BPFK Section: Realis Attitudinals

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This page is imported from version 51 of the page BPFK Section: Realis Attitudinals from the lojban Tiki.

Contents

cmavo: .a'a (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express attentiveness / payment-of-attention / heed / concentration.

See Also

  • {jundi}
  • {re'i}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.a'a .i ko di'a co'e .i ba ku ma fasnu 
Aha, go on, what happened next?


cmavo: .a'a cu'i (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express inattentiveness / distraction / non-payment of attention / heedlessness.

See Also

  • {nalju'i}
  • {re'i nai}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.a'a cu'i ko denpa lo nu mi mulgau ti 
Eh, just a second, let me finish this.


cmavo: .a'a nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express avoidance / evasion / dodging.

See Also

  • {rivbi}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.a'a nai mi na tirna. 
La, la, la, I'm not listening.


cmavo: .a'e (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express alertness / awareness / enthusiasm / liveliness / eagerness / readiness.

See Also

  • {cikna}
  • {sanji}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.a'e le cabdei ba xamgu djedi 
Today is going to be a good day!


cmavo: .a'e nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express exhaustion / tiredness / weariness / fatigue / lassitude / prostration / burnout

See Also

  • {tatpi}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.a'e nai mi klama lo ckana 
Yaaaawn... I'm going to bed.


cmavo: .a'u (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express interest / curiosity / concern / preoccupation.

See Also

  • {selci'i}
  • {kurji}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.a'u ma ba'o se lifri do 
What happened to you?


cmavo: .a'u cu'i (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express disinterest / uninterest / unconcern / apathy / detachment / indifference.

See Also

  • {nalselci'i}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.a'u cu'i na cuntu mi 
That's none of my business.


cmavo: .a'u nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express repulsion / aversion / disgust / distaste / repugnance.

See Also

  • {selrigni}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.a'u nai ta panci simsa lo kalci 
Yuck, that smells like shit!


cmavo: .i'a (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express acceptance / acknowledgement / admission / assent / consent / acquiescence / conformity / satisfaction

See Also

  • {selmansa}
  • {nalpro}
  • {no'epro}
  • {nalzugjdi}
  • {fi'i}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.i'a ta banzu 
Okay, that will do.


cmavo: .i'a nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express refusal / rejection / eschewal / resistance / dissatisfaction / blame / incrimination / inculpation

See Also

  • {tolselmansa}
  • {fi'i nai}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.i'a nai ta mi za'o na mansa 
No, that still doesn't satisfy me.


cmavo: .i'e (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express approval / endorsement / sanction / support / approbation / favor / praise / applause / acclaim.

See Also

  • {zanru}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.i'e do xautce gunka 
Very good! You did an excellent job.


cmavo: .i'e cu'i (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express neither approval nor disapproval / impartiality / neutrality / nonpartisanship / objectivity.

See Also

  • {nutli}
  • {norzau}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.i'e cu'i lo cmaci ka'e cfipu lo co'a ve ckule 
Speaking objectively, math can be confusing for 1st graders.


cmavo: .i'e nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express disapproval / criticism / disapprobation / disfavor / opposition / condemnation / reprobation.

See Also

  • {tolzau}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.i'e nai le pixra cu korcu dandu 
Hm, the picture is hanging crooked.


cmavo: .i'i (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express togetherness / unanimity / communion / unity / comradeship / camaraderie / conviviality / gregariousness / sociability

See Also

  • {gunma}
  • {kansa}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.i'i mi ba jinga 
Yay! We're gonna win!
.i'i mi mi'ecpe lo se pleji nu zenba 
We demand a raise!


cmavo: .i'i nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express privacy / aloofness / privateness / isolation / solitude / seclusiveness / reclusiveness / secrecy / retirement / withdrawal (selsivni, sepli

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.i'i nai ko cliva 
Go away, I want to be alone!


cmavo: .i'o (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express appreciation / recognition / valuation / thanks / gratitude.

See Also

  • {ckire}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.i'o do je'a pendo 
Ah, you're a true friend.


cmavo: .i'o nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express envy / jealousy / resentment / bitterness

See Also

  • {jilra}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.i'o nai do ro roi se funca lo zabna 
Damn you, you always have good luck!


cmavo: .i'u (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express familiarity / acquaintanceship / recognition / conversance / grasp / ken / knowledge.

See Also

  • {selsau
  • {nalselni'o}
  • {kufra}
  • {djuno}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.i'u mi ta xabju ze'a lo nanca be li so'i 
Yes, I lived there for many years.


cmavo: .i'u nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express unfamiliarity / ignorance / unknowingness / mystification / mystery.

See Also

  • {termipri}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.i'u nai no da sidbo fi mi lo du'u pleji ma kau fo ta 
I have no idea how much they are paying for that.


cmavo: ii (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express fear / alarm / anxiety / fright / horror / panic / terror / apprehension / dread / phobia.

See Also

  • {terpa}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

ii le tirxu cu xruti 
Oh, no! The tiger is back!


cmavo: ii nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express security / safeness / invulnerability

See Also

  • {snura}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

ii nai le ctuca na ba tolcri mi'o ti 
Heh, the teacher won't find us here.


cmavo: io (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express respect / regard / courtesy / consideration / deference / homage / kudos / recognition / obeisance / obligingness / veneration / reverence / civility / urbanity / gallantry / politeness / friendliness / affability / corteousness / cordiality / complaisance / solicitude.

See Also

  • {sinma}
  • {clite}
  • {ga'i nai}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

io ko mi jersi doi nolnau 
This way, Sir, if you please.


cmavo: io nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express disrespect / contempt / discourtesy / scorn / impertinence / insolence / impoliteness / irreverence / derision / disparagement / disdain.

See Also

  • {tolsi'a}
  • {ga'i}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

io nai ko ti klama doi bebna 
Get your ass over here, you idiot!


cmavo: iu (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express love / esteem / adoration / worship / devotion / affection / fondness / sympathy

See Also

  • {prami}
  • {pendo}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

iu do melbi 
You're beautiful.


cmavo: iu nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express hatred / abhorrence / antipathy / bitterness / detestation / hate / loathing / odium

See Also

  • {xebni}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

iu nai do palci 
You're evil.


cmavo: .o'a (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express pride / dignity / self-confidence / smugness / bravado / grandiloquence / pomposity / cockiness / conceit / arrogance.

See Also

  • {jgira}
  • {ga'i}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.o'a ju'i mamta mi kakne lo nu tcidu 
Look Mummy, I can read!


cmavo: .o'a cu'i (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express modesty / humility / humbleness / discreetness / meekness / unpretentiousness / reserve

See Also

  • {cumla}
  • {ga'i nai}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.o'a cu'i ba'e mi lumci pi su'o po'o le loldi 
Oh, *I* mopped only some part of the floor.


cmavo: .o'a nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express shame / abashment / embarrassment / humiliation / mortification

See Also

  • {ckeji}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.o'a nai mi mrilu le notci lo srera noigri 
Oops, I posted the message to the wrong newsgroup.


cmavo: .o'e (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express intimacy / closeness / affinity / sympathy / rapport.

See Also

  • {cnijbi}
  • {cnikansa}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.o'e mi do ba kansa lo nu vitke lo mikce 
I'll go with you to see the doctor.


cmavo: .o'e nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express distance / aloofness / coldness / antipathy.

See Also

  • {cnida'o}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.o'e nai doi dirba mi to'e cinmo 
Frankly, my dear, I don't give a damn.


cmavo: .o'i (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express caution / carefulness / prudence / vigilance.

See Also

  • {seljde}
  • {capyrivbi}
  • {capfanta}
  • {srerivbi}
  • {srefanta}
  • {naldarsi}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.o'i le loldi cu se sakli 
Careful! The floor is slippery.


cmavo: .o'i nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express rashness / audacity / dauntlessness / temerity / recklessness / imprudence / impetuosity / impulsiveness / overconfidence.

See Also

  • {darsi}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.o'i nai ko gunta 
Charge!


cmavo: .o'o (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express patience / forbearance / leniency / benevolence / indulgence / magnanimity.

See Also

  • {xendo}
  • {de'acni}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.o'o ko za'u re'u troci 
Ok, try again.


cmavo: .o'o cu'i (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express tolerance / open-mindedness / moderation / fairness / reasonableness / mildness

See Also

  • {racli}
  • {to'ersteba}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.o'o cu'i ma pu mukti fi do 
So, what drove you to do it?


cmavo: .o'o nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express anger / annoyance / exasperation / fury / rage / impatience / indignation / irascibility / irritation / outrage / vexation / wrath / ire / intolerance.

See Also

  • {fengu}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.o'o nai lo xanto cu fanta lo nu mi pagre 
Damn, the elephants are blocking my way!


cmavo: .o'u (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express relaxation / leisure / repose / peacefulness / serenity / calmness / placidity / tranquility / quietude

See Also

  • {surla}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.o'u ti zabna se lifri 
Ah, this is the life!


cmavo: .o'u cu'i (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express composure / aplomb / balance / equanimity / imperturbability / nonchalance / sobriety / stability / phlegm.

See Also

  • {cnilanxe}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.o'u cu'i mi pu tinbe lo selfla 
I followed the law.


cmavo: .o'u nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express stress / anxiety / anguish / chagrin / distress / tension / worry.

See Also

  • {dunku}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.o'u nai le mi bersa cu zvati ma 
Where is my son?


cmavo: .oi (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express displeasure / discomfort / pain / discontentment / frustration / complaint / protestation.

See Also

  • {pante}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.oi mi cortu le kanla 
Ouch! My eyes hurt.


cmavo: .oi nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express pleasure / comfort / contentment / delectation / delight / gratification / relish / enjoyment

See Also

  • {selpu'a}
  • {kufra}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.oi nai glare cakla 
Mmm, hot chocolate!"


cmavo: .u'a (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express gain / triumph / success

See Also

  • {jinga}
  • {selne'u}
  • {prali}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.u'a la'e di'u se jetnu lo du'u mi pu drani 
Hah, that proves I was right!



cmavo: .u'a nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express loss / desolation / melancholy / disconsolation / lamentation / mourning

See Also

  • {cirko}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.u'a nai la rover pu xamgu gerku 
Snif, Rover was a good dog.


cmavo: .u'e (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express wonder / admiration / amazement / awe / marvel / astoundment

See Also

  • {selmanci}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.u'e ze prenu cu zvati 
Wow, there are seven people here!
.u'e le va gerku cu mutce stati 
Wow, that dog is really talented!


cmavo: .u'e nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express that something is commonplace / humdrum / unexceptional / prosaic

See Also

  • {tolselmanci}
  • {fadni}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.u'e nai xu ta xagrai lo se kakne be do 
Pshaw, is that the best you can do?


cmavo: .u'i (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express amusement / hilarity / merriment / mirth / laughter

See Also

  • {selzdi}
  • {selxajmi}
  • {xalbo}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.u'i ta cusku zo ganxo 
Heh, heh, he said "arsehole".


cmavo: .u'i nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express weariness / boredom / tediousness / tedium / ennui

See Also

  • {tolselzdi}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.u'i nai banzu ca le cabdei 
Yawn, that's enough for today.


cmavo: .u'o (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express courage / boldness / bravery / valor / daring

See Also

  • {virnu}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.u'o mi do pu'o nurgau 
I'm coming to your rescue!


cmavo: .u'o cu'i (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express timidity / shyness / unassertiveness / inhibition / timorousness

See Also

  • {jikterpa}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.u'o cu'i xu mi zifre lo nu stali 
Erm, may I stay here?


cmavo: .u'o nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express cowardice

See Also

  • {tolvri}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.u'o nai mi na nerkla ta 
Oh no, I'm not going in there.


cmavo: .u'u (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express repentance / regret / contrition / remorse / guiltiness

See Also

  • {xenru}
  • {zugycni}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.u'u mi pu na jundi 
Sorry, I wasn't paying attention.


cmavo: .u'u cu'i (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express innocence / blamelessness / clear conscience / righteousness / naïveté

See Also

  • {nalselra'u}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.u'u cu'i mi zukte no da 
I didn't do anything!


cmavo: .u'u nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express lack of regret / remorselessness / defiance / spite / provocation / unrepentance

See Also

  • {talsa}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.u'u nai mi pu zi stapa le do jamfu i do ba zukte ma 
Yeah, I just stepped on your foot. What are you going to do about it?


cmavo: ua (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express discovery / realization / recognizance / recollection / understanding

See Also

  • {facki}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

ua ba'e ta do mensi 
Ah, so *that*'s your sister.


cmavo: ua nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express confusion / searching / disorientation / befuddlement / perplexity / puzzlement / bewilderment

See Also

  • {cfipu}
  • {sisku}
  • {ki'a}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

ua nai la'e di'u vajni fi ma 
Huh? How is that relevant?


cmavo: ue (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express surprise / astonishment / unexpectedness / shock / stupefaction.

See Also

  • {selspaji}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

ue ta lenku 
Oo, that's cold!


cmavo: ue cu'i (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express indifference / impassiveness / insensitivity / unresponsiveness / oblivion / not being really surprised

See Also

  • {norselspaji}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

ue cu'i ma cnino 
So what's new?


cmavo: ue nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express expectation / expectedness / confirmation.

See Also

  • {tolselspaji}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

ue nai ro da pu prane 
Everything was perfect, just as I expected.


cmavo: ui (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express happiness / joy / glee / bliss / delight / ecstasy / exultation / jubilation / cheerfulness

See Also

  • {gleki}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

ui mi pu klama le zarci 
Yay, I went to the store!


cmavo: ui nai (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express unhappiness / sadness / sorrow / depression / gloominess / woe / heartache / anguish

See Also

  • {badri}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

ui nai ti pu melbi jarbu 
Sigh, this used to be a nice neighbourhood.


cmavo: uo (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express completion / achievement / consummation / fulfillment / accomplishment / termination / culmination

See Also

  • {snada}
  • {mulno}
  • {mansa}
  • {fanmo}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

uo di'u clani jufra 
Pfew, that was a long sentence!


cmavo: uo nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express incompleteness / deficiency / lack / insufficiency

See Also

  • {fliba}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

uo nai do tu na ru'e darxi 
Oh, you almost hit it.


cmavo: uu (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express pity / kindness / mercy / gentleness / compassion / sensitiveness

See Also

  • {kecti}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

uu mi ba dunda lo boxfo do 
Oh you poor thing! I'll get you a blanket.


cmavo: uu nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express cruelty / callousness / hardheartedness / insensibility / insensitiveness / mercilessness / ruthlessness / unkindness / malice / evilness / wickedness

See Also

  • {kusru}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

uu nai mi ba ponse lo do pruxi 
Mwa, ha, ha, ha, ha! Your soul will be mine!


Associated predicates

ja'ai cu'i nai
.a'a jundi nalju'i rivbi
.a'e cikna tatpi
.a'i troci selfrili cando
.a'u selci'i nalselci'i selrigni
.i'a selmansa tolselmansa
.i'e zanru nutli tolzau
.i'i gunma selsivni
.i'o ckire jilra
.i'u selsau termipri
.ii terpa snura
.io sinma tolsi'a
.iu prami xebni
.o'a jgira cumla ckeji
.o'e cnijbi cnida'o
.o'i seljde darsi
.o'o xendo racli fengu
.o'u surla cnilanxe dunku
.oi pante selpu'a
.u'a jinga cirko
.u'e selmanci tolselmanci
.u'i selzdi tolselzdi
.u'o virnu jikterpa tolvri
.u'u xenru nalselra'u talsa
.ua facki selfi'u
.ue selspaji norselspaji tolselspaji
.ui gleki badri
.uo snada fliba
.uu kecti kusru


Notes

  • iu cu'i was removed from the list because the keyword "no love lost" was too confusing, its meaning is fairly obvious anyway, and no usage was found.
  • .u'u cu'i and .u'u nai were interchanged.

Section Issues

  • The realis/irrealis distinction has been rather hotly debated over the years. It is my ( Lindar ) opinion that the reality/irreality of the UI is dependent upon the reality/irreality of the jufra, and can be indicated with da'i/da'inai or some other kind of marker. This way ni'o .a'o mi klama can mean I hope I go. in one instance and I'm going, about which I feel hopeful. for another, rather than being restricted to one meaning.

Poll