Difference between revisions of "BPFK Section: Non-logical Connectives"

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(Proposed Definition: {pi'u}: Replacing another occurrence of "cross product" with "Cartesian product".)
 
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{{BPFK Section from tiki|BPFK Section: Non-logical Connectives|22}}
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==Proposed definitions ==
  
== Approved gismu Alterations on jbovlaste ==
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{{BPFK Section box open}}
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=== cmavo: jo'u (JOI) ===
  
See [[BPFK Section: gismu Issues|BPFK Section: gismu issues]] for details on why this page exists.
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==== Proposed Definition ====
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And. Joins two sumti into one sumti. The referents of the resulting sumti are the referents of both sumti considered jointly. More than two sumti may be joined into one sumti by chaining up additional { jo'u ''SUMTI'' }.
  
* Added "[http://www.lojban.org/jbovlaste/natlang/en/arm arm (weapon)]" to [http://www.lojban.org/jbovlaste/dict/x xarci]
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==== See Also ====
* Added "[http://www.lojban.org/jbovlaste/natlang/en/h horizontal]" to [http://www.lojban.org/jbovlaste/dict/p pinta]
 
  
* Added a note to "kampu" about it being universal.  Added several keywords.
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==== Proposed Keywords ====
* Changed krici to say "regardless of evidence/proof" instead of "without evidence/proof".  Added believer to place 1, belief to place2 and faith as a gloss.
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* and
  
* barda: Added "large".
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==== Usage Examples ====
* bacru: Added "speak; phonate".
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;.i mi jo'u la .clsn. cu ciksi tu'a lo cmavo be zo coi:''Me and Shoulson are explaining about the cmavo of selma'o COI.''
  
* bende: Added "team; crew", "band; team", "club; association", "association; organization".
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;lo za'e tridu cu mixre lo tricu jo'u lo tcidu:''A 'treeder' is a mixture of a tree and a reader.''
* bevri: Added "bring; transport".
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{{BPFK Section box close}}
  
* cabna: Added "present; pertaining to the current time", "concurrent; simultaneous".
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{{BPFK Section box open}}
* canja: Added "trade; give in exchange for".
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=== cmavo: ju'e (JOI) ===
  
* cfari: Added "happen; occur".
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==== Proposed Definition ====
* cusku: Added "mention".
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Vague connective. Joins two sumti into one sumti. The referent of the resulting sumti is some function of the referents of both sumti. More than two sumti may be joined into one sumti by chaining up additional { ju'e ''SUMTI'' }.
  
* danre: Added "press; apply pressure".
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==== See Also ====
* fanta: Added "block; prevent from happening".
 
  
* fatci: Added "actual; factual, not just apparent or even false".
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==== Proposed Keywords ====
* frati: Added "treat; handle, deal with or behave towards in a specific way".
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* vague connective
  
* ganzu: Added "arrange; organize".
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==== Usage Examples ====
* gidva: Added "conduct; guide".
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;mi'a casnu zo jetnu ju'e zo fatci ju'e lo si'o jetnu ku ju'e lo si'o fatci:''We are discussing about "truth"/"fact"/truth/fact.'' (IRC, Eimi, 22 Dec 2008 07:40:19)
  
* jaspu: Added "account; registry to a service", "permit; artifact or document rendering something allowed or legal".
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;.i ji'a co'e lo plise ju'e lo perli ju'e lo drata:''Also an apple and a pear.'' (IRC, xalbo, 5 Oct 2010 12:50:22)
* javni: Added "term; regulation".
 
  
* jdari: Added "hard; resistant to pressure".
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{{BPFK Section box close}}
* jdima: Added "cost; amount of money".
 
  
* jersi: Added "follow; go/come after in physical space".
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{{BPFK Section box open}}
* jgari: Added "hold; grasp".
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=== cmavo: fa'u (JOI) ===
  
* jicmu: Added "basic; foundational".
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==== Proposed Definition ====
* jikca: Added "social; being extroverted/outgoing".
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Respectively. Joins two sumti into one sumti. The referents of the resulting sumti are the referents of both sumti considered jointly and distributively in correspondence with another term.
  
* jinzi: Added "proper; intrinsic".
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==== See Also ====
* julne: Added "block; prevent from passing".
 
  
* jundi: Added "follow; keep track of some event/person", "mind; pay attention to".
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==== Proposed Keywords ====
* karni: Added "press; media".
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* respectively
  
* kensa: Added "space; area beyond atmosphere of planets".
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==== Usage Examples ====
* klani: Added "level; degree or amount".
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;mi fa'u do klama lo zdani fa'u lo zarci:''Me and you go home and to the market, respectively.''
  
* klesi: Added "type; class".
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;li pano fa'u li cinono cu jdima lo nu klama fu lo girzu karce fa'u lo vinji:''Ten and three-hundred are the prices of going by bus and by plane, respectively.''
* klina: Added "direct; straight/constant without interruption"
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{{BPFK Section box close}}
  
* krasi: Added "origin; source".
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{{BPFK Section box open}}
* kuspe: Added "reach; touch by virtue of extent".
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=== cmavo: joi (JOI) ===
  
* lamji: Added "immediate; adjacent".
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==== Proposed Definition ====
* mapti: Added "proper; fit".
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Non-distributive group. Joins two sumti into one sumti. The referents of the resulting sumti are the referents of both sumti considered jointly and non-distributively. More than two sumti may be joined into one sumti by chaining up additional { joi ''SUMTI'' }.
  
* mebri: Added "forehead"
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==== See Also ====
* merko: Added "U.S." as sense for "American"; added "U.S." and "USA".
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* {gunma}
  
* midju: Added "center; middle".
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==== Proposed Keywords ====
* muslo: Added Muslim, Moslem, Koranic, Quranic.
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* both
 +
* together with
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* and
  
* nandu: Added "hard; difficult".
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==== Usage Example ====
* nanvi: Added "nano".
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;mi joi ry. ze'a casnu lo lijda ctuca tadji:''Me and R have been discussing religious teaching methods.''
  
* pinka: Added "remark; comment".
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;la .djan. joi la .pitr. cu re mei:''John and Peter are two.''
* platu: Added "measure; tactic/strategy".
 
  
* ralte: Added "hold; have and keep possession of", "keep; maintain possession of".
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;la jegvon cu cevni le xriso joi le xebro joi le muslo:''Jehovah is the god of the Christians, the Jews and the Muslims.''
* rirci: Added "rirci; distinguished by a unique/unusual quality".
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{{BPFK Section box close}}
  
* sepli: Added "spaced; be separated to a distance".
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{{BPFK Section box open}}
* sinma: Added "respect; have respect for".
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=== cmavo: ce (JOI) ===
  
* sinxa: Added "represent; serve as a sign or symbol of".
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==== Proposed Definition ====
* sisti: Added "halt; cause something to stop", "stop; cause something to halt".
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Joins two sumti into one sumti. The referent of the resulting sumti is the set whose members are the referents of both sumti considered jointly. More than two sumti may be joined into one sumti by chaining up additional { ce ''SUMTI'' }. Thus, {X ce Y ce Z} creates one single set containing X, Y and Z.
  
* sombo: Added "plant; place in soil".
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==== See Also ====
* sorcu: Added "hold; store", "stock; supply".
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* {cmima}
  
* steci: Added "special; of particular interest/value", "particular; specific".
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==== Proposed Keywords ====
* sumji: Added "total; sum".
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* and (set)
  
* tcidu: "document" for the x3, "text;readable" for the x2, and "reader;agentive" for the x1
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==== Usage Examples ====
* tcini: Added "condition; particular state of being".
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;.abu ce by ce cy vasru .abu ce by:''{a, b, c} ⊇ {a, b}''
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{{BPFK Section box close}}
  
* traji: Added "best; superlative", "least; superlative".
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{{BPFK Section box open}}
* vasru: Added "include; enclose".
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=== cmavo: ce'o (JOI) ===
  
* vitke: Added "attend; be at an event".
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==== Proposed Definition ====
* vrude: Added "virtuous", 'Virtue is "ka vrude"'.
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Joins two sumti into one sumti. The referent of the resulting sumti is the sequence whose members are the referents of both sumti considered jointly. More than two sumti may be joined into one sumti by chaining up additional { ce'o ''SUMTI'' }.
  
* xaksu: Added "spend; consume", "consume; use up".
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==== See Also ====
* xamgu: Added "fine; satisfactory".
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* {porsi}
  
* xanka: Added "worry; be anxious about".
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==== Proposed Keywords ====
* xusra: Added "claim; state a fact".
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* and (sequence)
  
* zbasu: Added "buid;form by combining materials"
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==== Usage Examples ====
* zetro: Added "zetta".  Duh.
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;jukpa ce'o citka lo cersai co'o ru'e:''Making and eating breakfast, bye for now.''
  
* zvati: Atemporal; location equivalent of {cabna}.
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;.abu ce'o by cu mleca cy ce'u dy .ijo ge .abu mleca cy gi by mleca dy:''(a,b) ≤ (c,d) if and only if a ≤ c and b ≤ d''
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{{BPFK Section box close}}
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{{BPFK Section box open}}
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=== cmavo: jo'e (JOI) ===
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 +
==== Proposed Definition ====
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Union of sets. Joins two sumti into one sumti. The referent of the resulting sumti is the set which is the union of the sets referred to by each sumti. More than two sumti may be joined into one sumti by chaining up additional { jo'e ''SUMTI'' }.
 +
 
 +
==== See Also ====
 +
 
 +
==== Proposed Keywords ====
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* union
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 +
==== Usage Examples ====
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;lo'i brivla cu du lo'i gismu jo'e lo'i fu'ivla jo'e lo'i lujvo to po'o xu toi:''The set of brivla is equal to the union of the set of gismu and the set of fu'ivla and the set of lujvo (only?).''
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{{BPFK Section box close}}
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{{BPFK Section box open}}
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=== cmavo: ku'a (JOI) ===
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 +
==== Proposed Definition ====
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Intersection of sets. Joins two sumti into one sumti. The referent of the resulting sumti is the set which is the intersection of the sets referred to by each sumti. More than two sumti may be joined into one sumti by chaining up additional { ku'a ''SUMTI'' }.
 +
 
 +
==== See Also ====
 +
 
 +
==== Proposed Keywords ====
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*Intersection
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 +
==== Usage Examples ====
 +
;xy cmima .abu ku'a by .ijo ge xy cmima .abu gi xy cmima by:''x ∈ A ∩ B if and only if x ∈ A and x ∈ B.''
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{{BPFK Section box close}}
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 +
{{BPFK Section box open}}
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=== cmavo: pi'u (JOI) ===
 +
 
 +
==== Proposed Definition ====
 +
Cartesian product of sets. Joins two sumti into one sumti. The referent of the resulting sumti is the set which is the Cartesian product of the sets referred to by each sumti.
 +
 
 +
==== See Also ====
 +
 
 +
==== Proposed Keywords ====
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* Cartesian Product
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* Set Product
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* Cross product
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 +
==== Usage Examples ====
 +
;ko cuxna lo sanmi pi'u gi lo ckafi ce lo tcati gi lo grute ce lo nanba
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:''Choose a meal from the Cartesian product of the set {coffee, tea} and the set {fruits, bread}.''
 +
:''For the meal, choose one of coffee or tea, and one of fruits or bread.''
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;le'i bebna ku pi'u le'i mabla sidbo ku cu barda:''The cross product of the set of silly things and the set of bad ideas is large.''
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{{BPFK Section box close}}
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 +
{{BPFK Section box open}}
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=== Formal definitions ===
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{| class="wikitable"
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| '''X''' ju'e '''Y''' || = lo co'e be '''X''' bei '''Y'''
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|-
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| '''X''' jo'u '''Y''' || = lo suzmei noi ge '''X''' .e '''Y''' me ke'a gi ro me ke'a cu me '''X''' gi'a me '''Y'''
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|-
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| '''X''' joi '''Y''' || = lo gunma be '''X''' .e '''Y'''
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|-
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| '''X''' ce '''Y''' || = lo se cmima be '''X''' .e '''Y''' .e no drata be '''X''' .e '''Y'''
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|-
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| '''X''' ce'o '''Y''' || = lo porsi be fi '''X''' jo'u '''Y''' be'o noi '''X''' lidne '''Y''' ke'a
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|-
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| '''X''' jo'e '''Y''' || = lo selcmi noi ro cmima be ke'a cu cmima '''X''' .a '''Y'''
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|-
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| '''X''' ku'a '''Y''' || = lo selcmi noi ro cmima be ke'a cu cmima '''X''' .e '''Y'''
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|-
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| '''X''' pi'u '''Y''' || = lo selcmipi'i be '''X''' bei '''Y'''
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|-
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|colspan=1| ''sumti1'' fa'u ''sumti2'' ''sumti3'' fa'u ''sumti4'' ''selbri'' == ''sumti1'' ''sumti3'' ''selbri'' .i ''sumti2'' ''sumti4'' ''selbri''
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|}
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=== Notes ===
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# The definitions given correspond to their use as sumti connectives. Other uses (when they make sense) have yet to be added.
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=== Impact ===

Latest revision as of 14:14, 2 April 2016

This page is imported from version 22 of the page BPFK Section: Non-logical Connectives from the lojban Tiki.

Proposed definitions

cmavo: jo'u (JOI)

Proposed Definition

And. Joins two sumti into one sumti. The referents of the resulting sumti are the referents of both sumti considered jointly. More than two sumti may be joined into one sumti by chaining up additional { jo'u SUMTI }.

See Also

Proposed Keywords

  • and

Usage Examples

.i mi jo'u la .clsn. cu ciksi tu'a lo cmavo be zo coi
Me and Shoulson are explaining about the cmavo of selma'o COI.
lo za'e tridu cu mixre lo tricu jo'u lo tcidu
A 'treeder' is a mixture of a tree and a reader.


cmavo: ju'e (JOI)

Proposed Definition

Vague connective. Joins two sumti into one sumti. The referent of the resulting sumti is some function of the referents of both sumti. More than two sumti may be joined into one sumti by chaining up additional { ju'e SUMTI }.

See Also

Proposed Keywords

  • vague connective

Usage Examples

mi'a casnu zo jetnu ju'e zo fatci ju'e lo si'o jetnu ku ju'e lo si'o fatci
We are discussing about "truth"/"fact"/truth/fact. (IRC, Eimi, 22 Dec 2008 07:40:19)
.i ji'a co'e lo plise ju'e lo perli ju'e lo drata
Also an apple and a pear. (IRC, xalbo, 5 Oct 2010 12:50:22)



cmavo: fa'u (JOI)

Proposed Definition

Respectively. Joins two sumti into one sumti. The referents of the resulting sumti are the referents of both sumti considered jointly and distributively in correspondence with another term.

See Also

Proposed Keywords

  • respectively

Usage Examples

mi fa'u do klama lo zdani fa'u lo zarci
Me and you go home and to the market, respectively.
li pano fa'u li cinono cu jdima lo nu klama fu lo girzu karce fa'u lo vinji
Ten and three-hundred are the prices of going by bus and by plane, respectively.


cmavo: joi (JOI)

Proposed Definition

Non-distributive group. Joins two sumti into one sumti. The referents of the resulting sumti are the referents of both sumti considered jointly and non-distributively. More than two sumti may be joined into one sumti by chaining up additional { joi SUMTI }.

See Also

  • {gunma}

Proposed Keywords

  • both
  • together with
  • and

Usage Example

mi joi ry. ze'a casnu lo lijda ctuca tadji
Me and R have been discussing religious teaching methods.
la .djan. joi la .pitr. cu re mei
John and Peter are two.
la jegvon cu cevni le xriso joi le xebro joi le muslo
Jehovah is the god of the Christians, the Jews and the Muslims.


cmavo: ce (JOI)

Proposed Definition

Joins two sumti into one sumti. The referent of the resulting sumti is the set whose members are the referents of both sumti considered jointly. More than two sumti may be joined into one sumti by chaining up additional { ce SUMTI }. Thus, {X ce Y ce Z} creates one single set containing X, Y and Z.

See Also

  • {cmima}

Proposed Keywords

  • and (set)

Usage Examples

.abu ce by ce cy vasru .abu ce by
{a, b, c} ⊇ {a, b}


cmavo: ce'o (JOI)

Proposed Definition

Joins two sumti into one sumti. The referent of the resulting sumti is the sequence whose members are the referents of both sumti considered jointly. More than two sumti may be joined into one sumti by chaining up additional { ce'o SUMTI }.

See Also

  • {porsi}

Proposed Keywords

  • and (sequence)

Usage Examples

jukpa ce'o citka lo cersai co'o ru'e
Making and eating breakfast, bye for now.
.abu ce'o by cu mleca cy ce'u dy .ijo ge .abu mleca cy gi by mleca dy
(a,b) ≤ (c,d) if and only if a ≤ c and b ≤ d


cmavo: jo'e (JOI)

Proposed Definition

Union of sets. Joins two sumti into one sumti. The referent of the resulting sumti is the set which is the union of the sets referred to by each sumti. More than two sumti may be joined into one sumti by chaining up additional { jo'e SUMTI }.

See Also

Proposed Keywords

  • union

Usage Examples

lo'i brivla cu du lo'i gismu jo'e lo'i fu'ivla jo'e lo'i lujvo to po'o xu toi
The set of brivla is equal to the union of the set of gismu and the set of fu'ivla and the set of lujvo (only?).


cmavo: ku'a (JOI)

Proposed Definition

Intersection of sets. Joins two sumti into one sumti. The referent of the resulting sumti is the set which is the intersection of the sets referred to by each sumti. More than two sumti may be joined into one sumti by chaining up additional { ku'a SUMTI }.

See Also

Proposed Keywords

  • Intersection

Usage Examples

xy cmima .abu ku'a by .ijo ge xy cmima .abu gi xy cmima by
x ∈ A ∩ B if and only if x ∈ A and x ∈ B.


cmavo: pi'u (JOI)

Proposed Definition

Cartesian product of sets. Joins two sumti into one sumti. The referent of the resulting sumti is the set which is the Cartesian product of the sets referred to by each sumti.

See Also

Proposed Keywords

  • Cartesian Product
  • Set Product
  • Cross product

Usage Examples

ko cuxna lo sanmi pi'u gi lo ckafi ce lo tcati gi lo grute ce lo nanba
Choose a meal from the Cartesian product of the set {coffee, tea} and the set {fruits, bread}.
For the meal, choose one of coffee or tea, and one of fruits or bread.
le'i bebna ku pi'u le'i mabla sidbo ku cu barda
The cross product of the set of silly things and the set of bad ideas is large.


Formal definitions

X ju'e Y = lo co'e be X bei Y
X jo'u Y = lo suzmei noi ge X .e Y me ke'a gi ro me ke'a cu me X gi'a me Y
X joi Y = lo gunma be X .e Y
X ce Y = lo se cmima be X .e Y .e no drata be X .e Y
X ce'o Y = lo porsi be fi X jo'u Y be'o noi X lidne Y ke'a
X jo'e Y = lo selcmi noi ro cmima be ke'a cu cmima X .a Y
X ku'a Y = lo selcmi noi ro cmima be ke'a cu cmima X .e Y
X pi'u Y = lo selcmipi'i be X bei Y
sumti1 fa'u sumti2 sumti3 fa'u sumti4 selbri == sumti1 sumti3 selbri .i sumti2 sumti4 selbri

Notes

  1. The definitions given correspond to their use as sumti connectives. Other uses (when they make sense) have yet to be added.

Impact