傘